Queen Hatshepsut whose name means "Foremost of Noble Women" is one of the greatest rulers of ancient Egypt; she was the fifth pharaohs of the 18th dynasty. In 1508 BC, Hatshepsut was born to King Thutmose I and his wife Queen Ahmose to be his elder daughter and her grandfather, King Ahmose. She ruled beside her father despite the ancient Egyptian rejecting the notion of women ruling them and learned a great deal from him which would explain how she became one of the most successful rulers in the history of ancient Egypt.
Queen Hatshepsut's reign as the Queen started when she married her half-brother Thutmose II in 1492 BC who was the son of Thutmose I from a minor wife lady Mutnofret. He was a man of weak character and poor health, so Hatshepsut ruled Egypt in the name of the King as his wife. Hatshepsut had only one daughter from her husband Thutmose II Neferu-Ra. Hatshepsut was elevated to the stature of God’s Wife of Amun, the second-highest position for a woman in ancient Egypt after the Queen. Hatshepsut was preparing herself to be the pharaoh after her husband died but after Thutmose II death, the Egyptians rejected the idea of the women ruling them as a Queen, so they made Thutmose III the king who was only two years old at the time and Hatshepsut ruled as regent to her step-son. Thutmose III was the son of Thutmose II from his minor wife Isis. Hatshepsut had influential supporters including Senenmut her chief minister, who helped her to be the true pharaoh with the full authority of a king, she orders to be portrayed with a beard and muscles and appeared in traditional female regalia.
Queen Hatshepsut era was prosperous & peaceful as she made friendships with neighboring countries using trade with the help of great ships, she sent many of the seaborne trading expeditions to the kingdom of a punt and to the Atlantic Ocean which returned with gold, baboons, myrrh, ebony, wild animals and more treasures. She also sent many military campaigns to Syria and Nubia. she made her step-son Thutmose III a leader to many of campaigns, protecting the country and expanding the Egyptian empire, while she managed the affairs of the country, she married him to her daughter Neferu-Ra who was given the title of God’s Wife of Amun.
Queen Hatshepsut sought to immortalize her legacy by constructing a number of incredible constructions, like all the great Egyptian Pharaohs. she ordered the build of a temple at Deir El-Bahri which is considered to be one of the most beautiful temples in the world which was designed by her chief minister Senenmut. The Hatshepsut temple is a perfect enchanting example of the ancient Egyptian classical architecture and holds truly majestic carvings and artworks. The temple honors the gods especially the creator God Amun. She orders the construction of most of the obelisks located in El-Karnak temple plus she remodeled the hypostyle hall of her father and added two Obelisks. The marvelous unfinished obelisk was ordered by construction and was able to reveal a great deal about the construction methods of that era.
She died in 1458 BC while she was in her mid-40s; she died from an abscess following tooth extraction and also severed from diabetes plus bone cancer in her last days. She resizes her father’s tomb so they can be buried with her father in the Valley of the Kings.
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