The gates of Cairo acted as the main entrances to the city and today there are only three remaining which are Bab al Futuh, Bab al Nasr and Bab Zuweila. Back then the word "Gate" used to be called "Bab" which means in Arabic as door or entrance. Here is the entire information about the famous gates of Cairo:
The first of Cairo gates is called Bab al Futuh "Gate of Conquest", it's located in the old city of Cairo and stands at the northern end of Al-Muizz Street, it was finished in 1087 AD as a part of a fortification constructed by vizier Badr al Jamali of caliph Mustamir. The gate is beautifully decorated with vegetal and geometric motifs. It has a couple of powerful rounded towers and shafts for pouring burning oil or boiling water on the attackers.
The third door Bab Zuweila was built in 1092 to be one of the last remaining doors of the Fatimid dynasty in the 11th and 12th centuries. The word Zuweila refers to a tribe of Berber warriors from the western desert who were charged with safeguarding the gate. It is located in the south of Cairo and has to huge towers, it was able to survive by laying many layers to it over the years. It pairs many readings and visual elements from different ears. The gate worked as a point for departure for pilgrims to Mecca. It is highly considered to be the most famous gate in Cairo because it was the main platform for execution and the severed heads of the criminals would hang from the walls of the gate and in 1811 many of the severed heads of the mamluks from the citadel massacre would.
Egypt has a great civilization and amazing archaeological sites beside the stunning Cairo gates so if you prefer to discover them you can explore our best Cairo day tours and book the most suitable journey for you. Or you can combine the best attractions of Cairo with enjoying a Nile cruise in Upper Egypt through Egypt private tours.
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