The Battle of Kadesh

The Battle of Kadesh

The Battle of Kadesh

Ramesses II at the Battle of Kadesh / Illustration
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The Battle of Kadesh “The Greatest Battle in Ancient History”

In 1274 BCE, the world witnessed one of the greatest battles in history as it’s known for being an act of peace not war because of the battle in ended in the signing of the first peace treaty in history. The battle of Kadesh is known to be the greatest achievement during Ramesses II rule.

In the fifth year of the reign of the pharaoh Ramesses II, he decided to expand his kingdom by enrolling the city of Kadesh in Syria to his empire due to it being a valuable stop on the trade routes and a strategic position of the Egyptian expansion in Syria. over the time the Hittites of Anatolia grown in power and began testing the strength of their neighbor –countries like Egypt and many pharaohs failed to stop or even control their progress like AKHENATEN and TUTANKHAMUN as they grow bolder enough to fortify regions on or near the borders of Egypt, and then king Ramesses II saw them as a real threat for the future of his kingdom.

King Ramses II prepared his army which consisted of 20,000 soldiers and 2,000 chariots against the army of the Hittites led by their king “Muwatalli II” that consists of 40,000 soldiers and 3,000 chariots that were designed to be more heavier than the traditional Egyptian chariot. This is known for being the biggest chariot battle in history as it was considered to be the key factor in deciding the winner of the battle. The Hittite chariots chattered the Egyptian chariots into a piece and the victory seemed at hand which resulted in dropping their guard. While they were indulging in their hubris, Ramses was collecting his remaining troops and launched a counterattack with their lighter chariots and was able to outmaneuver them as they were trying to regain their spirit. Ramses was able to drive the enemy’s troops in the river of Orontes, as for Muwatalli II, he chooses not to trap Ramesses II’s forces between the river and his army for some unknown reason.

Both parties claimed victory, King Ramses II was able to break the Hittites army in the field but was not able to capture the city of Kadesh while king Muwatalli failed to defeat the Egyptians as he hoped but was to able to safeguard and protect the city. Many consider the battle was a draw and eventually, after fifteen years of that battle, the two nations realized that there more to gain if they choose the path of peace. In 1258 BCE, the throne of Hittite empire was passed to Hattusili III after the death of Muwatalli II and under his reign, the world’s first peace was signed with the king of Egypt Ramses II. The two nations started to share knowledge with each other, the Hittites taught the Egyptians how to make more superior weapons and tools as they were skilled in metalwork and the Egyptians taught them the art of agriculture. The new relation of peace and productivity between the two nations improved the lives of the two peoples and the financial and economic situation of both countries.

Many countries are filled with incredible history but Egypt is quite unique as it has a glorious history, magical mythology, amazing civilization, and breathtaking culture, more than any other. So you can witness Egypt landmarks in Cairo Luxor and Aswan during your Egypt tour packages or Egypt Nile cruises.


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General Tips:

The currency of Egypt is the Egyptian pound.

Friday and Saturday are the official holidays in Egypt.

Keep a tour Guide by your side to fully enjoy your time in Egypt.

Try “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, and “Koshary”.

Buy a local SIM card so you can call anyone you want.

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Professional Egyptologist Tour Guides.

Modern Air-Conditioned Vehicles.

All Accommodations at 5* Hotels and Cruises.

Entrance Fees to All Sites that Mentioned at the Itinerary.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

The entire country of Egypt deserve to be seen with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak and Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan like Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library. Read More About the Best Places to Visit in Egypt

If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries, have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD in cash, as for the E-Visa for 30 day you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could also be one of the lucky ones who can obtain a free visa for 90 days. Read More About Egypt Travel Visa.

Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish.

The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the weather is unsafe and if any changes have been made.

You should pack everything you could ever need and but in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.

We have been creating the finest vacations for more than 10 years around the most majestic destinations in Egypt. Our staff consists of the best operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort make you have the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time consultants to fit your every possible need during your vacation. It doesn't go without saying that your safety and comfort are our main concern priority and all of our resources will be directed to provide the best atmosphere until you return home.

You will feel safe in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is quite peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt. Read More

Wear whatever feels right and comfortable. It is advised to wear something light, sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the terrain of Egypt.

The best activity is by far boarding a Nile Cruise between Luxor and Aswan or Vise Versa. Witness the beauty of Egypt from a hot balloon or a plane and try all the delicious Egyptian cuisines and drinks plus shopping in old Cairo. Explore the allure and wonders of the red sea in the magical city resorts of Egypt like Hurghada and many more by diving and snorkeling in the marine life or Hurghada. Behold the mesmerizing western desert by a safari trip under the heavenly Egyptian skies.

There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas and new years eve. Read More

Egypt is considered to be one of the most liberal Islamic countries but it has become a little bit conservative in the last couple of decades so it is advised to avoid showing your chest, shoulders or legs below the knees.

Arabic is the official language and Most Egyptians, who live in the cities, speak or understand English or at least some English words or phrases. Fewer Egyptians can speak French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Professional tour guides, who work in the tourism sector, are equipped to handle visitors who cannot speak Arabic and they will speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of all our clients.

The fastest way is a car, of course, a taxi. If you are in Cairo ride a white taxi to move faster or you could board the fastest way of transportation in Egypt metro if the roads are in rush hour.

The temperature in Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c. Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 °C in the wintertime to 23 °C in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 °C in the wintertime to 32 °C in the summertime. The temperature is moderate all along the coasts.

It is the home of everything a traveler might be looking for from amazing historical sites dating to more than 4000 years to enchanting city resorts & beaches. You will live the vacation you deserve as Egypt has everything you could possibly imagine.

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