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The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt

The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt

The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt

The Middle Kingdom Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

The Artistic Renaissance of the Middle Kingdom Egypt

The middle kingdom Egypt is known to be an age of transformation that took place between 2040-1782 B.C.E from the eleventh century to the thirteenth century, it is famous for the greatest works of literature and art that unlike anything that ever came before it and influenced this enlightenment to new Heights which became the face of the Egyptian culture in front of the world. When the old kingdom of Egypt fall, the middle kingdom rose from its ashes to regain the glory of ancient Egypt once again.

Check our breathtaking Egypt tour packages if you plan to spend a magical vacation in Egypt.

Achievements of the Middle Kingdom Egypt

The middle kingdom Egypt a.k.a the golden age was also the witness to many improvements and achievement in science and architecture during the 12th dynasty because of Mentuhotep the second who unified Egypt once again just like Menes and ushered the middle kingdom. Mentuhotep II was able to end the war between the tribes of Thebeans and Heracleapolitan when the Thebans dynasty won and consolidated their rule of the kingdom. He and his ancestors choose “Thebes” to become the capital and artistic center during the 11th dynasty and he also launched military campaigns to Nubia and restored Egyptian control once again in Sinai. Thebes know now Luxor that you can explore during your Egypt tours. Many sculptures were made in gold and silver and many works of literature that preserved all the scientific and mathematical discoveries of that time and many religious beliefs like the concept of Maat and Osiris became the most prominent God during this period.

The Beginning of the Middle Kingdom Egypt

The twelfth dynasty began with the first Pharaoh of this dynasty Amenemhat I moving the capital of Egypt to a new town called Itjawy possibly near the necropolis at Lisht, he was killed by his royal guard and his junior co-regent his son Senuseret (1971 – 1926 B.C.E) took over the rule at once, this proved the efficiency of the co-regent system to maintain stability and prevent the dismantling of the government and for these reasons this system lasted throughout the Twelfth Dynasty. Senuseret was able to maintain prosperity and safety for 45 years and was able to retrieve all the territories lost in the first intermediate period. His son Amenemhat II (1929 B.C.E. – 1895 B.C.E) was able to make trade connection with Nubia and restored the nomarchs governs once again. His successor Senusret II (1897 B.C.E. – 1878 B.C.E) created trade connections with plastine and levent then follow by Senusret III (1878 B.C.E – 1839 B.C.E) who was a fierce warrior-king who led his army across Nubia where he built many forts across the country and built many temples in Egypt but have devoured by time. These magical temples you can witness during a Nile cruise between Luxor and Aswan along the Nile Valley. Finally, comes Amenemhat III (1860 B.C.E. – 1815 B.C.E) the last pharaoh of the middle kingdom Egypt who increased the mining operations in Sinai desert and exploited the Fayyum area to balance the difference between the population and the food production and after his death the middle kingdom Egypt came to an end.

The End of the Middle Kingdom Egypt

The thirteenth & Fourteenth dynasties are known to be the time where a chaotic decline of culture started to occur and the foreigner settlers from the East known as the Hyksos began to gain more power of Egypt as with the beginning of the second intermediate period the Hyksos were already ruling Egypt.

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3 Colossi of Memnon
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4 How The Pyramids Were Built
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5 The Battle of Pelusium
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6 Egypt "Land of Pharaohs"
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7 Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphs
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8 Festivals and Public Holidays in Egypt
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9 Egypt Travel Visa
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General Tips:

The currency of Egypt is the Egyptian pound.

Friday and Saturday are the official holidays in Egypt.

Keep a tour Guide by your side to fully enjoy your time in Egypt.

Try “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, and “Koshary”.

Buy a local SIM card so you can call anyone you want.

Quality Measures:

Professional Egyptologist Tour Guides.

Modern Air-Conditioned Vehicles.

All Accommodations at 5* Hotels and Cruises.

Entrance Fees to All Sites that Mentioned at the Itinerary.

No Hidden Charges or Taxes.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

The entire country of Egypt deserve to be seen with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak and Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan like Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library. Read More About the Best Places to Visit in Egypt

If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries, have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD in cash, as for the E-Visa for 30 day you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could also be one of the lucky ones who can obtain a free visa for 90 days. Read More About Egypt Travel Visa.

Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish.

The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the weather is unsafe and if any changes have been made.

You should pack everything you could ever need and but in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.

We have been creating the finest vacations for more than 10 years around the most majestic destinations in Egypt. Our staff consists of the best operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort make you have the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time consultants to fit your every possible need during your vacation. It doesn't go without saying that your safety and comfort are our main concern priority and all of our resources will be directed to provide the best atmosphere until you return home.

You will feel safe in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is quite peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt. Read More

Wear whatever feels right and comfortable. It is advised to wear something light, sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the terrain of Egypt.

The best activity is by far boarding a Nile Cruise between Luxor and Aswan or Vise Versa. Witness the beauty of Egypt from a hot balloon or a plane and try all the delicious Egyptian cuisines and drinks plus shopping in old Cairo. Explore the allure and wonders of the red sea in the magical city resorts of Egypt like Hurghada and many more by diving and snorkeling in the marine life or Hurghada. Behold the mesmerizing western desert by a safari trip under the heavenly Egyptian skies.

There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas and new years eve. Read More

Egypt is considered to be one of the most liberal Islamic countries but it has become a little bit conservative in the last couple of decades so it is advised to avoid showing your chest, shoulders or legs below the knees.

Arabic is the official language and Most Egyptians, who live in the cities, speak or understand English or at least some English words or phrases. Fewer Egyptians can speak French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Professional tour guides, who work in the tourism sector, are equipped to handle visitors who cannot speak Arabic and they will speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of all our clients.

The fastest way is a car, of course, a taxi. If you are in Cairo ride a white taxi to move faster or you could board the fastest way of transportation in Egypt metro if the roads are in rush hour.

The temperature in Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c. Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 °C in the wintertime to 23 °C in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 °C in the wintertime to 32 °C in the summertime. The temperature is moderate all along the coasts.

It is the home of everything a traveler might be looking for from amazing historical sites dating to more than 4000 years to enchanting city resorts & beaches. You will live the vacation you deserve as Egypt has everything you could possibly imagine.

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