The Catacombs of Kom El Shuqqafa:
The Catacombs of Kom El Shuqqafa is the most important tomb in Alexandria is located in the east of Alexandria. The Catacombs was found on 28 September 1900 by luck by a donkey fall into an excavation at the depth of 12 meters Subsequently the archaeologist has found Catacomb perchance although prospecting operations had started in 1892, it was for a rich family then it used for burying a lot of families after Group of welders rolled it.
The Configuration of the Building:
The Catacombs of Kom El Shuqqafa consists of 4 stories and inner Spiral staircase around a cylindrical hole and 6-meter diameter and 10-meter depth. The lower stairs are higher than the upper ones and the secret of this as we know in Roman buildings that the person who climbs up the stairs after visiting the deceased become more active. As if he does not climb up but walk a low spiral road to achieve comfort for the visitor. While the light of the stairs was from rectangular holes in the wall of the stairs.
The entrance for the first floor by a vestibule then the rounded hall of the bodies of the dead is on the front of you and it has a dome held on six pillars and it leads to some small rooms. beside the rounded hall, there is the TRICLINIUM hall square shape with three terraces. The visitor of the dead meets to eating food in the feasts and special events. In the second floor, there is a rostrum you can see the burry room through it. The Catacombs can contain more than 300 corpses. The pillar and the walls show Egyptian, Roman, and Greek iconography. And the inner walls show an icon of ‘Anubis‘ the Egyptian God of the dead. There are four corridors lead to a small group of tombs. one of these corridors gives access to an entirely different complex which joined to Kom Ash Shuqqafa, which it predates. most of the walls are not decorated, almost all paintings have faded.
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