The Everlasting Odyssey of Ancient Egyptian Civilization
Ancient Egyptian civilization still echoes in everyone’s mind until our current day. Since more than 5,000 years the Egyptian civilization created the first known definitions in various fields of science, culture, art, and anything that involved human knowledge. On the bank of the Nile River Egypt rose solely by the rich soil and the annual floorings used for growing crops to be the first unified societal entity within its current geographical borders and with time a system of management, law, and order was created to spin the wheel of fortune and progress into new heights that would reach the most distant stars which you can explore with our Egypt tour packages or Nile cruise.
Ancient Egyptian Civilization Timelines and Periods
The history of Egypt goes back to many millenniums with about 7000 years which makes it the oldest civilization in human history. Around 6000 BCE the climate nature of Egypt began to change which explain why the early Egyptians changed from food gathering and hunting to farming which also led them to build houses, cities, and towns around the river Nile plus the first known establishment of government, social classic and worship religious system. The history of ancient Egypt can be divided into three major time periods, the first is Egypt old kingdom (2686-2181 BCE) where Egypt was unified by the hands of the first pharaoh Narmer “Menes” the founder of the first dynasty in 3200 BCE where some of the biggest constructions and architectural wonders were built such as Giza pyramids complex that holds the great pyramid of Giza one of the seven wonders of the ancient world and the last remaining plus the Sphinx the oldest statue in the world. Second came Egypt Middle Kingdom (2000-1700 BCE) which despite the great innovation in art design and culture, the country fell under the control of a foreign force called the Hyksos but during Egypt new kingdom (1550-1077 BCE) Egypt was freed from the Hyksos and the centralized political control was restored and some of the most enchanting ever-lasting temples in the immortal cities in Luxor and Aswan were built under the reign of great rulers like Hatshepsut, Akhenaten, Ramses II, Tutankhamun, and many others.
After the fall of the new kingdom Egypt was conquered by various forces over the centuries like the Nubian, the Persians in the infamous battle of Pelusium, the Greek-led by Alexander the Great in 332 BCE, then the Roman Empire in 31 BC which made Cleopatra as the last queen of independent Egypt in ancient times. Within the last days of the roman, the Coptic era took place in Egypt until the Islamic conquest in 641 AD by Amr Ibn Al-as which opened the gates to many kingdoms like the Fatimid, Mamluks, and Ottoman Empires to create a heritage in Egypt.
Ancient Egyptian Civilization Map
Egypt’s location has always been unique due to its strategic importance and rich resources. Egypt is located in the northeast of Africa and the populations choose to center around the Nile River which acted as a source of nourishment for the corps. Due to the location of the Nile many irrigation methods were developed to grow more crops and establishing a prosperous, intelligent and wealthy society capable of building great constructions like the Giza Pyramids Complex and the majestic Temples and monuments of Luxor and Aswan. The Egyptian kingdom was very vast from Abydos in Upper Egypt to the ancient city of Memphis and the Mediterranean Sea. In the future generation, the map and territory of Egypt would be expanded by occupying lands in all direction of the ancient Egyptian kingdom from the Syrian coast in the north to the red sea in the east down to the Nubia in the Deep South and also spread west into the Lybian Desert. The unique location of Egypt was instrumental in creating a great immortal civilization and innovations in countless fields like writing, architecture, mathematics, irrigation & agricultural methods, astronomy, shipbuilding & navigating, medicine, general administration, and many others. Plus ancient Egyptian civilization will be enrolled in the territory of various kingdoms like the Fatimid or ottoman empire.
Ancient Egyptian Civilization in Religion & Politics
The ancient Egyptian civilization had a deeply spiritual nature as it shows in their art and literature. They had countless gods and goddess that they worshipped and believed that the pharaoh “Lord of the Two Houses” was the only true connection to the ancient Egyptian gods and their ultimate enforcer or even viewed as a god himself. Religion and politics walked hand in hand in the ancient Egyptian civilization. Over the years, theocracy spread through the land and in some cases was the reason behind the fall of the Egyptian civilization like what happened in the old kingdom (2686-2134 BC) as the Egyptian civilization fall until it recovered in the middle kingdom.
Ancient Egyptian Civilization Influence in Science and Art
No one can deny the value of the ancient Egyptian civilization to the world history as their daily life and technological inventions & innovations acted as an inspiration to other civilizations like the Greek, Babylonian, Mesopotamian and many more other civilizations. A wide range of cultural practices and various forms of science and art were first discovered in the ancient Egyptian civilization and were able to find their way to us in our present day that’s why you have the chance to explore all the hidden and mysterious secrets of the ancient Egyptian civilization with our Egypt tours.
The currency of Egypt is the Egyptian pound.
Friday and Saturday are the official holidays in Egypt.
Keep a tour Guide by your side to fully enjoy your time in Egypt.
Try “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, and “Koshary”.
Buy a local SIM card so you can call anyone you want.
Professional Egyptologist Tour Guides.
Modern Air-Conditioned Vehicles.
All Accommodations at 5* Hotels and Cruises.
Entrance Fees to All Sites that Mentioned at the Itinerary.
No Hidden Charges or Taxes.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):
The entire country of Egypt deserve to be seen with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak and Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan like Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library.
Read More About the Best Places to Visit in Egypt
If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries, have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD in cash, as for the E-Visa for 30 day you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could also be one of the lucky ones who can obtain a free visa for 90 days.
Read More About Egypt Travel Visa.
Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish.
The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the weather is unsafe and if any changes have been made.
You should pack everything you could ever need and but in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.
We have been creating the finest vacations for more than 10 years around the most majestic destinations in Egypt. Our staff consists of the best operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort make you have the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time consultants to fit your every possible need during your vacation. It doesn't go without saying that your safety and comfort are our main concern priority and all of our resources will be directed to provide the best atmosphere until you return home.
You will feel safe in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is quite peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt.
Wear whatever feels right and comfortable. It is advised to wear something light, sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the terrain of Egypt.
The best activity is by far boarding a Nile Cruise between Luxor and Aswan or Vise Versa. Witness the beauty of Egypt from a hot balloon or a plane and try all the delicious Egyptian cuisines and drinks plus shopping in old Cairo. Explore the allure and wonders of the red sea in the magical city resorts of Egypt like Hurghada and many more by diving and snorkeling in the marine life or Hurghada. Behold the mesmerizing western desert by a safari trip under the heavenly Egyptian skies.
There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas and new years eve.
Egypt is considered to be one of the most liberal Islamic countries but it has become a little bit conservative in the last couple of decades so it is advised to avoid showing your chest, shoulders or legs below the knees.
Arabic is the official language and Most Egyptians, who live in the cities, speak or understand English or at least some English words or phrases. Fewer Egyptians can speak French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Professional tour guides, who work in the tourism sector, are equipped to handle visitors who cannot speak Arabic and they will speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of all our clients.
The fastest way is a car, of course, a taxi. If you are in Cairo ride a white taxi to move faster or you could board the fastest way of transportation in Egypt metro if the roads are in rush hour.
The temperature in Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c. Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 °C in the wintertime to 23 °C in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 °C in the wintertime to 32 °C in the summertime. The temperature is moderate all along the coasts.
It is the home of everything a traveler might be looking for from amazing historical sites dating to more than 4000 years to enchanting city resorts & beaches. You will live the vacation you deserve as Egypt has everything you could possibly imagine.