Every ancient civilization had their own theory or belief on how everything unfolded. The ancient Egyptians had a vivid imagination that led to a number of complex versions of how the ancient Egyptians were created. They believed at the moment of creating a world order was created which contained the basic principles of life, nature, and society that were governed by the gods at the moment of creation. All the pyramids texts from the old kingdom (2780-2250 BC) located on the pyramid walls, tombs, temples, and the legendary book of the dead showcases all the information related to the creation myth.
Before the invention of time, the universe was full of endless dark waters and swirling chaos that appeared in the shape of an infinite expanse of straying invisible dark waters called Nun. In the darkness was a primordial hill known as the ben-ben on which rose a great god Ra (Atum) who created himself out of the Nun, who felt lonely and decided to create life using his magic known as Heka. It is believed that the creator god Amun came from the Nun as the Bennu Bird then went to the sun city of Heliopolis where he constructed a nest called Pyramidion where the bennu was miraculously brought to life from the breath of fire. The Bennu became a symbol of immortality and rebirth. He gave life to two children Shu (god of air) and Tefnut (goddess of moisture), they rapidly began creating the principles of life and order. They started building the world while leaving their father Ra on the Ben-Ben in the middle of chaos and sadness so he sent his eyes in search for them and when they returned with his eyes, in a moment of absolute happiness, he shed tears of joy that fertilized the earth of the Ben-Ben and gave birth to men and women. It took a long time to create the heavens at the same time where the ancient Egyptian gods lived in the earth which was seen as a sacred landscape and a true reflection of the heavens, it was divided into kingdoms built on the basis of justice.
After the creation of humans, Shu and Tefnut created Geb (the earth) and Nut (the sky). Despite Geb and Nut being brother and sister, they fell in love which angered Ra so he ordered Shu to separate them for eternity, but it was too late as Nut was pregnant with Geb’s children. In anger, Ra ordered Nut not to give birth in any month of any year so the god of knowledge “Thoth” gambled the moon and was able to add five extra days to the official calendar of 360 days where Nut was able to give birth to Osiris, Isis, Set, Nephthys, and Horus the elder. Osiris has shown himself to be a judicious and thoughtful god who was given the rule of the world. At the end of days, Ra will wipe the world out and return to the primeval mound, everything will be gone except for Osiris the Ruler of the Underworld. There is a possibility for a new creation to replace the old world with a new one.
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