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Aswan High Dam

Aswan High Dam

Aswan High Dam

Aswan High Dam - Egypt Tours Portal

The High Dam is one of the most important Egyptian achievements during the last century. It was the new Era’s symbol of the 1952 revolution. It saved Egypt from flooding and provided it with water and electricity. It is 111m high, 3.5km in length and about 1 km wide. It has a hydroelectric plant, with six turbines, capable of producing 2.1 million kilowatts and this is the reason why it is considered one of the most important Egyptian sources for electricity and water. The total investment in order to construct such a huge project cost $1bn. It provides water for around 33,600km of irrigation land. It required some 44 million cubic meters of building materials and a workforce of about 34,000 people to be built. The High dam also has 12 Francis turbines, with a capacity of 2,100 MW to supply electricity for industrial and household use.

The History of the High Dam

The Great President Gamal Abd El-Nasser ordered to build the High Dam after the revolution in 1952 but he was met with the western refusals to co-operate and that’s why he turned to the Soviet Union for their technological and financial support. The work started on January 9th, 1960 and it was completed in 1971 in the spring.
Lake Nasser was the result of the High Dam construction, which is an outstanding lake between Egypt and Sudan. It is the largest manufactured lake. The Egyptian Government made a great effort to save the Nubian monuments from the damage caused by the rising level of water.

The Benefits of the High Dam

The High Dam was mainly constructed to regulate the flow of the River that resulted in supplying irrigation water for all parts of Egypt for the whole year. It also contributed to increasing tourism by having the chance to navigate across the Nile River during Nile cruise packages. Its water is used to feed 12 power turbines. Let’s divide the impacts of the High Dam into categories:

The Economic Impact

The great High Dam has provided the ability for human beings for the first time to control the annual Nile flood. It uses now the floodwater to irrigate thousands of acres, to improve navigation around Aswan, and supply the country with a huge amount of electricity. It also increases groundwater levels. It helped in the generation of hydropower and it caused an increase in industrial activities and diversities because of the availability of electricity. The High Dam contributed a lot in increasing the agricultural land.

The Social Impact

The High Dam gave the country peace and stability because of the economic activities and the higher standard of living. It has also benefited in the settlement issues. It provided huge opportunities for youth to raise their social standard up while finding new job offers.

The Biological Impact

The High Dam led to the incidence of schistosomiasis and it’s one of the negative impacts. It helped in the implications of fish production and has changed the flora fauna.

The Physical Impact

The great High Dam helped in the reclamation of the desert for human beings that helped a lot in the agricultural process. It changed the soil salinity and water logging. It changed the flow in the Nile both upstream and downstream of the dam. It caused sedimentation in the River Nile and Lake Nasser.

Great Facts about the High Dam of Aswan

  • More than 90,000 Nubians were relocated as far as 45 kilometers away from their homes during the construction process.
  • The construction of the High Dam took about ten years until it was completed in 1970, that you can witness during your luxury Egypt tours
  • A polymath and engineer who is called Ibn al-Haytham were given the task of regulating the flooding of the Nile by the Fatimid Caliph Al-Hakim Bi-Amr Allah.
  • In 1912, a Greek-Egyptian engineer Adrian Daninos presented a plan for constructing the high dam, but King Farouk didn’t like the idea.
  • Gamal Abd El-Nasser was the one who really wanted to store the water of Egypt through constructing the High Dam.
  • Soviets offered President Gamal $1.12 billion to construct the dam as he needed support.
  • The Dam also protected Egypt from the droughts that devastated East and West Africa in 1972–1973 and 1983–1987.
  • It crosses the River Nile, which is the longest river in the world.
  • It provides about half of the total supply of power in Egypt.
  • It generates about 10 billion kilowatts per hour of hydroelectric power.
  • This magnificent construction was planned by British engineers but was built by a different team of engineers from the Soviet Union.
  • Before it was constructed, many Egyptian monuments had to be moved so that they aren’t affected by the flood just like Abu Simbel that had to be moved so that it stays as it is but with the construction of the High Dam everything changed to be better.
  • Lake Nasser was constructed by the High Dam.
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General Tips:

The currency of Egypt is the Egyptian pound.

Friday and Saturday are the official holidays in Egypt.

Keep a tour Guide by your side to fully enjoy your time in Egypt.

Try “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, and “Koshary”.

Buy a local SIM card so you can call anyone you want.

Quality Measures:

Professional Egyptologist Tour Guides.

Modern Air-Conditioned Vehicles.

All Accommodations at 5* Hotels and Cruises.

Entrance Fees to All Sites that Mentioned at the Itinerary.

No Hidden Charges or Taxes.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

The entire country of Egypt deserve to be seen with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak and Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan like Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library. Read More About the Best Places to Visit in Egypt

If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries, have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD in cash, as for the E-Visa for 30 day you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could also be one of the lucky ones who can obtain a free visa for 90 days. Read More About Egypt Travel Visa.

Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish.

The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the weather is unsafe and if any changes have been made.

You should pack everything you could ever need and but in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.

We have been creating the finest vacations for more than 10 years around the most majestic destinations in Egypt. Our staff consists of the best operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort make you have the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time consultants to fit your every possible need during your vacation. It doesn't go without saying that your safety and comfort are our main concern priority and all of our resources will be directed to provide the best atmosphere until you return home.

You will feel safe in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is quite peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt. Read More

Wear whatever feels right and comfortable. It is advised to wear something light, sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the terrain of Egypt.

The best activity is by far boarding a Nile Cruise between Luxor and Aswan or Vise Versa. Witness the beauty of Egypt from a hot balloon or a plane and try all the delicious Egyptian cuisines and drinks plus shopping in old Cairo. Explore the allure and wonders of the red sea in the magical city resorts of Egypt like Hurghada and many more by diving and snorkeling in the marine life or Hurghada. Behold the mesmerizing western desert by a safari trip under the heavenly Egyptian skies.

There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas and new years eve. Read More

Egypt is considered to be one of the most liberal Islamic countries but it has become a little bit conservative in the last couple of decades so it is advised to avoid showing your chest, shoulders or legs below the knees.

Arabic is the official language and Most Egyptians, who live in the cities, speak or understand English or at least some English words or phrases. Fewer Egyptians can speak French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Professional tour guides, who work in the tourism sector, are equipped to handle visitors who cannot speak Arabic and they will speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of all our clients.

The fastest way is a car, of course, a taxi. If you are in Cairo ride a white taxi to move faster or you could board the fastest way of transportation in Egypt metro if the roads are in rush hour.

The temperature in Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c. Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 °C in the wintertime to 23 °C in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 °C in the wintertime to 32 °C in the summertime. The temperature is moderate all along the coasts.

It is the home of everything a traveler might be looking for from amazing historical sites dating to more than 4000 years to enchanting city resorts & beaches. You will live the vacation you deserve as Egypt has everything you could possibly imagine.

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