King Ramses II is one of the greatest pharaohs who ever ruled Egypt, he is known as Ramesses The Great, one of his most famous names is the Ozymandias which is Greek for the first part of his name which reads "The Matt of Ra is Powerful, Chosen of Ra". His legacy began as the third king of the 19th dynasty (1292-1186 BCE), he was born in 1303 BC to his father Pharaoh Seti I and his mother Queen Tuya. He was second-in-command during his father’s military campaigns in Nubia, Libya, and Palestine when he was just 14 years old, and when he reached the age of 22 years old, he was leading his own campaigns with his sons Khaemweser and Amunhirwenemef. Ramses was a great emperor known for his endless ambition, wisdom, and vision.
After the death of his father, Ramses took the thrones of Egypt in 1279 B.C at the age of 25 years old and his reign lasted for 66 years until 1213 BC, he was a brilliant military leader who protected his empire against various enemies like Hittites, Libyans, Syrians, and Nubians. He led his army which reached to 100,000 men during his era to many campaigns to Nubia and Levant to expand his empire and to rebuild the glory of the Egyptian empire through taking control of many cities in the Levant plus he warns the Hittites about their unwise hostile actions toward Egypt Which started the battle of Kadesh in 1274 BC between Ramses II and the Hittites in the city of Kadesh which became one of the oldest battles in ancient Egyptian history. The battle is known to be the best-documented battle on all of ancient history. No one won in this battle but both sides claimed victory which made both sides created the first documented peace treaty in history.
He constructed a new city in the Nile River delta called Per Ramess to be his home while being at war with the Hittites, Ramses is considered to be the second-longest ruling king to in the history of Egypt for 67 years after the 6th dynasty pharaoh Pepi II who lasted for 90 years. he is also known as a Great builder, during his reign, he constructed many temples and rebuild & enlarged many of his ancestor's buildings such as Amenhotep III Temple in Luxor, which holds the hall of columns in Karnak Temple and many more.
He desired to immortalize his legacy by building his own temples; the largest temple was found in the west bank of the river which is the Ramesseum temple that shows his campaigns to Nubia and his the great achievements but unfortunately, it was devoured by time and what remains is but small insignificant remains. He built Abu Simbel Temples which acted as the back gate & the final frontier of the Egyptian kingdom from the deep southern border that contains two temples; the bigger one for him decorated with his battle victories and achievements while the smaller one was for his wife Nefertari. His name was mentioned on every temple, colossal statues and monuments were made in his era.
King Ramses II was a great and powerful king who had about 200 wives the most famous of them was his beloved main wife Nefertari and had about 111 sons & 51 daughters. He died in 1213 B.C at the age of 90 years old, his body was found in Valley of Kings in Luxor then it was moved to the Egyptian Museum and then to the Grand Egyptian Museum in Cairo like his great statue that was moved from Ramses Square to the entrance of the new Gem Museum.
Finally, hope you enjoy the article, and you have got all the need information about King Ramses II. And if you would like to visit the best attractions which build by King Ramses, then you can check our Egypt vacation packages and Nile River cruises here which customized to enjoy the best vacation in Egypt while visiting the best attraction of King Ramses plus to tours to the wonders of Egypt.
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