The Nile River “Bloodstream of Egypt” The Right and Full Information
“Egypt is the Gift of the Nile” is an old saying passed spontaneously through the minds of most people all over the world without paying attention or realizing its real meaning. There is no natural landmark on the world that can capture the imagination just like the Nile River. The Nile River is more than just a river but a gateway to the heavens and a means of communication between a wide variety of nations from the population of Lake Victoria till the Arabian Desert and the Nile delta. To achieve the meaning of this saying, you have to understand all the information related to the Nile River and in this article, you will learn:-
- Nile River Map and Where it Located?
- What is the Nile Delta?
- The Historical Role of the Nile River
- The Nile River Facts from the Religious Side
- The Flooding of the Nile
- The Wildlife of the Nile
- The Nile River History and its Agricultural and Economic Role
- Recommended to Experience Nile River Cruise!
1-The Nile River Map and Where it is Located?
The Nile River is the longest river in the world, which stretches for 6853 km in the northeast of Africa. The Nile River is the waterway that links the countries of the Nile Basin that covers 11 African countries and they are:-
- The Democratic Republic of the Congo.
- South Sudan.
The Nile River is the main water source in all these countries which its water is pumped from two tributaries they are:-
- The White Nile, the major stream which starts from the Great Lakes in Central Africa.
- The Blue Nile, the primary springhead of ninety percent of water.
And silt that flows at Lake Tana in Ethiopia and the two rivers join together in northern Khartoum, the capital of Sudan. Nevertheless, Lake Victoria Africa’s largest lake is still regarded as the most essential source of the Nile River. The Nile River in Egypt extends from the northern limits of Lake Nasser in Aswan to the north of Cairo where the Nile is divided to form Nile Delta into two branches Damietta and Rosetta.
2-What is the Nile Delta?
The Nile Delta is one of the largest river deltas on Earth with about more than 40 million inhabitants which splits into “The Damietta Branch in the East and The Rosetta Branch on the West“. It is 161 km (100 miles) long from north to south and spreads out along 150 miles (241 km) of the Egyptian coastline from Alexandria in the west to Port Said in the east.
3-The Historical Role of the Nile River
In ancient times, the primitive Egyptians settled along the banks of the Nile River where they built simple houses and cottages for accommodation, grew many crops, and domesticate some animals and since then the first steps to the Egyptian glory had started. Cultivation was the starting point as the Nile River overflowed, carrying silt deposits which covered the neighboring lands along the Nile Valley and make them fertile. Wheat was the first crop, the ancient Egyptians cultivated, dependant on the Nile floods as a solution to the threat of starvations and lack of food at that time. On the other side, they used some animals such as water buffalos and camels for food, plowing, and carrying goods. In brief, the Nile River is essential for people, crops, and livestock. Gradually, most of the Egyptians moved to the Nile Valley where they could get their sustenance. As the Ancestors joined together on the Nile banks, they produced the ancient Egyptian civilization, one of the greatest civilizations in ancient history which witnessed building many temples and tombs with precious treasures and jewelry. The effect of the Nile River extends to Sudan where it significantly contributed to erect the Sudanese kingdoms.
4-The Nile River Facts from the Religious Side
As a part of the ancient pharaohs’ interests of the religious life and their insistence to create many gods and goddesses for physical elements, they honored the Nile River by creating Sobek “Deity of the Nile” or it was named “Deity of Crocodile” the deity of a man with a crocodile head represented fertility, wetlands, medicine, and sudden death and the Nile River is regarded to be the sweat of Sobek. Another deity related to the Nile in Ancient Egypt is “Hapy” it’s called “Lord of the River Bringing Vegetation” or “Lord of the Fish and Birds of the Marshes” the deity of yearly floods of the Nile which greatly controlled the water level, symbolized fertility. The water deity “Khnum“, who ruled over all forms of water like lakes & rivers in the underworld, was believed to control the amount of silt that flooded the river banks each year. The overflows carried rich silt to the lands of the Nile Valley in order to cultivate crops. The Nile River served as the source of innovation and the center of life for the ancient Egyptians and also the modern. The Nile became known as the mother of all men and the father of life, recognized as the key to existence. In the ancient Egyptian language, the Nile was known by the ancient Egyptians as Ḥ’pī or Iteru which meaning “River“. Ar or Aur means “Black” which refers to the black silt left behind after the yearly flooding. The word “Nile” was derived from two words, “Neilos” a Greek word means Valley, and the Latin word “Nilus”. Today, The Nile in Egypt and Sudan is known as “Al-Nīl, Al-Baḥr, Nahr Al-Nīl or Baḥr Al-Nīl“. The Nile Cruise is one of the most spiritual journeys on the plant and is considered the most ideal manner to explore all the allure, history and possible aspects of the heavenly Nile River.
5-The Flooding of the Nile
The Flooding of the Nile – Egypt Tours Portal
Since ancient times, the population awaited the foods very patiently each year. The Nile played in ancient Egyptian life is to divide the ancient calendar into three seasons, each one consisted of four months, “Akhet” represents the flood season when the Nile overflowed, Peret is the growing season when the soil is fertile by Nile silt, and Shemu symbolizes the harvest season at the times of drought. In the modern age, the Egyptians attempted to control the Aswan High Dam to have better control over the flooding of the Nile like the Aswan High Dam in 1970 which had a huge improvement over the irrigation systems and the positive overall rise of agriculture all over Egypt.
6-The Wildlife of the Nile
Everything about the Nile River is rich, as it water and banks are filled with various kinds of animal life such as African tigerfish the “Piranha of Africa“, Nile monitors, the rhinoceros, enormous Vundu catfish, tortoises, wildebeests, baboons, hippopotamuses, frogs, turtles, mongooses and over 300 species of birds. The Nile is also famed for having the Nile Crocodile which remains far from the upper Nile basin.
7-The Nile River History and its Agricultural and Economic Role
As the Nile River was the best way to record the ancient Egyptian civilization in history, it’s also the holy secret of success in other fields. Cultivation was the first activity that formed the pillars of the Egyptian empire. When the Nile River flooded, the water level rose, carrying the wealthy silt deposits and overflowed the lands of the valley then make them more fertile. The ancient Egyptians took advantage of the flood season to grow crops for their sustenance. After that, they resorted to depending on some domestic animals in their life to help them in agriculture works. These animals had taken the Nile River as their permanent refuge where they found the Nile waters. On the other side, the Nile was the causeway for people and goods, especially among the countries of the Nile Basin. At earlier times, the ancient used primitive boats of wood to exchange wares and merchandise through the Nile till they now use large ships. These exchanges made economic progress, resulted in the sublime Nile River.
8-Recommended to Experience Nile River Cruise!
Sanctuary Nile Cruise – Egypt Tours Portal
As mentioned in advance, the ancient Egyptians settled down and erected their civilization on the banks of the Nile River. Thus, most of Egypt historical destinations lie on the Nile shores, especially in Upper Egypt. Accordingly, travel agencies in Egypt and trip planners in Egypt tend to make use of the phenomenal geographic location of the Nile and it’s overlooking the remarkable sightseeing to make it a part of their Egypt tours packages in and around Luxor and Aswan. They add an option to see Luxor and Aswan spectacular landmarks on board Nile cruise where to discover both ancient and modern Egypt. This awesome waterway is the best way to witness many more of the timeless pharaonic temples and tombs, Karnak Temples, Queen Hatshepsut Temple, Valley of the Kings, Abu Simbel Temple and the three majestic temples of Philae, Edfu, and Kom Ombo which directly overlook the Nile stream. Onboard the Nile cruise, travelers can do many activities, have fresh food and drinks, listen to music and dance, relax on deluxe swimming pools, and also massage sessions are available with the best service ever, so you can check our Nile cruises below and book the best suitable one for you.
Note:- This information and every piece of content in the article or all over our website is collected by our company experts in Egyptology, so any theft of content will be handled by our company content policy and law. If you have any questions or notes you want to share or any help related to the topic, you can ask our Egyptologists by contacting us via [email protected]