Historical Background about Cairo City

Cairo city has acted as an infinite time capsule, a guardian, and a center for culture, art, and beauty for thousands of years. It is quite famous for being the capital of Egypt, and the largest metropolitan area in Africa, The Middle East, the Arab world, and the 15th largest city in the world. Cairo occupies an area of about 528 square kilometers in northern Egypt, 120 km (75 mi) west of Gulf of Suez & Suez Canal, 165 km (100 mi) south of the Mediterranean Sea, and lies on both banks of the Nile River near the Nile delta.

The History of Cairo

The true history of the city started in 641 BC when Amr ibn Al-as conquered Egypt and constructed the new Islamic capital of Egypt Al-Fustat north from the ancient fortress of Babylon.  From this point on, a series of spectacular immortal constructions took place in the city like the mosque of Ahmed Ibn Tulane in 878 BC. In 970, during the rule of the Fatimid dynasty, a general by the name of Jawhar established a new city called Al Qahirah (Cairo) which became the official capital of Egypt along with the magical Khan el Khalili Bazaar after the destruction of the city of Fustat by flames in 1168 during a battle against the crusaders. During the 11th century, Egypt became under the rule of Salah El-din who transformed the city into an imperial metropolis and constructed the powerful Cairo citadel. In the modern era at the beginning of the 19th century, a man by the name of Muhammed Ali sought to regain Egypt’s beauty to its former glory, so He constructed the Mohamed Ali Mosque which is one of Cairo’s most enchanting moments.

Cairo’s Significance

Mohamed Ali Mosque - Cairo City - Egypt Tours Portal
Mohamed Ali Mosque – Cairo City – Egypt Tours Portal

Throughout history, there was always a capital for Egypt but the city of Cairo we know today was founded in 969 CE by the Fatimid dynasty where it became the heart of the region’s political and cultural life. The city became known as “The City of A Thousand Minarets” due to the numerous mosques, castles, and churches located within the city, along with the world’s second-oldest institution of higher learning Al-Azhar University and the home of the headquarters of the Arab League. In the heart of Cairo exists the sound the freedom the Tahrir square and the house of magic the Egyptian Museum that holds many artifacts and monuments dating back to the 26th dynasty. The city is the headquarters of the government and the core of all sectors of financial and political control. Also, it holds the biggest mass media center and production of film & music in the Middle East, many culture centers, museums like the Grand Egyptian Museum, artistic institutes, sports clubs, and universities.

Climate of Cairo

Its climate is quite different as it has 8 months of summer and 4 months of winter, that’s why from November to April is the best time to check it out. The city is home to 9 million residents who provide a super busy environment all across the city.

Best Attractions in Cairo

Giza Pyramids - Cairo City - Egypt Tours Portal
Giza Pyramids – Cairo City – Egypt Tours Portal

The city is most famous for containing the famous Giza Pyramids Complex that holds one of the Seven Wonders of the World the Great Pyramid of King Khufu, the world’s oldest and biggest statue the Sphinx and the house of mummification the Valley temple.  The city’s location has witnessed many important events as 24 km from Cairo lies the ancient capital of Egypt “Memphis” during the new kingdom (2686-2181 BC). Within the city of Cairo 2000 years ago used to lay the fortress of Babylon which later became the center of the Orthodox community in the late 4th century AD and many churches were built around it on the route which the holy family took through Cairo like the infamous Hanging church, St George Church and many more. Read more about the best attractions in Cairo.

Best Things to Do In Cairo

The heavenly city of Cairo is one of the few cities that stood the test of time and was able to protect and expand the heritage and legacy of the ancient city of Cairo. There are countless ways of truly exploring the magic of the city through a series of activities like a nightly dinner cruise, explore all the Pharaonic, Coptic and Islamic monuments, shop at Khan El Khalili Bazaar, visit all the museums and cultural centers. You can read more about the best things to do in Cairo.

Cairo is filled with amazing tourist attractions, so if you are interested in witness greatness, you can check our Cairo day tours, and if you are not in Egypt and prefer to visit the Land of Pharaohs, you can check our Egypt tour packages and choose your favorite trip.