Egypt Tours 2019 – Nile Cruises 2019

Open the door to ruins of the ancient civilizations and spend fabulous vacations among the Pharaohs’ remnants. And as we always seek for your joy, “Egypt Tours 2019” offer an extraordinary variety of Egypt tours 2019 to cover all the ultimate historical attractions in Egypt, and also Nile Cruises 2019 provides incredible chances to admire the glorious treasures of the Nile Valley on board the magical Nile cruise. Our Egypt holidays 2019 are planned to suit all types of  Egypt visitors, large groups, small groups, holidays with the family, and also for couples on Honeymoon. “Egypt Holidays 2019” is your passport to relaxation and opulence.

Philae Temple Aswan - 5 Days Cairo Aswan Abu Simbel Tour Package - Egypt Tours Portal

5 Days Cairo Aswan Abu Simbel Tour Package

Beauty, Wonder & Mystery knows no bounds in Egypt as you will find behind every great monument an even greater
Dendera - 11 Days Historical Vacation in Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

11 Days Historical Vacation in Egypt

You can now be an eyewitness to the Egyptian history through our one of its kind 11 days historical vacation
Nile Cruise - 11 Days Pyramids & Nile Cruise Holidays by Air - Egypt Tours Portal

11 Days Pyramids & Nile Cruise Holidays by Air

Don’t miss your opportunity of visiting Egypt’s most popular attractions through our 11 days adventure and historical trip to Egypt to
Sphinx- 11 Days Magical Vacation in Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

11 Days Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor & Hurghada

The secret of having a fulfilling life is the beautiful memories of the eleven magical days spent in Egypt among
Kom Ombo - Experience Egypt Cultural Sightseeing in 10 Days - Egypt Tours Portal

Experience Egypt Cultural Sightseeing in 10 Days

A true traveler can appreciate the heavenly unique feel of a cultural vacation so if you have ten free days
Philae Aswan - 9 Days Historical Trip in Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

Experience Egypt in 9 Days

Who hasn't dreamt of getting the whole nine yards when it comes of vacations. Our 9 days historical trip in
Philea Temple - 10 Days Classical Tour In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

10 Days Classical Tour In Egypt

Everyone dreams of getting the whole ten yards when it comes to vacations that's why our 10 days classic tour
Hurghada City - 9 Days Recreational and Adventure Holiday In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

9 Days Recreational and Adventure Holiday in Egypt

Live an amazing adventure in the land of Pharaohs through our incredible 9 days Egypt adventure tour that will be
Giza Pyramids -10 Days Recreational Trip to Egypt | Egypt Itinerary 10 Days

10 Days Recreational Trip to Egypt

If you are looking to change your surroundings and explore paradise then our 10 days recreation trip to Egypt is
Abu Simbel Temple - 8 Days Cairo and Upper Egypt Tour - Egypt Tours Portal

8 Days Cairo & Upper Egypt Overland Tour

The search for happiness and tranquility is time-consuming and expensive but with our 8 Days Cairo, Aswan, Luxor & Abu
Abu Simbel Temple - 13 Days Culture Trip to Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

8 Days Cairo, Abo Simbel, Luxor & Hurghada "Overland Tour"

The experience of a complete vacation is a rare experience which can only be achieved in our 8 days Cairo,
Hatshepsut Temple - 8 Days Cairo and Nile Cruise Tour - Egypt Tours Portal

8 Days Cairo and Nile Cruise Tour

Now it is your chance to unleash your inner adventurer through our irresistible 8 days Cairo and Nile cruise tour
Hurghada Hotel - 6 Days Cairo and Hurghada Tour - Egypt Tours Portal

6 Days Cairo and Hurghada Package

Time is a gift that should be used wisely that's why our 6 days Cairo and Hurghada package will take
Qaitbay Citadel - 6 Days Cairo and Alexandria Vacation - Breathtaking Tour! | Egypt Tours Portal

6 Days Cairo and Alexandria Vacation

Extraordinary 6 Days Cairo and Alexandria Vacation The entire Universe was created in only six days with all of its
Luxor Temple - 13 Days Culture Trip to Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

13 Days Culture Trip to Egypt

Save your time & money and book our 13 days cultural trip to Egypt  to know all about the tremendous
Giza Pyramids Complex - 5 Days Cairo and Hurghada Holiday {Stunning Vacation} - Egypt Tours Portal

5 Days Cairo and Hurghada Holiday

Spend an irresistible 5 days Cairo & Hurghada holiday to enjoy the best cultural tour mixed with a relaxation trip to
Karnak Temple - Cairo, Aswan, Luxor & Hurghada Tour - Egypt Tours Portal

10 Days Cairo, Aswan, Luxor & Hurghada Tour "Overland"

Step back in time and immerse into a world of antiquities for non-forgettable memories with a unique 10 days Egypt

5 Days Budget Trip Package to Cairo, Luxor & Alexandria

And there’s no doubt that with “Egypt Tours Portal” you’re very lucky to be able to spend an irresistible 5
Abu Simbel Temple - 5 Days Cairo, Luxor & Abu Simbel Tour - Egypt Tours Portal

5 Days Cairo, Luxor & Abu Simbel Tour

Our travel agency tried to make your vacation the best through offering 5 Days Cairo, Luxor & Abu Simbel Tour.
The Temple of Philae - 4 Days Cairo and Aswan Tour - Egypt Tours Portal

4 Days Cairo and Aswan Tour

No man is an island. That’s why Egypt Tours Portal offers you 4 days Cairo and Aswan tour to lose yourself
Queen Hatshepsut Temple - 4 Days Cairo and Luxor Tours - Egypt Tours Portal

4 Days Cairo and Luxor Tours

Now you can enjoy with 4 Days Cairo and Luxor tours in which you are going to witness the true
Abu Simbel Temples - Cairo and Abu Simbel Tour - Egypt Tours Portal

4 Days Cairo and Abu Simbel Tour Package

What a marvelous chance to be able to have an awesome 4 Days Cairo and Abu Simbel tour package that
Giza Pyramids - 9 Days Egypt Tour Itinerary - Egypt Tours Portal

9 Days Egypt Cheap Tour to Cairo, Nile Cruise & Alexandria

Our tour operators have created the ultimate opportunity, so you can enjoy the vacation you deserve and witness some of the
Giza Pyramids - Cairo, Nile Cruise & Alexandria - Egypt Tours Portal

7 Days Budget Tour to Cairo, Nile Cruise & Alexandria

"Extraordinary a week tour in Egypt" Enjoy the beauty of Egypt landmarks and activities in a 7 days Egypt tour
Valley of the Kings - Cairo, Luxor & Alexandria Tour - Egypt Tours Portal

7 Days Cairo, Luxor & Alexandria Tour

Enjoy a private 7 days Cairo, Luxor & Alexandria tour to enjoy the beauty of Egypt tourist attractions and the
Kom Ombo Temple - Cairo, Luxor, Aswan & Abu Simbel Tour - Egypt Tours Portal

7 Days Cairo, Luxor, Aswan & Abu Simbel Include Edfu and Kom Ombo

Live the adventure of ancient Egyptians for 7 days Egypt tour joined by an expert tour guide to discover the historical ruins
Abu Simbel Temple - 6 Days Egypt Itinerary to Cairo, Luxor, Aswan & Abu Simbel - Egypt Tours Portal

6 Days Cairo, Luxor, Aswan & Abu Simbel Package

Our 6 days Cairo, Luxor, Aswan & Abu Simbel tour is the best way to spend an unforgettable vacation in Egypt, enjoy
On Board the Cruise - Hurghada and Nile Cruise - Egypt-Tours-Portal

8 Days Hurghada and Nile Cruise Vacation

Our incredible 8 days Hurghada and Nile cruise is the best way to spend a vacation in Egypt. It's about recreational
Sharm El Shiekh - Cairo & Sharm El Sheikh Holiday - Egypt Tours Portal

9 Days Alexandria, Cairo & Sharm El Sheikh Holiday

Travel to Egypt for 9 days / 8 nights Alexandria, Cairo & Sharm El Sheikh holiday to enjoy recreational and culture
Qaitbay Citadel - Cairo and Alexandria Holiday - Egypt Tours Portal

4 Days Cairo and Alexandria Itinerary

Enjoy a comfortable journey in Egypt "Land of Pharaohs" for 3 nights/4 days Cairo and Alexandria itinerary joining a private Egyptologist tour guide
Giza Pyramids - Cairo Luxor Hurghada Holiday - Egypt Tours Portal

7 Days Cairo, Luxor & Hurghada Holiday

Travel to Egypt for 6 nights / 7 days Cairo, Luxor & Hurghada holiday joining a private Egyptologist tour guide to
Colossi of Memnon - 5 Days Cairo & Luxor Tour Package - Egypt Tours Portal

5 Days Cairo & Luxor Tour Package

Get an amazing experience for 4 nights / 5 days Cairo and Luxor tours package to discover the ancient Egyptian civilization and the
Abu Simbel Nile Cruise | Egypt Nile Cruises | Luxury Nile Cruises

5 Days Abu Simbel Nile Cruise Package

Take the chance to discover ancient Egyptian history and archaeological sites for 5 days / 4 nights Abu Simbel Nile
Egypt Nile Cruise | Aswan Abu Simbel Nile Cruise

4 Days Aswan Abu Simbel Nile Cruise

Live the adventure on board luxury Nile cruise and sail through the heart of Egypt to enjoy amazing 3 nights
Nile Cruise Dahabiya | 5 Days Dahabiya Nile Cruise Luxor to Aswan

5 Days Dahabiya Nile Cruise Luxor to Aswan

Great journey through the heart of Egypt for 5 days / 4 nights Dahabiya Nile cruise Luxor to Aswan joining a
Dahabiya Nile Cruise Aswan to Luxor

4 Days Dahabiya Nile Cruise Aswan to Luxor

Get the chance to explore the ancient Egyptian landmarks in upper Egypt during wonderful journey through the Nile valley for a private
Giza Pyramids - 6 Days Cairo and Nile Cruise package - Egypt Tours Portal

6 Days Cairo and Nile Cruise Package

An incredible journey to Egypt "Cradle of Human Civilization" will give you a fantastic experience combining the majestic sightseeing in Cairo,
The Pyramids of Giza - 15 Days Egypt Tour - Egypt Tours Portal

15 Days Marvelous Tour Package in Egypt

Our 15 days Egypt tour will take you in a journey to spent a marvelous time in the land of pharaohs,
7 Night Nile Cruise Program from Luxor to Aswan - Egypt Tours Portal

7 Night Nile Cruise Itinerary from Luxor

Immerse yourself on an amazing experience along the Nile valley for 8 days / 7 nights Nile cruise from Luxor accompanied by a private
White Desert Egypt | Egypt adventure Tours

14 Days Egypt Adventure Tours

Live 14 extraordinary days / 13 magical nights Egypt adventure tours and discover the true meaning of the word adventure. Behold
7 Night Nile Cruise Itinerary from Aswan to Luxor - Egypt Tours Portal

7 Night Nile Cruise Itinerary from Aswan

Experience the Nile River "The Heart of Egypt" for 7 nights Nile cruise itinerary from Aswan accompanied by a private Egyptologist tour
5 Days Nile River Cruise from Luxor to Aswan - Egypt Tours Portal

5 Days Nile River Cruise Luxor to Aswan

Amazing experience along the Nile valley for 5-days-4 nights Nile River cruise Luxor to Aswan is joined by a private Egyptologist tour guide to
Giza Pyramids - 13 Days Cairo and Nile Cruise Holidays - Egypt Tours Portal

13 Days Alexandria, Cairo and Nile Cruise Holidays

Don't miss the chance to enjoy a marvelous vacation in Egypt with our Cairo and Nile cruise holidays, visit Cairo, Luxor, and
4 Days Nile Cruise from Aswan to Luxor - Egypt Tours Portal

4 Days Nile Cruise Aswan to Luxor

Desiring a luxury Nile cruise holiday. Want to see the magnificence of the ancient world in upper Egypt or discover the treasures of
The Great Pyramid - Cairo, Nile Cruise & Hurghada - Egypt Tours Portal

12 Days Hurghada, Cairo & Nile Cruise Holiday Packages

Open your eyes to beauty and enlightenment and Savor the true definition of artistry and tranquility with our 12 days
The Temple of Hatshepsut - Egypt Tours Portal

Luxury 11 Days Egypt Tour

Travel to Egypt for extraordinary 10 nights / 11 days Egypt tour to enjoy the best time ever in the land of pharaohs, visit Cairo and
Deluxe Nile Cruise - 10 Days Egypt Tour - Egypt Tours Portal

10 Days Egypt Tour Cairo, Nile Cruise & Hurghada

Great vacation for 10 days Egypt tour to explore the majestic Egypt tourist attractions. Visit the famous monuments in Cairo the
Giza Pyramids - Cairo, Luxor & Hurghada Tour Package - Egypt Tours Portal

9 Days Cairo, Luxor & Hurghada Tour Package

Enjoy 8 nights / 9 days Cairo, Luxor & Hurghada tour package to discover the beauty of Egypt in Cairo,
Hurghada Egypt - Cairo, Nile Cruise & Hurghada Package - Egypt Tours Portal

8 Days Cairo Nile Cruise and Hurghada Tour

Extraordinary Cairo Nile Cruise and Hurghada tour for 8 days / 7 nights to explore what Egypt has to offer, join
Giza Pyramids - 7 Days Cairo & Hurghada Holiday - Egypt Tours Portal

7 Days Cairo and Hurghada Holiday

Book now 6 nights / 7 days Cairo & Hurghada holiday joining a private Egyptologist tour guide to visit Cairo and Giza Pyramids
Hatshepsut Temple - Cairo, Luxor & Aswan Tour Package - Egypt Tours Portal

6 Days Cairo, Luxor & Aswan Holiday

Amazing vacation includes fantastic experiences in the most famous destinations in Egypt, it's 6 days Cairo, Luxor & Aswan tour
Pompey's Pillar - 5 Days Cairo and Alexandria Tour Package - Egypt Tours Portal

5 Days Cairo and Alexandria Tour Package

Take the chance to visit the best attractions in the top two destinations in Egypt, Cairo & Alexandria for 5
Giza Pyramids - Cairo Tour Packages - Egypt Tours Portal

4 Days Cairo Tour Packages

Witness the most famous diverse and spiritual landmarks in Cairo the Capital of Egypt for 4 days Cairo tour packages,
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Continue Reading About Egypt

2 Ibn Tulun Mosque
Egypt Tours Portal
December 15, 2019

Ibn Tulun Mosque

Overview of Ibn Tulun Mosque Ibn Tulun Mosque is not an ordinary Mosque, it’s one of the oldest and largest Mosques in the world as it contains an unbelievable amount of history, beauty, and elegance. Ibn Tulun Mosque is known for being the best-preserved mosque in Egypt, Cairo’s oldest intact functioning Islamic monument and one of the most important historical and architectural achievement in Muslim civilization. It was built by the Emir Ahmed Ibn Tulun who ruled Egypt from 868 to 883A.D under the rule of the Abbasid Caliph. After taking control of Egypt, he founded a new city called Al-Qata’I on a rocky outcrop said to be the landing site of Noah’s Ark. In May 879 C.E, The construction of a palace complex, a hippodrome, large mosque named after him was completed. The mosque of Ibn Tulun considered being one of the most famous Cairo tourist attractions, that can't be missed during your Egypt vacation. Components of Ibn Tulun Mosque Ibn Tulun Mosque is built on a 26,318 sqm, which makes it the third largest mosque in the world. Ibn Tulun drew inspiration from the ancient Mosque of Samarra (Iraq) in his homeland. The mosque has a square shape 162 meters long, a total number of 42 doors and consists of three main sections, the praying hall which hold the breathtaking the mihrab and minibar, the beautifully decorated courtyard and the open extensions (wall battlements) that surround the mosque and works as a barrier between the streets and the religious space inside. The mosque and the arches of the courtyard are decorated with some impressive designs in carved stucco and wood. The internal decoration of the mosque was out of this world as some of the decoration patterns can be traced back to the Hellenic and Sassanian era, on the windows and the arcades a combination of floral and geometrical patterns can be found. Ibn Tulun Mosque also had magical calligraphy works on the high section of the walls, the internal frames of the windows and the mihrab. The minaret is modeled after the minarets of the famous city of Samarra, with a beautiful spiral staircase around the outside which makes it the only one of its kind in Egypt. The mosque was restored a couple of times through history, notably between 1296 and 1299 A.D and most recently in 1890 when the entire Mosque was completely restored. The Architecture Influence of Ibn Tulun Mosque Ibn Tulun Mosque is a rare example where Europeans openly admitted its influence on the development of architecture beyond Islamic boundaries as it was the first recorded instance of the systematic adoption of piers to carry the arcades and the roof as an alternative to columns. The mosque was also the first building where the pointed arch was used constructively and systematically. Elements as the pointed arch, the wall battlements and the piers became essential ingredients of Gothic architecture. If you are already in Cairo and want to take an exploring tour include visiting Ibn Tulun mosque, then you have to check our Cairo tours that are provided by best Egypt tours.
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3 Abydos Temple
Egypt Tours Portal
December 15, 2019

Abydos Temple

Overview About Abydos Temple Abydos temple one of the holiest & oldest sites in the history of ancient Egypt “Abydos”, Located 11 km (6.8mi) west of the Nile and considered to be amongst the most famous and important archaeological sites in the world. The site dates back to the Predynastic Period which operated as a necropolis under the name of UMM El Qa’ab “The Mother of Pots”, a royal cemetery of the 1st (2925-2775 BCE) and 2nd (2775-2650 BCE) dynasties for the Egyptian royalty, a pilgrimage center for the worship of the god “Osiris” and a supposed gateway to the Underworld. The temple holds the tomb of Narmer the founder of the first Dynasty and it was the center of the cult of Osiris but originally sacred to the jackal-headed god Wepwawet but he couldn’t overpower the new dominance of the God of the underworld. The History of Abydos Temple The main attraction at Abydos is the Temple of Seti I (1318-1304 BC) which was constructed around 1300 BC and completed by his son Ramses II (1304-1237 BC). Despite being built in the new kingdom, it still carried artistic revival of the old Kingdom Spirit. The temple marks king Seti’s attempt to consolidate the Ramessid dynasty after the losses created by Akhenaten. Many generations in ancient times choose to be buried next to the temple of Osiris to win his graces in the afterlife. Abydos temple was rebuilt and enlarged by many Pharaohs of the Middle and the New Kingdom. The temple is quite famous because of the Pseudo archaeology theory “Helicopter Hieroglyphs” which are carvings of Hieroglyphs found on an arch that resembles a helicopter, a battle tank, a submarine and a fighter plane that looks like a U.F.O. The Components of the Abydos Temple Abydos temple is very huge and holds a number of ruins around the edge of the desert. The most renowned monument is the Grand Temple of Seti I, known for its unique architectural design as it has an L-shaped layout and its seven sanctuaries are dedicated to the Pharaoh & the principal gods of Egypt Ptah, Re-Herakhte, Amun, Osiris, Isis and Horus, and two broad hypostyle halls. The temple contains many inscriptions and decorations of Seti and his son Ramses II in the Galley of the Kings making an offering to the cartouches of their deceased predecessors like Menes, Hatshepsut, Akhenaton, and many others. North of the temple of Seti is the majestic Osireion (Seti I cenotaph), a room made of massive stone blocks and one contained a mound surrounded by a moat which symbolizing the primal mound that came out from the waters of chaos at the dawn of Creation and promotes a close connection between the pharaoh’s Ka and Osiris. About 300m northeast of Seti’s temple lays the ruins of the temple of Ramses II and other vast complexes from the prehistorical age to the Roman times. The temple located in Upper Egypt, so you can visit it during your Nile cruise with tours to the main attractions in Egypt, check our cheap holidays to Egypt it's great tours to Egypt.
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4 Alexandria
Egypt Tours Portal
December 15, 2019

Alexandria

Alexandria "The Mediterranean Jem" The city of Alexandria got the biggest role in ancient history as it was associated with famous rulers like Alexander the great and Cleopatra, the last active Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. The city was responsible for transmitting Hellenic culture to the rest of the Mediterranean after it was built by Alexander the great himself in 332 BC to be the center of the Hellenistic civilization. It served as the capital of Egypt during the Ptolemaic, Roman and Byzantine for about a thousand year until the Muslim conquest in 641 AD where the official capital became the city of Fustat. Location of the City The city also acts as the second largest city after Cairo with a population of 3.5 million people on a 2,679 km². Alexandria's location extends 32 km on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea and is 138 km (114 mi) northwest of Cairo on the western edge of the Nile Delta, it also enjoys a wonderful climate with warm humid summer and rainy winters throughout the year. It accounts for two-fifths of the country's industrial production and acts as a cultural stage for art and beauty. Alexandria History and Monuments Alexandria is a popular tourist destination because of the unbelievable number of monuments and level of greatness and allure this cosmopolitan city holds. It was constructed in 331 BCE by Alexander the great on a village called Racotis during his visit to Amun Temple in Siwa. He ordered his chief architect Dinocrates to build a city that will reflect his vision and immortalize his legacy. It is quite famous for once containing the Legendary Lighthouse of Alexandria a.k.a Pharos of Alexandria that was built during the Ptolemaic dynasty in 280 BC at the height of 120-137 m (394-449 ft) which became the second tallest construction after the pyramids. Unfortunately, it was destroyed by a series of earthquakes in 1303 and 1323 AD and in the same location using the remaining blocks of the lighthouse in 1477 AD the powerful citadel of Quitbey was constructed from any foreign navel attack. The city also houses the enchanting Catacombs which was a final resting place for a greek Nobel family during the Greco-roman period, it is very praised for perfectly combining Greek and ancient Egyptian art in the finest possible manner. Alexandria Famous For: Alexandria was famous back in the day for containing various ethnic groups like the largest Jewish community in the world at that time and the first Greek Translation of Hebrew holy Book. The ancient library of Alexandria was the source of enlightenment and a center for art and science across the Mediterranean as it contained millions of scrolls and books on every possible subject. It was constructed in the 3rd century BC in the Ptolemaic dynasty, in the reign of Ptolemy II between 285-246 BC, it was destroyed by a fire in 48 BC and in 2002 a new library by the name of Bibliotheca Alexandria was constructed to commemorate and keep the spirit of the original ancient library alive. In Alexandria lays the pillar of Pompey which is the largest construction of its kind to be built outside the imperial capitals of Rome which represent the level wealth and power Alexandria enjoyed under the Roman rule. The Islamic Rule didn't leave any touches on the city of Alexandria as the Mamluk and Fatimid dynasties spend most of their time in Cairo and settled with transforming the city to a naval port and a shipping port. When Alexandria fell under the Ottoman rule, it lost all meaning to beauty, glory or elegance abut in 1805 under the reign of Muhammad Ali the city regained its lost allure and became of the world's most attractive destinations. Check our Egypt tour packages and book one of our Egypt tours which you can visit Alexandria and the most famous landmarks in their
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5 The Battle of Djahy of King Ramses III
Egypt Tours Portal
December 15, 2019

The Battle of Djahy of King Ramses III

The Battle of Djahy (The Battle of the Delta) In ancient Egyptian history, the sea people tried to invade Egypt many times during the reign of Rameses II and his successor Merenptah but were defeated easily as they weren’t powerful enough but during Ramesses III reign, he saw them as a real threat to the future of Egypt. The battle of Djahy started in 1178 B.C, the battle took place in the city of Djahy between the Egyptian army and navy led by Ramesses III and the mysterious sea people. The sea people were raiders by nature, they repeatedly attacked and destroyed many of the eastern powers and were responsible for the downfall of many kingdoms such as the Hittite, Mycenaeans, and Mitanni. Their origin is still unknown but they had a high level of military strategy and organization and the ferocity of this raiders was drawn on the temple of Ramesses II in Medinet Habu as numerous cities and empires were laid to waste. They set their eyes on Egypt as it was known for its rich soil and access to special materials like gold. After the sea people attacked the city of Kadesh, they moved to the Egyptian empire but the pharaoh was expecting them and made all the necessary preparations. When the sea people’s land forces reached the Egyptian border, they were stopped by Ramses’s forces. The battle ended with a great victory to the Egyptian army but the war wasn’t over. The sea people used their powerful naval fleet to attack Egypt, they had the most powerful ships and were expert sailors opposite to the inferior Egyptian seamen and their ships were less advance. Ramesses III had a genius cunning plan of letting the enemy’s ships to continue sailing in the Delta Nile River. Powered by both oars and sail, the Egyptian ships were more maneuverable than the enemy’s ships, bowmen were placed on the ships and the banks of the Nile and the Egyptians used grappling hooks to capsize many of the enemy ships. The bowmen started firing deadly arrows at the enemy who wasn’t able to counter-attack as they were only armed with swords and spears. The Egyptians may have won both of the battles and the war but it had an unfortunate effect on both the Egyptian army that was very exhausted and the Egyptian treasury that was drained, and all that led to the weakening of Egypt which caused the end of the glorious days of the new kingdom. The battle of Djahy is one of the most important battles in the ancient world, and in the ancient history, Egypt era was booming by scientists, strong army, and genius rulers, you can discover Egypt's glorious history, civilization, and culture during your Egypt tour packages or try one of our breathtaking Egypt Nile cruises to casting your eyes on the temples and tombs in upper Egypt, Don't miss the chance to live the adventure.
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6 Reasons to Visit Egypt
Egypt Tours Portal
December 15, 2019
7 Ancient Egyptian Economy
Egypt Tours Portal
December 15, 2019

Ancient Egyptian Economy

The state of ancient Egyptian economy was a work of perfection that led to the rise of one of the greatest civilizations in the ancient world, it was built on utilizing all the natural elements of their environment on the concept of planned bureaucracy that monitored and controlled every single detail to absolute perfection. Ancient Egyptian Economy Facts The bureaucrats were the ones in charge of public works like reassigning the land after every flooding, assessing the expected crops, collecting part of the produce as taxes, storing and redistributing, all these duties were religious in character and involved tens of thousands of workers and administrators. Many elements contributed in the economy of ancient Egypt like the population, the management of the different sources of wealth and the taxation system as the nation relied on the revenues in the form of paid taxes and labor. Grain was the main focus hoarded by the authorities as it could be stored with relative ease and was crucial in times of bad harvests. Also when the ancient Egyptian became more familiar with their terrain they were able to discover trade routes between them with Arabia, Sub-Saharan Africa, Fertile Crescent, and India. Elements of Ancient Egyptian Economy Egypt was mostly self-sufficient, as householders would hold many goods for the future or exchange by barter on the market which played a key role in keeping the economy alive. The population was of a vast majority, more than nine-tenths during the first two millennia of ancient Egypt history. Religion played a great role in shaping the minds as all the lands belonged to the gods and like Osiris and his son Horus the sky God after his demise and to his earthly incarnation the pharaoh but near the beginning of the Ptolemaic period, the land was freely bought and sold. Most of the population were farm laborers on the estates of noble families and temples. The farmers were under a labor tax and were required to work on irrigation or certain construction projects in a form of unpaid labor. The practice of slavery was omnipresent but was much less harsh and was the cornerstone of the mining industry. During Egypt new kingdom (1570-1070 BC) third of all the lands of Egypt were in the hands of the priesthood of amen with a larger number of workers, and the number of foreign slaves increased with the economy. All the administrators, priests, traders, and craftsmen lived in cities along the bank of the Nile. Ancient Egyptian Agriculture Agriculture was the main reason behind Egypt's wealth, many grains, vegetables, fruits, cattle, and fish were harvested and gathered and after the deduction of various taxes, the goods were sold in the market. The Egyptian soil was very fertile due to the Nile River but most of the agriculture techniques weren’t efficient as the implementations were primitive and improvements were rare plus the breeding of livestock was haphazard. Pisciculture appeared to have existed in ancient Egypt on a highly small scale, all the fish were caught in the Nile, and gathering was very common among the poorest while hunting was a leisure activity to the rich. Manufacturers in Ancient Egypt The manufacturing business was a huge part of the economic nature of ancient Egypt. Families would produce different manufactured goods from raw materials and the process was left to women. One of the goods was flax which was grown by men then the women would spin it into a thread to wove linen, the grain was used to produce beer. The fish was caught by men, cleaned and dried by women then sold in the market. In the towns, small factories appeared often financed by rich noblemen such as bakeries, breweries, carpentry workshops and many more with a few dozen employees. Mining in Ancient Egypt The ancient Egyptians rich community invested a great deal of time and effort into mining, precious metals and gems were only found in the hands of the few. The metals of copper, bronze, and iron were very expensive and any form them was only found in the hands of the wealthy while the poor class continued to use stone and wooden tools. The stone quarried for tombs and temples served the same all the social classes of ancient Egypt. They also mined for Netron for thousands of years as a cleaning product for the home, the body and for the mummification as a drying agent. Ancient Egyptian Commerce The production of farming, fishing, crafting, and mining was consumed by the producers and after the landlords and tax-collectors took their cut, the rest was sold by barter on the market for consumers and the other professional traders who were considered to be the great estates and agents of the crown. Around 526 BC, written withdrawal orders by owners of lots of grain were used as a kind of currency and with time the introduction of coined money took place but grain banks continued to serve growers and traders. In the Ptolemaic era, the central bank of Alexandria recorded all accounts of the granary banks, and payments were transferred from one account to another, they also had credit entries were recorded with the owner's name in a book within a passive or possessive form while debit entries in a dative form. Materials like gold, copper, and silver were used mostly in dealing with foreign merchants and mercenaries. The Energy in Ancient Egypt The primary source of energy in ancient Egypt was manpower with domestic animals playing a vital role especially in transporting and agriculture like donkeys and cows. Horses existed in ancient Egypt and never held an important economic as they were only employed by the aristocracy and the military for riding and pulling of chariots. The usage of vehicles with light wheels came into use in the new kingdom (15570-1070 BC). Thermal energy was also quite efficient as the heat of the sun was very good in the production of mud bricks, the fire was used in cooking and baking food, smelting, casting metal, glassmaking,  and pottery, the fire was produced using charcoal as coal and wood weren’t plentiful. The wind energy was used to power the ships. Ancient Egyptian Warfare The spoils of wars were also a great source of income as long as Egypt came victorious. Bravery in battles like the Battle of Kadesh or the Battle of Megiddo were rewarded with riches in the form of golden necklaces, bracelets, and lands as tributes were imposed on defeated nations and a sign of peace an exchange of gifts would take place between the pharaohs and the foreign kings which would always land in Egypt's favor. The ancient Egyptian civilization is one of the wealthiest cultures in history in every meaning of the world. Don't miss the chance to explore the true definition of wonder within the gates of Cairo, Luxor, and Aswan with the most charming views ever boarding a Nile Cruise through our Egypt tour packages.
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8 Canopic Jars
Egypt Tours Portal
December 15, 2019
9 How to Plan A Family Vacation in Egypt
Egypt Tours Portal
December 15, 2019