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How The Pyramids Were Built

How The Pyramids Were Built

How The Pyramids Were Built

The Workforce of the Pyramids - Egypt Tours Portal

How The Pyramids Were Built

One of history’s most ancient puzzles is the construction of the pyramids, over and over again through the course of history, many nation, scholars and scientists asked the question of “How The Pyramids Were Built“.  4,500 years ago Giza Pyramids were constructed to immortalize the legacy of the ancient Egyptian civilization for many generations to come, it also was able to offer insight about the life aspects of the ancient Egyptians from religious to agricultural practices through the magical wall illustrations of the pyramids.

The Workforce of the Pyramids

The techniques used in constructing the Egyptian pyramids have baffled historians and scientists for countless years. The pyramids are the subject of many controversial hypotheses, the general theory is based on the belief that the huge stones were carved from the quarries using copper chisels, then these blocks were dragged and lifted into position but the method concerning the movement and placement of these stones were under a great dispute. The form of the workforce was under a huge debate as it was believed that the pyramids were constructed using a slave labor but after research published in 1990, it turned out that the pyramids were builds by “tens of thousands of free skilled workers” who lived and buried near the great pyramids and worked for a salary, a wage of ten loaves of bread or a jug of beer per day or a form of tax payment until the construction was completed. They used hammer, chisels, and levers capable of handling the stones. The workforce was highly organized and managed to the highest level.

Location of the Pyramids

Location of the Pyramids - Egypt Tours Portal
Location of the Pyramids

The most important element in constructing a pyramid is choosing the right location. The pyramids were constructed on the west side of the Nile River where the sunset which was believed where the dead enter the underworld, the location also needed on be on the higher ground to avoid the danger of flooding at the time of the Nile’s inundation.  The location must be in close proximity from the Nile River and on a firm rock base capable of supporting the massive weight of any Pyramids with cracking or showing the sign of structural weakness and more importantly must be in the close reach of the current capital.

The Base of the Pyramids

The Base of the Pyramids - Egypt Tours Portal
The Base of the Pyramids

The Pyramids were constructed using locally quarried limestone which was the main material of choice for all the pyramids. A higher quality of limestone quarried near modern Cairo was used for the outer casing. Granite was used in the construction of architectural elements of the roofs and the burial chamber and also in the outer casing like King Menkaure Pyramid, it was quarried near Aswan. The workers begin their work by preparing a strong foundation by removing the loose sand from the rock base with was made completely flat. The flat base was accomplished by building low mud walls all around the base and cutting the channels in a grid pattern over the surface, then afterward the channels would be filled with water and the level which the water reached is marked. After the water of drained, all the sticking out rock would be removed and any void would be filled with stones in order to make the surface level perfectly flat.

The Architecture of the Pyramids

The Architecture of the Pyramids - Egypt Tours Portal
The Architecture of the Pyramids

The ancient Egyptians were highly advanced in the field of astronomy as Each side of the pyramid were designed to face one of the cardinal points. The ancient Egyptian builders observed the rising and setting of the northern star on the horizon which explain why they began by establishing the true north first then the rest of the other directions. They were able to make all the four sides in exactly the same length and in the right perfect corners. They bisected the angle thus obtaining north and south lines, they also used their instruments in drawing right angels and find the east and the west angels.

Blocks Placement of the Pyramids

Blocks Placement of the Pyramids - Egypt Tours Portal
Blocks Placement of the Pyramids

One of the biggest mysteries surrounding the construction of the pyramid is the process of which the massive limestone blocks weighing every 2.2 tons were moved across the desert. A wall painting on tomb dating to 1900 BC depicts 170 men dragging a huge state using ropes attached to a sled and in front of it are men pouring water over the sand in order to reduce friction and make it easier to operate the sled. The ancient Egyptians understood that adding water to the sand increased its stiffness to drag the sleds more easily across the surface. They calculated the amount the water necessary to reduce the friction depending on the type of sand, the optimal amount of waterfalls between 2% and 5% of the complete value of the sand. This discovery is highly important as it not only explains how the blocks were moved but also helps the researchers in understanding the behavior of other granular materials like coal or even asphalt or concrete.

Construction Method of the Pyramids

Construction Method of the Pyramids - Egypt Tours Portal
Construction Method of the Pyramids

One of the most acknowledged theories on what method used to raise the blocks among the Egyptologists is ramps. The Greek historian shows in his writings the usage of levers being used to raise the blocks from one level to the next. As the pyramids grow in size so did the ramps to the point where the ramp has to be as huge as the pyramid. Internal ramps were also used as the grand gallery is believed to have acted as a trolley guide for counterbalance weights. There is also a theory which states that a form of limestone concrete was cast in wooden molds then it would transform from a wet to a hard substance after undergoing a chemical reaction. The method of the pyramids is completely shrouded with mystery and many theories are still open for discussion.

Tours to the Pyramids

Egypt has always been the home of the impossible, within the heart of the country in Cairo lies the miraculous Pyramids of Giza where the impossible is yet to be explained. The cities of Egypt like  Giza, Cairo, Aswan, and Luxor are the purest reflection of how the ancient Egyptians vision was extraordinary, so we offer you the chance to enjoy a marvelous trip to Egypt with Nile cruise, also our Cairo day tours are the best way to book your trip if you are in Cairo, or check our Egypt day tours if you are in any Egypt top destination to arrange your tours.

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General Tips:

The currency of Egypt is the Egyptian pound.

Friday and Saturday are the official holidays in Egypt.

Keep a tour Guide by your side to fully enjoy your time in Egypt.

Try “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, and “Koshary”.

Buy a local SIM card so you can call anyone you want.

Quality Measures:

Professional Egyptologist Tour Guides.

Modern Air-Conditioned Vehicles.

All Accommodations at 5* Hotels and Cruises.

Entrance Fees to All Sites that Mentioned at the Itinerary.

No Hidden Charges or Taxes.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

The entire country of Egypt deserve to be seen with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak and Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan like Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library. Read More About the Best Places to Visit in Egypt

If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries, have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD in cash, as for the E-Visa for 30 day you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could also be one of the lucky ones who can obtain a free visa for 90 days. Read More About Egypt Travel Visa.

Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish.

The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the weather is unsafe and if any changes have been made.

You should pack everything you could ever need and but in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.

We have been creating the finest vacations for more than 10 years around the most majestic destinations in Egypt. Our staff consists of the best operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort make you have the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time consultants to fit your every possible need during your vacation. It doesn't go without saying that your safety and comfort are our main concern priority and all of our resources will be directed to provide the best atmosphere until you return home.

You will feel safe in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is quite peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt. Read More

Wear whatever feels right and comfortable. It is advised to wear something light, sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the terrain of Egypt.

The best activity is by far boarding a Nile Cruise between Luxor and Aswan or Vise Versa. Witness the beauty of Egypt from a hot balloon or a plane and try all the delicious Egyptian cuisines and drinks plus shopping in old Cairo. Explore the allure and wonders of the red sea in the magical city resorts of Egypt like Hurghada and many more by diving and snorkeling in the marine life or Hurghada. Behold the mesmerizing western desert by a safari trip under the heavenly Egyptian skies.

There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas and new years eve. Read More

Egypt is considered to be one of the most liberal Islamic countries but it has become a little bit conservative in the last couple of decades so it is advised to avoid showing your chest, shoulders or legs below the knees.

Arabic is the official language and Most Egyptians, who live in the cities, speak or understand English or at least some English words or phrases. Fewer Egyptians can speak French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Professional tour guides, who work in the tourism sector, are equipped to handle visitors who cannot speak Arabic and they will speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of all our clients.

The fastest way is a car, of course, a taxi. If you are in Cairo ride a white taxi to move faster or you could board the fastest way of transportation in Egypt metro if the roads are in rush hour.

The temperature in Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c. Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 °C in the wintertime to 23 °C in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 °C in the wintertime to 32 °C in the summertime. The temperature is moderate all along the coasts.

It is the home of everything a traveler might be looking for from amazing historical sites dating to more than 4000 years to enchanting city resorts & beaches. You will live the vacation you deserve as Egypt has everything you could possibly imagine.

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