Kom Ombo temple is one of the unique temples in Aswan and probably in Egypt. Kom Ombo means “The Hill Of Gold” as the word "Kom" means "Hill" in Arabic while the word "Ombo" means gold in hieroglyphics. It was constructed in the Greco-Roman Period, from 205 till 180 BC in the ruling period of King Ptolemy V with some additions later on during the Roman period. It is located East side of the Nile River, 45 km north of the city of Aswan.
Kom Ombo temple is considered to be highly special and one of a kind as it’s a double design temple and divided into two identical sectors dedicated to the worship of two deities in the southern half is the worship house of the crocodile deity Sobek, patron of fertility and accompanied by Hathor and Khonsu, while in the northern part of the temple was consecrated to the falcon deity Horus the Elder (Haroeris) the protector of the Pharaohs and Egypt. It was also built to confirm the Ptolemies sovereignty and supremacy over the entire country.
The construction of Kom Ombo temple is very rare and unusual as is consisting of two matching sectors next to each other while each being independent of the other for the purpose of worship. The temple was built in the shape of a rectangle using limestone, like most of the temples in Ancient Egypt.
The design of the temple is almost perfectly symmetrical, with two twin sanctuaries and two parallel passageways leading to the exterior of the temple. It consists of a front courtyard, a hypostyle hall, three inner halls, many antechambers like the all of offerings, small rooms used for various ritual and purposes and the two main sanctuaries for Horus and Sobek. The temple contains many beautiful images and decoration in walls and columns, including Ptolemy VIII & XII kneeling in front of the Nile deities. The Ptolemaic dynasty worked on improving the temple over the ages as a symbol of their glory.
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