Experience Egypt's diverse heritage at Abu El Hagag Mosque, a blend of Islamic & Pharaonic wonders within Luxor Temple. Discover legends, annual celebrations, and cultural fusion in its design.
|Historical Significance||Center of Worship|
|Construction||Around 850 years ago|
|Patron||Yusuf Abu al-Hajjaj|
Abu El Hagag Mosque is a phenomenal wonder that holds historical roots connected to the Luxor temple. The mosque was built in honor of Abu Al-Hajjaj, who was a revered figure who migrated to Luxor and is celebrated by the local people even today. It has always acted as a stunning and historic place of worship, which was constructed 850 years ago to be one of the most beautiful Islamic landmarks in Egypt.
It holds a unique significance due to its location within the holy of holies Luxor Temple, thus bridging the beauty of the Islamic culture with the glorious Pharaonic civilization.
Sheikh Yousef was the one spreading the word of Islam in the area, and he was actually the one who built that mosque. He also spent lots of time and put much effort into taking care of pilgrims. After that, he was called "Abu Haggag" which means the father of pilgrims, due to his efforts. Youssef was born around 1150 AD in Damascus, and then he moved to Mecca and eventually settled in Luxor, Egypt, till his death in 1245 AD. The legend says that this mosque was already built in the court of Luxor Temple.
The high-ranking official wanted to remove the mosque, but Sheikh Youssef wanted to keep it. However, the official insisted on moving it. Before destroying the mosque, the official woke up and found that the whole of his body was paralyzed, and the other official officers thought that what happened to him was due to his dispute against Abu El-Haggag. The official eventually changed their minds and gave permission to keep the mosque where it was, and since that time, the Abu El-Haggag Mosque has been considered a very famous site for tourists and locals to visit while being in Luxor city.
There is a famous celebration that is held in Abu El-Haggag Mosque yearly. It is called "Moulid Abu El-Haggag" and it takes place in November every year. It lasts for several days, and it is such a joyful, colorful celebration to attend with a combination of entertainment & religion.
Abu El Hagag Mosque is located on Luxor's east bank atop the ancient parts of Luxor Temple that used to be the center of worship in the 14th century BC during the reign of Pharaoh Amenhotep III. The best way to reach this epic mosque and learn about its history is by hiring a travel agency, which will provide a travel agent who will uncover the history and cultural wealth of this magical holy attraction.
Sheikh Yusuf Abu el Haggag, a.k.a Al-Hajjaj, was a revered holy man in Luxor who was celebrated annually on his mawlid (birthday) called Mawlid Abu al-Hajjaj al-Uqṣūrī. He was a Sufi religious scholar and was considered one of the Ashrafs who are known as the direct descendants of the Prophet Muhammad. He was born in Baghdad around 1150 AD, and he later relocated to Mecca before settling in Luxor. He earned the title of "Father of the Pilgrim" because of his frequent and devoted performance of the pilgrimage (Hajj).
"Hajjaj" refers to someone who consistently undertakes the pilgrimage. Local folklore suggests that he didn't construct the mosque but saved it from later demolition attempts by officials. Sheikh Al-Hajjaj passed away during the rule of Sultan As-Salih Ayyub at the age of 90.
Its design resembles the Fatimid mosques, just like the Esna Mosque in Aswan city and the amazing Mosque of Al-Mashhad El-Bahari, which is located on the bank of the Nile. This mosque is a blend of Islamic, Coptic, and Pharaonic elements. Abu El-Hagag Mosque features a square layout with four minarets, a small dome, and a western entrance. It was built during the Fatimid era, has a minaret in the Fatimid architectural style, and was constructed on a small square area. Its entrance is located on the west side, and it has had many changes in the Ayyubid era. Abu El-Haggag Mosque was built in the northeast section of Luxor Temple, and it dates back to the middle of the Fatimid Era.
There are three arches at the mosque’s entrance, and they reach a height of 12 m. Those arches are covered with faience & marble. You will find inside that amazing mosque a simply designed niche, a small grave in which Abu Al-Haggag "Yousef Ibn Abdel Raheem" was buried. There are some balconies on the top of that mosque, and they were restored in 1914 by Khedive Abbas Helmy II. The mosque was rebuilt many times, and recent restoration work revealed its use of columns from the Luxor Temple and even remnants of a church.
Abu Al-Hajjaj Mosque showcases a unique fusion of Pharaonic, Islamic, and Coptic artifacts. A part of the Luxor temple was transformed by the Copts in 395 AD, then again a mosque in 640 AD, which is found next to a 3400-year-old.
During its restoration, a 5th-century church with Roman architecture was discovered, and Pharaonic inscriptions indicate offerings to the god Amun Ra. This mosque serves as a testament to Luxor's rich history, offering a chance to explore both Islamic and Pharaonic wonders.
Moulids are festive celebrations in Egypt that commemorate the birthdays of revered holy figures, including saints from both the Muslim and Christian faiths. One of these celebrations, the Moulid of Abu Haggag, is a local event that occurs annually in Luxor during early November. Lasting several days, it is a lively, colorful, and vibrant occasion that blends elements of religion and entertainment.
This festival is eagerly anticipated by many, and locals often save money throughout the year to partake in the festivities and join the spirited processions through the streets. Visiting the Abu Haggag Mosque during the Moulid is an exceptional opportunity to witness genuine Egyptian traditions and customs. These events are not staged for the benefit of tourists, but visitors are warmly welcomed to participate and experience the unique cultural richness of Egypt.
Suppose you have the chance to visit this legendary Mosque. In that case, you will be thrilled while being there and while knowing more and more about the interesting different parts of Egyptian history, religion, and culture through booking one of our Egypt vacation packages that cover all niches in the land of Pharaohs.
The entire country of Egypt deserve to be explored with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen before any other such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili Bazaar, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak & Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan such as Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library. Read more about the best places to visit in Egypt.
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Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish.
The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a little tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the Climate is unsafe and if any changes have been made.
You should pack everything you could ever need in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.
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The best activity is by far boarding a Nile Cruise between Luxor and Aswan or Vise Versa. Witness the beauty of Egypt from a hot balloon or a plane and try all the delicious Egyptian cuisines and drinks plus shopping in old Cairo. Explore the allure and wonders of the red sea in the magical city resorts of Egypt like Hurghada and many more by diving and snorkeling in the marine life or Hurghada. Behold the mesmerizing western desert by a safari trip under the heavenly Egyptian skies.
There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas and new years eve. Read more about festivals & publich holidays in Egypt.
Egypt is considered to be one of the most liberal Islamic countries but it has become a little bit conservative in the last couple of decades so it is advised to avoid showing your chest, shoulders or legs below the knees.
Arabic is the official language and Most Egyptians, who live in the cities, speak or understand English or at least some English words or phrases. Fewer Egyptians can speak French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Professional tour guides, who work in the tourism sector, are equipped to handle visitors who cannot speak Arabic and they will speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of all our clients.
The fastest way is a car, of course, a taxi. If you are in Cairo ride a white taxi to move faster or you could board the fastest way of transportation in Egypt metro if the roads are in rush hour.
The temperature in Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c. Summer in Egypt is somehow hot but sometimes it becomes cold at night and winter is cool and mild. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 °C in the wintertime to 23 °C in the summertime and the average high temperatures vary from 17 °C in the wintertime to 32 °C in the summertime. The temperature is moderate all along the coasts.
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