The future of any nation is determined by the level of Education provided to the next generation. The Ministry of Education is responsible for making decisions about the education system with the support of three Centers: the National Center for Curricula Development, the National Center for Education Research, and the National Center for Examinations and Educational Evaluation. . Each center has its own job, turn and a function. On the other hand, the Ministry of Higher Education supervises the Higher education system. Education in Egypt can be classified into 6 main sections:
- Nursery (Baby Class)
- Primary School
- Preparatory School (Middle School)
- Secondary School (High School)
- High Education Level (University)
There are two types of schools in Egyptian government schools and privet schools. Education in Egypt at the public or governmental Schools and universities is free. Here are the basic stages of education in Egypt with more details about each stage:
1- Nursery Stage
Talking about the nursery stage is going to take too much time and visiting one of the nurseries in Egypt is going to add so much fun to your Egypt tours, watching our kids while they are playing and creating new ideas along their life will make your tour in Egypt completely different.
Kids start to join nursery about 2 years and 6 months which is very difficult for both the mum and the kid that’s why if you visit a nursery during the first week of September; you can found all mothers are waiting for their kids outside classrooms where they refuse to get back home without kids during the first week of study and this stage just takes 1 year then the kids can move to Kindergarten stage.
Our Kids join this stage when they are 3 years and 6 months and this stage takes two years. In this stage the children may ask to recognize the shape of the letters and numbers in Arabic and English by the end of the first year when the child became able to write his name. During the second year of this stage, kids are recognizing many short words like names of fruits, vegetables, and animals in Arabic and English.
The Kindergarten management offers so many activates for kids like sports, social, and tour activity. By the end of this stage, kids are able to sing about 20 English songs and know at least more than 100 English words besides Arabic, and can calculate 2 digit numbers by additions. It is a very important and most difficult stage which enables the kid to build his personality, skills and it’s depending on the well-educated teachers who are very clever and skilled enough to deal with kids in their early life and make them feel better, all teachers in this stage are females.
3- Primary Schools
The student got confused when they move from Kindergarten to primary school as students are asked to write and do much homework. They also have to learn one more foreign language mostly English. They can recognize part of their Egyptian History and the main organs of the Human body; also Mathematics is a very important subject during this stage.
Physical Education is very important during this stage also schools are cared about organizing trips for many places and sightseeing inside Egypt. The student spends 6 years to finish primary school then move to Preparatory School.
4- Preparatory Schools
It takes three years to finish and it’s harder than primary schools student studies more subjects like geography, geometry, science, foreign languages, and religion as well so the student can decide after finishing those three years which part the children can choose in his secondary school.
5- Secondary Schools
There are three types of upper secondary schools:
- General secondary education schools.
- Al-Azhar Secondary Education schools.
- Technical Secondary schools.
General Secondary Education Schools
It offers academic programs in preparation for higher education like university and college. In the General Education sector, there are two streams that students can choose from: Scientific or Literary. Both streams include English and Arabic as mandatory subjects, in addition to streamed subjects as follows:
The Scientific Section: includes Mathematics, physics, biology, and chemistry, while the Literary section is including Arts, history, geography, and home economics.
Elective Subjects: include environmental sciences, social studies, national studies, philosophy, psychology, music, European languages. These subjects are chosen based on the student’s intended tertiary-level specialization.
Schools also offer other European languages, generally French, Germany, Italian or Spanish. It takes three years also to be finished after those students can be ready to join one of the faculties they prefer based on their final scores.
Al Azhar Secondary Schools
It offers academic programs with an emphasis on Islamic religious instruction. The Ministry of education in Egypt reduced the number of secondary school years from 4 to 3 years in 1998, to make the Education in Al Azhar system appropriate with the general secondary education system.
Technical Secondary Schools
A different type of secondary school that offers technical and vocational programs where students specialize in one of three streams lasting three to five years: Technical, Industrial or Agricultural.
6- High Education (University)
In Egypt, we have about 42 universities 20 public universities with 2 million students and 22 are private that raises each year which include about 1 million students the top university in Egypt is Cairo University which was established in 1902 by king Fouad I. Education in Egypt is an important tool to get all our needs and seek a better life – it helps people to face the challenges of life.
Discover the Rich Landmarks that Shape the Education of Egypt
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