The Most Famous Rulers of Egypt

The Most Famous Rulers of Egypt

Explore The Most Famous Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs Ruled Egypt | Ancient Egypt Pharaohs
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The Most Famous of Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs

Explore about 21 of ancient Egyptian pharaohs ruled Egypt during the old kingdom to know the great civilization of Egypt. The history of ancient Egypt pharaohs back to 4000 years BC.

King Menes {Narmer}

King Narmer is the founder of the 1st dynasty in Egypt he is the ruler who united the two lands of upper and lower Egypt under his control and crowned himself as the 1st king of tow lands. He was one of the most famous ancient Egyptian pharaohs.

He recorded this great event on his palette which is located at the Egyptian museum in Cairo, the palette consists of 2 faces. we can found the name of Narmer written in a small square, the king wearing the white crown and holding one of his enemies from his collective hair, on the other side we can see the king wearing the red crown which means he became the ruler of both lands this palette is considered the 1st masterpiece of the Egyptian Museum you can found it at the 1st floor of the museum during your trip to Egypt.

King Zoser {Djoser}

King Djoser is the builder of the 1st pyramid in Egypt which is The Step Pyramid in Saqarra as a part of his funerary complex during the 3rd dynasty,  so start your Egypt tours by visiting his pyramid at Saqarra complex he has also a limestone statue located on the 1st floor at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo and consider one of the masters pieces of the Museum because it’s the 1st life-size statue in ancient Egypt.

King Snefru

King Snefru was a pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty. He is the builder of the first true pyramid at Dahshour which is opened for all visitors. The most famous pyramid is the red pyramid where he has been buried.

King Khufu {Cheops}

King Khufu is the son of king Snefru and ruled Egypt more than 23 years during the 4th Dynasty, and the builder of The Great Pyramid which is known for its unusually large size and because of the burial chamber is in the center of the pyramid rather than at the bottom. It has about 2,300,000blocks of stone each one is about 2,5 tons.

King Khafra { Kefren}

King Khafre is the son of King Khufu, he succeeded his father on the throne of Egypt and built the second largestGiza Pyramid and the Great Sphinx. The ancient Egypt pharaohs have many statues displayed at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo when you see those statues during your journey to Egypt you’ll discover the intelligence of the ancient Egypt pharaohs.

King Mankara

King Mankara he ruled Egypt From 2532 to 2503 during the 4th dynasty of the old kingdom. He is the builder of the 3rd pyramid at Giza complex, he only had one daughter who died during his life and he buried her in a golden coffin.

King Pepi 2nd

King Pepi II also called Nefer Ka Ra was a pharaoh from the 6th Dynasty, during the Old Kingdom, from 2278 to 2184 B.C and he ruled Egypt for a long time many historians mentioned 94 years and others said 64 years. The first half of his reign seems to have been prosperous with trade existing with various places. During the latter part of his reign, local officials grew in power and began setting up little kingdoms. The second half of Pepi II’s reign was a time of economic crisis. Circumstances forced him to establish an economic overseer in Upper Egypt.

King Senusret 1st

King Senusret 1st also called { Kheper Ka Ra} and { Sesostres 1 } He was a king of Egypt who ruled during the 12th Dynasty in the Middle Kingdom. His reign was a time of peace with no records of military campaigns found to date. Senusret I was the first pharaoh to begin irrigating the Faiyum to open more land for cultivation purposes. He has many statues displayed now on the 1st floor of the Egyptian Museum in Cairo all in a very good state of preservation and easy to see, also he built a pyramid and a funerary complex at Lahun.

King Ahmos 1st

King Ahmose 1st was a member of the Theban Royal house during that time, his father is king Sekenenra. He is the founder of the 18th Dynasty which began in the New Kingdom. He started the reunification of Egypt after the Second Intermediate Period. He fought battles in Egypt, Palestine, and Kush as he sought to banish the Hyksos goods and artwork during this period that showed Minoan influence in the design of Egyptian forms. Ahmose 1st began building projects at Memphis and in his religious capital. His tomb location is unknown but his mummy was part of the Deir el-Bahri royal mummy stash.

King Amenhotep 1st

King Amenhotep I was from the 18th Dynasty, during the New Kingdom. He was the son of Ahmose I and he continued his father’s building projects and his military campaigns. Amenhotep I military campaigns brought in the booty that allowed the pharaoh to fund his building projects. The workmen at Deir el-Medina worshipped him, and his mother, as their patron gods for centuries. Deir el-Medina was the town where the government workers who built the Valley of the Kings lived. During that time, it became a rule that royal females could only marry a king.

King Thutmose 2nd

King Thutmose 2nd was a ruler of the 18th Dynasty, in the New Kingdom.  His father is king Thutmose 1st and the father of his successor king Thutmose 3rd King Thutmose 2nd he didn’t rule for a long time. His mummy, found in the royal cache at the Temple of Hatshepsut, shows signs of weakness and diseases that caused his death.

Queen Hatshepsut

Queen Hatshepsut was a pharaoh from the 18th Dynasty, she was one of the powerful ancient Egypt pharaohs ruled Egypt during the New Kingdom, and the first woman who ruled Egypt  When her husband (Thutmose II) died because his son (Thutmose III) was a young child. She began her rule as his regent but she became the pharaoh. She claimed to be the child of AMON and transformed herself into a king by wearing the symbols of kingship.

Queen  Hatshepsut extended Egyptian trade and oversaw ambitious building projects, most notably the Temple of Deir el-Bahri, which you can visit during your Egypt vacation it’s located in western Thebes, where she would be buried.

King Thutmose 3rd

King Thutmose 3rd  ruled Egypt during 18th Dynasty, of the New Kingdom, and he ruled for more than 30  years. He conducted military campaigns in the Levant and conquered most of Palestine. Hatshepsut’s name and monuments were not dishonored until the end of Thutmose 3rd’s reign. He built many monuments and collected a vast amount of wealth from his military campaigns and he has a great collection of statues located now at the Egyptian Museum.

King Amenhotep 2nd

King Amenhotep 2nd was an 18th Dynasty ruler, during the New Kingdom, and co-regent with his father, Thutmose 3rd. He completed the dishonoring of Hatshepsut’s monuments to end any claims by her family for the right to rule. Amenhotep II ruled for almost thirty years and his depictions show him as an athletic man.

King Amenhotep 4th

King Amenhotep 4th ( Akhenaten), was an 18th Dynasty pharaoh who ruled Egypt during the New Kingdom. He ruled for less than twenty years but his reign had a great impact. Akhenaten came to the throne at a time when the priests of Amun were wealthy and powerful. He built a temple to Aten at Karnak during the first few years of his reign.

In the fifth year of his reign, Akhenaten built a new capital at Amarna called Akhetaten.it’s located in Menya about 350 KM south of Cairo.  He changed his name and declared Aten the only deity in Egypt.

The military supported this move at the beginning of his reign but many people still worshipped the old deities in private. His wife was an important part of his religious rituals and depictions of her making sacrifices exist at Amarna.

King Tutankhamun

King Tutankhamun was the youngest ancient Egypt pharaohs who ruled Egypt from the 18th Dynasty, during the New Kingdom, and he is the best-known pharaoh today. He was the son of Akhenaten and became pharaoh at the age of nine. During the first year of his reign, Tutankhamun left  Amarna and restored the cults of the old deities. His regent was Horemheb who was a senior military official.

King Tutankhamun restored the power of Thebes and died after around ten years of rule. Later scribes excluded his name from many of the kings’ lists and people forgot his rule. For this reason, tomb-robbers never found his tomb in the Valley of the Kings. His treasures and his body have been found at The Valley of The Kings in the 1920 and now all his treasures except the mummy have been transferred to the Egyptian Museum in Cairo which you can visit during your Egypt Holiday Packages to see the golden collection of the young pharaoh.

King Ramses 1st

King Ramses 1st was a ruler of the 19th Dynasty, during the New Kingdom, he was an older man when he became pharaoh because his son’s birth took place before his ascension. He ruled for less than a year and set his son up as his heir immediately after gaining the throne.

King Seti 1st

King Seti 1st was the son of Ramses 1st, part of the 19th Dynasty, and a ruler of the New Kingdom. He restored the traditional temples and opened old mines. To raise money for his building projects, King Seti 1st conducted military campaigns. The exact length of his reign is about eleven years and his reign is leading us to the reign of the great king Ramses 2nd his son and successor.

King Ramses 2nd

Ramses II was the greatest pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty, during the New Kingdom, and one of the most powerful ancient Egypt pharaohs. He had a period of co-regency with his father, Seti 1st, and went on various military campaigns. Ramses 2nd’s depictions often include his various children to show his dynasty.

He reigned for sixty-seven years and built a massive tomb for his children in the Valley of The Kings.

Ramses 2nd declared himself a god before the tenth year of his reign and outlived his twelve oldest sons. His Mummy located now in the mummy room at The Egyptian Museum it’s in a good state of preservation, watching the mummy of King Ramses II makes your vacation in Egypt more special.

King Merenptah

King Merenptah was the thirteenth son of Ramses II and ruled during the 19th Dynasty of the New Kingdom. He conducted campaigns in Palestine and his stele contains the first written mention of Israel. After he defeated a Libyan invasion, he had a peaceful reign and built temples. Merneptah must have been older when his rule began because it lasted for only nine years.

King Ramses 3rd

King Ramses 3rd was a ruler from the 20th Dynasty of the New Kingdom and records show that he was not a relative of the previous Ramses. After Twosret’s death, there was a period of lawlessness that Sethnakht, Ramses 3rd’s father, ended. He had to fight various invaders trying to take advantage of Egypt’s internal turmoil. He built a mortuary temple in the Theban Necropolis and various other buildings.

He reorganized the temple administrations and land allocations. By the end of Ramses 3rd’s thirty-one-year reign, one-third of the farmland belonging to the temples.

This caused food shortages and led to one of the first recorded strikes of the workers at Deir el-Medina. It also led to a weakening in the power of the pharaoh and the central government.

The previous kings had mentioned were the most famous and important kings who had a great influence on the Egyptian history and civilization.

It’s important to mention also that the descent of kingship was usually from father to son but the role of mothers and queens was equally important because the successor was a son of the king by the chief royal wife. During the Egyptian history the role of the queen as the mother of the king and a symbol of the power creation and rebirth.

You can discover more about this pharaonic civilization by booking your best Egypt tour packages and visit the stunning ruins such as Karnak temple, Queen Hatshepsut temple, Valley of the Kings, onboard luxury Nile cruise, which contains the history and the treasures of these pharaohs.

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