The Battle of Pelusium

The Battle of Pelusium

The Battle of Pelusium

Battle of Pelusium - Egypt Tours Portal
  • Updated in

The Battle of Pelusium (The End of the Egyptian Conquests)

The battle of Pelusium was between ancient Egypt empire led by “Pharaoh Psametik III” (526-525 BCE) and the Achaemenid Empire(the first Persian Empire) led by “Cambyses II” (525-522 BCE) and played an important part in shaping the future of the kingdom as the throne of the pharaohs was transferred to Cambyses II of Persia. This battle was won by the Persian army, using his knowledge of the Egyptian culture and a very unusual strategy as he used cats as hostages.

The battle of Pelusium started due to the idiotic and aggravating actions of “Pharaoh Amasis II” the father of Psametik III.

First, when king Cambyses asked Amasis’S daughter for marriage, he didn’t want to lose his daughter to a Persian so instead he send another girl named “Nitetis” to take her place as his daughter and the future wife of Cambyses but when she stood in front of him, she explained Asami’s wickedness and trickery and Cambyses vowed to avenge his insult.

Secondly, his bitterness towards “Phanes of Halicarnassus” (a wise councilman, mercenary and tactician) for unknown reason, led “Phanes” to become his worst his enemy as he escaped to Persia and assisted the king’s army in their conquest in all manners of strategy and tactics and was the true mastermind in the defeat of Egypt, which he told him about the Egyptian religions in this time and the King Cambyses used this important information in the war.

Thirdly, his habit of gaining enemy and forming a bad relationship with his neighbors like the king of Arabia who granted safe passage to Cambyses army and supplied him with troops which facilitated in the destruction of the Egyptian empire.

Amasis died six months before Cambyses reached Egypt which left his son “Psamtik” who hoped to save his country, entirely depended on his army and his limited military experience as all of Egypt’s allies like the Greek forces, the grand fleet of Polycrates of Samos and Egypt’s most prominent tactical advisor phanes of Halicarnassus, switched side to the Persian.

The battle of Pelusium was an extremely special battle because it was an early form of Psychological warfare as told by Herodotus (a Greek historian). The Persian had a genius tactic to use their religious belief against them, the Persian put cats in front of them as they attacked, the Egyptians didn’t dare to shoot an arrow or even attack in any form so they wouldn’t hurt the cats. This strategy was based on the idea that ancient Egyptian worshiped the goddess Bastet (the cat goddess of beauty, protection, the home, fertility), during this period, Bastet was the most powerful, honored goddess in Egypt, and because of that casts were protect and highly regarded as the punishment for killing a cat was the death sentence and absolute damnation in the afterlife and that’s way the Egyptian lost the city of Pelusium. The Egyptians lost fifty thousand men while the Persians only lost seven thousand men, who were still alive from the Egyptian retreated to the city of Memphis. Cambyses took his troops to Memphis and was able to defeat the remaining army which made Psamtik surrender the city and live under the watch of the Persian emperor but he was later executed when he attempting a revolt against the Persian Empire.

The Persian would rule Egypt as an autonomous nation following the Persian rule for about two hundred years during the 27th and 31th dynasties until the arrival of Alexander the Great’s armies and conquer the land in 331BCE and ruled by a Greek monarchy until annexed by the Roman kingdom in 30BCE.

Egypt “The Cradle of Human Civilization” rich by the ancient history, culture, mythology, so you can make the dream true by casting your eyes on the ancient temples and tombs in Cairo, Luxor, Aswan, and all Egypt destination, we have well organized unforgettable Egypt Nile cruises to enjoy the best trip to Egypt ever.


Continue Reading About Egypt

2 How to Enjoy a Classic Holiday in Egypt
Egypt Tours Portal
April 30, 2019
3 Faiyum Oasis
Egypt Tours Portal
April 30, 2019
4 The Nubian Museum
Egypt Tours Portal
April 30, 2019
5 Muhammad Ali Pasha
Egypt Tours Portal
April 30, 2019
6 What to Pack for Egypt
Egypt Tours Portal
April 30, 2019
7 History of the Nile River
Egypt Tours Portal
April 30, 2019
8 Queen Nefertiti
Egypt Tours Portal
April 30, 2019
9 Best Cities to Visit in Egypt 2020
Egypt Tours Portal
April 30, 2019

General Tips:

The currency of Egypt is the Egyptian pound.

Friday and Saturday are the official holidays in Egypt.

Keep a tour Guide by your side to fully enjoy your time in Egypt.

Try “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, and “Koshary”.

Buy a local SIM card so you can call anyone you want.

Quality Measures:

Professional Egyptologist Tour Guides.

Modern Air-Conditioned Vehicles.

All Accommodations at 5* Hotels and Cruises.

Entrance Fees to All Sites that Mentioned at the Itinerary.

No Hidden Charges or Taxes.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

The entire country of Egypt deserve to be seen with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak and Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan like Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library. Read More About the Best Places to Visit in Egypt

If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries, have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD in cash, as for the E-Visa for 30 day you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could also be one of the lucky ones who can obtain a free visa for 90 days. Read More About Egypt Travel Visa.

Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish.

The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the weather is unsafe and if any changes have been made.

You should pack everything you could ever need and but in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.

We have been creating the finest vacations for more than 10 years around the most majestic destinations in Egypt. Our staff consists of the best operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort make you have the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time consultants to fit your every possible need during your vacation. It doesn't go without saying that your safety and comfort are our main concern priority and all of our resources will be directed to provide the best atmosphere until you return home.

You will feel safe in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is quite peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt. Read More

Wear whatever feels right and comfortable. It is advised to wear something light, sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the terrain of Egypt.

The best activity is by far boarding a Nile Cruise between Luxor and Aswan or Vise Versa. Witness the beauty of Egypt from a hot balloon or a plane and try all the delicious Egyptian cuisines and drinks plus shopping in old Cairo. Explore the allure and wonders of the red sea in the magical city resorts of Egypt like Hurghada and many more by diving and snorkeling in the marine life or Hurghada. Behold the mesmerizing western desert by a safari trip under the heavenly Egyptian skies.

There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas and new years eve. Read More

Egypt is considered to be one of the most liberal Islamic countries but it has become a little bit conservative in the last couple of decades so it is advised to avoid showing your chest, shoulders or legs below the knees.

Arabic is the official language and Most Egyptians, who live in the cities, speak or understand English or at least some English words or phrases. Fewer Egyptians can speak French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Professional tour guides, who work in the tourism sector, are equipped to handle visitors who cannot speak Arabic and they will speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of all our clients.

The fastest way is a car, of course, a taxi. If you are in Cairo ride a white taxi to move faster or you could board the fastest way of transportation in Egypt metro if the roads are in rush hour.

The temperature in Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c. Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 °C in the wintertime to 23 °C in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 °C in the wintertime to 32 °C in the summertime. The temperature is moderate all along the coasts.

It is the home of everything a traveler might be looking for from amazing historical sites dating to more than 4000 years to enchanting city resorts & beaches. You will live the vacation you deserve as Egypt has everything you could possibly imagine.

Show More ...

Our Partners