King Seti I (1294-1279 BC) was a pharaoh of the 19 dynasties of the new kingdom (1550-1050 BC) of Egypt. His name “Seti” means “Of Seth” as in the god Seth the deity of chaos, storms, violence, and disorder. He was referred to as Medmaatre which means “Eternal is the justice of Re” and city Merenptah which means “Man of Set, Beloved of Ptah” and to the Greek; he was known as Sethos. King Seti I is viewed as one of the most important pharaohs in ancient Egyptian history because of the various things achievements of his reign.
Family Tree of King Seti I
Seti I was the son of Pharaoh Ramses I and Queen Sitre. He was married to Queen Tuya and had four children, one of which was his successor Ramsess II a.k.a Ramses the great. He earned a lot of titles before becoming a king like a troop commander, lead archer, and vizier. Not a great deal of information is known because the pharaoh had this bad habit of frequently changing the dates of previous reigns in order to remove the unpopular pharaohs from history.
Achievements of King Seti I
Seti I reign was a time of prosperity, he was a great builder as a constructed many incredible monuments and was able to greatly expand the lands of ancient Egypt. He was able to restore the lost prestige of Egypt which was lost in the troubled last days of the 18th dynasty. Seti I led a great army of 60,000 men and fought many battles in the north of Palestine and Syria and fought which the Hittite army led by king Muwatallis, King Ramses II was able to finish his father’s work by beating the Hittite army in the battle of Kadesh and creating the first documented peace treaty in history. He opened many new quarries for stone and precious metals that could be turned into majestic statues and obelisks. He dug many wells and rebuilt many shrines and temples. King Seti I continued the construction of the magical hypostyle hall at Karnak that was started by his father Ramses I. He constructed a number of temples such as the enchanting temple of Seti at Abydos which honors many gods like Osiris, Horus, Isis, Amen-Re, Ptah, and Re-Harakhte. There are a lot of other temples like the mortuary temple at Qurna in Thebes, the temple of Elephantine, the desert temple at northern Edfu, and the temple of Buhen, all of these temples were dedicated to the gods and to the pharaohs to indicate the close connection between the public, the pharaohs and the gods.
Constructions of King Seti I
The tomb of Seti I is located in the valley of the kings which was named “The Tomb of Apis“, “The Tomb of Psammis, son of Nechois“, and “Belzoni’s Tomb“. The tomb was discovered in 1817 by Giovanni Battista Belzoni. The tomb was 136 m (446 ft). There is a descending flight of steps that leads to the entrance to the tomb and then leads to a corridor and a second stairway. Behind the second corridor is a rectangular shaft leading into an 8 m wide room containing 4 large pillars attached to a second hall. There is a complex hall containing six pillars and two chapels. The burial chamber is incredible as the ceilings are decorated with constellations and the walls are engraved with passages from the book of the gates and Amduat. There is an alabaster sarcophagus in the burial chamber throughout the tomb which holds his mummy; there is an enchanting impressive art the showcases part of his history.
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