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The White Desert National Park

The White Desert National Park is a unique and stunning natural attraction located in Egypt. Here are some key features and information about the White Desert in Egypt!

The White Desert National Park - Egypt Tours Portal
The White Desert National Park
Desert Location New Valley Gov, Egypt
Desert Area 300 km2 (120 sq mi)
Distance From Cairo 536 km (5.30 - 6.30 hr)
Desert Highlights Crystal Mountain - Mushroom Rock - The Agabat Valley - Sand Dunes - Magic Spring


  • The White Desert National Park in Egypt is a remote and surreal destination.
  • Its unique landscape features chalk rock formations shaped by millions of years of erosion.
  • Located 6 hours from Cairo, it offers an off-the-beaten-path adventure.
  • Activities include camping among rock formations, jeep safari tours, and sandboarding on dunes.
  • The park is home to diverse wildlife, including the endangered Rhim gazelle.
  • Best visited during milder winter months to avoid extreme heat.
  • Safety is ensured with a military presence, and various accommodations are available, from camping to desert lodges.
  • Nighttime at the White Desert offers a magical experience, ideal for stargazing

The White Desert National Park is a mythical land of white gold filled with creations of pure natural art that were carved by angels millions of years ago. It looks like a piece of hell that freezes completely as the flames of the desert transform into white waves of chalk sand filled with celestial artifacts. All the marvelous treasures of this natural heaven are lively paintings showcasing the force of nature that can construct incredible sculptures that stand the test of time.

Everyone will have the chance to have the most thrilling and entertaining adventure across the off-beaten track of Egypt and explore all the creations of natural art that literary stood the test of time. Discovering this hidden destination will truly feel like exploring an alien planet filled with a number of magnificent sights and miraculous scenery of pure beauty and wonder. The white desert is truly the key to living the most complete adventure which will provide a true travel experience filled with many sensations of allure, wonder, and bliss. In this article, we will shed light on all the information relating to this awesome attraction.

History of the White Desert

History of the White Desert - Egypt Tours Portal
History of the White Desert - Egypt Tours Portal

The natural land white desert dates back millions of years and it has a number of incredible rock compositions which was an old sea floor that dried up. The white color of the land is basically a number of solidified creations of sea life and ancient crustaceans that were the key to creating the bedrock.

The chalk rock has been affected by wind and water erosion for millions of years which provides each one a very special shape that is able to attract everyone from all over the world to explore. This magnificent off-the-beaten-track became a national protected area in 2002 by the Egyptian government.

Location & How to Get to the White Desert

The white desert protected area "Sahara el Beyda" "One of the National Parks in Egypt" is found in the Farfara depression which is part of the New Valley Governorate just 45 km (28 mi) on the northern side of the Qsar El Farafra town, 428 km south of Cairo which is a 6 hours drive, and 134 km north away from the black desert from the northern direction.

The white desert sits on an area of 300 km2 (120 sq mi) filled entirely with magical white chalk rock formations surrounded by a number of sun dunes & oases and mountain cliffs from the north. Wadi Hennis is the lowest point which is 32 m high above sea level and El Qess Abu Said is the heist point which sits at 353 m (1,158 ft) above sea level. The park is home to a number of wild and endangered animals which include the Rhim gazelle, Dorcas gazelle, foxes, Barbary sheep, jackals, and the sand cat.

How Was the White Desert Formed

How Was the White Desert Formed - Egypt Tours Portal
How Was the White Desert Formed - Egypt Tours Portal

One of the most incredible and attractive aspects of the white desert is the existence of otherworldly landscapes featuring chalk-white rock formations that resemble mushrooms, columns, and other highly unique & intriguing shapes. The formation of the White Desert itself and all of its attractions can be primarily attributed to a number of natural factors which are:

Over many millions of years, strong winds and sand storms through the region have eroded the soft, chalky rock formations that have sculpted them into their current distinctive and unique shapes. A number of researchers believe that erosion by powerful wind and sand patterns in the area has played the ultimate role in shaping the landscape.

The Desert's unique white coloration comes from the heavy presence of sedimentary rock formations, primarily composed of calcium carbonate (calcite) and silica.

The White Desert is home to various sand dunes which have buried portions of the chalk formations which has led to the creation of a natural artistic contrast between the white rock and the golden sand dunes which display a surreal visual effect.

Over the century the area has experienced a noticeable geological activity causing the rocks to shift and crack which contributes to the unique rock formations.

Camping in the White Desert

Camping in the White Desert - Egypt Tours Portal
Camping in the White Desert - Egypt Tours Portal

Camping in the miraculous white Desert is a popular activity for travelers from all over the world who seek to enjoy a thrilling travel experience. Everyone can enjoy the most marvelous camping trips across the stunning rock formations and pask into the heavenly tranquil desert atmosphere under the celestial skies of the western desert.

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It's important to be very well-prepared for your camping trip as the environment has limited resources. It is advised to book with a travel agency that will provide the ideal guided camping trips with the best tour guides, drivers, the right vehicles, necessary equipment, and guidance.

White Desert Egypt Weather

The weather in the White Desert of Egypt adds to the magic of this marvelous place which sometimes can be extreme for some travelers due to its location within the Sahara Desert. The epic climate was characterized by:

The typical Hot Summers of Egypt happen during the summer months from June to August. During these months the daytime temperatures can reach to 100°F (38°C).

In the Winters months from November to February, the weather is much more pleasant with daytime temperatures between 60°F and 75°F (15°C to 24°C). Nights in the winter months can be quite cold which can be the perfect way to have the most entertaining and magical barbeque dinner under the magical starry skies of the western deserts. Since the white desert is arid and dry as it is found in the heart of the Sahara, Rainfall is very minimal, with most of it occurring in the winter months.

The Average Temperatures In The White Desert Throughout The Year

Month Average high temperature (°C) Average low temperature (°C) Average rainfall (mm)
January 17 9 1
February 19 10 1
March 22 12 1
April 26 15 1
May 32 18 1
June 37 22 0
July 39 24 0
August 39 24 0
September 36 22 1
October 31 19 1
November 23 15 1
December 19 11 1

The Best Time to Visit the White Desert

The Best Time to Visit the White Desert - Egypt Tours Portal
The Best Time to Visit the White Desert - Egypt Tours Portal

The best time to visit the White Desert is highly connected to the weather which is the winter months, from November to February, when the weather is highly milder and more comfortable for many outdoor activities like super safari. It is advised to avoid the scorching heat of summer which can be unbearable for exploration and camping. Here's why:

  • Mild Temperatures: During the winter months, daytime temperatures are more comfortable for outdoor activities. The scorching heat of the summer months can be unbearable, with temperatures often exceeding 100°F (37°C) or more. In contrast, winter temperatures are much milder, ranging from 50°F to 75°F (10°C to 24°C) during the day, making it more pleasant for exploring the desert.
  • Avoid Extreme Heat: The desert can be incredibly hot during the summer, and the extreme temperatures can make it unsafe and uncomfortable to explore the White Desert. The cooler months offer a more enjoyable experience.
  • Clear Skies: Winter and early spring typically offer clear skies, making it ideal for stargazing and enjoying the desert's unique and surreal landscape under a bright, starlit night sky.
  • Tourism Season: The peak tourist season in Egypt is during the winter months, and this applies to the White Desert as well. During this time, you'll find more tour operators offering trips to the area, making it easier to plan your visit.

Note: Keep in mind that while the cooler months are generally the best time to visit, you should still be prepared for cold nights in the desert, so bring appropriate clothing and camping gear.

White Desert Highlights

White Desert Highlights - Egypt Tours Portal
White Desert Highlights - Egypt Tours Portal

The entire area of the white desert is filled with a number of remarkable and highly extraordinary gems that come in different shapes and sizes showcasing the magnificent deep effect of the powers of nature of this celestial place that survived for millions of years such as: 

Crystal Mountain

The Crystal Mountain is a magical ridge found between the Farafra Oasis and Bahariya Oasis just south of the epic black desert. It holds a number of large hills that hold stones filled with magical crystals within them. Each of the rocks has priceless stones that are filled with magical patterns with a mesmerizing combination of yellow, blue, red, and black lines.

Mushroom Rock

One of the many white rocks located in the area is the captivating mushroom rock which offers the chance to enjoy the most epic photo session. For some unknown reason, the white chalk rock took the shape of a giant mushroom rock showcasing the artistic aspect of nature which was able to come up with this magnificent artifact.

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The Agabat Valley

The Agabat Valley is an extraordinary rock formation that captivates the eye and the soul as the whole area feels like a different dimension filled with a number of breathtaking panoramic views that act as a window to the core of the desert that reflect the incredible beauty and bliss of the whole area.

Sand Dunes

The entire area has a number of sand dunes that create a very dazzling scenery filled with countless wonders plus offer the unique chance to offer the most thrilling and entertaining sandboarding activity. All the sand dunes create this massive wave that gives the illusion that the area is alive and breathing, seeking to provide everyone with the journey of a lifetime.

Magic Spring

The area is home to a number of magical hot water springs, the most attractive and special of the springs is the magic spring which dates all the way to the Roman times as a rest tomb for Roman men and their camels while traveling across the western desert of Egypt. The spring is known to magically fill up when people arrive and completely empty when all the people leave.

Things to Do in the White Desert

Things to Do at the White Desert - Egypt Tours Portal
Things to Do at the White Desert - Egypt Tours Portal

The white desert is a very blessed destination filled with countless wonders and marvels, a day trip to the Bahariya & White Desert from Cairo can provide the chance for everyone to experience a number of exciting activities which will make every second in Egypt totally precious. These activities include:

- Jeep Safari Adventure Tour

Everyone can enjoy their time by taking a jeep safari tour to explore the desert and its formations magical formation that stood the test of time where everyone will enjoy an adrenaline rush and create legendary moments worthy of remembering for many years to come.

- Camping in the Soul of the Desert

Camping in the White Desert, also known as the Sahara el Beyda, is an incredible experience and offers some of the most unique and stunning camping spots in Egypt. Everyone will get to have the most epic Camping trip overnight in the soul of the desert and have the most entertaining stargazing trip through the golden clear skies of the white desert where every single moment will feel like true fun, excitement, and magic. Camping in the white desert will be an incredible source of joyful memories.

- Learn More about the Geology of the Desert

Everyone will enjoy the most epic travel adventure across this glowing attraction which is able to take a guided tour to learn about the unique Geology of the White Desert. Everyone will get to learn about the rich facts and information about all the unique lifeforms and great creations found in this blessed destination.

- Enjoy Sandboarding Across the Hills

Everyone will have the most unique and very incredible chance to enjoy an epic Sandboarding Adventure across the massive lands, hills, and sand dunes of the white desert that stood the test of time. Every second spent in the marvelous white desert will transform into the happiest memories that will make your time worthy of remembering.

- Wild Animals’ Exploration

In the sand hills of the white desert are a number of rare and epic animals that live in the blessed area which will offer the chance to witness all the marvelous and heavenly attractions of this sparkling wonder.

- Witness Magical Sunrises and Sunsets

In this heavenly attraction, everyone will get to enjoy the astral sunsets and sunrises of this golden attraction which reflect the sun rays in the most magical and enriching manner which will motivate the awakening of blessed sensations of serenity and bliss.

- Discover the Bedouin Lifestyle

Everyone will discover the unique and rich culture of the local Bedouin communities found all across the white desert and the western Sahara of Egypt in the most magical and thrilling manner. Everyone will get the chance to try the delicious foods and drinks of the Bedouin tribe by being surrounded by the most beautiful atmosphere.

- Recuperation at the Spring Bath

Everyone will have the magical option to enjoy a hot spring bath in the nearby Bahariya Oasis to relax and heal using all the natural forces of this blessed and rich piece of land where dreams come true and all wounds & troubles fade away in a splash.

Safety in the White Desert

Safety at the White Desert - Egypt Tours Portal
Safety at the White Desert - Egypt Tours Portal

Egypt is known to be one of the safest travel destinations in the world and the white desert is the most safest travel destination. Since it is a naturally protected area, it has a military presence that ensures the safety of the whole area.

There are some security checkpoints across the road that ensure the safety of all the travel and of course the entire area. The road leading from Cairo is easy to access but takes a lot of hours to reach both destinations.

Wildlife & Animals in the White Desert Egypt

Wildlife & Animals in the White Desert Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
Wildlife & Animals in the White Desert Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

The marvelous White Desert is renowned for its harsh conditions but also its divine blessings which became home to a number of amazing wildlife. With time, the desert's fauna has evolved into extreme temperatures and limited water sources then adapted to desert life.

You may encounter animals in the White Desert such as the endangered Rhim gazelle, desert red and fennec foxes, fennec foxes, desert hedgehogs, the vulnerable Dorcas gazelle, Barbary sheep, the sand cat, jackals, and various bird species.

Where to Stay in the White Desert

Where to Stay at the White Desert - Egypt Tours Portal
Where to Stay at the White Desert - Egypt Tours Portal

The area of the white desert makes it the most ideal location for the Camp overnight in the divine golden desert and stargazing in the cloudy & starry sky of the western desert filled with the constellations of the Milky Way and countless shooting stars. There are a lot of campsites and hotels in the area that offer good food, magical surroundings & atmosphere, and excellent services. All the Accommodation options in the White Desert are highly limited, which means there are a number of options for accommodation that include:

  • Camping in the magical lands of the magnificent western desert, everyone can choose self-drive camping but have the necessary permits and equipment.
  • There are a few Desert Lodges and eco-camps near the White Desert that offer basic amenities and comfortable quarters.
  • There are a number of Famous resorts found in the Bahariya Oasis near the white desert including the International Hot Spring Hotel, Bedouin Castle, Ahmed Safari Camp & Hotel, and more where you can find a range of accommodations.

Note: It is advised to plan your accommodations in advance, especially if you're set to visit the white desert during the peak tourist season.

White Desert of Egypt at Night

White Desert of Egypt at Night - Egypt Tours Portal
White Desert of Egypt at Night - Egypt Tours Portal

The Beautiful white desert of the western Sahara shines differently under the heavenly rays of the moon during the blessed nights. In the night, the stars of the skies come to life in the most spectacular show on earth which makes it the ideal location for stargazing.

All the surreal white rock formations are seen as the Magnificat white angelic works of art that glow under the ethereal moonlight which provide the most incredible travel experience.

Interesting Facts about the White Desert

Facts About the White Desert - Egypt Tours Portal
Facts About the White Desert - Egypt Tours Portal

The White Desert is a unique and beautiful natural wonder located in Egypt where everyone can enjoy some interesting facts about this stunning landscape, which includes:

1. The White Desert gets its name from the white chalk rock formations that cover the desert floor. These formations have been sculpted by wind erosion and resemble mushrooms, chicken legs, and other interesting shapes.

2. The White Desert is located in the Western Desert of Egypt which is about 45 kilometers north of the town of Farafra.

3. The desert covers an area of about 300 km2 (120 sq mi) and is part of the Farafra Depression, which is a low-lying area that was once covered by the sea.

4. The White Desert is home to a variety of unique plant and animal species, including desert foxes, sand cats, and Egyptian vultures.

5. The White Desert is a popular tourist destination and is known for its stunning landscapes and unique rock formations. Everyone can take guided tours through the desert and even camp overnight in the middle of the desert.

6. The White Desert is also home to several important archaeological sites including the Farafra Oasis and the Ain Bishma Roman Fort.

7. The White Desert is known for its extreme temperatures with daytime temperatures often exceeding 40 C in the summer months.

8. The desert is also known for its stunning night sky, which is free from light pollution and offers incredible stargazing opportunities.


Egypt Sahara adventure tours will be the key to living an epic adventure in the heart of the western desert and discover the White Desert which is considered to be one of the most beautiful natural wonders in Egypt and is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in the country's rich history and natural beauty.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Can You Visit White Desert Egypt?

Yes, everyone can visit the white desert as it has a number of camping sites and hotels ready for all guests.

Is White Desert Worth Visiting?

The White Desert National Park which is found in western Egypt is a hidden white gem known to be an epic natural wonder worthy of visiting.

Why Is It Called White Desert?

The white desert takes its white color from the white chalk made by the dried oceanic landscape millions of years ago.

How Far Is the White Desert From Cairo?

The white desert is found about 536 km (350 mi)) southwest of Cairo. It is about 4 to 5 hours away from Cairo with a simple and safe car ride.

What Are the Finest Destinations to Visit in Egypt?

The entire country of Egypt deserve to be explored with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen before any other such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili Bazaar, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak & Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan such as Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library. Read more about the best places to visit in Egypt.

What Are Egypt's Visa Requirements?

If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries, have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD in cash, as for the E-Visa for 30 day you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could also be one of the lucky ones who can obtain a free visa for 90 days. Read more about Egypt travel visa.

What Is the Top Traditional Egyptian Food?

Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish.

What is the Best Time to Visit Egypt?

The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a little tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the Climate is unsafe and if any changes have been made.

What to Pack for Your Egypt Tour?

You should pack everything you could ever need in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.

Why Book With "Egypt Tours Portal"?

We have been creating the finest vacations for more than 20 years around the most majestic destinations in Egypt. Our staff consists of the best operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort to make you have the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time consultants to fit your every possible need during your vacation. It doesn't go without saying that your safety and comfort are our main priority and all of our resources will be directed to provide the finest atmosphere until you return home.

Is it Safe to Travel to Egypt?

You will feel safe in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is quite peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt. Read more about is it safe to travel to Egypt.

What to Wear While in Egypt?

Wear whatever feels right and comfortable. It is advised to wear something light and comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the terrain of Egypt. Put on sun block during your time in Egypt in the summer to protect yourself from the sun.

What are the Best Activities to Do in Egypt?

The best activity is by far boarding a Nile Cruise between Luxor and Aswan or Vise Versa. Witness the beauty of Egypt from a hot balloon or a plane and try all the delicious Egyptian cuisines and drinks plus shopping in old Cairo. Explore the allure and wonders of the red sea in the magical city resorts of Egypt like Hurghada and many more by diving and snorkeling in the marine life or Hurghada. Behold the mesmerizing western desert by a safari trip under the heavenly Egyptian skies.

What are Egypt Festival and Public Holidays?

There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas and new years eve. Read more about festivals & publich holidays in Egypt.

What are Special Advice for Foreign Women in Egypt?

Egypt is considered to be one of the most liberal Islamic countries but it has become a little bit conservative in the last couple of decades so it is advised to avoid showing your chest, shoulders or legs below the knees.

What are the Official Languages of Egypt?

Arabic is the official language and Most Egyptians, who live in the cities, speak or understand English or at least some English words or phrases. Fewer Egyptians can speak French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Professional tour guides, who work in the tourism sector, are equipped to handle visitors who cannot speak Arabic and they will speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of all our clients.

What is the Transportation in Egypt?

The fastest way is a car, of course, a taxi. If you are in Cairo ride a white taxi to move faster or you could board the fastest way of transportation in Egypt metro if the roads are in rush hour.

What is the Weather is Like?

The temperature in Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c. Summer in Egypt is somehow hot but sometimes it becomes cold at night and winter is cool and mild. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 °C in the wintertime to 23 °C in the summertime and the average high temperatures vary from 17 °C in the wintertime to 32 °C in the summertime. The temperature is moderate all along the coasts.

What are the Reasons That Make You Visit Egypt?

It is the home of everything a traveler might be looking for from amazing historical sites dating to more than 4000 years to enchanting city resorts & beaches. You will live the vacation you deserve as Egypt has everything you could possibly imagine.

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