What is the City of Alexandria?
Alexandria is considered to be Egypt’s second capital as it is the second largest city with a population of 3.5 million people on an area of 2,679 km² and one of the only remaining cities on the planet that still able to reflects her glory of its cosmopolitan self. The city is located at the western edge of the Nile River delta, about 183 km (114 m) northwest of Cairo in Lower Egypt. It is Egypt’s window to the Mediterranean Sea as it extends 32 Km along its coast in the north-central part of the country and due to its natural location, the city enjoys a wonderful climate with mild rainy winters, warm humid summers and high humidity throughout the year. Alexandria plays a key role in shaping the economy of Egypt as it accounts for two-fifths of the country’s industrial production. Art and culture can be found anywhere in the city which makes Alexandria a one of a kind.
Alexandria Tourist Attractions Mixed by History
The history of this city is quite unique because it witnessed an incredible amount of influences the achievements that made Alexandria a symbol of immortality. The city was constructed in 331 BC by Alexander the Great himself who made it the capital of Egypt during the Greco-Roman Egypt period and in the third century BC the legendary Lighthouse of Alexandria was Built by Ptolemy the first on the island of Pharos at the height between 115 and 150 m which made in the second tallest structure after The great pyramids but unfortunately it collapsed by two earthquakes in 1303 and 1323 AD and in its location the citadel of Qaitbay was constructed in 1477AD by the Mamaluke Sultan Addul –Nasser Qa’it Bay to protect the city from any naval attack by the Sea, the citadel one of the most important Alexandria tourist attractions which you can visit during your Egypt private tours. One of the biggest monuments ever talked about in the world is the library of Alexandria that was constructed when the city became one of the Mediterranean largest cities and a center of Greek science and scholarship at the beginning of the 3rd century by the Ptolemies, the library also one of the most famous Alexandria tourist attractions, that you can witness through you Egypt luxury tours, the library was devoured by a fire in 48 BC but a library by the name of The Bibliotheca Alexandrina honors the original in the most spectacular manner. The city was also known of being a center of Hellenism and for having a rich community consisting of religious and ethnic groups like the Jewish society which was the largest Jewish community at that time and the Septuagint, the first Greek translation of the Hebrew book. Alexandria flourished under the Roman rule as it was second in size, wealth and knowledge as clearly shown in the glorious Pompey’s Pillar and the enchanting Catacombs which also considered being most important of Alexandria tourist attractions. That ear is also famous for having the one and only Cleopatra, the last active pharaoh of ancient Egypt. Alexandria then was carried by the wave of time through many centuries until the Islamic period happened in Egypt. The Mumluk and Fatimids dynasties established Alexandria as a naval base and one of the busiest shipping ports but after he ottoman took over the city has lost the meaning of glory or elegance. In 1805, Muhammad Ali sought out to rebuilt Alexandria to its former glory and was successful. Alexandria tourist attractions deserve to explore during your Egypt tours.