Aswan Overview

There are many cities in Egypt but only the city of Aswan can reflect the great heritage and pure Egyptian culture. It acted as the southern frontlines of the country during ancient times and home to the Nubian culture in Egypt. Aswan has always played a role in the history of Egypt since the date of its creation as it was the main provider to precious building material like limestone, quartzite, and Granite due to her rich habitat. Considered by many to be one of the most beautiful and important cities in the world because of the various monuments located in her arms that reflects a great deal about pre-historical ancient times. The city is on the UNESCO Creative Cities Network in the category of folk art and Craft.

Aswan’s Location

Aswan has located in Upper Egypt 220 km (137 mi) south of Luxor and 890 km (553 mi) south of Cairo on the foot of the Nile valley. The climate of the city is hot all year long. It is the third biggest city in Cairo and the biggest in Upper Egypt.  The city geographical nature has changed in certain locations because of the construction of Aswan High Dam which led to the near flooding & destruction of many majestic temples like Abu Simbel and Philae Temple in the 60s but thanks to the UNESCO the temples were saved and transported to a new location in one of the hardest challenges rescue mission in modern architecture history. Even till our current day, the city is miraculously able to attract people’s attention.

Climate of Aswan

Aswan climate is one of the driest, hottest, and sunniest cities on earth and is usually very humid with an average temperature in the summer from the months of May to September up to 40 C (104 F) while in the winter months from October to march up to is 23 C (73.4 F).

Aswan’s History

During its creation, Aswan was called “Swenett” and later on “Swan” which means market, the city was located on the main trade road between the southern land and Egypt which was the main supplier of Gold, ivory and many others. The city also had a very religious connection as they worshipped the deity Khnum ( Deity of the source of the Nile ) and later on replaced by the deity Isis ( deity of protection magic ). The city provides many stones for the construction of many mega structures like Obelisks and even the pyramids. It contains many attractions like the Abu Simbel temple, constructed by Ramses II in 1244 BC to immortalize his legacy and safeguard his victories like the great victory at the Battle of Kadesh in 1224 BC, and show his dedication and devotion to the four gods; Amon, Ptah, Re-Hor-Akhty on  22 of February and October during the sun festival, the Philae temple is also a famous landmark which became the worship house of Isis in 690 BC. One of the most popular artifacts is the massive Unfinished Obelisk of Hatshepsut and on the coast of the Nile is the temple of Kom Ombo which was built between 332 and 395 BC to worship Sobek the God of the Nile. The temple of Edfu is also able to grab people’s attention as the house of the Sky God Horus and the location where the Battle between Horus and His evil Uncle Set took place. Aswan also contains many hidden and unique attractions like Monastery of St.Simeon, Tombs of the Nobles, Aga Khan Mausoleum, and many others.

All of these historical attractions are a part of Nile cruises between Luxor to Aswan and Egypt Tours Portal that provide you with the chance to explore what the Nubian city has to offer from the breathtaking temples and tombs to the ancient marvelous artifacts, so visit our Egypt tour packages and choose your dream vacation.