Sinai has a triangular peninsula shape which is located between the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the red sea to the south, the only part of Egypt located in Asia which is the only gateway to Egypt from the east. Sinai is known as a land bridge between the two continents of Africa and Asia. It consists of 61,000 square km2 (23,000 sq mi) which is 6% of Egypt's total area. It is separated by the Gulf of Suez and the Suez Canal from the Eastern Desert side of Egypt. The dimensions of Sinia are about 130 miles (210 km) from east to west and about 240 miles (385 km) from north to south.
Sinia is linked to the African continent by the Isthmus of Suez which is 125 kilometers (78 mi) wide strip of land that contains the Suez Canal. The eastern isthmus is linking it to the Asian mainland which is around 200 kilometers (120 mi) wide. The Sinia peninsula's eastern shore is known to separate the Arabian plate from the African plate.
It is divided into two governorates; the southern Sinai and the northern Sinai governorate and has a population of 600,000 people. The largest city in Sinai is Al-Arish the capital of the north Sinai governorate famous for its beautiful shores and palm-lined beaches. The Southernmost tip is called the Ras Muhammad National Park.
The climate is sunny all year long but with cold weather due to the high altitude and the mountain topographies. The Sinai Peninsula is located at the borders of Egypt and the Gaza strip, which is a very strategic area which in turn would explain why the Egyptian government has a strong army and police presence all across Sinai.
The Sinia peninsula has been known by names across history as the name of Sinai in modern times is because a mountain located within the area nearby the Saint Catherine's Monastery known as Mount Sinai mentioned in the Bible where the prophet Moses went to meditate and ended up receiving The Ten Commandments from God. The name of the mountain is derived from a small town called El-Tor which is called "Tur Sinai". The Ancient Egyptians used to refer to Sinia as Biau which means the "Mining Country" and Khetiu Mafkat which means the Ladders of Turquoise.
Also, it is believed that the name Sinia is derived from the ancient Mesopotamian moon-god Sin, or from the Hebrew word "Seneh". The moon-deity Sin is associated with Sinia, the ancient Egyptian moon-god Thoth is associated with Sin and worshipped strongly throughout the south tip of the Sinai Peninsula. Today, Modern Egyptians also refer to Sinia as the land of turquoise.
Sinai has been known as the land of the prophets and conquers for over 5000 years. Sinai has always been of great importance due to its strategic geopolitical location and cultural convergence. It was the center of conflict between ancient civilizations such as the Levant, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, and even the Ptolemaic era. Sinai has been occupied and controlled by foreign empires even in the recent history of the Ottoman Empire (1517-1867 AD) and the United Kingdom (1882-1956 BC). Israel invaded and took over Sinai during the 1956 Suez Crisis which is known in Egypt as the Tripartite Aggression which involved France and Britain during the 1967 Six-Day War. On October 6, 1973, Egypt started the Yom Kippur War also known as the October War to liberate Sinai. In 1982, after the Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty of 1979, Israel left Sinai. It became an Egyptian land as it has always been since the beginning of time. Nowadays, Sinai has become a tourist destination of great biblical history as Mount Sinai is a sacred place in all the Abrahamic religions. It is famous for containing some of the most beautiful resorts, natural sites, rich coral reefs, and more.
The Sinai Peninsula is known to contain some of the most incredible and finest diving spots in the entire world. The Red Sea of Egypt is found within the Sinai Peninsula and possesses a heavenly marine life that will help each traveler live the most amazing diving experience. The Red Sea underwater ecosystem is filled with over 300 species of corals that come in all colors and shapes plus1,200 species of rare and different types of fish, which represent 10% of these species that can not be found anywhere else in the world other than in the Red Sea. Many types of Turtles, dugongs, spinner dolphins, mantas, and sharks are some of the possible encounters divers will have while diving in the enchanting waters of the Red Sea.
The city of Peace Sharm El Sheik is one of the most attractive destinations in Sinai and the most attractive destination for travelers because of the number of incredible resorts offering countless accommodation options, cafes, restaurants, and bars, and natural beauty of sandy beaches, clear waters and coral reeds in national parks and diving sites.
At the southern part of Sinai peninsula, just 12 km from Sharm el sheik is the national park of Ras Mohammed spanning across 480 km containing an underwater haven filled with 220 kinds of coral reefs and 1000 different species of fish inside famous shipwrecks like the famous ss Thistlegorm that makes ras Mohamed one of the best diving destinations in the world.
One of the holiest places on earth is located on the summit of Mount Horeb where Moses received the Ten Commandments from the all mighty. It is standing at an elevation of 1,586 Meters above sea level, constructed by the order of Sinai between 527 and 565 BCE at the mouth of a gorge on the top of Mount Sinai. The monastery became a UNESCO world heritage site in 2002 because of its historical importance.
The beautiful city of Dahab lies on the southeast coast of the Sinai Peninsula about 80km (50 mi) northeast of Sharm el-sheikh, famous for adventurous aquatic activities such as diving, snorkeling, kitesurfing, windsurfing, and more. One of the most famous places in Dahab is the epic Blue Hole, the world’s most dangerous diving site. The resort also offers a chance to explore the Bedouin tribes in the Sahara through a super safari.
The Blue Hole is considered to be one of the most thrilling and dangerous scuba diving sites on earth, It is located in the marvelous Sinai city of Dahab. It consists of over 100 meters in-depth and a narrow tunnel that offers a challenge for all professional divers who seek to enjoy the most exciting experience.
Mount Sinia is located near the city of St Catherine, famous for being the home to one of the oldest Christian and Coptic monasteries on earth. Mount Sinai is a mesmerizing mountain composed of red contour mountains formations with its highest peak measuring 2,285 meters high. Mount Sinai is the location where Moses received the 10 Commandments from God. It is an important holy site by the Abrahamic religions as shown in the holy books of exodus, the Bible, and the Quran.
The Colored Canyon is located 90 km north of Dahab, known for containing majestic rock formations of multi pastel colors of red that is shaped like a labyrinth which forms a canyon of up to 40 meters high and 800 meters long.
Sinai nowadays is a safe haven for travelers from all over the world who seek a vacation full of adventure, wonder, and relaxation. The peninsula has various underwater miracles beneath the red sea and seaside resorts that offer the finest sun-drenched holiday entertainment plus a heavenly Sahara filled with captivating natural attractions that will cast a spell of an everlasting allure and wonder on all of its visitors.
Getting to Sinia is not an easy task and not hard either, reaching the Sinai is easy by Flight or even by car. There are airports available in the cities of Taba and Sharm El Sheik. Sinia is an 8-hour drive from Cairo to Sinai, traveling by car is safe and secure but be aware of police checkpoints which are common all across the Sinai Peninsula That's why everyone should carry their passport with them at all times. A super safari across Egypt through a car or a bus will be magical and it becomes really easier to access some of the amazing city resorts of Sinia such as Sharm El Sheik and Dahab.
Sinai is a portal to a new dimension filled with wonder and beauty containing everything a traveler could ever desire from incredible adventurous activities to the finest accommodations and services. A divine invitation from the heavens is waiting in Sinai just one click away through our Egypt private tours or save time by contacting us to customize your own Egypt vacation which includes a visit to Sinai below.
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