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The Rosetta Stone

The Rosetta Stone

The Rosetta Stone

The Rosetta Stone - Egypt Tours Portal

Behind any stone in Egypt, there is a story that goes back thousands of years ago. It is hard to imagine how a simple rock can change the course of history, often recognized as the most important archeological artifact in modern history. “The Rosetta Stone” was the key to deciphering the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics and shed light on the hidden mysterious secrets of the ancient Egyptian civilization. The ancient Egyptian writings system of hieroglyphics was the subject of great debate since its death in the 2nd century BC but in the early 19th century AD it was raised from the dead with wonders and miracles in hand.

The Rosetta Stone Facts

The rosetta stone is an uncompleted grey and pink granodiorite stela dating to 196 BC which holds a decree of king Ptolemy V of Egypt in three languages: Hieroglyphics, Domatic, and Greek, all containing the same texts and meaning which was the key to decipher and fully understand the ancient Egyptian language and writing system of hieroglyphics. The hieroglyphs were known to be the language of the priests, demotic texts, was the common language of that time and greek was used for administrative purposes. The Rosetta stone measures 112.3 by 75.7 cm tall and 28.4 cm thick. It carries 14 lines of hieroglyphic, 32 lines of demotic texts and 54 lines of Greek texts. The two top corners and bottom right corner of the stela are missing. The back of the stone is rough while the front is smooth and filled with different scripts.

The Rosetta Stone History

It was created in the Hellenistic period during the Ptolemaic dynasty on behalf of King Ptolemy V in 196 BC by a priestly council of Memphis that affirms the royal cult of king Ptolemy, one year directly after his coronation. It was displayed in a temple during ancient Egypt near the city of Sais and then was moved in the medieval period, then to the town of Rosetta in the Nile delta where it was lost forever or that’s what we sought. The stone was miraculously discovered at port saint Julien in the city of Rosetta (El-Rashid) in 1799 AD an officer engineer Bouchard of Napoleon’s army. The stone was extracted from an old wall that was under renovation. The stone was later seized by a British general turner after the defeat of napoleon in 1801then in 1802 the stone was moved to the British Museum in London where it still resides and is considered one of the most-visited object in the museum till today.

The Rosetta Stone Texts

The texts on the rosetta stone talks about the achievements and the justice & productive rule of Ptolemy V. the texts talk about the prosperity brought to Egypt, the construction of temples and water canals and the restoration of old ones, the reduction and elimination of taxes, the release of many prisons who were considered enemies of the state and the expansion of the Egyptian empire. The texts also showcase Ptolemy as the god Ptolemy, beloved of Ptah. The rosetta stone detail that the king’s birthday and coronation on the last day on the 17th of each month were celebrated as festivals. These decrees were written in three writing systems and then the stones were set up in all the temples next to the statue of this great king.

Rosetta Stone Deciphering Hieroglyphics

The deciphering process of the rosette stone was largely accomplished by Thomas Young an English physicist and Jean François Champollion of France. The rosetta stone held six identical cartouches (oval figures enclosing hieroglyphs), Young was the first person to show that some of the hieroglyphs on the stone wrote the sound of the royal name of Ptolemy. He deciphered the cartouche and proven the cartouches found in other inscriptions were the names of royalty, he also discovered the way in which hieroglyphic signs were to be read. Then came Champollion who cracked the hieroglyphs code by realizing that some of the signs were alphabetic, syllabic and determinative in 1822. He was able to use his talent and knowledge of ancient languages to show that the link between hieroglyphs and their greek equivalents. He showcased that the hieroglyphics were a combination of phonetic and ideographic signs that represented the sound of the early ancient Egyptian language. Champollion became the founding father of Egyptology.

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General Tips:

The currency of Egypt is the Egyptian pound.

Friday and Saturday are the official holidays in Egypt.

Keep a tour Guide by your side to fully enjoy your time in Egypt.

Try “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, and “Koshary”.

Buy a local SIM card so you can call anyone you want.

Quality Measures:

Professional Egyptologist Tour Guides.

Modern Air-Conditioned Vehicles.

All Accommodations at 5* Hotels and Cruises.

Entrance Fees to All Sites that Mentioned at the Itinerary.

No Hidden Charges or Taxes.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

The entire country of Egypt deserve to be seen with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak and Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan like Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library. Read More About the Best Places to Visit in Egypt

If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries, have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD in cash, as for the E-Visa for 30 day you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could also be one of the lucky ones who can obtain a free visa for 90 days. Read More About Egypt Travel Visa.

Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish.

The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the weather is unsafe and if any changes have been made.

You should pack everything you could ever need and but in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.

We have been creating the finest vacations for more than 10 years around the most majestic destinations in Egypt. Our staff consists of the best operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort make you have the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time consultants to fit your every possible need during your vacation. It doesn't go without saying that your safety and comfort are our main concern priority and all of our resources will be directed to provide the best atmosphere until you return home.

You will feel safe in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is quite peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt. Read More

Wear whatever feels right and comfortable. It is advised to wear something light, sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the terrain of Egypt.

The best activity is by far boarding a Nile Cruise between Luxor and Aswan or Vise Versa. Witness the beauty of Egypt from a hot balloon or a plane and try all the delicious Egyptian cuisines and drinks plus shopping in old Cairo. Explore the allure and wonders of the red sea in the magical city resorts of Egypt like Hurghada and many more by diving and snorkeling in the marine life or Hurghada. Behold the mesmerizing western desert by a safari trip under the heavenly Egyptian skies.

There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas and new years eve. Read More

Egypt is considered to be one of the most liberal Islamic countries but it has become a little bit conservative in the last couple of decades so it is advised to avoid showing your chest, shoulders or legs below the knees.

Arabic is the official language and Most Egyptians, who live in the cities, speak or understand English or at least some English words or phrases. Fewer Egyptians can speak French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Professional tour guides, who work in the tourism sector, are equipped to handle visitors who cannot speak Arabic and they will speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of all our clients.

The fastest way is a car, of course, a taxi. If you are in Cairo ride a white taxi to move faster or you could board the fastest way of transportation in Egypt metro if the roads are in rush hour.

The temperature in Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c. Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 °C in the wintertime to 23 °C in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 °C in the wintertime to 32 °C in the summertime. The temperature is moderate all along the coasts.

It is the home of everything a traveler might be looking for from amazing historical sites dating to more than 4000 years to enchanting city resorts & beaches. You will live the vacation you deserve as Egypt has everything you could possibly imagine.

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