The Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt

The Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt

The Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt

Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
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The History of the Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt

The time of the old kingdom of ancient Egypt is considered the starting point of one of history’s greatest miracles. Between 2686-2181 BCE, from the third dynasty to the sixth dynasty, the golden age of the pyramids began and Egypt reached the highest peak of artistry and intelligence as it shows in the three great pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx which was built during this era, also which you can visit during your Egypt tours. Most the information we acquired like the Pharaoh’s names, dates and important events was literally inscribed on a stone like the walls of the mortuary temples and the Pyramid Texts that shed some light on their religious beliefs during the old kingdom of ancient Egypt. It is known to be a period of stability, centralized government, order and progress under the guidance of goddess Maat which led to the construction of magical monuments that stood the test of time but that didn’t last for long as it was followed by a period of cultural decline, social unrest and conflict called the first intermediate period until the rise of the twelfth dynasty who created the middle kingdom.

The Beginning

The person who rolled the wheel of progress was pharaoh Djoser of the 3th dynasty (2630-2611 B.C.E) who ordered the construction of the step pyramid of Saqqara in Memphis from his vizier and main architect Imhotep (2667-2600 BCE) who revolutionized the art of architecture and construction in Egypt by building the tomb of Saqqara in the shape of a complex with a stone pyramid and surrounded by temples, all made out of stone instead of the usual mud bricks as Imhotep wanted to his king Djoser to have an ever-lasting memorial, thus creating a frenzy of pyramid building that led to majestic Giza pyramid complex.

The Greatest Monuments of Egypt Old Kingdom

The old kingdom of ancient Egypt reached their highest summit of prosperity and royal power thanks to the irrigation of the Nile, fertile land, the existence of a huge labor power and materials that resulted in flourishing state of commerce and trade which led pharaoh Sneferu of the fourth dynasty (2575-2551 B.C.E) to use an unbelievable amount of stones than any other pharaoh to construct many failed pyramids except of the small red pyramid in Dashur. Sneferu may have failed in constructing immortal pyramids but his son Khufu (2551-2528 B.C.E) was successful in creating the tallest construction until the late nineteenth century. After his death, his son Khafra (2520-2494 B.C.E) completed his legacy by constructing the second pyramid and the glorious Sphinx in the image of his face Khufu, then came Menkaura (2494-2472 B.C.E) the last king of the fourth dynasty who built the smallest pyramids of the three thus completing the whole set.

The Governmental Structure of the Old Kingdom

The old kingdom is famous for having a very organized central government in the capital Memphis that controlled the independent states of the country called districts, they had a sophisticated central administration divided into ministries governed by a vizier who in most cases was a royal prince. The country and public were controlled by the belief that the pharaoh is a god who should be worshiped as he is the one who ensured the annual floods of the Nile and the pharaoh worked on bringing unity to the people and stability to the cycles of time. The pharaoh’s divinity was the central focus of the political system all of the above was under the watch of principles and universal laws of Maat as it states that the ruler holds the responsibility to maintain justice, stability and common good for all. At the end of the era of the Old Kindom of ancient Egypt, many famines happened which resulted in blaming the pharaoh for breaking the laws of Maat which led Egypt to divide and put a rest to the flourishing days of the old kingdom.

The Ending of Old Kingdom Egypt

The final days of the old kingdom of ancient Egypt were filled with civil wars between governors and rise of the power level of the priesthood which destroyed any kind of central authority and unity. The economy of the country was still damaged because of all of Khufu’s massive constructions and with the climate shift that prevented the usual flooding of the Nile led to decades of famine and never-ending conflicts during the first intermediate.

Check our Egypt tour packages and Nile cruises to book one of our breathtaking tours to discover Egypt with private vacations that well created by professional tour operators.


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General Tips:

The currency of Egypt is the Egyptian pound.

Friday and Saturday are the official holidays in Egypt.

Keep a tour Guide by your side to fully enjoy your time in Egypt.

Try “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, and “Koshary”.

Buy a local SIM card so you can call anyone you want.

Quality Measures:

Professional Egyptologist Tour Guides.

Modern Air-Conditioned Vehicles.

All Accommodations at 5* Hotels and Cruises.

Entrance Fees to All Sites that Mentioned at the Itinerary.

No Hidden Charges or Taxes.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

The entire country of Egypt deserve to be seen with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak and Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan like Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library. Read More About the Best Places to Visit in Egypt

If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries, have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD in cash, as for the E-Visa for 30 day you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could also be one of the lucky ones who can obtain a free visa for 90 days. Read More About Egypt Travel Visa.

Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish.

The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the weather is unsafe and if any changes have been made.

You should pack everything you could ever need and but in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.

We have been creating the finest vacations for more than 10 years around the most majestic destinations in Egypt. Our staff consists of the best operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort make you have the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time consultants to fit your every possible need during your vacation. It doesn't go without saying that your safety and comfort are our main concern priority and all of our resources will be directed to provide the best atmosphere until you return home.

You will feel safe in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is quite peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt. Read More

Wear whatever feels right and comfortable. It is advised to wear something light, sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the terrain of Egypt.

The best activity is by far boarding a Nile Cruise between Luxor and Aswan or Vise Versa. Witness the beauty of Egypt from a hot balloon or a plane and try all the delicious Egyptian cuisines and drinks plus shopping in old Cairo. Explore the allure and wonders of the red sea in the magical city resorts of Egypt like Hurghada and many more by diving and snorkeling in the marine life or Hurghada. Behold the mesmerizing western desert by a safari trip under the heavenly Egyptian skies.

There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas and new years eve. Read More

Egypt is considered to be one of the most liberal Islamic countries but it has become a little bit conservative in the last couple of decades so it is advised to avoid showing your chest, shoulders or legs below the knees.

Arabic is the official language and Most Egyptians, who live in the cities, speak or understand English or at least some English words or phrases. Fewer Egyptians can speak French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Professional tour guides, who work in the tourism sector, are equipped to handle visitors who cannot speak Arabic and they will speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of all our clients.

The fastest way is a car, of course, a taxi. If you are in Cairo ride a white taxi to move faster or you could board the fastest way of transportation in Egypt metro if the roads are in rush hour.

The temperature in Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c. Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 °C in the wintertime to 23 °C in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 °C in the wintertime to 32 °C in the summertime. The temperature is moderate all along the coasts.

It is the home of everything a traveler might be looking for from amazing historical sites dating to more than 4000 years to enchanting city resorts & beaches. You will live the vacation you deserve as Egypt has everything you could possibly imagine.

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