Ancient Egyptian Religion

 Ancient Egyptian Religion

 Ancient Egyptian Religion

Ancient Egyptian Religion - Egypt Tours Portal

Overview About Ancient Egyptian Religion

The ancient Egyptians were one of the first peoples to have an existential crisis as they wondered to meaning through reflecting through nature and so was the birth of the ancient Egyptian religion. The ancient Egyptians came up with a religious system built on a combination of beliefs, rituals, and practices within a complex society built on the notion of polytheism and linked by their common focus on the interactions between the humanity and the divine realm. Religion could have been the most important aspect of their life as it included magic, mythology, medicine, science, herbology, spiritualism, psychiatry which gave them a more profound understanding of concepts like a higher power and life after death. The ancient Egyptians believed that life on earth was part of the eternal life, just a stepping stone for the next life and in order to continue to the afterlife, one has to live a life of purpose which can be found in religion.

Ancient Egyptian Religion Facts

The ancient Egyptians religion centered on the interaction with the various deities who were believed to be in control of the world, so they would pray, provide offerings, build a temple and honor them in every possible way to the gods to win their favor. The ancient Egyptians believed that depending on each other’s was the will of the gods who desired to produce an infinite amount of happiness and pleasure through their mortal existence. The rulers of Egypt were also believed to possess a divine as they were viewed to be intermediaries between their people and the gods whose main duty was to sustain the gods, so they can maintain order in the universe. Everyone in Egypt was expected to uphold the principle of Ma’at of harmony a.k.a the order of the cosmos and to be perfectly aligned with the forces of light in order to thrive in the afterlife.

Ancient Egyptian Religion Magic

Ancient Egyptian religion was known as Heka (magic) which was viewed as the building material of the world since the time of creation it was the power that the gods used to perform their functions and allowed the humans to communicate with the gods. They also believed that the phenomenon of nature is a divine force on its own so they honored its elements like animals characteristics or abstract forces.

Ancient Egyptian Religion Deities

They viewed the ancient gods of Egypt as the lords of creation and custodians of order, everything good in Egypt was because of the graces of the gods. They also worshipped a pantheon of gods that were involved in every aspect of their nature and society, each deity would exist in different manifestations and perform multiple mythological roles and would often be connected to or in an animal form. Each god or goddess was associated with a particular region where their cult resides. The deities were in a constant manner of transformations, the ancient Egyptians would group or even merge gods together to fully reflect these relationships. The relationship with the gods was somewhat fluid based on a series of syncretism with each other, some were based on similar characteristics while others were between gods with different natures. The gods have many artistic images on temple walls and tombs which was able to shed some light on the nature of the gods themselves despite their mysterious origin and identity.

Ancient Egyptian Religion Mythology

The ancient Egyptian religion was based on a series of mythological beliefs, like the ancient Egyptian myth of creation which States that there was nothing but dark spiraling waters of chaos stretching into infinity and out of it rose the primordial hill known as the ben-ben where Atum (Or Ptah in other versions) stood then he created his children to end his loneliness, Shu god of air and Tefunt the goddess of moisture. They created the principles of life and order in their new world. When they returned to their father after being missing for a long time, Atum shed tears of joy that dropped in the dark giving birth to men and women. Shu and Tefnut gave birth to Geb (the earth) and Nut (the sky) and then they gave birth to the five gods most recognized Osiris, Isis, Set, Nephthys, and Horus, then they gave birth to countless deities like Thoth, Bastet, Hathor and many more. There is also the famous tale of Osiris and Isis where divine ruler Osiris (god of fertility) was murdered by his brother Set (god of chaos), then resurrected by his sister and wife Isis (Goddess of motherhood) to conceive an heir, Horus (god of the sky). Osiris then became the ruler of the underworld, while Horus eventually avenged his father and became king of Egypt. The trinity of Osiris, Isis, and Horus was associated with the pharaohs as a symbol of unity and victory. During Egypt New Kingdom (1570-1070), the heretic pharaoh Akhenaten attempted to enforce monotheism or rather monolatry by making the sun-disk Aten the only god of Egypt, but he was unsuccessful as his son and successor Tutankhamen.

Ancient Egyptian Religion Cosmology

According to ancient Egyptians beliefs, the cosmos is divided into three types of sentient beings, the holy gods, the deceased humans who exist in a divine realm and the living humans whose most important characteristics are the Pharaoh who was the only line of communication between the humans and the divine realms. They understood the value of balance, order, Justice, truth, and harmony which centered on the principles of Maat that had existed since the creation of the world. It was viewed as the fixed, eternal order of the human society and the cosmos which would explain why it was under threats from the forces of chaos and disorder. The principles of Maat encouraged the concept that everyone should coexist and cooperate on a cosmic level, and the concepts were sustained through offerings and rituals. The ancient Egyptians understood the close connection between the cosmos and the conception of time that was concerned with the maintenance of Maat that was renewed by periodic events through the linear passage of time which echoed the original creation.

Ancient Egyptian Religion Afterlife

The concept of the Afterlife was the most important factor in ancient Egyptian civilization. The ancient Egyptians were concerned with about their fate after death. They believed humans possessed Ka or life-force a.k.a soul which leaves the body after death. The ancient Egyptians built many tombs, temple, and the pyramids in order to serve this concept and protect the Ka. Food was offered to the ka to consume its spiritual essence while in the tomb. There is also the ba which is a set of spiritual characteristics unique to each person and the funeral rituals were meant to release the ba and the ka so they would rejoin to form the Akh and continue to the afterlife by the solar boat of Ra the sun god. The journey to the afterlife required the body to be mummified in order to be ready for the return of the soul. The deceased will be judged by in the hall of truth in the underworld by Osiris by weighing his heart against the feather of Maat, if the heart was lighter than the feather the soul would continue to the heaven a.k.s the fields of reeds but if it was heavier then the soul would be devoured by the monster Ammut and ceases to exist.

Funerary and Magical Texts

All the information related to the religious rituals was frequently written on papyri. Temples and tombs are also inscribed with such texts, often accompanied by illustrations created by priests. The Egyptian also produced many prayers and hymns in the form of poetry. The most important and significant are the funerary texts, the book of the dead, the pyramid texts which were used as instructions for those performing the ritual. Magical texts describe rituals which were part of the spells used for specific goals in their everyday life. They would use oracles to settle disputes or inform royal decision in the new kingdom.


The ancient Egyptians held many festivals to integrate the sacred value of the gods within their daily lives. It contained morning offering ceremony and re-enactments of ancient Egyptian myths like the opet festivals; they also celebrated certain times of the calendar like new years’ eve Wepet-Renpet festival and the festival of the harvest the wadi festival. They also celebrated the pharaoh’s reign with the sed festival which celebrated the passing of thirty years of his reign. The festival of Epagomenae celebrated the birthdays of the gods on the last five years of the year according to the myth of creation.


Over the course, the ancient Egyptian history religion was able to inspire the production of a massive number of temples like Karnak temple, Valley of the Kings, Philae temple, Edfu temple, Abu Simbel and many more that you can visit during your Egypt tours, which reflected the true devotion of the public to the gods. They held images and statues which were cared for and worshipped on a daily basis. The priest would hold the festivals and the rituals at the temple under the guidance of the government.

Egypt was one of the first civilizations to seek meaning and so came up with some of the most beautiful constructions, the world has ever seen in the core of the most enchanting cities of Egypt like Cairo Luxor and Aswan, the best way to explore them is by a Nile cruise through the life force of Egypt during your Egypt tour packages.


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General Tips:

The currency of Egypt is the Egyptian pound.

Friday and Saturday are the official holidays in Egypt.

Keep a tour Guide by your side to fully enjoy your time in Egypt.

Try “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, and “Koshary”.

Buy a local SIM card so you can call anyone you want.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

The entire country of Egypt deserve to be seen with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak and Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan like Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library. Read More About the Best Places to Visit in Egypt

If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries, have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD in cash, as for the E-Visa for 30 day you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could also be one of the lucky ones who can obtain a free visa for 90 days. Read More About Egypt Travel Visa.

Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish.

The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the weather is unsafe and if any changes have been made.

You should pack everything you could ever need and but in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.

We have been creating the finest vacations for more than 10 years around the most majestic destinations in Egypt. Our staff consists of the best operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort make you have the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time consultants to fit your every possible need during your vacation. It doesn't go without saying that your safety and comfort are our main concern priority and all of our resources will be directed to provide the best atmosphere until you return home.

You will feel safe in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is quite peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt. Read More

Wear whatever feels right and comfortable. It is advised to wear something light, sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the terrain of Egypt.

The best activity is by far boarding a Nile Cruise between Luxor and Aswan or Vise Versa. Witness the beauty of Egypt from a hot balloon or a plane and try all the delicious Egyptian cuisines and drinks plus shopping in old Cairo. Explore the allure and wonders of the red sea in the magical city resorts of Egypt like Hurghada and many more by diving and snorkeling in the marine life or Hurghada. Behold the mesmerizing western desert by a safari trip under the heavenly Egyptian skies.

There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas and new years eve. Read More

Egypt is considered to be one of the most liberal Islamic countries but it has become a little bit conservative in the last couple of decades so it is advised to avoid showing your chest, shoulders or legs below the knees.

Arabic is the official language and Most Egyptians, who live in the cities, speak or understand English or at least some English words or phrases. Fewer Egyptians can speak French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Professional tour guides, who work in the tourism sector, are equipped to handle visitors who cannot speak Arabic and they will speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of all our clients.

The fastest way is a car, of course, a taxi. If you are in Cairo ride a white taxi to move faster or you could board the fastest way of transportation in Egypt metro if the roads are in rush hour.

The temperature in Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c. Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 °C in the wintertime to 23 °C in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 °C in the wintertime to 32 °C in the summertime. The temperature is moderate all along the coasts.

It is the home of everything a traveler might be looking for from amazing historical sites dating to more than 4000 years to enchanting city resorts & beaches. You will live the vacation you deserve as Egypt has everything you could possibly imagine.

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