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Egypt Tours 2019 – Nile Cruises 2019

Open the door to ruins of the ancient civilizations and spend fabulous vacations among the Pharaohs’ remnants. And as we always seek for your joy, “Egypt Tours 2019” offer an extraordinary variety of Egypt tours 2019 to cover all the ultimate historical attractions in Egypt, and also Nile Cruises 2019 provides incredible chances to admire the glorious treasures of the Nile Valley on board the magical Nile cruise. Our Egypt holidays 2019 are planned to suit all types of  Egypt visitors, large groups, small groups, holidays with the family, and also for couples on Honeymoon. “Egypt Holidays 2019” is your passport to relaxation and opulence.

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Information About Kom Ombo Temple | Egypt Tours Portal

Kom Ombo Temple

Where is Kom Ombo Temple Located? Kom Ombo temple or temple of Sobek and Horus means “The Hill of Gold” in ancient Egypt. The temple is located about 48Km north of Aswan and 168Km south of Luxor, at the ancient city of Per Sobek. Kom Ombo temple is an unusual temple in Egypt because it’s a double temple that belongs to Sobek the crocodile god, and Horus the falcon-headed god. Each temple has its own entrance, hypostyle halls, and two courts. When was the Temple Built? The construction of the temple started during the Greco Roman era, in the Ptolemaic period between 332BC and 395AD. The oldest temple dates back to 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom during the period of King Tuthmosis III .the recent temple is in the period of King Ptolemy Vtook many years to build and many Kings added many works in the complex. What is the Temple Consists of? There is the main court that consists of two rows of columns, each row is filled with 8 painted columns, The court features a central granite altar where the sacred barque would rest during festival processions. There are two Hypostyle Hall in the first ten columns on the shape of lotus in 3 rows, columns are decorated to represent the Pharaoh paying his duty to the gods. In the second Hypostyle Hall or The Hall of Offering, there are five columns incorporated in the front wall decorated to depict the Ptolemy VIII and Ptolemy XII before Nile gods. There are two Sanctuaries, one for God “Sobek” god of crocodile and other for“Horus” the falcon-headed god. There are many mummified crocodiles have been found in cemeteries. Egypt has a great civilization to discover, so you can explore Egypt and visit the most famous historical landmarks such as Kom Ombo temple on board luxury Nile cruise or book one of our incredible Egypt luxury tours.
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Egyptian Mythology Creation - Egypt Tours Portal

Egyptian Mythology Creation Story

Egyptian Mythology Creation Story Before the invention of time, the universe was full of endless dark waters and swirling chaos. In the darkness was a primordial hill Known as the ben-ben on which rose a great god Ra (Atum) who felt lonely and decided to create life using his magic known as Heka. He gave life to two children Shu (god of air) and Tefnut (goddess of moisture), they rapidly began creating the principles of life and order. They began building the world, while leaving their father Ra on the Ben-Ben in the middle of chaos and sadness so he sent his eyes in search for them and when they returned with his eyes, in a moment of absolute happiness, he shed tears of joy that fertilized the earth of the Ben-Ben and gave birth to men and women. After the creation of humans, Shu and Tefnut created Geb (the earth) and Nut (the sky). Despite Geb and nut being brother and sister, they fell in love which angered Ra so he ordered Shu to separate them for eternity but it was too late as Nut was pregnant with Geb’s children. In anger, Ra ordered Nut not to give birth in any month of any year so the god of knowledge "Thoth" gambled the moon and was able to add five extra days to the official calendar of 360 days where Nut was able to give birth to Osiris, Isis, Set, Nephthys, and Horus the elder. Osiris shown himself to be a judicious and thoughtful god was given the rule of the world. In the end, Ra will wipe the world out and return to the primeval, everything will be gone except for Osiris. There is a possibility for a new creation to replace the old world. Explore the beautiful nature and history of Egypt by visiting our breathtaking temples and tombs of ancient Egyptian gods and goddess, check our Egypt tour packages or Egypt Nile cruises and enjoy an unforgettable journey to the land of pharaohs.
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Abu Simbel Temples Relocation Project - Egypt Tours Portal

Abu Simbel Temples Relocation Project

The Story of Abu Simbel Temples Relocation Project Everything started in 1244 B.C when Ramses the second ordered to commemorate his legacy and honoring the many gods of the sun and his wife Nefertiti by constructing what is known today as Abu Simbel Temple in the deep south of Egypt where it stayed for the next thousands of years until the temple need to be relocated before being destroyed by the sudden rise of the Nile water levels due to an idiotic human error is known as the Aswan High Dam. The Reason Beyond Abu Simbel Temple Relocation In the mid-1950s, the Egyptian government decided to build a dam in the city of Aswan in the hopes of controlling the Nile floods and generating Electricity which led to the rise of the water level in lake Nasser and submerging priceless monuments around it such as the Abu Simbel Temple. In 1959, the Egyptian Government sends a request the Unesco for help in rescuing Abu Simbel and in 1960, the world showed its true colors as an international fund-raising for the rescue operation began and a Swedish company by the name”Vattenbyggnadsbyrån” came up with a complex matter of how the temples could be saved. How Abu Simbel Temples Relocation Project Was Done The temple was carved into a cliff so they were peeled away and then cut into blocks using power saws, each block weigh between 20 to 30 tons, then moved to a different location and assembled together like a game of logos using drilled holes, reinforcement bars into an artificial cliff resembling the original on a platform of cement & steel and surrounded by an artificial stone mountain. This operation took four years from 1964-1968 and cost 300 million dollars in today’s value. The new site was 65 m high and 200m further inland and was precisely reconstructed to illuminate the sun gods’ sanctums like Amon-Re and Re-Horakhty in February and October during certain hours in the spring and autumn using the sun rays. The entire complex was declared as a Unesco world heritage site in 1979. The two temples of Abu Simbel one of the most famous landmarks in the world, so you can explore it through our breathtaking Egypt tour packages, or Nile cruises to witness the ancient Egyptian attractions through the heart of Egypt. Check the article of Abu Simbel sun festivals to get more information and facts about this event.
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The Education in Egypt | The Stages of Education in Egypt

Education in Egypt

Education in Egypt The education in Egypt can be classified into 6 main sections: 1- Nursery (Baby Class) Kindergarten 2- 3- Primary School 4- Preparatory School 5- Secondary School 6-High Education Level (University) The Ministry of Education is responsible for making decisions about the education system with the support of three Centers: the National Center of Curricula Development, the National Center for Education Research, and the National Center for Examinations and Educational Evaluation. Each center has its own turn. On the other hand, the Ministry of Higher Education supervises the Higher education system. There are two types of schools in Egypt government schools and privet schools. Education in Egypt at The public or governmental Schools and universities is completely free.  1- Nursery Stage Talking about nursery stage is going to take too much time and visiting one of the nurseries in Egypt is going to add so much fun to your Egypt tours, watching our kids while there are playing and creating new ideas in their life will make your tour in Egypt completely different. Kids start to join nursery about 2 years and 6 months which is very difficult for both mum and kid that's why if you visit a nursery during the first week of September you can found all mothers are waiting for their kids outside classrooms they refuse to get back home without kids during the first week of study and this stage just takes 1 year then the kids can move to Kindergarten stage. 2- Kindergarten Our Kids join this stage when they are 3 years and 6 months and this stage takes two years. In this stage kid may ask to recognize the shape of the letters and numbers in Arabic and English by the end of the first year the child became able to write his name. During the second year of this stage, kids are recognizing many short words like names of fruits, vegetables, and animals in Arabic and English. The Kindergarten management offers so many activates for kids like sports, social and tours activity. By the end of this stage, kids are able to sing about 20 English songs and know not less than 100 English words beside Arabic and can calculate 2 digit numbers by additions. It is a very important and most difficult stage which enables the kid to build his personality and it's depending on the well-educated teachers who are very clever and smart enough to deal with kids in their early life and make him feel at home, all teachers in this stage are females. 3- Primary Schools The student got confused when they move from Kindergarten to primary school as students are asked to write and do much homework. They also have to learn one more foreign language so the student can choose between French and Germany.  They can recognize part of there Egyptian History and the main organs of the Human body. Mathematics also is a very important subject during this stage. Physical Education is very important during this stage also schools are cared about organizing trips for many places and sightseeing inside Egypt. The student spends 6 years to finish primary school then move to Preparatory School. 4- Preparatory Schools It takes 3 years to finish and it's harder than primary schools student studies more subjects like geography, geometry, science, foreign languages and religion as well so the student can decide after finishing those three years which part he can choose in his secondary school. 5- Secondary Schools There are three types of upper secondary schools: 1- General secondary education schools. 2- Al-Azhar Secondary Education Schools. 3- Technical Secondary Schools. General Secondary Education Schools: It offers academic programs in preparation for higher education. In the General Education sector, there are two streams that students can choose from: Scientific or Literary. Both streams include English and Arabic as mandatory subjects, in addition to streamed subjects as follows: The scientific section includes the following subjects: Mathematics, physics, biology, and chemistry, while the Literary section is including Arts, history, geography, and home economics. Elective subjects include environmental sciences, social studies, national studies, philosophy, psychology, music, European languages. These subjects are chosen based on the student’s intended tertiary-level specialization. Schools also offer other European languages, generally French, Germany, Italian or Spanish. It takes three years also to be finished after those students can be ready to join one of the faculties they prefer. Al Azhar Secondary Schools: It offers academic programs with an emphasis on Islamic religious instruction. Technical Secondary Schools: A different type of secondary schools that offers technical and vocational programs where students specialize in one of three streams lasting three to five years: Technical, Industrial or Agricultural. 6- High Education (University) In Egypt, we have about 42 universities 20 public universities with 2 million students and 22 are private which include about 1 million students the top university in Egypt is Cairo University which was established in 1902 by king Fouad the 1st. Education in Egypt is an important tool to get all our needs - it helps people to face the challenges of life.  Adding one of our university to your best Egypt tour packages make it really different.
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Abu Simbel Sun Festivals - Egypt Tours Portal

Abu Simbel Sun Festival

What is Abu Simbel Sun Festival Abu Simbel Temples are two giant rock temples in the Nubian city, Aswan, which were carved out of the mountainside in the 13th century B.C. they were built during the reign of Ramesses II through the 19th dynasty. They are the last monument for the king and his Queen Nefertari and they commemorate the victory of Ramesses II at the battle of Kadesh. What is really impressive is that the temples have been relocated in 1968 on an artificial hill made from a domed structure. Now it is located high above Aswan High Dam reservoir. The location of these statues gives them a unique capability to attract tourists because of the beauty of the Nubian city that is mixed with the recherché heritage of the ancient Egyptian ancestors. The construction of these two temples lasted for about twenty years until 1244 B.C. They were under the threat from the construction of the High Dam and had to be removed to another site under the observation of an international donations campaign. Abu Simbel Temples are actually two temples, the great temple belongs to King Ramses II to dedicate Amun, Ra-Horakhty, and Ptah. It is the most beautiful temples during the reign of Ramses II. The other temple belongs to Hathor and Queen Nefertari that is known as the Small Temple. The most interesting thing about Abu Simbel is its Sun Festival, so what is it, when does it happen and what is unique about it? Abu Simbel Sun Festival   Through this amazing festival, tourists gather from around the world to witness the greatness of such a unique phenomenon. These phenomena occur twice yearly, once in 22nd of February and the second in 22nd of October after exactly 8months. Best Activities to do During Abu Simbel Sun Festival Tourists come to enjoy music, dance, food, drinking, shopping the market and much more during the Abu Simbel Sun Festival. This festival is an amazing phenomenon considering the knowledge & astronomy of the ancients that were used in order to establish such an amazing tourist site. The Ministry of Tourism in Aswan does its best to secure the festival so that tourists get the maximum joy and happiness while visiting Aswan’s Abu Simbel Temples. Ramses II wanted to light up his great temple twice. The first time was on 22nd from February, celebrating his anniversary to his ascension to the throne. The second time was at the celebration of his birthday on 22nd of October. He designed the temple in a very skilled way that it is lighted up twice every year at the same time. Three out of the four statues are lighted except for the statue of the statue of Ptah “the god of Darkness”. Who Built Abu Simbel Temples? Ramses II was the one who built the great Abu Simbel Temples. He was known as Ramesses the Great. During his reign, he concentrated on building temples, cities, and different monuments. He established his new kingdom in his Pi-Ramesses city, which was in the Nile Delta. He traveled with his wife Nefertari to Nubia to establish a new temple. This temple appeared to at the end to be Abu Simbel temple. It was discovered in 1813 by the Swiss traveler Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. Other main achievements of Ramesses II are Luxor Temple, the complex in Karnak, in addition to the stunning tomb of his wife in the Valley of the Queens and his colossal statues in Memphis. Through Egypt tour packages, you will get magnificent opportunities to witness Abu Simbel Sun Festival with your close partners just don’t forget your camera and arrange your schedule very well so that you get the opportunity either in 22nd of February or October. Get this magical chance with the honorable services that you deserve and the best convenient prices for your budget. Here are some tour packages in Egypt that are include visiting the two temples of Abu Simbel check them all and choose your breathtaking trip.
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Information About Khan El Khalili Bazaar | Egypt Tours Portal

Khan El Khalili Bazaar

Khan El Khalili Bazaar:- Khan El Khalili represents old Cairo, its skinny lanes are basically a medieval-style mall, it still one of the most colorful and fun places in Cairo. It’s perfect for spending an evening and stocking up on gifts for the family back home. Khan El Khalili was built by the amirJaharkas al-Khalili. Khan El Khalili was considered as a stock from everything from soap powder to semi-precious stones, Cairo citizens have plied their trades here since it was built in the 14th century, this market is a thriving center of commerce. Shops at Khan EL Khalili typically sell souvenirs, antiques, and jewelry. There are several coffeehouses serving Arabic coffee and usually offering shisha. Fishawi’s is one of the oldest and most famous as it was established in 1773. It’s located west of Midan El Hussien, the square that stretches between the two great mosques of Hussein and Al-Azhar. Khan el-Khalili is one of the oldest bazaars in the Middle East, where a lot of tourists dream of visiting it, so if you are already in Cairo and want to visit Khan EL Khalili, then you can check our Cairo private tours. Or if you are not in Egypt you can check also our Egypt private tour packages and choose your journey to Egypt and visit Khan El Khalili.
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Information About Queen Nefertiti | Ancient Egypt | Egypt Tours Portal

Queen Nefertiti

Who is Queen Nefertiti? Queen Nefertiti one of the most beautiful and powerful queens in Egypt, her name means a "beautiful woman has come", she was one of the queens in the 18th dynasty of ancient Egypt. When did Queen Nefertiti Get the Throne of Egypt? Queen Nefertiti was the wife of the Pharaoh Akhenaten before he took the thrones of Egypt after his father’s death when she was only 15 years old, she ruled side by side with her husband, some believe she was from foreign country possibly Syria, other say she was the daughter of a high official Ay. What did Queen Nefertiti do with Her Husband? Queen Nefertiti stand beside her husband when he change the worship of Amun to the new only one god Aton and she changed her name to Neferneferuaten which means the “beautiful of Aton” and she moved with him to his new capital Akhetaton in El-Amarna, she was a great woman, who ruled Egypt with her husband, and is shown set on the throne, wearing the crown. She had six daughters from Akhenaten most famous was Ankhesenpaaten who married to her half-brother Tutankhamen. The End of Her Life After death, her daughter Meketaten, Queen Nefertiti disappeared from power and her daughter Merritt Aton has got the throne of Egypt and after the twelfth year of Akhenaten’s rule, Queen Nefertiti disappeared and there was no mention of her. There is a lot of mysteries about ancient Egyptian history if you desire to discover it then you can explore our best Egypt tour packages or Nile cruises and book your magical journey in the land of pharaohs.
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The New Kingdom Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

The New Kingdom of Ancient Egypt

The New Kingdom Egypt Pharaohs The new kingdom Egypt a.k.a the Egyptian Empire (1570–1070 B.C.E) is without a doubt the most popular time period in the history of ancient Egypt that spans from the 16th century to the 11th century B.C most of the rulers entire history and tombs have been located such as  Hatshepsut, Thuthmoses III, Amenhotep III, Akhenaten and his wife Nefertiti, Ahmose I, Tutankhamun and Ramses II. After the Hyksos took over in the second intermediate period, the Egyptian rulers understood the importance of having strong borders so during this period most of the rulers worked on expanding their territory to the fullest and building a true empire protected by a powerful army. Many battles took place in this era for the hopes of expanding their empire as this time period reached a primal level in wealth and power, there was also a huge religious shift during this time as monotheism and it also saw an end to the central authority.  The New Kingdom Egypt ended with the beginning of the third intermediate period and many future threats from all directions such as the Hush from the south and the Assyrians from the north and was followed by the rule of many foreign dynasties like the Nubian dynasty in 25th century BC, The Persian dynasty from the 27th to the 30th century BCE, Alexander the great and many more. These pharaohs have created many temples and tombs that you can explore during your Egypt tours, so we have well created breathtaking Egypt tour packages and Nile cruises can't be missed, check them if you plan a magical vacation in Egypt. The New Kingdom Egypt Facts The true glory of the new kingdom Egypt started in the 18th century at the hands of Ahmose I ( 1550-1525 BC ) who sought out to avenge his family and liberate his country from the Hyksos and uniting his country into one complete empire under the Theban rule. He worked on restoring all of Egypt territories of Canaan and Nubia, create a buffer zone to prevent any future invasions and put the unified country of Egypt on a course into becoming a powerful empireby reorganizing the administration of management, establishing mines and trade routes and constructing massive architecture projects.  His successor Amunhotep I ( 1526–1506 BC ) continued his legacy by making Egypt part of the ancient club of great powers with the Babylon, the Hittite and Mitanni which Egypt had a trade and diplomatic relationship. He was followed with Thutmose I ( 1506–1493 BC ) where Egyptian power and wealth reached its climax. Then came Queen Hatshepsut (1479 – 1458 BC) one of the most successful pharaohs in ancient Egyptian history as she the longest reigning female pharaoh in Egypt for 20 years and for sending an expedition to the land of Punt which it became a trade partner.  After she came to the Napoleon of Ancient Egypt Thutmose III ( 1479–1425 BC )who expanded the Egyptian Empire to the highest levels of power and wealth and achieved great success which made it easy for all the future generations of pharaohs to drive this empire into true greatness. His army is also highly skilled and powerful as It shows in the battle of Megiddo. The New Kingdom Egypt Art and Achievements One of the most pharaohs in The 18th dynasty or possibly in ancient Egyptian in general is Amenhotep IV who changed his to Akhenaten to honor his god Aten and his beautiful wife Nefertiti, he was the first practitioner of monotheism (The Worship of the One God) and under the fourth year of his reign Egyptian Art like literature, music, drama, and sculpture flourished to an unprecedented level of realism. After his death came his son Tutankhamen( 1333–1324 BC )who was worshiped like a god and died at a very young age of 18, Then comes the time of  Ramesses II "The Great" (1279-1213 BC ) who worked an retrieving all of Egypt territories in the levant, one of his most famed battles is the battle of kadesh against the Hittite in the first recorded military ambush and resulted in the signing of the first recorded peace treaty, all this information was inscribed on his temple wall in the majestic Abu Simbel temple. He had many wives and a massive number of children, one of them is Ramesses III who is most famous for fighting the sea people in the battle of djahy. The Final Days of the New Kingdom Egypt After the third intermediate period came thus ending the glory days of the new kingdom Egypt where the high priests of AMUN took control, weakening the central authority. All that led to the end of the entire pharaoh dynasty when the Egyptian Empire fall at the Persian empire in the battle of pelsuim thus beginning a new era of foreign rule.
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