History of the Nile River

History of the Nile River

History of the Nile River

The Nile River - Egypt Tours Portal
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The Nile River “Bloodstream of Egypt” The Right and Full Information

Egypt is the Gift of the Nile” is an old saying passed spontaneously through the minds of most people all over the world without paying attention or realizing its real meaning. There is no natural landmark on the world that can capture the imagination just like the Nile River. The Nile River is more than just a river but a gateway to the heavens and a means of communication between a wide variety of nations from the population of Lake Victoria till the Arabian Desert and the Nile delta. To achieve the meaning of this saying, you have to understand all the information related to the Nile River and in this article, you will learn:-

  1. Nile River Map and Where it Located?
  2. What is the Nile Delta?
  3. The Historical Role of the Nile River
  4. The Nile River Facts from the Religious Side
  5. The Flooding of the Nile
  6. The Wildlife of the Nile
  7. The Nile River History and its Agricultural and Economic Role
  8. Recommended to Experience Nile River Cruise!

1-The Nile River Map and Where it is Located?

Map of the Nile in Ancient Egypt
Map of the Nile River in Ancient Egypt

The Nile River is the longest river in the world, which stretches for 6853 km in the northeast of Africa. The Nile River is the waterway that links the countries of the Nile Basin that covers 11 African countries and they are:-

  1. Uganda.
  2. Eritrea.
  3. Rwanda.
  4. The Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  5. Tanzania.
  6. Burundi.
  7. Kenya.
  8. Ethiopia.
  9. South Sudan.
  10. Sudan.
  11. Egypt.

The Nile River is the main water source in all these countries which its water is pumped from two tributaries they are:-

  1. The White Nile, the major stream which starts from the Great Lakes in Central Africa.
  2. The Blue Nile, the primary springhead of ninety percent of water.

And silt that flows at Lake Tana in Ethiopia and the two rivers join together in northern Khartoum, the capital of Sudan. Nevertheless, Lake Victoria Africa’s largest lake is still regarded as the most essential source of the Nile River. The Nile River in Egypt extends from the northern limits of Lake Nasser in Aswan to the north of Cairo where the Nile is divided to form Nile Delta into two branches Damietta and Rosetta.

2-What is the Nile Delta?

The Nile Delta - Egypt Tours Portal
The Nile Delta – Egypt Tours Portal

The Nile Delta is one of the largest river deltas on Earth with about more than 40 million inhabitants which splits into “The Damietta Branch in the East and The Rosetta Branch on the West“. It is 161 km (100 miles) long from north to south and spreads out along 150 miles (241 km) of the Egyptian coastline from Alexandria in the west to Port Said in the east.

3-The Historical Role of the Nile River

In ancient times, the primitive Egyptians settled along the banks of the Nile River where they built simple houses and cottages for accommodation, grew many crops, and domesticate some animals and since then the first steps to the Egyptian glory had started. Cultivation was the starting point as the Nile River overflowed, carrying silt deposits which covered the neighboring lands along the Nile Valley and make them fertile. Wheat was the first crop, the ancient Egyptians cultivated, dependant on the Nile floods as a solution to the threat of starvations and lack of food at that time. On the other side, they used some animals such as water buffalos and camels for food, plowing, and carrying goods. In brief, the Nile River is essential for people, crops, and livestock. Gradually, most of the Egyptians moved to the Nile Valley where they could get their sustenance. As the Ancestors joined together on the Nile banks, they produced the ancient Egyptian civilization, one of the greatest civilizations in ancient history which witnessed building many temples and tombs with precious treasures and jewelry. The effect of the Nile River extends to Sudan where it significantly contributed to erect the Sudanese kingdoms.

4-The Nile River Facts from the Religious Side

As a part of the ancient pharaohs’ interests of the religious life and their insistence to create many gods and goddesses for physical elements, they honored the Nile River by creating SobekDeity of the Nile” or it was named “Deity of Crocodile” the deity of a man with a crocodile head represented fertility, wetlands, medicine, and sudden death and the Nile River is regarded to be the sweat of Sobek. Another deity related to the Nile in Ancient Egypt is “Hapy” it’s called “Lord of the River Bringing Vegetation” or “Lord of the Fish and Birds of the Marshes” the deity of yearly floods of the Nile which greatly controlled the water level, symbolized fertility. The water deity “Khnum“, who ruled over all forms of water like lakes & rivers in the underworld, was believed to control the amount of silt that flooded the river banks each year. The overflows carried rich silt to the lands of the Nile Valley in order to cultivate crops. The Nile River served as the source of innovation and the center of life for the ancient Egyptians and also the modern.  The Nile became known as the mother of all men and the father of life, recognized as the key to existence. In the ancient Egyptian language, the Nile was known by the ancient Egyptians as Ḥ’pī or Iteru which meaning “River“. Ar or Aur means “Black” which refers to the black silt left behind after the yearly flooding. The word “Nile” was derived from two words, “Neilos” a Greek word means Valley, and the Latin word “Nilus”. Today, The Nile in Egypt and Sudan is known as “Al-Nīl, Al-Baḥr, Nahr Al-Nīl or Baḥr Al-Nīl“.  The Nile Cruise is one of the most spiritual journeys on the plant and is considered the most ideal manner to explore all the allure, history and possible aspects of the heavenly Nile River.

5-The Flooding of the Nile

The Flooding of the Nile - Egypt Tours Portal
The Flooding of the Nile – Egypt Tours Portal

Since ancient times, the population awaited the foods very patiently each year. The Nile played in ancient Egyptian life is to divide the ancient calendar into three seasons, each one consisted of four months, “Akhet” represents the flood season when the Nile overflowed, Peret is the growing season when the soil is fertile by Nile silt, and Shemu symbolizes the harvest season at the times of drought. In the modern age, the Egyptians attempted to control the Aswan High Dam to have better control over the flooding of the Nile like the Aswan High Dam in 1970 which had a huge improvement over the irrigation systems and the positive overall rise of agriculture all over Egypt.

6-The Wildlife of the Nile

Everything about the Nile River is rich, as it water and banks are filled with various kinds of animal life such as African tigerfish the “Piranha of Africa“, Nile monitors, the rhinoceros, enormous Vundu catfish, tortoises, wildebeests, baboons, hippopotamuses, frogs, turtles, mongooses and over 300 species of birds. The Nile is also famed for having the Nile Crocodile which remains far from the upper Nile basin.

7-The Nile River History and its Agricultural and Economic Role

As the Nile River was the best way to record the ancient Egyptian civilization in history, it’s also the holy secret of success in other fields. Cultivation was the first activity that formed the pillars of the Egyptian empire. When the Nile River flooded, the water level rose, carrying the wealthy silt deposits and overflowed the lands of the valley then make them more fertile. The ancient Egyptians took advantage of the flood season to grow crops for their sustenance. After that, they resorted to depending on some domestic animals in their life to help them in agriculture works. These animals had taken the Nile River as their permanent refuge where they found the Nile waters. On the other side, the Nile was the causeway for people and goods, especially among the countries of the Nile Basin. At earlier times, the ancient used primitive boats of wood to exchange wares and merchandise through the Nile till they now use large ships. These exchanges made economic progress, resulted in the sublime Nile River.

8-Recommended to Experience Nile River Cruise!

Nile River Cruise - Egypt Tours Portal
Sanctuary Nile Cruise – Egypt Tours Portal

As mentioned in advance, the ancient Egyptians settled down and erected their civilization on the banks of the Nile River. Thus, most of Egypt historical destinations lie on the Nile shores, especially in Upper Egypt. Accordingly, travel agencies in Egypt and trip planners in Egypt tend to make use of the phenomenal geographic location of the Nile and it’s overlooking the remarkable sightseeing to make it a part of their Egypt tours packages in and around Luxor and Aswan. They add an option to see Luxor and Aswan spectacular landmarks on board Nile cruise where to discover both ancient and modern Egypt. This awesome waterway is the best way to witness many more of the timeless pharaonic temples and tombs, Karnak Temples, Queen Hatshepsut Temple, Valley of the Kings, Abu Simbel Temple and the three majestic temples of Philae, Edfu, and Kom Ombo which directly overlook the Nile stream. Onboard the Nile cruise, travelers can do many activities, have fresh food and drinks, listen to music and dance, relax on deluxe swimming pools, and also massage sessions are available with the best service ever, so you can check our Nile cruises below and book the best suitable one for you.

Abu Simbel Nile Cruise | Egypt Nile Cruises | Luxury Nile Cruises

5 Days Abu Simbel Nile Cruise Package

Take the chance to discover ancient Egyptian history and archaeological sites for 5 days / 4 nights Abu Simbel Nile
Egypt Nile Cruise | Aswan Abu Simbel Nile Cruise

4 Days Aswan Abu Simbel Nile Cruise

Live the adventure on board luxury Nile cruise and sail through the heart of Egypt to enjoy amazing 3 nights
Nile Cruise Dahabiya | 5 Days Dahabiya Nile Cruise Luxor to Aswan

5 Days Dahabiya Nile Cruise Luxor to Aswan

Great journey through the heart of Egypt for 5 days / 4 nights Dahabiya Nile cruise Luxor to Aswan joining a
Dahabiya Nile Cruise Aswan to Luxor

4 Days Dahabiya Nile Cruise Aswan to Luxor

Get the chance to explore the ancient Egyptian landmarks in upper Egypt during wonderful journey through the Nile valley for a private
7 Night Nile Cruise Program from Luxor to Aswan - Egypt Tours Portal

7 Night Nile Cruise Itinerary from Luxor

Immerse yourself on an amazing experience along the Nile valley for 8 days / 7 nights Nile cruise from Luxor accompanied by a private
7 Night Nile Cruise Itinerary from Aswan to Luxor - Egypt Tours Portal

7 Night Nile Cruise Itinerary from Aswan

Experience the Nile River "The Heart of Egypt" for 7 nights Nile cruise itinerary from Aswan accompanied by a private Egyptologist tour
5 Days Nile River Cruise from Luxor to Aswan - Egypt Tours Portal

5 Days Nile River Cruise Luxor to Aswan

Amazing experience along the Nile valley for 5-days-4 nights Nile River cruise Luxor to Aswan is joined by a private Egyptologist tour guide to
4 Days Nile Cruise from Aswan to Luxor - Egypt Tours Portal

4 Days Nile Cruise Aswan to Luxor

Desiring a luxury Nile cruise holiday. Want to see the magnificence of the ancient world in upper Egypt or discover the treasures of

Note:- This information and every piece of content in the article or all over our website is collected by our company experts in Egyptology, so any theft of content will be handled by our company content policy and law. If you have any questions or notes you want to share or any help related to the topic, you can ask our Egyptologists by contacting us via [email protected]


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General Tips:

The currency of Egypt is the Egyptian pound.

Friday and Saturday are the official holidays in Egypt.

Keep a tour Guide by your side to fully enjoy your time in Egypt.

Try “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, and “Koshary”.

Buy a local SIM card so you can call anyone you want.

Quality Measures:

Professional Egyptologist Tour Guides.

Modern Air-Conditioned Vehicles.

All Accommodations at 5* Hotels and Cruises.

Entrance Fees to All Sites that Mentioned at the Itinerary.

No Hidden Charges or Taxes.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

The entire country of Egypt deserve to be seen with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak and Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan like Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library. Read More About the Best Places to Visit in Egypt

If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries, have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD in cash, as for the E-Visa for 30 day you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could also be one of the lucky ones who can obtain a free visa for 90 days. Read More About Egypt Travel Visa.

Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish.

The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the weather is unsafe and if any changes have been made.

You should pack everything you could ever need and but in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.

We have been creating the finest vacations for more than 10 years around the most majestic destinations in Egypt. Our staff consists of the best operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort make you have the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time consultants to fit your every possible need during your vacation. It doesn't go without saying that your safety and comfort are our main concern priority and all of our resources will be directed to provide the best atmosphere until you return home.

You will feel safe in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is quite peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt. Read More

Wear whatever feels right and comfortable. It is advised to wear something light, sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the terrain of Egypt.

The best activity is by far boarding a Nile Cruise between Luxor and Aswan or Vise Versa. Witness the beauty of Egypt from a hot balloon or a plane and try all the delicious Egyptian cuisines and drinks plus shopping in old Cairo. Explore the allure and wonders of the red sea in the magical city resorts of Egypt like Hurghada and many more by diving and snorkeling in the marine life or Hurghada. Behold the mesmerizing western desert by a safari trip under the heavenly Egyptian skies.

There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas and new years eve. Read More

Egypt is considered to be one of the most liberal Islamic countries but it has become a little bit conservative in the last couple of decades so it is advised to avoid showing your chest, shoulders or legs below the knees.

Arabic is the official language and Most Egyptians, who live in the cities, speak or understand English or at least some English words or phrases. Fewer Egyptians can speak French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Professional tour guides, who work in the tourism sector, are equipped to handle visitors who cannot speak Arabic and they will speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of all our clients.

The fastest way is a car, of course, a taxi. If you are in Cairo ride a white taxi to move faster or you could board the fastest way of transportation in Egypt metro if the roads are in rush hour.

The temperature in Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c. Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 °C in the wintertime to 23 °C in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 °C in the wintertime to 32 °C in the summertime. The temperature is moderate all along the coasts.

It is the home of everything a traveler might be looking for from amazing historical sites dating to more than 4000 years to enchanting city resorts & beaches. You will live the vacation you deserve as Egypt has everything you could possibly imagine.

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