Giza Pyramids Complex
There is no monument on the plant that can reflect the true definition of the word glory than the Majestic Giza Pyramids Complex. The complex contains the last remaining monument of the seven wonders of the ancient world the great pyramid of Giza next to two other pyramids each impressive in their unique manner and represent the level of political and economic stability. The complex is one of the last remaining prehistoric monuments on the plant which was built in Egypt old kingdom (2686 – 2181 BC) during the 4th dynasty (2613 – 2493 BC) over than 4000 years and still able to capture the hearts and souls who ever see it. It contains three massive pyramids of Khufu, Khafra, and Menkaure who desired to stand the test of time and immortalize their names and legacy through the ages. Each pharaoh built a pyramid to be his final resting place and help his soul ascends to the heavens. Next to the pyramids is the valley temple where the kings and Queens were mummified and prepared to cross to the other side. The complex is located in the western desert 9 km (5 mi) west of the Nile River, 13 km (8 mi) southwest of Cairo city Centre and protected by the sole guardian of Egypt the Great Sphinx.
The Great Pyramid of King Khufu
The last remaining wonder of the ancient world the Great Pyramid, built for King Khufu in the old kingdom between 2580 BC and 2560 BC which took 20 years. It is also known by the Greek name Cheops. It became the tallest structure in the world at the height of 147 m (481 ft.) for more than 3,800 years until the construction of the Lincoln Cathedral in 1311. It was built using 2.3 million blocks of limestone each block weight 2.5 tons and a working force of 100,00. It was designed by King Khufu’s vizier Hemiunu who created a true masterpiece of miraculous architecture using all the resourced the golden age of the old kingdom had to offer.
Pyramid of King Chefren
The second largest pyramid in Egypt built by King Khafra (2558-2532 BC) during the 4th dynasty in 2540 BC. Khafre is the son of Khufu so he desired to create a structure similar to his father’s. the pyramid is known by the Greek name Chephren. It reaches the height of 136.4 (448 ft.) on a base of 215.5 m (706 ft.), and is also made out of limestone, also has an angle of 51°50’24”. Right in front of it is the famous Protector of Egypt the famous Sphinx, the world’s oldest statue which designed based on the face of king Khafra himself.
Pyramids of King Menkaure
The smallest of the three pyramids built by king Menkaure the sixth ruler of the 4th dynasty in 2510 BC to be his tomb. It is constructed using limestone on the exterior and red granite on the interior and stands at the height of 61 m (204 ft.) on a base of 108.5 m and has the angel of the incline is 51°20′25″. The interior of the pyramid is made of red granite.
Egypt civilization is filled with a lot of amazing history, so don’t miss the chance to witness and discover the hidden world of Giza Pyramids Complex, check our Egypt private tour packages and Nile river cruise to enjoy a lifetime journey to the land of Pharaohs.