The Hyksos Invasion

The Hyksos Invasion

The Hyksos Invasion

The Hyksos Invasion - Egypt Tours Portal
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The Hyksos Invasion

The Hyksos were a mixed Semitic people from west Asian, a dynasty of Palestinian origin that ruled northern Egypt in the 15th dynasty (c.1630-1523 BCE). The word Hyksos was an Egyptian term for “Ruler of Foreign Lands”. The Hyksos invasion started in 1650 B.C, they established a large empire that lasted for a long time and much of ancient Egypt lands were under the control of Hyksos kings in Lower Egypt and the Nile River until the 17thcentury. The last king of the Theban seventeenth dynasty “Ahomse” started a war of liberation and justice from his southern kingdom as his brother Kamose wanted to expand his rule to the north and as a result, he was killed in battle by the Hyksos army. They were very advanced in battle and combat as many immigrants from Hyksos immigrants brought new technologies like the compound bow, the horse, and the chariot, other improved metal weapons like battle axes and advance fortification tactics. They also achieved a dominant role in trade with western Asia, they also worshiped the desert “God Seth” whom they felt was connected with the Syrian god “Hadad”  in Avaris the most- prominent settlement, a fortified camp in the northeastern delta but all that did not last for long as in their final days, they were unable to make an alliance with the ruler of kush and many others.

King Ahmose was able to understand the tactics of his opponent, thus he was able to adapt to their ways and defeat them in battle thus ending 108 years of Hyksos rule over Egypt. He was able to restore Theban rule over all of Egypt and reasserted Egyptian power with the former territories of Nubia and Canaan, he founded the 18th dynasty and set sail to the beginning of ancient Egypt’s Golden age as Egyptian power was able to reach its peak.

The Hyksos invasion changed the history of ancient Egypt in many ways as Ahmose expanded his empire to Sudan from the north, Iraq from the east, Syria from the north, he brought home war trophies and they were forced to pay taxes to the new kingdom. Ancient Egypt experienced a new wave of religious, cultural and technological developments from different countries like the Hittite empire, the Mitanni kingdom and the Mesopotamia kingdom which led to many foreign diplomats, merchants, and craftsmen to ancient Egypt and the most important and significant development was the establishment of the first standing army. It also changed a lot about religious life as the pharaohs still had larger temples than the gods, they start to feel more eager to share the glory with an ancient god. Amun-Ra  was worshipped all across Egypt as the one and only supreme deity because his position grew more spiritually and politically due to the rise of Egyptian power and Amun-Ra being the sole protector of the Egyptian state, the monarchy and the religious life in Egypt became more like a monotheism which made the new kingdom something of a theocracy.

It’s will be amazing to discover this marvelous information about the ancient history, civilization, battles, and mythology of Egypt by visiting the temples and archaeological sites during your breathtaking Egypt tour packages, or Egypt Nile cruises.


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General Tips:

The currency of Egypt is the Egyptian pound.

Friday and Saturday are the official holidays in Egypt.

Keep a tour Guide by your side to fully enjoy your time in Egypt.

Try “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, and “Koshary”.

Buy a local SIM card so you can call anyone you want.

Quality Measures:

Professional Egyptologist Tour Guides.

Modern Air-Conditioned Vehicles.

All Accommodations at 5* Hotels and Cruises.

Entrance Fees to All Sites that Mentioned at the Itinerary.

No Hidden Charges or Taxes.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

The entire country of Egypt deserve to be seen with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak and Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan like Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library. Read More About the Best Places to Visit in Egypt

If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries, have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD in cash, as for the E-Visa for 30 day you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could also be one of the lucky ones who can obtain a free visa for 90 days. Read More About Egypt Travel Visa.

Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish.

The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the weather is unsafe and if any changes have been made.

You should pack everything you could ever need and but in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.

We have been creating the finest vacations for more than 10 years around the most majestic destinations in Egypt. Our staff consists of the best operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort make you have the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time consultants to fit your every possible need during your vacation. It doesn't go without saying that your safety and comfort are our main concern priority and all of our resources will be directed to provide the best atmosphere until you return home.

You will feel safe in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is quite peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt. Read More

Wear whatever feels right and comfortable. It is advised to wear something light, sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the terrain of Egypt.

The best activity is by far boarding a Nile Cruise between Luxor and Aswan or Vise Versa. Witness the beauty of Egypt from a hot balloon or a plane and try all the delicious Egyptian cuisines and drinks plus shopping in old Cairo. Explore the allure and wonders of the red sea in the magical city resorts of Egypt like Hurghada and many more by diving and snorkeling in the marine life or Hurghada. Behold the mesmerizing western desert by a safari trip under the heavenly Egyptian skies.

There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas and new years eve. Read More

Egypt is considered to be one of the most liberal Islamic countries but it has become a little bit conservative in the last couple of decades so it is advised to avoid showing your chest, shoulders or legs below the knees.

Arabic is the official language and Most Egyptians, who live in the cities, speak or understand English or at least some English words or phrases. Fewer Egyptians can speak French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Professional tour guides, who work in the tourism sector, are equipped to handle visitors who cannot speak Arabic and they will speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of all our clients.

The fastest way is a car, of course, a taxi. If you are in Cairo ride a white taxi to move faster or you could board the fastest way of transportation in Egypt metro if the roads are in rush hour.

The temperature in Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c. Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 °C in the wintertime to 23 °C in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 °C in the wintertime to 32 °C in the summertime. The temperature is moderate all along the coasts.

It is the home of everything a traveler might be looking for from amazing historical sites dating to more than 4000 years to enchanting city resorts & beaches. You will live the vacation you deserve as Egypt has everything you could possibly imagine.

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