1-The Term “Pharaoh” Was Not Used Until 1200 B.C.
The word Pharaoh is considered a common title for the monarchs of ancient but surprisingly the term didn’t refer to any kings until Egypt new kingdom ( 1570-1070 B.C.E ). Originally meaning “The Great House” or “High House” referring to a royal palace or a holy court. It had a Greek Origin and was first used to refer to the meaning of a king in a letter to Amenhotep IV during the mid-eighteenth dynasty (1550-1292 B.C.) stating “ Pharaoh, all Life, Prosperity, and Health” and was used again in 1200 B.C to refer to king Merneptah. With time the term Pharaoh not only referred to the king palace but became interchangeable with the term king (Nswt). The title Pharaoh referred mostly to the male king but on rare occasions also referred to Female Queens Like Hatshepsut.
2-Long and Hard Training was Required to Become a Pharaoh
The pharaoh was the most powerful person in the history of Ancient Egypt as there representation of the gods on Earth, the high priest of Every Temple and the commander of the entire army. The son of the pharaoh would inherit his kingdom so to control all the above, the young Pharaoh would become his co-regent and will have to go on special training to prove he is worthy of this power. All the training would focus on building on physical strength and run in a long race to build up endurance, learn and break wild horses, and go on hunting expeditions as it was expected for any pharaoh to led and fight at the head of his army. The young pharaoh would learn the art of war, all the military tactics, and politics to win any battle.
3-Only a Pharaoh was Allowed to Make an Offering to the Gods
The pharaohs were the high priest and power of the god on Earth. They performed their duty by supplying daily offerings to the gods to please them. The Kings were the only one allowed to enter the temple and communicate with the gods anyway where it was believed to house the spirits of the gods themselves. Performing this ritual would bless the pharaohs with great protection power and absolute bliss.
4-Pharaohs Were Depicted with a Beard
The pharaohs were always depicted wearing a beard, but in this case, probably a fake beard as most men during Egyptian times was clean–shaved. Most of the beards were plaited like a big braid. This custom was common among the pharaohs even the female Queens like Hatshepsut who was depicted with a fake beard. They believed that having a beard would bring anyone closer to the gods.
5-The Pharaoh had the Greatest Power in Ancient Egypt
The pharaoh was god on earth literally, he was the political and religious ruler of Egypt holding the tiles of “High Priest” and “Lord of the Two Lands”, he was viewed as a being of divine immortality. He made all the laws, kept the order owned all the lands, collected taxes, achieved justice and balance within the lands and protected Egypt from foreign invaders. They were considered to be God’s power on earth, responsible for creating temples and shrines for worshiping the gods in order to bless them.
6-The Pharaoh Wore Nemes Crown
The Nemesis a striped headcloth worn by the pharaoh which covers the back of the head all the way to the nape of the neck and on top of it is a uraeus which is an upright cobra which symbolizes the pharaoh’s divine power. The uraeus is a symbol of the ancient Egyptian goddess Wadjet and it was a sign that means the pharaoh was ready to strike his enemies with a deadly venom if he felt any danger. It was also featured frequently with the crook and the fail which shows the pharaoh’s role as the provider of food for his nation.
7-Pharaohs Were Always Depicted Young and Beautiful Even if they Were Old and Fat.
The pharaohs were considered to be creatures of divinity and absolute perfection. That’s why they were always portraited as a symbol of beauty even if it didn’t reflect the true reality. The ancient Egyptians aspired to achieve the ultimate form of beauty and the peak of artistic expression to become holy themselves.
8-Pharaoh was the Human Form of Sky God Horus
The sky god Horus has also been celebrated as a great warrior and the greatest god for protection thanks to his all-seeing eye. His myth states that he was able to defeat his evil uncle Seth after killing his Father Osiris and restore justice and order to the kingdom. Many of the Pharaohs believed to be Horus to be a symbol for victory and they were the human form of the sky god and when they die their bodies takes the form of the god of the underground Osiris. All of these prove how much religion and mythology played a role in their lives.
9-All Pharaohs Wore Makeup
The makeup was very common back in ancient Egypt as they painted around their eyes with black khol ( metal-bearing mineral ) to reduce light reflection. They believe that lining their eyes with khol would resemble the eyes of the god Horus by creating an almond-shape. This act will protect them from evil spirits and eye diseases. Both men and women, also pharaohs wore khol on their eyebrows and eyelashes. They preferred to apply green and blue eyeshadow.
10-Pharaohs Spent Their Reigns Preparing for Their Death
The concepts of Death and The afterlife were heavily carried for as they created many funerary practices and tombs to fit their legacy and to be their homes in the afterlife. The believed in life after death so they stocked their tombs with everything they would when they rise again in the next life for their journey to the underworld to be judged by the hands of Osiris. The valley of kings is filled with many kings and Queens that believed in resurrection and in judgment.
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