Information About Alexandria City | Egypt Civilization | Egypt Tours Portal
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Alexandria “The Mediterranean Jem”

The city of Alexandria got the biggest role in ancient history as it was associated with famous rulers like Alexander the great and Cleopatra, the last active Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. The city was responsible for transmitting Hellenic culture to the rest of the Mediterranean after it was built by Alexander the great himself in 332 BC to be the center of the Hellenistic civilization. It served as the capital of Egypt during the Ptolemaic, Roman and Byzantine for about a thousand year until the Muslim conquest in 641 AD where the official capital became the city of Fustat.

Location of the City

The city also acts as the second largest city after Cairo with a population of 3.5 million people on a 2,679 km². Alexandria’s location extends 32 km on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea and is 138 km (114 mi) northwest of Cairo on the western edge of the Nile Delta, it also enjoys a wonderful climate with warm humid summer and rainy winters throughout the year. It accounts for two-fifths of the country’s industrial production and acts as a cultural stage for art and beauty.

Alexandria History and Monuments

Alexandria is a popular tourist destination because of the unbelievable number of monuments and level of greatness and allure this cosmopolitan city holds. It was constructed in 331 BCE by Alexander the great on a village called Racotis during his visit to Amun Temple in Siwa. He ordered his chief architect Dinocrates to build a city that will reflect his vision and immortalize his legacy. It is quite famous for once containing the Legendary Lighthouse of Alexandria a.k.a Pharos of Alexandria that was built during the Ptolemaic dynasty in 280 BC at the height of 120-137 m (394-449 ft) which became the second tallest construction after the pyramids. Unfortunately, it was destroyed by a series of earthquakes in 1303 and 1323 AD and in the same location using the remaining blocks of the lighthouse in 1477 AD the powerful citadel of Quitbey was constructed from any foreign navel attack. The city also houses the enchanting Catacombs which was a final resting place for a greek Nobel family during the Greco-roman period, it is very praised for perfectly combining Greek and ancient Egyptian art in the finest possible manner.

Alexandria Famous For:

Alexandria was famous back in the day for containing various ethnic groups like the largest Jewish community in the world at that time and the first Greek Translation of Hebrew holy Book. The ancient library of Alexandria was the source of enlightenment and a center for art and science across the Mediterranean as it contained millions of scrolls and books on every possible subject. It was constructed in the 3rd century BC in the Ptolemaic dynasty, in the reign of Ptolemy II between 285-246 BC, it was destroyed by a fire in 48 BC and in 2002 a new library by the name of Bibliotheca Alexandria was constructed to commemorate and keep the spirit of the original ancient library alive. In Alexandria lays the pillar of Pompey which is the largest construction of its kind to be built outside the imperial capitals of Rome which represent the level wealth and power Alexandria enjoyed under the Roman rule. The Islamic Rule didn’t leave any touches on the city of Alexandria as the Mamluk and Fatimid dynasties spend most of their time in Cairo and settled with transforming the city to a naval port and a shipping port. When Alexandria fell under the Ottoman rule, it lost all meaning to beauty, glory or elegance abut in 1805 under the reign of Muhammad Ali the city regained its lost allure and became of the world’s most attractive destinations.

Check our Egypt tour packages and book one of our Egypt tours which you can visit Alexandria and the most famous landmarks in their


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General Tips:

The currency of Egypt is the Egyptian pound.

Friday and Saturday are the official holidays in Egypt.

Keep a tour Guide by your side to fully enjoy your time in Egypt.

Try “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, and “Koshary”.

Buy a local SIM card so you can call anyone you want.

Quality Measures:

Professional Egyptologist Tour Guides.

Modern Air-Conditioned Vehicles.

All Accommodations at 5* Hotels and Cruises.

Entrance Fees to All Sites that Mentioned at the Itinerary.

No Hidden Charges or Taxes.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

The entire country of Egypt deserve to be seen with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak and Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan like Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library. Read More About the Best Places to Visit in Egypt

If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries, have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD in cash, as for the E-Visa for 30 day you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could also be one of the lucky ones who can obtain a free visa for 90 days. Read More About Egypt Travel Visa.

Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish.

The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the weather is unsafe and if any changes have been made.

You should pack everything you could ever need and but in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.

We have been creating the finest vacations for more than 10 years around the most majestic destinations in Egypt. Our staff consists of the best operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort make you have the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time consultants to fit your every possible need during your vacation. It doesn't go without saying that your safety and comfort are our main concern priority and all of our resources will be directed to provide the best atmosphere until you return home.

You will feel safe in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is quite peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt. Read More

Wear whatever feels right and comfortable. It is advised to wear something light, sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the terrain of Egypt.

The best activity is by far boarding a Nile Cruise between Luxor and Aswan or Vise Versa. Witness the beauty of Egypt from a hot balloon or a plane and try all the delicious Egyptian cuisines and drinks plus shopping in old Cairo. Explore the allure and wonders of the red sea in the magical city resorts of Egypt like Hurghada and many more by diving and snorkeling in the marine life or Hurghada. Behold the mesmerizing western desert by a safari trip under the heavenly Egyptian skies.

There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas and new years eve. Read More

Egypt is considered to be one of the most liberal Islamic countries but it has become a little bit conservative in the last couple of decades so it is advised to avoid showing your chest, shoulders or legs below the knees.

Arabic is the official language and Most Egyptians, who live in the cities, speak or understand English or at least some English words or phrases. Fewer Egyptians can speak French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Professional tour guides, who work in the tourism sector, are equipped to handle visitors who cannot speak Arabic and they will speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of all our clients.

The fastest way is a car, of course, a taxi. If you are in Cairo ride a white taxi to move faster or you could board the fastest way of transportation in Egypt metro if the roads are in rush hour.

The temperature in Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c. Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 °C in the wintertime to 23 °C in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 °C in the wintertime to 32 °C in the summertime. The temperature is moderate all along the coasts.

It is the home of everything a traveler might be looking for from amazing historical sites dating to more than 4000 years to enchanting city resorts & beaches. You will live the vacation you deserve as Egypt has everything you could possibly imagine.

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