The Nubian region lies on the Nile River, 123,000 square kilometers between the city of Aswan in southern Egypt and Khartoum in central northern Sudan. It was one of the first civilizations of ancient Africa as the history of Nubia was traced from 2000 BCE onward to 1504 AD. During Egypt new kingdom period of Egypt (1570 AD – 1070 AD) pharaoh Thutmose I invaded the land around 1500 BC. Nubia was highly famous for being the home of many powerful kingdoms, most prominent is the kingdom of Kush which even conquered Egypt in the 8th century BC and formed the 25th dynasty. In the 4th century AD, the great kingdom of kush came to an end then Nubia was divided between Egypt and the Senner sultanate which led to the partial Arabization & rapidly Islamization in the 16th century by the Ottoman empire. However, during the 19th century in 1899, the Khedivate of Egypt united the entire region.
Ancient Egypt and Nubia
Both the two countries had a very profound relationship during peace and war times. They both used similar royal symbols based on rock art. There were many cultural exchanges and cooperation and even marriage between the two. They had a strong economic relationship through trading in ebony, ivory, leopard skins and a variety of resins. The Nubia acted as Egypt’s connection to the riches of east and south of Africa like gold, incense, ebony, copper, ivory, and rare animals.
The word Nubia comes from the word “Nub” which means gold for the number of gold mines in the area, rare stones and the home to some of the most beautiful and majestic monuments in Egypt. The Nubia area is highly famous for containing two of the most famous temples in the history of ancient Egypt, the Temple of Philae and Abu Simbel temple. Both the two temples were rescued by the UNESCO in the mid-60s because of the disastrous consequences of the High Aswan Dam and there are must be visited attractions through Nile cruise between Luxor and Aswan.
The Nubians are known to be a proud, gentle, honest and enduring people with their own unique culture and customs. Their houses were known of containing a backyard and topped with a dome. Their culture contains different styles of art, stunning drawings, and beautiful decorations, plus enchanting pottery, mesmerizing handicrafts weaving of baskets, mats from palm fronds and necklaces.
Nubian Customs and Villages
They have many traditions, dances and a special set of customs within their culture especially when the marriage takes place and a newborn “Sebou” is delivered. They all marry within the same area because of their inclusive nature. Their villages are quite different from anything in Egypt and divided to three tribes which are Al-Fadiga: the Arab Al-Orayqat (Originally Bedouin Traders who Migrated from Hijaz), and Al-Konoz, also known as Al-Matoka (A Mix of Arab Tribes, the Biggest Being Al-Gohayna Tribe, from the Arabian Peninsula).
Nubian Museum and Symbols
One of the many symbols is the sword of the Nubian culture which represent bravery and the black cat which represent joy and optimism in contradiction to the majority of most culture over the world who believes it reflects a bad omen. The symbol of a cow or an owl represents destruction and bad luck. The UNESCO built the infamous Nubian Museum in Aswan to bring the Nubian culture back to life as it was constructed based on Nubian architecture and ancient sandstone and holds about 2,000 artifacts many of them are from ancient Nubian culture and a lot of colorful exhibits form the Nubian heritage.
Our section travel to Egypt contains the most important Egypt tours that can help you to discover the history and culture of the Nubian village and visit Egypt in the right way, check it and book your dream vacation to the land of pharaohs now!!!