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Bent Pyramid

Bent Pyramid Dahshur - Egypt Tours Portal

The Bent Pyramid 

The Bent Pyramids is one of the first attempts of the ancient Egyptians to create something extraordinary that can stand the test of time. This article's main purpose is to offer every traveller all the information and facts about the wonders of the bent pyramid. This article was written by a group of very skilled and knowledgeable tour guides, Egyptologists, and travel consultants who know all the details surrounding the great bent pyramid. The Bent Pyramid was one of the first Pyramids to be ever built in ancient Egyptian history. The Bent Pyramid is a hidden gem that many travellers from all over the world seek to explore in great detail. The Bent Pyramid is known for its unusual shape, design, and brilliant design plus as one of the stepping stones for the construction process of the pyramids. Many historians and Egyptologists have noted that the bent pyramid can showcase the evolution of how the pyramids of Egypt came to be.

The Bent Pyramid History

The Bent Pyramid was built by "Pharaoh Sneferu", father of Khufu the builder of the Great Pyramid of Giza in 2600 BC during the 4th dynasty and was known as “The Southern Shining Pyramid”.The Bent pyramids are Sneferu second attempt to construct a smooth-sided true pyramid, but unfortunately, it was made filled with many engineering issues. It is considered to be a transitional pyramid rather than a true pyramid. The name of the pyramid is "Snfrw Kha Sneferu"  which means "Sneferu is shining in the south” or “Sneferu is shining” which was clad in polished Tura limestone.

Location of the Bent Pyramid 

The Bent Pyramids is constructed in the desert on the west bank of the Nile, 40 km "25 mi" south of Cairo in the city of Dahshur.

The Bent Pyramid Dimensions

The material used for building the bent pyramid is Limestone, not mud brick. The Height of the bent pyramid is 104.71 metres (344 ft; 200 cu), beneath the bend is 47.04 metres (154 ft; 90 cu) and above the bend is 57.67 metres (189 ft; 110 cu). The Base of the bent pyramid is 189.43 metres (621 ft; 362 cu) at the base, 123.58 metres (405 ft; 236 cu) at the bend. The Volume of the bent pyramid is 1,237,040 cubic metres (43,685,655 cu ft). The Slope of the bent pyramid is 54°27′44″ below bend and 43°22′ above the bend.

Why is the Bent Pyramid Bent?

The pyramid is called bent due to miscalculations & engineering problems regarding the structure and the limestone blocks which led to the weight of the entire pyramid being distributed inappropriately which resulted in the bottom section has of an angle of 45 degrees while the top half has an inclination of 43 degrees causing the structure to be known as "The Bent Pyramid".

What is the Purpose of the Bent Pyramid?

One of the most unusual and unique constructions in Egypt and Probably the world is the bent "Blunted" Pyramid, built for Pharaoh Sneferu (2575-2551 BC) the father of king Khufu, it was built as his second Pyramid as part of Sneferu's plan to create an evolution to the pyramid construction and increase all the architectural innovation of the era.

Facts about Bent Pyramid

  1. The Bent Pyramid was built 40 km (24 mi) south of Cairo on the west bank of the Nile around 2600 BC.
  2. It is one of the best-preserved and intact pyramids in all of Egypt due to an exterior polished limestone unlike most of the pyramids in Egypt.
  3. The ancient Egyptians called the pyramid the southern shining pyramid and Sneferu is the shining in the south.
  4. It was the first true pyramid to have smooth sides and your typical architectural design of a step pyramid.
  5. It has an original height of 105 m (344 ft) two entrances with smooth sides, not a step Pyramid.
  6. The angle of its sides shifts is about one-third of the way up from 54 degrees to the more gentle slope of 43 degrees.

Pharaoh Sneferu

Pharaoh Snefru, a.k.a Snofru or Soris (2620-2547 BC), is the founder of the and first Pharaoh of Egypt's 4th Dynasty ( 2575 – 2465 BCE). He married queen Hetepheres I, she was the mother of his son, Khufu the founder of the Great Pyramid of Giza. He ruled Egypt for 24 years, from 2613 B.C. to 2589 B.C. He made many military campaigns to the lands of Nubia and Libya and he constructed the first Egyptian ship, which was named "Praise of the Two Lands". He constructed three pyramids, the Red Pyramid, the Bent Pyramid, and the Medium Pyramid which is located in the city of Dahshur.

The Construction of the Bent Pyramid

The Bent Pyramid is considered a true pyramid with a limestone polished design with smooth sides, the first of its kind. The Bent pyramid complex is surrounded by an enclosure wall formed from yellowish-grey local limestone. The Bent Pyramid is 105 m (344 ft) with 54 degrees to 43 degrees approximately one-third all the way up to its full peak because the angle was changed to avoid the structure collapsing after noticing signs of weakness in it and the solution was to change its angle.

Interior Passages

The Bent Pyramid is made of the main pyramid, a satellite pyramid, a small mortuary temple and a small courtyard from which the causeway led out all the way to the valley temple. It has two entrances on the north and the west each leading to a chamber. On the east side of the Pyramid are the scattered remains of its Pyramids temple. The first entrance of the Bent Pyramid is on the north side around 12 m above ground level. From there is a passage descending to a horizontal passage leading to a large antechamber lined with huge limestone slabs and featuring a corbelled roof which many believe to be the inspiration to the design of the grand valley of the Great Pyramids of Giza. The second entrance of the Bent Pyramid is on the west face around one meter marginally above ground level. There is a descending corridor that holds two portcullis barriers leading to a corbelled upper chamber. The burial chamber of the Bent Pyramid is accessible through a descending corridor whose entrance is located 1.10 metres above the ground in the middle of the north side. The Valley temple of the Bent Pyramid is surrounded by a large mudbrick wall and considered to be the first of its kind as no valley temple has been found attached to any of the pyramids of Sneferu. Due to the design of the bent pyramid, the valley temple was a standard element of the pyramid complex in the following constructions, like the Giza pyramids complex.

The Satellite Pyramid 

The satellite pyramid of the Bent Pyramid has been built to contain the pharaoh's ka which is located 55 metres south of the Bent Pyramid. The satellite pyramid measured 26 metres in height and 52.80 metres in length, with an incline of 44°30'. It is made of limestone blocks, which are thick, and arranged in horizontal rows and covered with a layer of fine Tura limestone.

Bent Pyramid Temple

There is a mortuary temple found on the east corner of the pyramid that was constructed in Tura limestone and later enlarged with mudbricks. The temple had an altar which is made from two large steles and three large blocks of limestone resembling the hieroglyph “htp” or “hotep” offering which means offering.

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