Muhammad Ali Pasha

Muhammad Ali Pasha

Muhammad Ali Pasha

Muhammad Ali Pasha - Egypt Tours Portal
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Muhammad Ali Pasha Origin

Muhammad Ali Pasha ( 4 March 1769 – 2 August 1849 ) started as an Ottoman Albanian commander in the Ottoman army and rose to the position of the ruler of Egypt. He is regarded as the father and founder of modern Egypt due to the extensive reforms to the economic, military and cultural aspects of Egypt, he used his leadership skills, political intelligence, and cunning to bring peace, prosperity, law, and order to the country.

How Did Muhammad Ali Pasha Get the Rule of Egypt?

In 1798, Egypt was under the weak rule of the Ottoman Empire, but was also occupied by the French forces under the control of Napoleon Bonaparte himself who destroyed the Mamluk rulers on the battlefield but in 1801 the French forces had to withdraw which left a vacuum which Muhammad Ali seized the chance and was appointed the ottoman (wali) governor of Egypt to take control of the Ottoman army to re-occupy the province but he had other plans. He used his support of the general public and the religious establishment to work on taking more control and charger of the country and to eliminate the Mamluks who controlled Egypt for more than 600 years. On the First march in 1181, the Mamluks gathered in the citadel and Muhammad Ali’s troops began killing all the sixty-four Mamluks, including twenty-four commanders, he then dispatched his troops through Egypt destroy any remaining traces of the Mamluk forces.  He dreamed of creating his own dynasty and his own kingdom away from the decaying Ottoman Empire, that’s why he transformed Egypt into a regional power and declared himself the rightful successor.

Muhammad Ali Pasha Achievements in Egypt

He understood that if he wanted to detach Egypt from the Ottoman Empire, he has to make it more economically and militarily powerful. He developed a strategy based on agriculture, he planted crops for the sole purpose of exportation like rice, sugarcane, and especially cotton. All the income from agricultural production and export was used to develop public work like irrigation, canals, dams, and barrages. He also disbanded his army and created a fleet and an army of pure Egyptians but commanded by the Turks and trained by French commanders in the art of war. He also constructed Western-style schools to train doctors, engineers, veterinarians, and other specialists. He is also sent educational missions to Europeans for training in modern techniques to complete his bureaucrats. He creates an industrial age in Egypt as he built factories to produce sugar, glass, and textile that competes with the European product, and ships, weapons for the new army and navy. There was also a dark side to his master plan as he added excessive taxation to pay for all his expensive projects which led him to lost a great deal of his public support as his over control on the agriculture, sector his monopolization of trade led to a bad relationship with Britain which saw Egypt as a threat. He also tried to expand his empire by invading Syria in 1831, which all the great forces of Britain, France, and Russia to hold him from getting close to Istanbul. Muhammad Ali had no choice put to sign the 1841 treat, which commands Muhammad Ali to be stripped of all the conquered territory except Sudan but in return granted the hereditary governorship of Egypt for life.

Muhammad Ali Pasha Legacy

He passed the rule of Egypt to his son Ibrahim in 1848 that died shortly after and he died in 1849. He was able to leave a great legacy which shows in the famous Muhammad Ali mosque in Cairo that you can visit and discover the beauty of this archaeological site during your Cairo tours. Under his rule, Egypt became a powerful nation and entered the international community of nations as an independent state, not as a province of the Ottoman Empire. He built a powerful army that relies on the scientific process, opened Egypt to the European commercial and trade and most importantly improve education to match the European standards.


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General Tips:

The currency of Egypt is the Egyptian pound.

Friday and Saturday are the official holidays in Egypt.

Keep a tour Guide by your side to fully enjoy your time in Egypt.

Try “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, and “Koshary”.

Buy a local SIM card so you can call anyone you want.

Quality Measures:

Professional Egyptologist Tour Guides.

Modern Air-Conditioned Vehicles.

All Accommodations at 5* Hotels and Cruises.

Entrance Fees to All Sites that Mentioned at the Itinerary.

No Hidden Charges or Taxes.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

The entire country of Egypt deserve to be seen with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak and Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan like Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library. Read More About the Best Places to Visit in Egypt

If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries, have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD in cash, as for the E-Visa for 30 day you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could also be one of the lucky ones who can obtain a free visa for 90 days. Read More About Egypt Travel Visa.

Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish.

The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the weather is unsafe and if any changes have been made.

You should pack everything you could ever need and but in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.

We have been creating the finest vacations for more than 10 years around the most majestic destinations in Egypt. Our staff consists of the best operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort make you have the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time consultants to fit your every possible need during your vacation. It doesn't go without saying that your safety and comfort are our main concern priority and all of our resources will be directed to provide the best atmosphere until you return home.

You will feel safe in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is quite peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt. Read More

Wear whatever feels right and comfortable. It is advised to wear something light, sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the terrain of Egypt.

The best activity is by far boarding a Nile Cruise between Luxor and Aswan or Vise Versa. Witness the beauty of Egypt from a hot balloon or a plane and try all the delicious Egyptian cuisines and drinks plus shopping in old Cairo. Explore the allure and wonders of the red sea in the magical city resorts of Egypt like Hurghada and many more by diving and snorkeling in the marine life or Hurghada. Behold the mesmerizing western desert by a safari trip under the heavenly Egyptian skies.

There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas and new years eve. Read More

Egypt is considered to be one of the most liberal Islamic countries but it has become a little bit conservative in the last couple of decades so it is advised to avoid showing your chest, shoulders or legs below the knees.

Arabic is the official language and Most Egyptians, who live in the cities, speak or understand English or at least some English words or phrases. Fewer Egyptians can speak French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Professional tour guides, who work in the tourism sector, are equipped to handle visitors who cannot speak Arabic and they will speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of all our clients.

The fastest way is a car, of course, a taxi. If you are in Cairo ride a white taxi to move faster or you could board the fastest way of transportation in Egypt metro if the roads are in rush hour.

The temperature in Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c. Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 °C in the wintertime to 23 °C in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 °C in the wintertime to 32 °C in the summertime. The temperature is moderate all along the coasts.

It is the home of everything a traveler might be looking for from amazing historical sites dating to more than 4000 years to enchanting city resorts & beaches. You will live the vacation you deserve as Egypt has everything you could possibly imagine.

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