In 1903, A major discovery was made by Georges Legrain (French Egyptologist)in the north-west section of the courtyard of the temple of Amun in front of the seventh Pylon at the Karnak temple which holds many amazing architectural designs and elements dating back to the middle, new, and Ptolemaic kingdoms and considered to be Egyptian statue hoard ever recorded.
For more than four years he dug despite the hard condition of the land because of the infiltrations from the water table, until he discovered a cache containing more than seven hundred stone statuses and 1700 made from bronze which most of which ended up in the Egyptian Museum and other museums around the world, most of the statues dates back to the New Kingdom of Egypt to the end of the Ptolemaic era.
The discovery contained from the Old Kingdom of Egypt, the lower part of a striding statue of the 5th Dynasty King Niuserre, and from the Middle Kingdom of Egypt, the royal statues of Senusret I, Senusret III, and Amenemhet III. The Cachette represents a significant source of information on how the priests of Karnak performed various rituals and functions and this find was able to shed light on the history of the artistic wave of many periods.
The list contains every detail about the objects was made by Legrain but it vanished after his death. For many years it was impossible to identify the various artifacts found at the cachette but in 2006 a joint project between the supreme council of antiquities of Egypt and Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale created a database containing every possible detail about the Karnak cachette and even in 2012, a web database was available online giving 8000 photos of the excavation taken by Legrain himself.
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