Giza Pyramids Complex
The ancient Egyptians built the Giza pyramids complex as tombs for the pharaohs and their queens. They believed that the dead pharaoh would carry out a portion of his soul called “ka“. They mummified their bodies and kept various items that they will need in the afterlife as it was theorized that the deceased pharaoh would perform as king of the dead. It was built during the third and fourth dynasties of the Old Kingdom, more than 4,000 years ago. There are many different shapes and sizes from before the beginning of the Old Kingdom to the end of the Middle Kingdom. It was built during a time when Egypt was one of the richest and most powerful civilizations in the world. There are more than 100 pyramids have been discovered in Egypt.
The Great Pyramid of King Khufu
No pyramids are more celebrated than the Great Pyramid of Giza. It’s largest and most well-known monument in Egypt. The largest one is the Great Pyramid also known as Khufu’s Pyramid, it was built in about 2600 B.C. it is the only surviving structure out of the famed seven wonders of the ancient world. Khufu, like the pharaohs before him, began planning this ‘house of eternity’. After he took the throne, he starts a huge structure built from over two million blocks of stone, The sides of the pyramid’s base is averaged at 755.75 feet (230 meters), and its original height was 481.4 feet (147 meters), which makes it the largest pyramid in the world, it took 20 years to build and required the labor of 100,000 men.
Pyramid of King Chefren
The second great pyramid of Giza is the Pyramid of Khafre also known in history by the Greek as the Pyramid Of Chefren, the third pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty during the Old Kingdom Period of Ancient Egypt around 2540 B.C, he was Khufu’s second son. He built his pyramid only approximately 10 feet shorter than his father’s pyramid. The base of the pyramid is two hundred and fifteen and a half meters it was one hundred and forty-eight and a half meters high.
Pyramids of King Menkaure
The third pyramid is Menkaure the Sixth ruler of the 4th dynasty, he ascended to the throne around 2539 B.C as his successor, he built his own pyramid but it was the last and smallest of the great three pyramids at Giza, with an original height of 218 feet, and a current height of 204 feet, with a base of 108.5 m. Its angle of incline is approximately 51°20′25″.
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