Egypt is known to be the home to a heritage spanning across more than six thousand years from the ancient Egyptian age to the Greco-Roman period to the Coptic and the Muslim era. All the evidences prove that Egypt has been blessed with the perfect environmental condition and an endless rich culture that made civilization emerge in the most spectacular fashion. Egypt is a transcontinental country between North Africa and Asia, It is boarded by Sudan from the south, Libya to the west, bounded by the Mediterranean and the Red Sea from the North and the East and in the heart of Egypt is the life-giver of the country “The Nile River”. Her unique location was the ambition of many foreign invaders over the ages that south to shift the atmosphere and culture of Egypt. The country enjoys a great deal of natural beauty and beautiful coastal lines in the Red Sea and four of the world’s enchanting cities.
Cairo “The Capital of Egypt”
Cairo is known to be the heart of Egypt and of course its capital. The city is the biggest metropolitan area in Africa, the Arab world and the 15th largest in the world. Cairo is very well known for being the home to the majestic Giza Complex that holds One of the Seven Wonders of The World the Great Pyramid of King Khufu, the world’s oldest Statue the sole guardian of Egypt the Sphinx, the world’s oldest Pyramid the step pyramid and Egypt’s first capital Memphis city. All the above were built during the Old Kingdom since 4000 years ago. Cairo holds some of the world’s oldest churches from the Coptic era like the Hanging Church and many more. The city that we know today took its first steps in 969 AD when it was constructed by the Fatimid dynasty on a location called Old Cairo. Due to all the Islamic architecture, Old Cairo is revered to as “The City of Thousand Minarets”, one of the biggest monuments located in Old Cairo is the golden Street of Khan El Khalili one of the oldest marketplaces in the history of the Middle East. One landmark in Egypt that can’t be missed during your Egypt vacation is the massive Salah El Din Citadel, built in the 12th century and holds many amazing structures like the glorious Muhammad Ali Mosque. In the center of Cairo across the Tahrir square is the House of magic the Egyptian Museum that holds more than 120,000 rare Ancient Egyptian Artifacts from more than 3000 years ago.
Luxor “The Ancient City”
One of the most famous Egypt destinations and the world’s immortal Cities & the globe’s greatest open-air museum, the enchanting city of Luxor located on the east bank of the Nile River in southern Egypt where many Kings and Queens choose to immortalize their legacy in, like the phenomenal Valley of the Kings which one of the most famous Egypt tourist attractions that can’t be missed during your Egypt tours. This archaeological site is located in the heart of a mountain that holds more than 63 tombs. The valley has 20 royal tombs from the New Kingdom like the Ramses dynasty, Tutankhamun, Amenhotep I, Thutmose and many other. The city also holds the extraordinary temple of Queen Hatshepsut constructed in 1479 BC, one of the new kingdom most successful pharaoh, the temple is truly magnificent as it is an example of the classical architecture of that era. One of the greatest Luxor tourist attractions is the beautiful Luxor temple, the house of the Sun God Amon, his wife Goddess of motherhood Mut and The Moon God Khonsu. The city is also the home of the world’s biggest and oldest religious complex in history the Karnak Temple where the worship of many gods took place during the Old Kingdom.
Aswan “The Nubian City”
The beautiful city of Aswan served as a source for the building blocks used to construct the many temples and obelisks all across Egypt. Aswan is located in Upper Egypt, on the east bank of the Nile and is the home to the Great Temple of Abu Simbel, constructed by Ramses the great during the new Kingdom to achieve immortality and win in a race against oblivion and defeat the passing of time like he defeated his enemy. The temple redefines the word Greatness and informs a lot of hidden secret about one of the most prosperous periods in the history of ancient Egypt. During the Ptolemaic era in 690 BC, the mystical Philae temple which was dedicated to the Goddess Isis and the last classical architecture style built in the New Kingdom. Both Abu Simbel & Philae Temple were part of a rescue mission by the UNESCO in the 60s due to the construction of the Aswan High Dam that threatens the survival of these two temples. The city also houses the famous Unfinished Obelisk of Hatshepsut and the temple of the crocodile god Sobek Kom Ombo Temple. In Aswan is the Edfu Temple, the house of the sky God Hours built in the Ptolemaic era in between 237 &57 BC. It is believed that it is the location where the battle of hours and set took place and the birthplace of the Isis & Osiris Myth.
Alexandria “Mediterranean Bride”
Alexandria is not only the JEM of the Mediterranean and the ancient capital of Egypt during the Hellenistic period. The city was created by Alexander the great in 332 BC along the coastal line of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central of Egypt. It is the home of two of the ancient world, the first wonder is the light House of Alexandria that was destroyed by earthquakes in 1323 and in its place rose the Citadel of Qaitbay in 1477 AD to be a powerful fortress against the ottoman empire. The second wonder the ancient Library of Alexandria that was destroyed possibly in 48 BC but a new library honors the original. the city also holds the great Pillar of Pompey from the Roman Period in 297 AD and it is considered to be the largest of its kind outside of Rome. Alexandria also holds the catacombs one of the middle ages seven wonders, it is a famous Roman burial chamber from the 2nd to the 4th century that mixes Roman and Egyptian art in the finest way.
The Red Sea
The Red Sea is one of the magical places of Egypt destinations as it is the home to the enchanting city and heavenly resort of Hurghada. The city holds some of the world’s most beautiful and breathtaking beaches and the underwater life filled an infinite amount of natural coastal beauty and 274 km away from Hurghada is the delightful resort of Marsa Alam where the diving experience takes a whole new level. There is also the stunning resort of El Gouna, 20km north of Hurghada where beauty truly transcends. One of Egypt destinations that overlook the red sea is the resort of Sharm El Sheik which one of the finest resorts on the plant. All of the above would be the perfect place for the ultimate trip to Egypt.