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The Great Pyramid

The Great Pyramid

The Great Pyramid

Information About The Great Pyramid | Ancient Egypt Civilization
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There are many structures around the world that truly exhibits the brilliance and dedication of the Human Race, but there is one monument that transcends art & science to new heights “The Great Pyramid of Giza”. The Pyramid was built by Pharaoh Khufu in the Fourth Dynasty around 2560 BC to be his final resting place, it is also known as the pyramid of “Cheops” by the Greeks who chronicled their visits millennia later and it is the first of three Pyramids built during Egypt old kingdom. The great pyramid is known to be one of the seven wonders of the ancient world as the great pyramid was the tallest man-made structure on earth for more than 3,800 years until the construction of the Lincoln Cathedral, England in 1311 and the only surviving member of the seven wonders.

The Construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza

The Construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza - Egypt Tours Portal

The great pyramid took 20 years to construct by the hands of Khufu’s vizier, Heminuu using 2.3 million blocks of limestone, each block weighs 2.5 tons which makes it has the total mass of 5.9 million ton and the height of 146.7 m (481 ft) on a base of  230.3(756 ft) long. The pyramid sides rise at an angle of 51°52′ and are oriented to face the four cardinal points of the compass. All the numbers above prove how it is a true living Miracle of pure genius engineering, precise architectural Skill and a true sight to behold next to the other pyramids of Giza.

What makes it an absolute wonder is the construction methods as some theories suggest it was built using slave labor but it was proven wrong as to reach this level of unmatched precision, you need to understand and utilize the dynamics of Management and a critical path analysis methods to control a workforce that peaked at roughly 40,000 skilled members, the labor force was organized by a hierarchy and divided into teams. The pyramid was covered in white limestone giving it a smooth heavenly look but it was removed over the centuries to build fortress and mosques. Once the great pyramid was finished a special block made of a shining material like gold or electrum was placed on the top of the pyramid.

You can read more about how the Pyramids were built.

Mysterious Interior of the Great Pyramid

Mysterious Interior of the Great Pyramid - Egypt Tours Portal

The interior of the great pyramid has been the subject of many fringe unorthodox theories. There are three known chambers inside of the pyramid, the first one is the king’s chamber which is made entirely from granite and the only object in the chamber is a rectangular granite sarcophagus and on top of the chamber is the five rooms called relieving chambers, between them is a limestone beam. The purpose of these relieving chambers was to absorb the enormous pressure on the King’s great chamber and to redirect it into the surrounding stones. Above the floor are two narrow shafts in the north and south walls and appear to be aligned with the stars or certain areas of the northern and southern skies as these shafts helped in ascending the king’s spirit to the heavens. The second one is the Queen chamber where the wife of the pharaoh was kept.

The third one is the Grand Gallery, a passage providing an access to the royal burial chambers, it is 8.6 m (28 ft) high, 64.68 m (153.1 ft) long and the walls of the gallery are lined with massive granite blocks baring no carvings, no murals, no artifacts or decorations of any kind. In the grand gallery is corbelled vault at an angle about 26 degrees that peaked just short of 30 with a corbelled arch stacks stones on each successive layer with a slight overhang until the structure meets at the high point which makes the grand gallery a little more impressive. The great pyramid still holds many mysteries as in 2017 a team of Japanese researchers discovered a Big Void above the Grand Gallery with a length of 30m (98 ft) using muon radiography. The purpose of the cavity is still unknown.

Tours to the Great Pyramid

Tours to the Great Pyramid of Giza - Egypt Tours Portal

Ancient Egyptian history reached by wonderful stories, so you can witness the Great Pyramid of Giza through our Cairo day tours if you are in Cairo, or check our Egypt private tours which mixed by Nile cruise to enjoy a perfect holiday in the land of Pharaohs and its beautiful cities Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor, Aswan, Hurghada and much more.

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General Tips:

The currency of Egypt is the Egyptian pound.

Friday and Saturday are the official holidays in Egypt.

Keep a tour Guide by your side to fully enjoy your time in Egypt.

Try “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, and “Koshary”.

Buy a local SIM card so you can call anyone you want.

Quality Measures:

Professional Egyptologist Tour Guides.

Modern Air-Conditioned Vehicles.

All Accommodations at 5* Hotels and Cruises.

Entrance Fees to All Sites that Mentioned at the Itinerary.

No Hidden Charges or Taxes.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

The entire country of Egypt deserve to be seen with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak and Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan like Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library. Read More About the Best Places to Visit in Egypt

If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries, have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD in cash, as for the E-Visa for 30 day you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could also be one of the lucky ones who can obtain a free visa for 90 days. Read More About Egypt Travel Visa.

Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish.

The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the weather is unsafe and if any changes have been made.

You should pack everything you could ever need and but in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.

We have been creating the finest vacations for more than 10 years around the most majestic destinations in Egypt. Our staff consists of the best operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort make you have the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time consultants to fit your every possible need during your vacation. It doesn't go without saying that your safety and comfort are our main concern priority and all of our resources will be directed to provide the best atmosphere until you return home.

You will feel safe in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is quite peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt. Read More

Wear whatever feels right and comfortable. It is advised to wear something light, sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the terrain of Egypt.

The best activity is by far boarding a Nile Cruise between Luxor and Aswan or Vise Versa. Witness the beauty of Egypt from a hot balloon or a plane and try all the delicious Egyptian cuisines and drinks plus shopping in old Cairo. Explore the allure and wonders of the red sea in the magical city resorts of Egypt like Hurghada and many more by diving and snorkeling in the marine life or Hurghada. Behold the mesmerizing western desert by a safari trip under the heavenly Egyptian skies.

There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas and new years eve. Read More

Egypt is considered to be one of the most liberal Islamic countries but it has become a little bit conservative in the last couple of decades so it is advised to avoid showing your chest, shoulders or legs below the knees.

Arabic is the official language and Most Egyptians, who live in the cities, speak or understand English or at least some English words or phrases. Fewer Egyptians can speak French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Professional tour guides, who work in the tourism sector, are equipped to handle visitors who cannot speak Arabic and they will speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of all our clients.

The fastest way is a car, of course, a taxi. If you are in Cairo ride a white taxi to move faster or you could board the fastest way of transportation in Egypt metro if the roads are in rush hour.

The temperature in Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c. Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 °C in the wintertime to 23 °C in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 °C in the wintertime to 32 °C in the summertime. The temperature is moderate all along the coasts.

It is the home of everything a traveler might be looking for from amazing historical sites dating to more than 4000 years to enchanting city resorts & beaches. You will live the vacation you deserve as Egypt has everything you could possibly imagine.

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