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Top 23 National Parks in Egypt

Discover Egypt's National Parks: where heritage and nature converge. From the majestic desert realms to coastal marvels, experience a tapestry of history and wilderness unlike any other. Begin your odyssey through these unique sanctuaries now!

Top National Parks in Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

National Parks in Egypt are the finest places to witness the great natural beauty of Egypt in the wildest and purest manner. This article will provide every traveler with all the information and details about the famous national parks in Egypt, written by the ETP team, which is a group of expert tour guides and tour operators who will showcase all the information about the natural national parks of Egypt.

Egypt is a magical land full of beauty, and it is always associated with its hypnotic landscapes and warm climatic conditions because of its unique geographical location between Africa and Asia. It is bordered by the Red Sea in the east and by the Mediterranean Sea in the north. While being in Egypt, you will enjoy a diverse environment as never before, especially with the number of National parks or the natural protectorates located in the country that include coastal, geological, and amazing wetlands areas, and they represent around 15% of the land area of the nation.

These national parks contain unique species of fauna & flora, and the best thing about them is that some of them can’t be found anywhere else in the country but only in Egypt. Egypt National Parks are under absolute protection under the orders of the prime minister of Egypt to preserve their amazing treasures and unique nature. Each one is up to date; there are 30 protectorates in Egypt. Here are the most famous national parks in Egypt:

1. The National Park of Ras Muhammad

The National Park of Ras Muhammad - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
The National Park of Ras Muhammad - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

The National Park of Ras Muhammad is definitely one of the most captivating sites in Egypt and the world, which was declared a protected area in 1983. It is located at the south tip of the Sinai Peninsula, and it overlooks the beautiful Aqaba and Suez Gulf. The area has a space of 133 square miles (345 sq km) filled with all kinds of marine life. It is a perfect spot for the ecosystems of enchanting diversity of shorelines, coral reefs, and more. The average temperature of the national park is about 23 °C (73 °F). The mangrove forest located at the park is found at the far end of the Sinai peninsula, which is known to be an amazing feature. The area also contains beautiful valleys, mountains, gravel plains, coastal mud plains, and dunes.

The national park is filled with thousands of different kinds of fish: 40 species of starfish, 150 species of crustaceans, 220 different reef species, and 25 species of sea urchins. The park is renowned for having the green turtle and the hawksbill turtle. That is the main reason for making it a perfect spot for enjoying diving & snorkeling excursions. You will find it around 20 km from Sharm El-Sheikh and only 446 km from Cairo. The national park is an ideal place for all kinds of divers, hikers, and snorkelers.

2. Wadi El-Hitan National Park

Wadi El-Hitan National Park - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
Wadi El-Hitan National Park - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

Wadi El-Hitan National Park is not just a wonderful park, but it is actually one of the most famous national parks in Egypt and, to be more specific, "One of the Top 5 National Parks” in the country and it was named as it has the pre-historic fossils of whales in its region showcasing their evolution across time and those fossils made that national park becomes that famous. It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2005. It is located in Giza and is ready to welcome visitors during the whole week from 7:00 up to 17:30.

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The park has a space of 7,450 square kilometers, which holds rich ecosystems made of 4,770 square kilometers of land and 2,100 square kilometers of marine territory filled with many deserts, mountains, valleys, and coastal landscapes. Its biodiversity shines with a diverse array of flora and fauna, including 450 coral species, over 1200 fish species, reptiles, 13 bird species, and various mammals. The Dorcas gazelle and the Nubian Ibex claim this region as their exclusive home. The park holds significant historical and archaeological value, housing ancient ruins dating back to the Ptolemaic and Roman eras, as well as prehistoric rock art, all evidencing human presence and activities spanning millennia.

3. Al-Ahrash Reserve

Al-Ahrash Reserve - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
Al-Ahrash Reserve - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

Al-Ahrash Reserve is an interesting tourist destination located between Rafah and El-Arish cities in the northeast corner of Egypt, bordering the massive expanded area of dunes that reach 60 meters in height above sea level and are easily accessible by road from those cities. It is best known for its incredible plants, trees, numerous camphor trees, various acacia trees, pastoral plants, and tens of bushes that can be found there.

The national park is able to protect many elements of the Mediterranean Sea ecology from any kind of development. The soil has a high water content that has led to the rise of enchanting plants and a number of preserved plants of acacia pastoral plants, bushes, and camphor trees.

4. Zaranik Protected Area

Zaranik Protected Area - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
Zaranik Protected Area - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

This fascinating protected area is suited at the eastern spot of the Bardawil Lake on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea and it was declared as a protected site in 1985. On the east, it is bordered by some of the best tourist areas, on the south by Qantara, and on the north by the Mediterranean Sea. It is located 300 Km from Cairo city and 30 Km from El-Arish.

The area of the national park is about 250 km2, made of 68% water surface and 32% sand dunes with an altitude of about 15 m on top water sea level. It is really famous for its incredible 17 species of flora & fauna, which include Halocnemon, Strobilaceum, Arthrocnemon Glaucum, Juncus Subulatus, Stipagrostis Scoparia, Nitraria Retusa, Zygophyllom Album, and Ruppia. There are also some rare types of unique birds, up to 244 types that migrate from one season to another, plus 18 species of reptiles or turtles.

5. El-Omayed Reserve

El-Omayed Reserve - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
El-Omayed Reserve - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

El-Omayed Reserve is a small, wonderful area that is located in the desert of the Mediterranean Sea coastal site, and it is really rich with different flora in Egypt. It has an area of around 75800 ha of land. It was declared a UNESCO biosphere reserve in 1981, which is 200 km in eastern Matruh and 80 km in western Alexandria city. The national park is made of 4 villages which have inhabitants of 400. The reserve contains coastal calcareous dunes, inland ridges, saline depressions, nonsaline depressions, and inland plateaus.

The reserve is about 0.07% of the land mass of Egypt and holds 17% of all the moss flora of all of Egypt. The national park is renowned for being the home of 29 moss taxa which was recorded for the first time ever across the Mediterranean coast. You will find their dunes of white sand by the sea and because there are lots of birds that migrate in autumn and spring, it is considered the best chance for bird watching chances. You can simply access it from Matrouh and Alexandria city.

6. Wadi El-Rayan National Park

Wadi El-Rayan National Park - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
Wadi El-Rayan National Park - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

Wadi El-Rayan National Park is another bewitching national park in Egypt & one of the best Medical tourism places in Egypt that is home to the largest waterfalls. The national park has an area of around 3,560,000 ha (8,800,000 acres), which has the richest biodiverse spots under the Egyptian government. It was declared a natural park in 1986, and one of the most marvelous mountains, Jabal Elba, reached a height of 1437 m. This park is located in Fayoum City, and it is open during the whole week for both locals and foreigners to enjoy. It has a rich, diverse fauna, 458 species of flora, 23 species of mammals, 40 species of birds, and 30 species of reptiles.

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There, you will be able to find some fascinating hot springs in addition to the oasis that contains tens of different animals that live in and out of the national park. Due to its closeness to the Red Sea, the national park is home to coastal sand dunes, coastal salt marshes, coastal desert plains, coral reefs, and a cluster of coastal mountains, which are Jabal Elba, Jabal Ebruq, and Al Daeeb. That is not all, as there are also dozens of migratory birds and reptiles, in addition to 3 types of gazelle that can’t be found anywhere else, plus the parks’ plants and trees, especially the gorgeous acacia tree. On the high and low altitude Ferns, mosses, Biscutella elbensis, succulents, Delonix elata, Aerva persica, Acacia tortilis, and Euphorbia cuneata.

7. Abu Galum Protected Area

Abu Galum Protected Area - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
Abu Galum Protected Area - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

Abu Galum Protected Area is a hypnotic wonder that was declared as a nature reserve at the beginning of the 1990s, and it is located on the Northern side of the Reserve of the Nabq in the northeast of south Sinai. The national park has an area of 500 km2 stretching up to Dahab and Nuweiba and has scenic landscapes of majestic valleys, mountains, and cliffs, making it one of the best places for safari in Egypt. It covers a huge area, and if you get the chance to look around while being there, you will manage to see very tall granite mountains that surround a narrow area that has the best coral reefs and the most magical marine ecosystem.

It is the most chosen diving spot for tourists as they enjoy watching there the underwater caves. This protected area is loaded with diverse wildlife of plants, birds, marine animals, freshwater springs, coastal sand dunes, colorful fish, vibrant coral reefs, sea turtles, narrow sinuous valleys, and more. The natural park has 167 plant species, and 44 of these species can only be noticed in this magnificent park. The park has a number of rare animals, which include Hyrax, Nubian Ibex, Striped Hyena, Red Fox, Horned Viper, Black Cobra, and Burton's Carpet Viper.

8. Wadi El-Gemel National Park

Wadi El-Gemel National Park - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
Wadi El-Gemel National Park - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

Wadi El-Gemel National Park is located around 40 Km from Marsa Alam in the Red Sea, and there are lots of amazing things to see and do there, including hiking and bicycling; moreover, it stands as one of the best places for stargazing in Egypt. The park has 7,450 square kilometers (2,880 sq mi) of space and is known for its diverse ecosystems, which are made up of 4,770 square kilometers (1,840 sq mi) of land, and 2,100 square kilometers (810 sq mi) of marine, mountains, desert, valleys, and coastal habitats.

It has many types of flora & fauna, over 1200 species of fish, 450 species of coral, several species of reptiles, 13 bird species, and many types of mammals. There are also lots of wild animals in that national park, like gazelles, foxes, and Nubian Ibex. You can also enjoy snorkeling with turtles and dugongs while being there. The park has a number of marvelous archaeological monuments dating to the Ptolemaic and Roman periods, plus some art from the prehistorical times.

9. Nabq Protected Area

Nabq Protected Area - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
Nabq Protected Area - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

Nabq Protected Area is located close to the northern side of Sharm El Sheikh, along the northeastern Red Sea coast at the South Sinai Governorate, which was established in 1992 as a reserve that has a space of 1,800 square kilometers. It has deserts, valleys, mountains, and spots filled with many plants and trees that have sprung up because of the heavy rainfall in the mountainous areas close to the park. The area hosts over 130 bird species, including resident and migratory birds, alongside a kaleidoscope of marine life, vibrant fish, coral reefs, and graceful sea turtles.

Nabq contains up to 134 plant species, 208 hard coral species, 438 fish species, and more. The park also houses Spoonbill, the Heron, and Osprey, which are found in abundance at the Nab. The area also has a rich Bedouin culture where everyone can enjoy the most magnificent natural adventure.

10. Taba Protectorate

Taba Protectorate - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
Taba Protectorate - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

The magnificent protectorate area of Taba is located on the epic gulf of Aqaba in the holy land of Sinia Peninsula. The protected area was created in 1992 for the sole purpose of protecting the wildlife, landscape, and the very rich cultural heritage found across the area. The space has an area of around 120,000 hectares (3590 square kilometers), which contains marvelous desert landscapes, natural freshwater springs, mountain passages, wadis, caves, and desert landscapes. The area holds a very wide range of fauna and flora that contains about 24 types of reptiles and 25 types of mammals. The population of the area is around over eight thousand people.

The protectorate is filled with 50 kinds of rare resident birds, which include Nubian ibex, hyrax, hyena, deer, wolf, Egyptian vulture, eagle Bearded vulture, the golden eagle, and about 480 different kinds of extinct species; some of the most famous include the Asiatic cheetah, desert hare, plus many types of birds. The area is close to a number of very important artifacts and monuments, such as the amazing Saint Catherine monastery. The national park has all the elements to live a magnificent adventure: scuba diving, free diving, a super safari to explore the Bedouin culture, and many more thrilling activities.

11. St. Catherine’s National Park

St. Catherine’s National Park - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
St. Catherine’s National Park - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

The blessed St. Catherine Protectorate in Egypt's Sinai region is renowned for its vast mountainous area that hosts the country's highest peak, the holy Mount Catherine. It was made a national park by UNESCO, listing a 640 km2 portion as a World Heritage Site in 2002, which is marked by Mount Sinai and Saint Catherine's Monastery. This recognition brought increased protection and oversight but required greater management efforts and collaboration with local and national authorities. The climate ranges from hot daytime temperatures of around 30 °C in summer to below freezing at night during winter, even reaching 14 °C atop the mountains. The protectorate's management goals revolve around conserving its mountain ecosystem and cultural values, strengthening management capacity, integrating with local development plans, and joining the network of protected areas in South Sinai. The region, despite its arid conditions, supports surprising biodiversity, with many plant and animal species, including endangered ones, unique to this area. There are 472 plant species, 115 of medicinal importance, and 19 endemic to Egypt.

There are diverse mammal and reptile species that are exclusive to this region. Its natural resources include medicinal and pastoral plants, wildlife, groundwater, and various minerals like granite and marble. The area also hosts introduced fruitful trees such as palms, figs, olives, and almonds. The protectorate is home to about 7,000 Egyptian Bedouins from six tribes, who are vital in managing the area due to their deep traditional knowledge. The Gabalia tribe, residing near the monastery since the sixth century, has historically safeguarded and contributed to its protection. Over time, the close relationship between the Bedouins and the monastery's monks has proved mutually beneficial.

12. Gebel Elba Protectorate

Gebel Elba Protectorate - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
Gebel Elba Protectorate - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

The unique Gabal Elba, a.k.a Elba Mountain, is a peak found in the Halaib Triangle of Northeast Africa, which is a beautiful region claimed by both Egypt and Sudan and is currently under Egyptian control. The Gabal Elba National Park was declared in 1986. It is recognized for its potential role in conserving the last population of the Nubian wild donkey. In 2014, an adult male leopard was sighted in the region, marking the first leopard sighting in Egypt since the 1950s. The geography of Gabal Elba is highly influenced by orographic precipitation, with an average annual rainfall of less than 50 mm in the region but as much as 400 mm around Gabal Elba itself.

This is attributed to the proximity of the Red Sea coast and its broad front, intercepting moisture-laden sea winds. Gabal Elba's summit creates a unique ecosystem that became known as "Mist Oasis" which receives precipitation in the form of dew, mist, and clouds. This area is a biodiversity hotspot filled with 458 plant species, Biscutella Elbensis, which represents 25% of the country's total. The diverse flora includes Afrotropical elements, and the dense cover of acacias represents the only natural woodland in Egypt.

13. Wadi Degla Protectorate

Wadi Degla Protectorate - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
Wadi Degla Protectorate - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

The marvelous Wadi Degla is located in Cairo, which became a protectorate in 1999 and covers 60 square km of desert land just 10 km from Cairo. It's a significant valley stretching across the eastern desert's mountains, which is highlighted by its limestone terrain that forms deep, winding canyons sculpted by floodwaters, displaying spectacular rock formations and scattered petrified wood and fossils.

The national park is followed by a rainy season where ephemeral plants flourish in the valley, while a variety of wildlife thrives, including Dorcas Gazelles, Nubian Ibexes, Lesser Mouse-tailed Bats, and Rhinopoma Hardwickii in the wadi's caves. It's a popular spot for tourists seeking a break from Cairo's hustle, drawing birdwatchers and those seeking serenity. The valley hosts a diverse array of mammals, reptiles, bats, and birds, along with fossils from its water-covered past.

14. Ashtum El Gamil Protectorate

Ashtum El Gamil Protectorate - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
Ashtum El Gamil Protectorate - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

The beautiful Ashtum el-Gamil protectorate is close to Port Said in Egypt, which sits at Lake Manzala's eastern end and attracts around a quarter million waterbirds annually. It hosts rare species like the Little Gull and Whiskered Tern, making it one of Egypt's most picturesque protectorates. This spot is vital for migratory birds seeking rest and sustenance, even amidst pollution. It has been managed by the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency since its establishment in 1988 in order to preserve migratory birds. The protectorate experiences a Mediterranean climate with moderate temperatures ranging between 12 to 33 degrees Celsius in winter and summer and minimal rainfall.

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Winds vary seasonally due to interactions between the sea and the lake. Its shallow areas boast diverse plant life, like Phragmites and Ceratophyllum. As a haven for wintering and migratory birds, it's home to various species, including herons, ducks, gulls, and sandpipers. Besides its avian population, the lake harbors a variety of fish, from freshwater species like Tilapia to euryhaline ones like Mugilidae and Serranidae. Exploring Ashtum el-Gamil offers an authentic encounter with nature's splendor, complemented by nearby attractions like Dream Park and an open-air shopping mall, perfect for a holiday getaway.

15. Wadi El Assuti Protectorate

Wadi El Assuti Protectorate - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
Wadi El Assuti Protectorate - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

The great Wadi El Assuti National Park is one of the most beautiful reserves and national parks in Egypt, found in the Asyut governorate in the region of Upper Egypt. The area has 50,000 Feddans, which is 400 km from Cairo. The national park of Wadi El Assiuti has several rare and unique plant species, plus various cultural & archaeological milestones. It contains various highly endangered flora and fauna, plus many agricultural crops.

The area is renowned for its diverse wildlife and scenic natural allure, which include many species of reptiles, birds, and mammals, including bighorn, ostrich, Egyptian deer, zebra, mountain goats, and some reptiles. The national park is a magnificent habitat for migratory birds, which was designated by Wetland of International Importance under the convention of Ramsar.

16. Wadi Allaqi Protectorate

Wadi Allaqi Protectorate - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
Wadi Allaqi Protectorate - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

The fantastic Wadi Al Allaqi is situated in Egypt's Aswan governorate and was designated a protectorate in 1989, covering a vast 30,000 square km desert area. This former river valley is a marvelous biosphere reserve that emerged after the construction of the Aswan High Dam, collecting water and becoming part of the lakes. This valley offers a diverse ecosystem with over 90 plant species, including annuals and perennials, along with 15 mammal species, 16 bird species, reptiles, and a range of invertebrates. The national park is 180 km southeast of Aswan and serves as valuable pasture for animals due to its greenery and fertile soil.

Wadi Allaqi has historical significance for its ancient mining activities during the Middle Kingdom of Egypt's 12th Dynasty, primarily mining quartz veins and alluvial gold. The region was once utilized by nomadic tribes like the Bisharyn, Bejas, and Ababda for grazing livestock, medicinal plant collection, charcoal production, and even small-scale agriculture, nickel, and copper quarrying. The area comprises nine tenement areas, eight with historic gold workings, and a ninth rich in copper-nickel deposits, totaling nine prospects covering 16 km2 each. These activities ceased in 1989 when it was declared a nature reserve managed by the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency. It was later recognized as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1993.

17. El Hassana Dome

El Hassana Dome - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
El Hassana Dome - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

The El Hassana Dome Protectorate is an open-air prehistoric museum that was established in 1989; it is known to occupy a one-square-kilometer area in the Giza governorate found just 23 kilometers from Cairo. It served as a crucial site for studying geology, which includes geological formations, faults, folds, and an array of fossils. The Hassana Dome represents an invaluable repository of ancient history and geological wonders. The dome-shaped hills within the reserve rise up to 149 meters above sea level, which is known to be the reason behind its name. It is found near the Cairo-Alexandria road at Abu Rawash, which is located 8 kilometers from the Great Giza Pyramids.

This reserve holds a rich history, which is evident in its topography and geological structure. Its rocks date back around 60 million years which provide a glimpse into the Stone Age, with remnants from about one million years ago. Despite its small size and lesser-known status among tourists, the protectorate is a true goldmine for geological enthusiasts. It offers a comprehensive display of ancient life, climate, and environments from the late Cretaceous age, which is 100 million years old. The unique climate in the dome provides well-preserved marine fossils that offer a complete historical narrative.

18. Sannur Valley Cave

Sannur Valley Cave - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
Sannur Valley Cave - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

The Sannur Valley Cave Protectorate is 10 km southeast of Beni-Suef governorate, which is known as a remarkable underground geological wonder hosting a rare ecosystem with unique cave-dwelling species. This ecosystem is a result of limestone caves formed millions of years ago, showcasing extraordinary biodiversity found nowhere else on Earth. The caves hold troglobitic species, creatures adapted solely to the dark, humid cave environment, underscoring the protectorate's ecological significance.

The cave extends on an area of 700 m, with a depth of 15m and a width of 15m. The caves' formations, created through calcium carbonate deposits, exhibit stunning stalagmites and stalactites, creating a magical underground world. It was discovered in the 1980s that the cave gained protected status due to its exceptional geography and formations. The cave is under high efforts of conservation to protect this magnificent wonder.

19. Lake Qarun Protected Area

Lake Qarun Protected Area - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
Lake Qarun Protected Area - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

Lake Qaroun Nature Park is the world's oldest nature reserve, which has become known for its unparalleled natural beauty and environmental significance. It is made of 1155 square kilometers of land and 230 square kilometers of water. The lake serves as a haven for migratory birds escaping European winters and nurtures new life. Diverse fish, mammals, reptiles, and bird species thrive within this remarkable reserve. It became a nature reserve in 1989 in order to preserve Lake Qaroun's biological, archaeological, and geological diversity, which became a priority due to its status as a wetland area.

Monuments like the As-Sagha palace from the Pharaonic Middle Kingdom, the Abu Lifa Monastery built during Roman times, and relics from the Greek town of Skitnopius are part of this area's historical richness. The reserve holds fascinating fossils that hold remains from an ancient animal discovered in Mount Qatrani, which dates back 35 million years, and the Egpotothyx, which is a 32-million-year-old ape that provides a crucial link between ancient and modern apes. Many of these fossils are exhibited at the Agriculture Museum in Cairo, which showcases the unique history and biodiversity of Lake Qaroun's surroundings.

20. Salouga and Ghazal

Salouga and Ghazal - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
Salouga and Ghazal - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

Saluga and Ghazal Protected Area is a small nature reserve in southern Egypt that contains island clusters within the Nile River, spanning an area not exceeding half a kilometer. It is found in Aswan Governorate near the first waterfall that holds islands like Suhail, Amun, Esposarte, and the Botanical Garden Island. The reserve's name derives from its key islands: Saluja means "Waterfall" in Nubian, and Ghazal is named after ancient plants once abundant there. It became a nature reserve in 1986 to conserve the endangered biological diversity of plants, rare animals, and mammals.

The reserve hosts various creatures, such as camels, wild donkeys, goats, hyenas, and the red fox, which swims across the river to create dens on the islands. Over 60 resident and migratory bird species, including the endangered black ibis. With over 90 plant species, the reserve boasts diverse vegetation that, coupled with the Nile's tranquil waters, creates captivating landscapes and continues to draw tourists to its unique beauty.

21. Gilf Kebir National Park

Gilf Kebir National Park - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
Gilf Kebir National Park - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

Gilf Kebir National Park has an epic space of 48533 square kilometers located in Egypt's New Valley Governorate, which is 5% of Egypt's total land area. The area was made in 2007, is untouched by human settlements or facilities, and is bordered by Libya to the west and Sudan to the south. This reserve is a blend of three distinct ecosystems which creates a diverse mosaic of landscapes. The northern region is dominated by the Great Sand Sea, which extends from the Siwa Oasis to the Gilf Kebir plateau. The Silica Glass area contains remnants of pure glass formed around 30 million years ago from a meteorite or comet explosion.

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The Gilf Kebir plateau holds immense historical value with its crisscrossing northward wadis which showcases Neolithic-era rock paintings and engravings, remnants of settlements that date back to 9000 years. The Gebel Uweinat massif found in the far south displays abundant rock art. The park's biodiversity is remarkable, hosting flora like the Acacia raddiana and Zilla spinosa shrubs and fauna such as the Barbary Sheep. Gilf Kebir National Park serves as an extraordinary sanctuary, preserving ancient art, diverse ecosystems, historical wealth, ecological wonders, and a thriving community of desert life.

22. Lake Burullus Protected Area

Lake Burullus Protected Area - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
Lake Burullus Protected Area - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

Lake Burullus in Egypt is a protected area spanning 460 square kilometers, which is located east of the Rosetta branch of the Nile River. It is known as the country's second-largest natural lake which is surrounded by shallow brackish lagoons, salt marshes, and adjacent lakes like Mariout, Idku, and Manzala. The lake features around 50 scattered islands, salt swamps, and sand plains. Its salt concentration varies from high in the north to lower towards the south, where commercial fish farming occurs. The lake's diverse ecosystem hosts over 135 plant species, both aquatic and terrestrial, and serves as a crucial habitat for waterfowl, especially during winter when migratory birds like Wigeons, Ferruginous Ducks, and others flock here.

It's a hotspot for birdwatching due to the variety of migrating wild birds that visit its waters. Most of the lake's water originated from agricultural drainage, while rain and groundwater contribute the rest. Despite 16% evaporating annually, 84% flows back to the sea. This influx of agricultural water has decreased salt levels which has impacted the fish population. Lake Burullus has transformed into a protectorate that aims to safeguard its biodiversity, particularly for endangered species affected by human activities. The lake is a haven for wildlife, boasting 33 fish species, 23 reptile species, 112 bird species, and 18 mammal species.

23. The Petrified Forest Natural Reserve

The Petrified Forest Natural Reserve - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal
The Petrified Forest Natural Reserve - National Parks In Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

The Petrified Forest protectorate remains an invaluable jewel in Egypt's natural heritage, urging conservation efforts to safeguard its irreplaceable richness in flora and fauna. The Petrified Forest protectorate is located roughly 30 km from Cairo near Maadi, dating back a staggering 35 million years, and was designated as a protectorate in 1989. This geological marvel provides a clear image of the planet's past that displays remnants of ancient trees transported here during Red Sea hill floods in the Oligocene era when temperatures drastically plummeted, fostering an environment that birthed diverse new species like elephants and horses.

This small 7-square-kilometer reserve is located along the North Katameya-Ein el Sokhna road, which is known to be a significant cultural, scientific, and touristic hub, offering an array of petrified trees, stones, sands, and trunks. This natural heritage site is a true geological wealth that presents a window into Earth's ancient past. The reserve plays a crucial role in preserving the Mediterranean coast's health and counterbalancing environmental disruptions caused by developmental projects. It is lush with acacia trees, pastoral plants, and bushes plus it has a dense acacia cover that aids in elevating soil water levels and maintaining the natural quality of underground water.

Journey Through Time: Exploring Egypt's Treasures

Some might ask what the best time to be in Egypt is, and the answer is during October and March when the climate is suitable for exploring these incredible natural parks. Visit these marvelous, beautiful sites doesn’t have a limit in Egypt, and there are still so many more impressive natural sites to enjoy and tour around in such a majestic country, so start planning your Egypt tour with us and get ready for the best lifetime adventure.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Does Egypt Have a National Park?

There are many national parks in Egypt, about 28 natural parks, which represent about 12% of the entire land of Egypt, filled with coastal elements, geological borders, and natural blessings.

How Many National Parks Are There in Egypt?

There are several protected areas and reserves that are intended to preserve its natural heritage and ecosystems. Egypt has about 28 national parks covering approximately 12% of the country's landmass.

What is the Oldest National Park in Egypt?

Egypt's oldest national park and protected area is the Ras Mohammed National Park which was established in 1983. It served a similar purpose in conserving the unique marine and terrestrial ecosystems in that area.

What Are the Finest Destinations to Visit in Egypt?

The entire country of Egypt deserve to be explored with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen before any other such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili Bazaar, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak & Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan such as Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library. Read more about the best places to visit in Egypt.

What Are Egypt's Visa Requirements?

If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries, have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD in cash, as for the E-Visa for 30 day you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could also be one of the lucky ones who can obtain a free visa for 90 days. Read more about Egypt travel visa.

What Is the Top Traditional Egyptian Food?

Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish.

What is the Best Time to Visit Egypt?

The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a little tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the Climate is unsafe and if any changes have been made.

What to Pack for Your Egypt Tour?

You should pack everything you could ever need in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.

Why Book With "Egypt Tours Portal"?

We have been creating the finest vacations for more than 20 years around the most majestic destinations in Egypt. Our staff consists of the best operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort to make you have the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time consultants to fit your every possible need during your vacation. It doesn't go without saying that your safety and comfort are our main priority and all of our resources will be directed to provide the finest atmosphere until you return home.

Is it Safe to Travel to Egypt?

You will feel safe in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is quite peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt. Read more about is it safe to travel to Egypt.

What to Wear While in Egypt?

Wear whatever feels right and comfortable. It is advised to wear something light and comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the terrain of Egypt. Put on sun block during your time in Egypt in the summer to protect yourself from the sun.

What are the Best Activities to Do in Egypt?

The best activity is by far boarding a Nile Cruise between Luxor and Aswan or Vise Versa. Witness the beauty of Egypt from a hot balloon or a plane and try all the delicious Egyptian cuisines and drinks plus shopping in old Cairo. Explore the allure and wonders of the red sea in the magical city resorts of Egypt like Hurghada and many more by diving and snorkeling in the marine life or Hurghada. Behold the mesmerizing western desert by a safari trip under the heavenly Egyptian skies.

What are Egypt Festival and Public Holidays?

There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas and new years eve. Read more about festivals & publich holidays in Egypt.

What are Special Advice for Foreign Women in Egypt?

Egypt is considered to be one of the most liberal Islamic countries but it has become a little bit conservative in the last couple of decades so it is advised to avoid showing your chest, shoulders or legs below the knees.

What are the Official Languages of Egypt?

Arabic is the official language and Most Egyptians, who live in the cities, speak or understand English or at least some English words or phrases. Fewer Egyptians can speak French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Professional tour guides, who work in the tourism sector, are equipped to handle visitors who cannot speak Arabic and they will speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of all our clients.

What is the Transportation in Egypt?

The fastest way is a car, of course, a taxi. If you are in Cairo ride a white taxi to move faster or you could board the fastest way of transportation in Egypt metro if the roads are in rush hour.

What is the Weather is Like?

The temperature in Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c. Summer in Egypt is somehow hot but sometimes it becomes cold at night and winter is cool and mild. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 °C in the wintertime to 23 °C in the summertime and the average high temperatures vary from 17 °C in the wintertime to 32 °C in the summertime. The temperature is moderate all along the coasts.

What are the Reasons That Make You Visit Egypt?

It is the home of everything a traveler might be looking for from amazing historical sites dating to more than 4000 years to enchanting city resorts & beaches. You will live the vacation you deserve as Egypt has everything you could possibly imagine.

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