Facts ِِِِAbout the Origin and Death of Alexander the Great?
Alexander III of Macedon (356 B.C -323 B.C), Better known as“Alexander the Great” as he was known to be “Undefeated in Battle” and one of history’s most successful military commanders and for his incredible dream to reach the ends of the worlds and great outer seas. He was born in Pella (The Ancient Capital of Ancient Greek in Macedon) in 356 B.C to “King Philip II” of Macedon and his infamous wife Olympia. He was taught by Aristotle until the age of 16, he succeeded his father after his assassination in 336 B.C and became the rightful ruler of a strong kingdom and an experienced army at the age of 20. He was awarded the generalship of Greece and used his new power to make his father’s dream become a reality which to lead the Greek in the conquest of Persia. He spent most of his ruling years in making unprecedented military campaigns through the northeast of Africa and Asia. In 334 B.C, He began invading the Persian Empire and kept on invading until he reached India in 326 B.C. Alexander the great died of Malaria in Babylon at the age of “Thirty-Three” in 323 B.C leaving a great legacy behind him, as his history of syncretism, cultural diffusion, and construction of many cities like Alexandria in Egypt. And the location of his tomb still one of history’s greatest mysteries.
Most Important Achievements of Alexander the Great
After Alexander the great conquered Gaza and defeated the Persian Emperor Darius for the control of Syria and Levant, he moved to Egypt as it was part of the Persian Empire after the battle of Pelusium. He moved his forces to towards Pelusium (The Eastern Gateway to Egypt) and entered Egypt on 14 November 332 B.C. The Egyptians welcomed him with open arms because they saw him as a liberator and also because the Persians had no control over the Egyptian public or respect for religion or culture. He faced no kind of opposition or resistance from Persian forces, and was able to enter Egypt very easily, he then took his forces to the capital of Memphis and to the coast of the Mediterranean coast where he cast his eyes on a piece of land located between the sea and a lake filled with a secure fresh water supply, therefore he ordered his architect “Deinocrates” to build him a city on that location and call it “Alexandria”. He also worked on improving his relationship with Egyptian as he declares himself the son of the god Amun –Ra, renovated the chapel of Tuthmosis III and the temples of Karnak as he was depicted on the temple of Amun-Ra dressed as a pharaoh and identified with a text reading “‘King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Lord of the Two Lands, Son of Re, Possessor of the Crowns, Alexander”, offered sacrifices to god Ptah and hosted a Greek-style games which contained many contests from all over the Greek world in a multicultural event.
Alexander the Great Legacy
As a young boy, he was taught by his teacher “Aristotle” to always maintain the balance between all Parties. So when it came time to build his administrative structure, he chose to have his deputies, generals to be Egyptian, Greek, and Macedonians all of them would feel empowered and work on making alexander’s dream of building a great empire. Alexander also opened the doors of Egypt to all the Greek and Macedonian immigrants. He wanted to build a multi-cultural province which holds various languages, cultures and to become a true symbol for cooperation between these ancient civilizations. Alexander only spent six months in Egypt but he was able to make massive renovations and reforms and put Egypt within the center of the Greek civilization orbit.
No country around the world is more blessed with culture, history, civilization, and mythology than Egypt, Egypt has a magical legacy that still being discovered until this era, so you can explore Egypt breathtaking temples, tombs, and museums during your trip to Egypt, book one of our stunning Egypt tour packages or Egypt Nile cruises and live the vacation you deserve.