Egypt Tours 2019 – Nile Cruises 2019

Open the door to ruins of the ancient civilizations and spend fabulous vacations among the Pharaohs’ remnants. And as we always seek for your joy, “Egypt Tours 2019” offer an extraordinary variety of Egypt tours 2019 to cover all the ultimate historical attractions in Egypt, and also Nile Cruises 2019 provides incredible chances to admire the glorious treasures of the Nile Valley on board the magical Nile cruise. Our Egypt holidays 2019 are planned to suit all types of  Egypt visitors, large groups, small groups, holidays with the family, and also for couples on Honeymoon. “Egypt Holidays 2019” is your passport to relaxation and opulence.

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2 Education in Egypt
Egypt Tours Portal
December 16, 2018

Education in Egypt

Education in Egypt The education in Egypt can be classified into 6 main sections: 1- Nursery (Baby Class) Kindergarten 2- 3- Primary School 4- Preparatory School 5- Secondary School 6-High Education Level (University) The Ministry of Education is responsible for making decisions about the education system with the support of three Centers: the National Center of Curricula Development, the National Center for Education Research, and the National Center for Examinations and Educational Evaluation. Each center has its own turn. On the other hand, the Ministry of Higher Education supervises the Higher education system. There are two types of schools in Egypt government schools and privet schools. Education in Egypt at The public or governmental Schools and universities is completely free.  1- Nursery Stage Talking about nursery stage is going to take too much time and visiting one of the nurseries in Egypt is going to add so much fun to your Egypt tours, watching our kids while there are playing and creating new ideas in their life will make your tour in Egypt completely different. Kids start to join nursery about 2 years and 6 months which is very difficult for both mum and kid that's why if you visit a nursery during the first week of September you can found all mothers are waiting for their kids outside classrooms they refuse to get back home without kids during the first week of study and this stage just takes 1 year then the kids can move to Kindergarten stage. 2- Kindergarten Our Kids join this stage when they are 3 years and 6 months and this stage takes two years. In this stage kid may ask to recognize the shape of the letters and numbers in Arabic and English by the end of the first year the child became able to write his name. During the second year of this stage, kids are recognizing many short words like names of fruits, vegetables, and animals in Arabic and English. The Kindergarten management offers so many activates for kids like sports, social and tours activity. By the end of this stage, kids are able to sing about 20 English songs and know not less than 100 English words beside Arabic and can calculate 2 digit numbers by additions. It is a very important and most difficult stage which enables the kid to build his personality and it's depending on the well-educated teachers who are very clever and smart enough to deal with kids in their early life and make him feel at home, all teachers in this stage are females. 3- Primary Schools The student got confused when they move from Kindergarten to primary school as students are asked to write and do much homework. They also have to learn one more foreign language so the student can choose between French and Germany.  They can recognize part of there Egyptian History and the main organs of the Human body. Mathematics also is a very important subject during this stage. Physical Education is very important during this stage also schools are cared about organizing trips for many places and sightseeing inside Egypt. The student spends 6 years to finish primary school then move to Preparatory School. 4- Preparatory Schools It takes 3 years to finish and it's harder than primary schools student studies more subjects like geography, geometry, science, foreign languages and religion as well so the student can decide after finishing those three years which part he can choose in his secondary school. 5- Secondary Schools There are three types of upper secondary schools: 1- General secondary education schools. 2- Al-Azhar Secondary Education Schools. 3- Technical Secondary Schools. General Secondary Education Schools: It offers academic programs in preparation for higher education. In the General Education sector, there are two streams that students can choose from: Scientific or Literary. Both streams include English and Arabic as mandatory subjects, in addition to streamed subjects as follows: The scientific section includes the following subjects: Mathematics, physics, biology, and chemistry, while the Literary section is including Arts, history, geography, and home economics. Elective subjects include environmental sciences, social studies, national studies, philosophy, psychology, music, European languages. These subjects are chosen based on the student’s intended tertiary-level specialization. Schools also offer other European languages, generally French, Germany, Italian or Spanish. It takes three years also to be finished after those students can be ready to join one of the faculties they prefer. Al Azhar Secondary Schools: It offers academic programs with an emphasis on Islamic religious instruction. Technical Secondary Schools: A different type of secondary schools that offers technical and vocational programs where students specialize in one of three streams lasting three to five years: Technical, Industrial or Agricultural. 6- High Education (University) In Egypt, we have about 42 universities 20 public universities with 2 million students and 22 are private which include about 1 million students the top university in Egypt is Cairo University which was established in 1902 by king Fouad the 1st. Education in Egypt is an important tool to get all our needs - it helps people to face the challenges of life.  Adding one of our university to your best Egypt tour packages make it really different.
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3 Ancient Egyptian Inventions
Egypt Tours Portal
December 16, 2018

Ancient Egyptian Inventions

How Did the Ancient Egyptians Civilization Affect Modern Civilization? The ancient Egyptians were blessed with an amazing intellect and a magical imagination, ancient Egyptian inventions during their time experimented with many ideas in order to gain further understanding of the universe they occupied. They invented ways to elevate and document their lives and many useful gadgets that spread to other civilizations. They made many amazing contributions towards language, numeracy, and science which are gifts that keep on giving. The Ancient Greek regarded Egypt as the land of mystery and wisdom and the ancient Roman was fascinated with Egyptian architecture and art. The Ancient Egyptian Civilization was the first to spin the wheel of innovation and set the bar high for all other civilizations. Ancient Egyptian Inventions of Language & Literature Language is one of the most important explorations of ancient Egyptian inventions, they created the art of writing to express their ideas, at first the Egyptians used pictures and pictographic signs but eventually, they invented 24 alphabets (Where Each Symbol Represent a Sound Rather than a Whole Word) in 3200 B.C.E. This caught on with Egypt’s neighbors the Phoenicians who made their own alphabet which spread through the near east and Greece. This acted as the foundation for alphabets all over the world and influenced speech and writing. All of this information was known because of the discovery of the Rosetta stone in 1799 A.D. The ancient Egyptians were the first people to move away from stone tablets and try writing on papyrus using pen and ink in 3000 B.C.E. They were able to use their noble invention to create immortal literature that reflected legends, myths, adventures and religious thoughts like “The Pyramid Texts”, “The Coffin Texts”, and “The Book of the Dead”. They had many languages over the years. Archaic Egyptian (before 2600 B.C.E.) Old Egyptian (2600–2000 B.C.E.) Middle Egyptian (2000–1300 B.C.E.) Late Egyptian (1300–700 B.C.E.) Demotic Egyptian (7th century B.C.E.–4th century C.E.) Coptic (3rd– 12th-century C.E) Ancient Egyptian Inventions of Mathematics, Geometry& Architecture The ancient Egyptians were very gifted when it came to mathematics, they were very efficient in addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and were the first to invent basic and complex fractions as traces were found on a papyrus written in 1650 B.C.E. There also the earliest confirmed use of a decimal system in 3100 B.C.E. Their mathematics was more practical than of the Greek’s or Mesopotamian's. The earliest records of geometry came from Egypt, as they had various techniques to perform these calculations which we still use today in modern-day computing. The ancient Egyptian also had a talent for creating some of the most inspiring structures the world has ever seen, using their advanced architecture and their knowledge in triangle, square, quadrangle and other shapes for measuring the land. They were able to build amazing monuments like the majestic three Pyramids, the Great Sphinx, the whole city of Karnak and a huge number of well-designed and crafted monuments. This encouraged other civilization to make in the same path and create marvelous monuments like the Greek. They were the first to invent custom-made bricks of the same size and cement, use copper plumbing in 3000 B.C.E, use precise surveying in 2700 B.C.E to build their breathtaking structures and the Astronomical calendar in 2400 B.C.E which we still use until today for its accurate regularity. Ancient Egyptian Inventions Creation of Medicine They invested a lot of their time in understanding the art of human anatomy which started in 3000 B.C.E. Egyptian medicine had an excellent reputation in the ancient world as many doctors were able to stitch up wounds, repair broken bones or even amputate limbs. They used opium as a painkiller and foods like onions and garlic were consumed daily because of their health benefits. They were the first to create and use a toothbrush and toothpaste as they cared deeply about their dental hygiene. They used many herbs to treat wounds and performed very complex surgeries using several bronze surgical tools as the world’s earliest known mention of the word surgery was in 2700 B.C.E. For all the reasons, Egyptian doctors were very famous all across the Mediterranean. Ancient Egyptian Inventions of Philosophy & History The ancient Egyptians were the masters of empiricism and the first to explore the philosophy of life, wonder about their existence and how to behave right. They created stories about creation, the afterlife, and books about how to regulate their life, like Ptahotep “The Provincial Ruler of Memphis” who wrote the first philosophy book entitled “Instruction to Ptahotep”, long before Confucious, Buddha or Socrates. They were also the first creators of the postal service as they were used to send many letters to each other, also the first historians as they documented their life on the walls of the temples and on stones like the “Rosetta Stone” which deciphering it was the key to understanding many things about their history and culture. Ancient Egyptian Inventions of Ships, Trade & Farming The ancient Egyptians were the first to use boats in trade and commerce. Egypt was a hot spot for trade in the Mediterranean as they exported and imported many goods like cattle, wine from Asia, precious stones from Persia and copper from Senia. They were able to achieve great trade relation with Sudan, Phonesia, crate, and Persia. They used the advance knowledge of aerodynamics and shipbuilding techniques to be the first to develop their own navy. They also created the earliest known geologic and topographic map in 1160B.C.E. they were the first to explore the potentials of farming as they observed the cycles of the Nile which led to the creation of the oldest irrigation systems and use sickle blades and plows driven by oxen to loosen the dry soil. Ancient Egyptian Inventions of Craftsmanship, Art, and Entertainment The Egyptians were the true artist as they were able to mix science with beauty and create something spectacular. They were the first people to end their independence on wood and stone and move to metal. They were pioneers in metallurgy as they made bronze in 3300 B.C.E by fusing copper and tin and made many tools from it. They built all the hunting tools like knives, arrow, heads, fishing hooks, weapons such as swords, helmets and shields and many carpentry tools like saws, axes, and chisels from bronze. They also invented the pottery wheel which allowed the mass production of many vases and crockery. In 3500 B.C.E, The Egyptians were able to create glass in 1500 B.C.E, they were able to create this material using silica sand and soda. Ancient Egyptians were incredible painters as created many beautiful paintings and drawings on temple walls that stood the test of time. They were also the first to invent and use wigs, stylish jewelry, and cosmetics. They also created the world’s first board game in 2900 B.C.E. that inspired many future games like chess. Ancient Egypt was the envy of all its neighbors as it has created a glorious legacy by giving birth to an infinite number of inventions and ideas, which still plays a role in our lives until the present day. So it will be amazing to cast your eyes on the breathtaking temples and tombs of the ancient Egyptian during your Egypt travel packages or Nile cruise, so don't miss the opportunity to discover the hidden world of Egyptian mythology, temples, tombs, and many more.
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4 Emperor Salah Al-Din
Egypt Tours Portal
December 16, 2018

Emperor Salah Al-Din

Salah Al-Din Ibn Ayyub Salah al-din or Saladin which means “The Righteousness of the Faith”(1137 A.D – 1193 A.D) was the first ruler and sultan of Egypt and Syria, he is also the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty which ruled Egypt and Syria from 1169 to 1250 A.D. He is considered one of "Islam greatest heroes" as He led many military campaigns against the Crusaders and he’s also why the Egyptian flag bear’s an eagle in its center to represent his bravery. one of Saladin’s greatest achievement was over the Crusaders during the battle of Hattin in 1187 which led to the capture of the city of Jerusalem and other cities in the near east. In Egypt, he is most famous for the construction of Cairo’s citadel that contains an unbelievable amount of majestic mosques and beautiful constructions that you can witness during your Egypt tours packages or Cairo tours. Saladin Achievements He was born as Salah al-din Yusuf Ibn Ayyub to a Kurdish Muslim family in 1137 A.D, in a small town of Tikrit in Syria. He was taught how to be a warrior and a strategist. He served as an officer in the armies of the Abbasid Caliphate of Syria. In 1169, he succeeded his father as the vizier of the Abbasid Caliphate. He became the Sultan of Egypt after overthrowing the Fatimid dynasty in 1171. When he took control of Egypt he worked on constructing a wall that goes all around Al-Qahira (Cairo). In 1174, he began expanding his empire, and in twelve years, he was able to conquer Damascus, Alleppo, and Iraq. He was able to unite all the Muslim from all across the Arab world and prepare them for Jihad and for a counter-crusade against the Christians. He was able to take control of the city of Jerusalem in 1187 after a brutal battle with the crusaders which lasted for three months. And when King Richard “The Lionheart” gathered his forces in 1189 to take back Jerusalem, but he wasn’t able to break Saladin’s defenses so Richard and the Crusaders had to settle for a treaty with Saladin instead, that granted safe passage and access for the Christian Pilgrims to the Holy Places. Saladin's Legacy In 1193, Salah El-Din passed away and was buried in his Mausoleum in Damascus Syria, but his legacy stayed intact as in the Arabic and Islamic history he was considered to be a symbol of bravery and resistance. And, despite the fact that he was considered an enemy all across Europe, he was admired for being a symbol for nobility, honor, and chivalry as when he took Jerusalem, he spared the lives of the Christian population and gave a safe passage to the defeated crusaders unlike when the first crusade slaughtered the entire city. He even sent over his personal physician to King Richard who was wounded in battle. He was shown in medieval art as being a great king and a heroic figure.
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5 The Unfinished Obelisk
Egypt Tours Portal
December 16, 2018

The Unfinished Obelisk

The Unfinished Obelisk One of the unforgettable monoliths of Aswan is the majestic Unfinished Obelisk. It is without a doubt the largest obelisk ever constructed but unfortunately was uncompleted. It offers the chance to shed some light on how such massive structures were created in ancient Egypt during Egypt new kingdom by the hands of Hatshepsut. The History of the Unfinished Obelisk It was built in a very unique manner as it depended on a Greek style of architecture as it had four sides converging to a mini pyramidal shape at the top of the obelisk, it was built in the new kingdom during the 18th dynasty by Queen Hatshepsut, the Wife of King Thutmose II (1478-1458 B.C) to be placed in the Karnak temple and to complement the Lateran Obelisk, originally in Karnak but later moved to Rome. It is located in its original location a granite quarry in Aswan and would have measured 42 m making it the tallest obelisk in history but the project was unfortunately abandoned due to the discovery of numerous cracks in the obelisk. It would also have been the heaviest obelisk weighing 1200 tons. The obelisk was carved into the bedrock red granite and designed to resemble the primeval hill from the myth of creation where the world appeared for the first time. The Construction of the Obelisk The location that holds the obelisk is considered to be an open-air museum. The obelisk is able to tell us about the instruments used to construct this massive monument such as dolerite, a small ball made of a mineral harder than granite to carve the obelisk out. They also used many creative building techniques to spread the obelisk from the bedrock as they made some small cavities in the rock and those cavities were filled with wood chips. The chips were soaked with water. The soaking made expand causing the obelisk to detach from the base. Other Obelisks in Egypt There are additional eight great Obelisks, which remain in Egypt today: Karnak temple, Thebes established by King Tuthmosis I. Karnak temple, Thebes established by Queen Hatshepsut, which is the second obelisk (fallen) Karnak temple, Thebes raised by Seti II (7m). Luxor temple established by Ramses II. Luxor Museum raised by Ramses II Heliopolis, Cairo raised by Senusret I. Gezira Island, Cairo established by Ramses II (20.4m high / 120 tons). Cairo International Airport established by Ramses II 16.97m high. Tours to the Unfinished Obelisk  There are a lot of mesmerizing ancient Egyptian attractions in Cairo, Luxor, Aswan, and Alexandria should be discovered, so if you loved by history and ancient landmarks, you can check our luxury Egypt tours wich mixed by Nile cruise and choose your favorite trip to Egypt.
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6 The Pharaoh’s Curse
Egypt Tours Portal
December 16, 2018

The Pharaoh’s Curse

The Pharaoh’s Curse The pharaoh’s curse is believed to be a punishment from the ancient Egyptian gods on the ones who annoy the eternal Rest the pharaoh. The curse will cause illness, bad luck and death to anyone who disturbs the tomb of the mummy-like thieves and archaeologists. The curse became very popular all over the world after the discovery of King Tutankhamun's tomb in the valley of the kings by the famous Egyptologist "Howard Carter" despite the fact that many stories about curses dated back to the 19th century. The pharaoh’s curse is known to be a magical phenomenon but many documentaries had argued that the curse could be real as all the bad misfortune could be caused by scientific substances like bacteria and radiation. On the 4th of November in 1922, an expedition sponsored by "Lord Carnarvon" and led by archaeologist "Howard Carter" and his team was able to find the resting place of Pharaoh Tutankhamun which was covered by the global media, grab the world’s attention and lunch the modern era of Egyptology. Shortly, after the death of "Lord Carnarvon" from blood poisoning, and a number of the crew and visitors started to die in bizarre mysterious deaths, "Sir Arthur Conan Doyle" suggests that "Lord Carnarvon's" death was caused by “elements” created by the priests to guard the tombs and its belongings. His statements accompanied by the weird supernatural deaths created a media frenzy all over the world. Nowadays, science tells us that enclosed chambers like tombs can harbor a huge amount of dangerous bacteria and gases that can or even kill anyone who has a weakened immune system and out of the fifty-eight people who went inside Tut’s tomb only eleven persons died. But there are a huge number of unfortunate and unexplained events started happening like the electronic equipment begins acting funny and most of the crew falling ill with mysterious diseases. The curse still found its way in the modern era through thriller and horror movies, comic books, video games, and fictional books. Not everything in this world is written on stone, you can choose to believe it’s the pharaoh’s work from beyond the grave or it’s a just mere coincidence and doesn’t forget that the mind has an unbelievable ability to twist reality into a dream or in this case a nightmare. Egypt "Cradle of Human Civilization" has many wonders of stories are waiting for you to witness and discover, so we have well organized breathtaking Egypt Nile cruises will make spend unbelievable trip to Egypt by casting your eyes on the old landmarks and temples that's date back to 7000 BCE, don't miss the chance to live the adventure.
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7 The Battle of Pelusium
Egypt Tours Portal
December 16, 2018

The Battle of Pelusium

The Battle of Pelusium (The End of the Egyptian Conquests) The battle of Pelusium was between ancient Egypt empire led by "Pharaoh Psametik III" (526-525 BCE) and the Achaemenid Empire(the first Persian Empire) led by "Cambyses II" (525-522 BCE) and played an important part in shaping the future of the kingdom as the throne of the pharaohs was transferred to Cambyses II of Persia. This battle was won by the Persian army, using his knowledge of the Egyptian culture and a very unusual strategy as he used cats as hostages. The battle of Pelusium started due to the idiotic and aggravating actions of "Pharaoh Amasis II" the father of Psametik III. First, when king Cambyses asked Amasis’S daughter for marriage, he didn’t want to lose his daughter to a Persian so instead he send another girl named "Nitetis" to take her place as his daughter and the future wife of Cambyses but when she stood in front of him, she explained Asami's wickedness and trickery and Cambyses vowed to avenge his insult. Secondly, his bitterness towards "Phanes of Halicarnassus" (a wise councilman, mercenary and tactician) for unknown reason, led "Phanes" to become his worst his enemy as he escaped to Persia and assisted the king’s army in their conquest in all manners of strategy and tactics and was the true mastermind in the defeat of Egypt, which he told him about the Egyptian religions in this time and the King Cambyses used this important information in the war. Thirdly, his habit of gaining enemy and forming a bad relationship with his neighbors like the king of Arabia who granted safe passage to Cambyses army and supplied him with troops which facilitated in the destruction of the Egyptian empire. Amasis died six months before Cambyses reached Egypt which left his son "Psamtik" who hoped to save his country, entirely depended on his army and his limited military experience as all of Egypt’s allies like the Greek forces, the grand fleet of Polycrates of Samos and Egypt’s most prominent tactical advisor phanes of Halicarnassus, switched side to the Persian. The battle of Pelusium was an extremely special battle because it was an early form of Psychological warfare as told by Herodotus (a Greek historian). The Persian had a genius tactic to use their religious belief against them, the Persian put cats in front of them as they attacked, the Egyptians didn’t dare to shoot an arrow or even attack in any form so they wouldn’t hurt the cats. This strategy was based on the idea that ancient Egyptian worshiped the goddess Bastet (the cat goddess of beauty, protection, the home, fertility), during this period, Bastet was the most powerful, honored goddess in Egypt, and because of that casts were protect and highly regarded as the punishment for killing a cat was the death sentence and absolute damnation in the afterlife and that’s way the Egyptian lost the city of Pelusium. The Egyptians lost fifty thousand men while the Persians only lost seven thousand men, who were still alive from the Egyptian retreated to the city of Memphis. Cambyses took his troops to Memphis and was able to defeat the remaining army which made Psamtik surrender the city and live under the watch of the Persian emperor but he was later executed when he attempting a revolt against the Persian Empire. The Persian would rule Egypt as an autonomous nation following the Persian rule for about two hundred years during the 27th and 31th dynasties until the arrival of Alexander the Great's armies and conquer the land in 331BCE and ruled by a Greek monarchy until annexed by the Roman kingdom in 30BCE. Egypt "The Cradle of Human Civilization" rich by the ancient history, culture, mythology, so you can make the dream true by casting your eyes on the ancient temples and tombs in Cairo, Luxor, Aswan, and all Egypt destination, we have well organized unforgettable Egypt Nile cruises to enjoy the best trip to Egypt ever.
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8 Egypt "Land of Pharaohs"
Egypt Tours Portal
December 16, 2018

Egypt "Land of Pharaohs"

Overview About Egypt History Egypt is without a doubt of the greatest civilization ever created. The history of Egypt dated back to 40,000 BC years but all the glory is focused on the last 5170 years when Egypt took its first step and became a unified country under the rule of one king called Narmer, the founder of the first dynasty. Through the years, Egypt established her repudiation as a powerful kingdom thanks to the annual river flood that acted as the bloodstream and the life bringer of Egypt as the ancient Greek historian Herodotus stated: "Egypt is the Gift of the Nile". For the next three millennia, many great pharaohs of strong men and women worked on driving the country to new heights of wealth and power. During this time many great monuments all over the county were constructed and countless beautiful artifacts were created to protect their achievements from oblivion and immortalize their legacy for many generations to come. After the end of the last native dynasty by the hand of the Persians in 341 BC and soon enough came the Greek, Romans and Byzantines then finally came the Arabs who introduced the religion of Islam and the current language Arabic during the 7th century under the leadership of the Mamluks and the Fatimid who filled the city of Cairo with countless mosques and schools such as Al-Azhar which was the second largest university in history. The country then became under the rule of the Ottoman empire in 1517 until the empire fell and the country under British rule in 1882 until it gained its independence in 1922. -Read more about Egypt Civilization -Egypt Old Kingdom -Egypt Middle Kingdom -Egypt New Kingdom Egypt Location - Where is Egypt Egypt is an African and Arabian country, located in a very unique location in North Africa and West Asia (Sinai Peninsula). Egypt bordered from the north by the Mediterranean Sea that separates it from Europe, from the east by Palestina, Red Sea and Gulf of Aqaba which separate Egypt from Jordan and Saudi Arabia, from the south by Sudan and from the west by Libya. -Read more about Egypt map The Climate of Egypt The weather in Egypt is usually hot, dry and sunny all year long especially during the summer as the temperature could reach 40 C (104 F) but in the winter months from September to April the climate is quite wonderful with low temperatures. The winter months are known to be the best time for tourists to visit Egypt as the climate becomes quite tolerable which create the best atmosphere for checking the various artifacts and monuments of the magical land. Egypt from Agriculture Side Egypt is an agricultural country by nature due to the great Nile River which crosses between all over Egypt from the north to the south and creates a fertile valley on the river banks where the ancient Egyptian found life. Egypt from Industry Side Egypt is an industrial country where a huge number of factories depend on the martial harvested from the rich agricultural environment of Egypt and from the mines. Egypt from Commerce Side Egypt is a very massive commercial center in the world due to its special location in the world where most of the international commerce cross Egypt from Suez channel which is considered to be the shortest international commercial way that links the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea, in Addition to Egypt having many ports that facilitate global commerce. Tourism in Egypt Egypt “Land of Pharaohs” is one of the most important tourist attractions in the entire world, where everyone put it on their travel bucket list. Egypt is one of the oldest countries in the world and the ancient Egyptians were great artists and innovators. Egypt is a true miracle where ancient Egyptians built a great civilization in the Nile valley, filled with a lot of temples, artifacts and breathtaking ruins discover them during your Egypt tours. Historical Tourism in Egypt Egypt tourist attractions have Two-thirds of the world monuments. Where is the Great Pyramid that’s is one of the seven wonders of the world, the Great Sphinx, historical places in upper Egypt in Luxor and Aswan where many of the great temples that still stands from 4000 years ago, many of museum that contains a lot of the rare artifacts, ancient treasures and mummified body for ancient Egyptian Kings. -Explore also Ancient Egyptian Temples -Ancient Egyptian Tombs -Luxor Tourist Attraction -Aswan Tourist Attractions Cultural Tourism in Egypt Culture tourism in Egypt is very diverse as many Islamic and Coptic monuments are  represented in many places like Salah El-Din Citadel that holds Mohammed Ali mosque, and aroud it there are many mosques like the mosques of Amr Ibn Alas, Sultan Hassan, the Hanging Church and many more. And in Alexandria lies the Citadel of Quitbay on the same location the Library of Alexandria once occupied which is considered to be one of the largest libraries in the world as it contains more than 8 million books. -Explore Also Cairo Tourist Attractions -Alexandria Tourist Attractions Recreational Tourism in Egypt Recreational tourism that’s represented in a wonderful beach on both Mediterranean like:- Alexandria, North Coast and Marsa Matrouh on the Mediterranean Sea where finest climate in summer and nice beaches. In the Red Sea like:- Hurghada, Marsa Alam, El Gouna, Safaga, and Sharm El-Sheikh where nice climate all over the year fine in summer, sunny and warm in winter, amazing beaches where white sand, golden sun and blue sea that’s magic all people, carols reef and rare colorful fish undersea that surprise all visitors there. Also, there are adventure tours like snorkeling, diving and water sports, Super Safari by quads and Jeep to discover desert and camping. Religious Tourism in Egypt Religious tourism is represented in a combination of Islamic and Christian building and sacred places in Sinai like El-Tor and Mount Catherine. Egypt is the home to "Al Azhar"  the biggest source of Islamic doctrine in the world, and home to students from all over the world that’s come to learn about Islamic knowledge. -Explore Also Islamic Sites in Egypt -Coptic Sites in Egypt Medical Tourism in Egypt Medical tourism is represented in Helwan, EL Ain El Sokhna, Oasis, Sinai, Hurghada, and Safaga, using black sand and natural spring water it’s used for many medical purposes likerecovery form many diseases such as rheumatoid, arthritis, Psoriasis and many other diseases. If you want to enjoy a fabulous vacation where you will visit all these historical monuments and discover the Ancient Egyptian Civilization, then you can explore our Egypt tour packages or Nile cruises and choose your own journey.
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9 Saqqara Step Pyramid
Egypt Tours Portal
December 16, 2018

Saqqara Step Pyramid

Saqqara Step Pyramid History Saqqara Step Pyramid is credited with launching a wave of miraculous constructions such as the three great Pyramids. The step pyramid was constructed in the 27th century in the third dynasty about 4,700 years ago to become the final resting place of Pharaoh Djoser which makes it the first pyramid ever built by the Egyptians. It was designed by one of the most intelligent characters in ancient Egyptian history, his Vizier “Imhotep” to become a centerpiece in a massive mortuary complex in an enormous courtyard surrounded by the most majestic ceremonial structures and beautiful decorations. He first decided to build a simple mastaba tomb but decided to build a square based pyramid inside of an extraordinary complex that changed the face of Architecture through the millennia. Construction of Saqqara Step Pyramid Saqqara Step Pyramid is famous for being the oldest large-cut stone construction as it consists of six mastabas made of limestone on top of each other on a base of 109 m x 125 m (358 ft x 410 ft) and stands tall at the height of 62 m (203 ft). Saqqara Step Pyramid is built to be a part of a complex that consists of the north house, south house, the court where the festival of heb-sed took place (A Celebration Takes Place When a King Spends 30 Years on the Throne) and the surrounding wall. It is surrounded by a 10.5 m high wall consisting of 14 doors and one entrance. The entrance was for the living as for the false doors, they served as a portal for the pharaoh soul to cross to the afterlife. The body of the king rested in a tomb beneath the base of the Pyramid in the heart of a tunnel maze. The burial chamber is 13 feet long and encased in granite but was unfortunately robbed. In these underground passage up to 40.000 stone vessels were found and many names of rulers from the first and second dynasties. The story of the ancient Egyptian Pyramids has dazzled the whole world, so it's will be great to witness these magnificent attractions through our best Egypt tour packages which include also Nile cruise mixed with your holidays, moreover we offer you the chance to experience Saqqara Step Pyramids if you are already in Cairo through our Cairo day tours accompanied by Egyptologist tour guide.
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