Tag: ancient Egypt history

Discover Ancient Egypt History

Ancient Egyptian built a great civilization, it’s back to ancient era, still stand until our period ,  start when the ancient Egyptian human found the River Nile, settle on the Nile valley and begin thinking in built settlements and start this magnificent civilization, and put rules to control on this settlements, Pharaonic Egypt was the first true country in ancient Egypt, it starts when king Narmer united the Upper and Lower Egypt, and built the first capital for ancient Egypt, in this period of ancient Egypt history, ancient Egyptian was built a great civilization, until the Roman conquest.

The Greco Roman Period { Queen Cleopatra }

The Egyptian History is calcified into five sections:
ancient Egyptian period 3400 B.C to 335 B.C
The Greco Roman period 332 B.C to 30 B.C
The Coptic period
The Islamic period
The Modern period

When The Greco Roman Period Began?

The Greco Roman period began with the conquest of Egypt by Alexander the Great in 332 B.C He didn’t stay along in Egypt but he built a new capital in Egypt where the Nile meets the Mediterranean sea and called it Alexandria It’s the 2nd largest city in Egypt and a must-see location to visit during your trip to Egypt.

When Alexander the Great died the empire split into many parts, with the most powerful generals each ruling a section. Egypt eventually fell under the reign of Ptolemy. The Ptolemaic dynasty ruled Egypt in 305 B.C until the suicide of Cleopatra, at which time Egypt was annexed by Rome in 30 B.C.

Who is Queen Cleopatra?

Queen Cleopatra VII is one of the most famous female rulers in history. She was the last ruler of the Macedonian dynasty, Queen Cleopatra was born around 69 B.C, and She is the daughter of King Ptolemy XII.

In 51 B.C., Ptolemy XII died, leaving the throne to 18-year-old Cleopatra and her brother, the 10-year-old Ptolemy XIII.
It is likely that the two siblings married, as was customary at the time…
Soon after they assumed power, complications arose between Cleopatra and Ptolemy XIII. Eventually, Cleopatra fled to Syria, where she assembled an army to defeat her rival in order to declare the throne for herself. In 48 B.C, she returned to Egypt with her military might and faced her brother at Pelusium, located on the empire’s eastern edge.

Around this same time, the civil war between Julius Caesar and Pompey was consuming Rome. Pompey eventually sought refuge in Egypt, but on orders by Ptolemy, was killed.
In pursuit of his rival, Julius Caesar followed Pompey into Egypt, where he met and eventually fell in love with Cleopatra. In Caesar, Cleopatra now had access to enough military muscle to dethrone her brother and solidify her grip on Egypt as sole ruler.

When Queen Cleopatra Ruled Egypt?

Following Caesar’s defeat of Ptolemy’s forces at the Battle of the Nile, Caesar restored Cleopatra to the throne. Soon after, Ptolemy XIII fled and drowned in the Nile.
In 47 B.C. Cleopatra bore Caesar a son, whom she called Caesarion.
Cleopatra eventually followed Caesar back to Rome, but returned to Egypt in 44 B.C., following his assassination.

In 41 B.C., Marc Antony, part of the Second Triumvirate that ruled Rome following the murder of Caesar, sent for Cleopatra so that she could answer questions about her allegiance to the empire’s fallen, leader.
Cleopatra agreed to his request and made a lavish entrance into the city of Tarsus. Captivated by her beauty and personality, Antony plunged into a love affair with Cleopatra that would eventually produce three children, including twins named Alexander Helios and Cleopatra Selene

In the year 34 B.C., Antony returned with Cleopatra to Alexandria with a triumphant flair. Crowds swarmed to the Gymnasium to catch a glimpse of the couple seated on golden thrones that were elevated on silver platforms. Beside them sat their children.
Antony antagonized his rival by declaring Caesarion as Caesar’s real son and legal heir, rather than Octavian, whom the revered Roman leader had adopted. Octavian, however, fought back, declaring he’d seized Antony’s will, and told the Roman people that Antony had turned over Roman possessions to Cleopatra and that there were plans to make Alexandria the Roman capital.
In the year 31 B.C., Cleopatra, and Antony combined armies to try to defeat Octavian in a raging sea battle at Actium, on Greece’s west coast. The clash, however, proved to be a costly defeat for the Egyptians, forcing Antony and Cleopatra to flee back to Egypt.

When and How Queen Cleopatra Died?

Antony soon returned to the battlefield, where he was falsely informed that Cleopatra had died. Upon hearing the news, the despondent Roman leader committed suicide by stabbing himself. Cleopatra followed her lover’s demise by ending her life as well by being bitten by an Egyptian Cobra. She died on August 12, 30 B.C. The two were buried together, as they had wished, and Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire.

So Egypt annexed to Rome by Caesar Augustus in 30 B.C, and he called Egypt Aegyptus, and he appointed a perfect in each Emperor, They were responsible for administration, protection, and finances of a province.

You may have all the historical facts but if you cast your eyes on the location that saw this amazing history and feel what they felt then “Egypt Tours Portal” is what you are looking for. So you can explore our Egypt tour packages, or Nile cruises to enjoy marvelous journey include all Egypt interests and activities.

Who is King Menes?

Involve yourself into The Ancient Egyptian History by recognizing “King Menes“,  the founder of the 1st dynasty of old kingdom in ancient Egyptian time in 3150 B.C.

Egypt During the Era of King Menes:

Before that period Egypt was divided into 2 kingdoms of Upper Egypt in the South and Lower Egypt in the north, and there was a crowned king for each part and a series of wars between them, until “king Menes” defeated the king of upper Egypt and crowned himself as a king of two lands upper and lower Egypt. After the unification of both lands, “King Narmer” Changed the capital of Egypt to be in Abydos.

What is Narmer Palettes?

King Menes” commemorating the victory of upper Egypt over lower Egypt in his famous pallet which called Narmer Palette it is made out of shiest and discovered from Hyracnopolice {El Kom El Ahmar } it is about 22 Km East of Cairo. This palette has been transferred to The Egyptian Museum in Cairo so start your trip to Egypt by visiting the museum and watching the palette.

What is King Narmer’s Palette Consists of?

Narmer Palette is consisting of two sides recto and verso on both sides we can see the name of king Narmer had written in a small square as “Ne3Rmer“, the name is protecting from either side by the famous face of the Cow Hathor the deity of love, harmony, and motherhood with tow eh

In the first register we can see King Narmer standing in profile with his left leg in advance it’s a military march or a step towards immortality’s king is one of his  Behind the king is one of his servant bearing the king’s shows and a pot of water and also we can see two rows of enemas showing headless figures and their heads are between their legs.

On the other side, we can see two long-necked animals forming a circle between each other and two of the king’s soldiers are pulling there neck away from each other those animals are representing upper and lower Egypt and the king is trying to prevent the conflict between them.

In the bottom, we can see bull which representing the conquering King Narmer kicking with his horn one of the fortress and one of his enemy is running under that bull. It’s very important to see this palette during your trip to Egypt, it’s the first masterpiece of the Egyptian Museum.

Works of King Menes?

When Egypt was unified, king Narmer instituted religious practices formalized beliefs, his reign was so prosperous he ruled for about 26 years. “King Narmer” cared so much about hobbies and develop it like carving, sculpting, and sports. It’s important to mention that Egypt flourished a lot under his reign.

Where is Tomb of King Menes Founded?

His tomb is found at Um Qa’ab nearby Abydos in upper Egypt it is consisting of two joined champers it’s built out of mud break.

To discover more about Egyptian Pharaohs, visit Egypt “The Cradle of Human Civilization” book your Egypt tour packages and witness the most historical landmarks in Egypt, embark on a luxury Nile cruise between Luxor and Aswan.

The Great Pyramid of King Khufu

The Great Pyramid is the most famous and theorized structure in history, which has been built by King Khufu {Keops} who ruled Egypt during the 4th dynasty of old kingdom in 2560 B.C.

This massive monument took about 20 years to complete and it was a part of a royal mortuary complex that also included a temple at its base and a long stone causeway leading to the burial chamber of the king which is very important to see during your Egypt tours to Pyramids, it has the Pharaoh’s Granite Sarcophagus and used to have all the necessary goods for a fruitful journey to the afterlife.

The Great Pyramid has about 2 millions 300,000 blocks of stone, each one is about 2.5 tons, there is a theory suggest that it took 20,000 fairly paid workers over the course of 20 to built it.you can learn more about the ancient Egyptian ingenuity and strength when you visit Egypt.

The shape of the pyramid was a solar reference, perhaps intended as a solidified version of the rays of the sun and King Khufu believed that his Pyramid can be stairs towards the sky where it can sure lead him to immortality.

The Great Pyramid was faced in the gleaming white limestone, which gave the Pyramid a spectacular appearance in the Egyptian desert. It was 481 feet high before losing its peak and now it’s about 456 feet and covers 13.1 acres. King Khufu gave Egypt the Great Pyramid of Giza to be the defining symbol of Egypt.

Check our Egypt tour packages if you prefer to discover this historical monument and many other ancient Egyptian attractions.

Who is King Chephren?

King Chephren is one of the most important kings in Ancient Egyptian History. He is the Son of King Khufu the builder of the Great Pyramid of Giza, He ruled Egypt from 2558 B.Cto 2532 B.Cduring the old kingdom. His name means {the appearing of Ra} He had many wives but his favorite wife was Queen Mereceankh. Heis considered the builder of the 2nd largest Pyramid at the Giza Complex which was built out of limestone each block is about 2 tons. Another important building can be adding to your trip to Egypt is the Valley temple which is located also on the north side of Giza Complex.

The blocks of the Valley Temple are made of Red Granite and it’s still in a very good state of preservation until today. Also, there are big statues of King Chephren has been discovered at The Valley Temple and they are now located at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, those statues are made out from Diorite which is very hard material to carve and all statues are protecting the main deity during the ancient Egyptian period. You will be able to witness the statue of  The Falcon Headed Hours a deity of protection so when you visit the Egyptian Museum you will be able to see these statues displayed on the 1st floor in the Egyptian Museum. Passing through the Valley Temple, you Can Visit another important monument like the Great Sphinx, which is related to king Kefren and can be found in the plateau. The Sphinx is a mythological creature with a body of a lion and a human face and it has been built to guard the area and protect it from tombs of robbers. King Chephren sent many trading expedition to Sinai and Nubia and his reign has ended by his death.

If you prefer to visit Egypt “Land of Pharaohs” and witness these historical monuments, check our best Egypt tour packages and choose your fantastic trip.

The Secret of Egyptian Mummification Process

Egyptian Mummification, or treating the dead body this process is depending on removing all moisture from the body, leaving only a dried form that would not easily decay.
At the beginning the priests who in charge of the mummification process Inserts a hook through a hole near the nose and pull out part of the brain. Then they make a cut on the left side of the body near the tummy to remove all internal organs and they have to wait until the internal organs dry.
Finally, they put lungs, intestines, Stomach, and liver inside Canopic jars, It’s an Alabaster Jars you can see most of them at the Egyptian Museum.

In Ancient Egypt, the Priests use Four Alabaster Jars For the dead king’s organs the first one had a human head it can carry and protect the liver. And it’s called Imsety.
The 2nd Jar had a falcon’s head it can carry and protected the intestines and called Qebehsenuf While the 3rd Jar had the head of a baboon it’s carried and protected the lungs and It’s called Happy. The last one had the head of a jackal and carried and protected the stomach and it’s called Duamatef.
All Located at The Museum of Cairo and easy to see on the 2nd floor. Some of the Kings Mummies were located in The Mammy Room at The Egyptian Museum while the rest of them still at the Valley of the Kings and all in a good state of preservation.

If you prefer to visit Egypt you can explore our Egypt tour packages, make you able to witness the Mummies either at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo or at The Valley of The Kings in Luxor.

Who is Queen Hatshepsut?

Queen Hatshepsut one of the greatest Queens and the first to rule ancient Egypt, she was the fifth pharaohs of the 18th dynasty, Hatshepsut was born in 1508 BC to King Thutmose I and his wife Queen Ahmose, her grandfather was King Ahmose, Hatshepsut name means “Foremost of Noble Women”. She ruled beside her father, she learned much from her father so she can be the Queen after him, she was the elder daughter of her father Thutmose I, but ancient Egyptian has rejected the idea of women ruling them.

How She Got The Throne of Egypt?

Queen Hatshepsut period started when she married her half-brother Thutmose II and become the Queen in 1492 BC, he was son of Thutmose I from minor wife lady Mutnofret, he was a weak man with poor health, Hatshepsut ruled Egypt in the name of the King while she was his wife, Hatshepsut had only one daughter from her husband Thutmose II Neferu-Ra, she was elevated to be God’s wife of Amun, the second highest position for women in ancient Egypt after the Queen, Hatshepsut was preparing herself to be the pharaoh after her husband died, after Thutmose II death, the Egyptian traditions rejected the idea of the women ruling them as a Queen, they made Thutmose III the king and Hatshepsut ruled as regent to her step-son, Thutmose III son of Thutmose II from his lesser wife Isis, Hatshepsut had an influential supporters including Senenmut her chief minister, that helped her to be the pharaoh of all Egypt with full authority of pharaoh, she was ruled by male pharaohs, she order to be portrayed with a beard and muscles, and appeared in traditional female regalia.

Egypt Under Rule of Queen Hatshepsut

Queen Hatshepsut era was known as peaceful and made friendships with neighbors countries using trade. She was interested in building the great ships to use it in trade, she sent many of the seaborne trading expeditions to punt and to the Atlantic Ocean, and it was back with gold, baboons, myrrh, ebony, wild animals and animal skins. She sends many of military campaigns to Syria and Nubia, it’s only disciplinary campaigns, she made her step-son Thutmose III a leader to many of this campaigns, after she learns him martial arts and managing the affairs of the country, she married him to her daughter Neferu-Ra, she protect her and give her title of God’s wife of Amun.

Works of Queen Hatshepsut

Queen Hatshepsut started ambitious building projects like all Egyptian Pharaohs, she ordered to build a temple at Deir El-Bahri, it’s considered of the beautiful temples in the world which was in charge of her chief minister Senenmut, the tourists in Egypt prefer to visit this historical place during their trip to Egypt, this temple decorated with her great works and honor the gods, she added her works in El-Karnak temple where she remodeled hypostyle hall of her father and added two Obelisks.

She resizes here father’s tomb to lie together

She died in 1458 BC while she was in her mid-40s; she was buried with her father in The Valley of the Kings.

If you prefer to visit Egypt and witness all these archaeological sites in lower and upper Egypt and discover more information about ancient Egyptian civilization then you can check our best Egypt tour packages, Nile cruises and choose your memorable trip.

Who is King Khufu? and when He Got the Throne of Egypt?

King Khufu is considered one of the most important kings who ruled Egypt during the ancient Egyptian period. He succeeded his father king Seneferu on the throne of Egypt and became the second king of the 4th dynasty, Khufu’s mother was Queen Hetepheres. He ruled Egypt from 2589 B.Cto 2566 B.C. His full name was Khnum-Khufu, means “Khnum Protects Me.” Khnum was the ancient Egyptian ram-headed deity of procreation, water, and fertility.
The most famous and important monument in Egypt has been built by King Cheops is that The Great Pyramid of Giza which remains today as one of the seven wonders of the world.

Best Works of King Khufu:

The Great Pyramid of Giza took approximately 20 years to build. It stood 480 feet tall, 31 of which have eroded since the time of the pharaoh. It remains the tallest man-made structure in the entire world for nearly 4,000 years.

King Khufu believed the Great Pyramid was his stairway to heaven. The Great Pyramid was the first of its kind in that the sides were smooth, as opposed to having steps. Also, the sides perfectly correspond to the cardinal points of a compass.

One more monument belonging to this great king can be added to your trip to Egypt are that of the solar boat of King Khufu. It’s one of the oldest, largest, and best-preserved monument It was thus identified as the world’s oldest intact ship and has been described as “a masterpiece of woodcraft” that could sail today if put into water.

The boat was one of two discovered in 1954 it was built with a flat bottom composed of several planks, and it has been reconstructed from 1,224 pieces. You can visit Khufu’s Boat Museum which is resting alongside the Great Pyramid.

King Khufu {Cheops} has no statues except for a very tiny statue 7.5 c.m. displayed at the Egyptian museum and it is made out of ivory which was discovered in Abydos city.

If you prefer to visit the Great Pyramid of King Khufu or many archaeological sites in Egypt you can visit our Egypt tour packages and choose your favorite trip to “The Land of Pharaohs“.


Who is King Tutankhamun?

King Tutankhamun an Egyptian king from the 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom who ruled from ( 1334 B.C-1325 B.C), he’s also known as Tutankhamen that’s mean the living image of god Amun, his considered to be one of the youngest kings who ever ruled ancient Egypt she was only 9 years old when he set on Egypt’s thrones after the death of his father Akhenaten, he ruled Egypt in a transitory period after his father tried to unite the multi gods in one god Aton god of sun, and moved his capital from Thebes to his new city The Horizon of Aten,(Amarna now), in Tut period some of revolutions like Tell El Amarna that demanded the return of the old gods once more, his wife was Ankhesenpaaten that’s mean her life is from Aton, she was his half-sister from Akhenaten and Nefertiti, Tut was son of Akhenaten and Lady Kiya (one of Akhenaten wife).

When was the tomb of King Tutankhamun discovered?

King Tutankhamun didn’t live the life of a king like his previous Predecessors,he didn’t leave any achievements after his death in his early life of 19 years except of his great tomb that was discovered in 1922 in the Valley of the Kings that contain his mummy in all of its treasures, all of it was shown for the first time in 2010 in the Egyptian museum which shows his coffins, his golden mask and all the other treasures found in his tomb. That’s why a lot of tourists prefer to visit it as a part of their trip to Egypt.

Death of King Tutankhamen

Death of King Tutankhamun  is huge mystery as it’s unusual for pharaohs kings to die at this early age, that made researchers and scientists search in this puzzle for years and years, they found a hole in his skull and fracture in his leg, they think he was murdered, and there are many theories  in this mystery.

Check our Egypt tour packages or Egypt Nile cruises to explore the treasures of King Tutankhamun and many other Egyptian Pharaohs and the famous temples and tombs along the Nile Valley.

Who is King Ramses II?

King Ramses II one of the greatest pharaohs who ruled Egypt, he Known as Ramesses II or Sese also called Ramesses The Great, he was the third king of the 19th dynasty (1292-1186 BCE), he was born in 1303 BC to his father the Pharaoh Sethi I and his mother Queen Tuya. he was second-in-command during his father’s military campaigns in Nubia, Libya, and Palestine when he was just  14 years old and when he was 22 years old he was leading the campaigns with his sons.

When did Ramses II Get the Throne of Egypt?

After the death of his father, Ramses set on the thrones of Egypt in 1279 B.C at the age of 25 years old and he was the Pharaoh of Egypt for 66 years until 1213 BC, he was a smart military leader, he protects his empire against many of enemies like Hittites, Libyans, Syrians, and Nubians. He led his army which reached in his era to 100,000 men who would send many campaigns to Nubia and Levant to expand his empire and return the glory of the Egyptian empire, the control on many cities in the Levant and warn the Hittites from their unwise actions. Which started the battle of Kadesh between Ramses II and the hotties in the city of Kadesh in one of the oldest battle in the history, no one won in this battle which made both sides make the first peace treaty in the history. Ramses was a great empire Known for stability and progress in this period.

What are the Best Works of King Ramses II?

He built a new city in the Nile River delta called Per Ramessu to be his home while being at war with Hittites, Ramses is considered to be the second longest king to ever rule Egypt, he also known as a Great builder, during his period he constructed many temples and rebuild many of  his ancestor temples and added to it like Amenhotep III Temple in Luxor, which are the hall of columns in El-Karnak Temple and he built his own temples the largest temple was found in the west bank of the river was the Ramesseum temple that shows his campaigns to Nubia and the great achievements, he built Abu Simbel Complex that contains two temples one for Ramses II and decorated with his victory in his battles and other for him and his wife Nefertari. He was one of the famous kings to rule Egypt, his name was mentioned on every temple and monuments were made in his era.

Note Abu Simbel temple one of the most tourist attractions places in Egypt, where is a lot of tourists prefer to visit it as a part of their Luxor and Aswan Nile cruise.

When did King Ramses II Die?

King Ramses II was a great and powerful king who had about 200 wives most famous of them was Nefertari, and had about 111 sons and 51 daughters. He died in 1213 B.C at the age of 90 years old, his body was in Valley of Kings in Luxor then moved to The Egyptian Museum in Cairo like his great statue that’s moved from Ramses Square.

If you prefer to discover more about Ancient Egyptian Civilization then you should visit Egypt ”Cradle of Human Civilization” and witness these historical monuments. So you can explore our Egypt tour packages and book your most suitable tour.

Who is Queen Nefertiti?

Queen Nefertiti one of the most beautiful and powerful queens in Egypt, her name means a “beautiful woman has come“, she was one of the queens in the 18th dynasty of ancient Egypt.

When did Queen Nefertiti Get the Throne of Egypt?

Queen Nefertiti was the wife of the Pharaoh Akhenaten before he took the thrones of Egypt after his father’s death when she was only 15 years old, she ruled side by side with her husband, some believe she was from foreign country possibly Syria, other say she was the daughter of a high official Ay.

What did Queen Nefertiti do with Her Husband?

Queen Nefertiti stand beside her husband when he change the worship of Amun to the new only one god Aton and she changed her name to Neferneferuaten which means the “beautiful of Aton” and she moved with him to his new capital Akhetaton in El-Amarna, she was a great woman, who ruled Egypt with her husband, and is shown set on the throne, wearing the crown. She had six daughters from Akhenaten most famous was Ankhesenpaaten who married to her half-brother Tutankhamen.

The End of Her Life

After death, her daughter Meketaten, Queen Nefertiti disappeared from power and her daughter Merritt Aton has got the throne of Egypt and after the twelfth year of Akhenaten’s rule, Queen Nefertiti disappeared and there was no mention of her.

There is a lot of mysteries about ancient Egyptian history if you desire to discover it then you can explore our best Egypt tour packages or Nile cruises and book your magical journey in the land of pharaohs.

Who is Queen Nefertari?

Queen Nefertari is one of the greatest Egyptian Queens, she was a member of 19th dynasty in the New Kingdom, and the Queen of the great Pharaoh Ramses II. She was the favorite Queen of the King and his first wife, he married her before he set in the thorns of Egypt, she was not a king daughter but she was noble-woman, the king married her while she was 13 years old and he was 15 years old, Nefertari is mean the beautiful companion believed of Mut. Ramses has around 200 children but only six children from Nefertari, four sons Amun-her-Khepeshef, Pareherwenemef, Meriatum, and Meryre. And two daughters Meritamen and Henuttawy.

The Best Titles of the Queen Nefertari

Queen Nefertari has many titles like Sweet of Love, Bride of God, Lady of the Two Lands, King’s great wife and God’s wife. Ramses II show his love to Nefertari by building her temple in Abu Simbel Temples, It was the smallest one and shows a great statue for his wife and the children and many monuments of her and poetry were found in her tomb, you can witness this majestic monument during a Nile cruise between Luxor and Aswan.

When did Queen Nefertari Died?

She died in 1256 B.C at an age around between 40 and 50 years old. Ramses II built her the most beautiful and largest tomb in The Valley of The Queens, the tomb was decorated in beautiful colors and well-preserved wall paintings.

Egypt has a great civilization and amazing archaeological sites if you prefer to discover it you can explore our best Egypt tour packages and book the most suitable journey for you.

Where is Luxor City Located?

Luxor “the city of hundred doors”, or “Thebes” in ancient Egypt, is located in Upper Egypt and used to be the capital of the Middle Kingdom and the New Kingdom. itis located on the banks of the Nile River while splitting it to west and east. It’s 417 square Km. It is the greatest open-air museum in the world. It contains a lot of monuments and temples that held a great position in ancient Egypt. It was the home of a lot Pharaohs for a long time since its construction in the 11th Dynasty by the king Montuhotep II from (2575 B.C) until the (332 B.C),  in this era, the city gains a lot of fame due to the number of temples and tombs that hold incredible history and beauty. It was even an attraction for tourists since ancient times during the ancient Greek and Roman Periods. Now, Luxor is the major attraction for tourists in Egypt due to its monuments and phenomenal weather all year long where tourists can visit Luxor easily in winter without suffering from cold.

What are the Best Attractions in Luxor?

Luxor has a very big number of temples and monuments it’s the home of the largest religious temple in the world, El-Karnak Temple which is located at the center of the city. It was built by Amenhotep III and Ramses II which consists of a number of the small temples. Dier el Bahari the temple of Queen Hatshepsut. The Colossi of Memnon which belongs to Amenhotep III in the 18th dynasty. Dendara Temple that dates back to the Roman era. The Temple of Luxor the second largest temple after EL-Karnak Temple, it was built by Amenhotep II and Ramses II for one of the most important celebrations which are the festival of Opet during the 18th dynasty that took 11days. The Valley of the Kings and The Valley of the Queens that belonged to the Kings and Queens from the 18th dynasty to 20th dynasty. The temple of Queen Hatshepsut one of the most famous temples in the world was designed by the Queen’s personal architect Senenmu.

Egypt has wonderful sights so if you prefer to witness them, you can explore our best Egypt tour packages, Nile Cruise and book the tour most suitable for you. Or if you are in Luxor city and prefer to explore the most famous archaeological sites in Luxor you can visit our Luxor Excursions.

Where is Egypt Located?

Egypt is an African and Arabian country, located in a very special location in the world in North Africa and West Asia (Sinai Peninsula). Egypt bordered from the north by the Mediterranean Sea that separates it from Europe, from the east by Palestina, Red Sea and Gulf of Aqaba which separate Egypt from Jordan and Saudi Arabia, from the south by Sudan and from the west by Libya.

Egypt from Agriculture Side

Egypt is an agricultural country by nature due to the great Nile River which crosses between all over Egypt from the north to the south and creates a fertile valley on the river banks where the ancient Egyptian found life.

Egypt from Industry Side

Egypt is an industrial country where a huge number of factories depend on the martial harvested from the rich agricultural environment of Egypt and from the mines.

Egypt from Commerce Side

Egypt is a very massive commercial center in the world due to its special location in the world where most of the international commerce cross Egypt from Suez channel which is considered to be the shortest international commercial way that links the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea, in Addition to Egypt having many ports that facilitate global commerce.

Tourism in Egypt

Egypt “Land of Pharaohs” is one of the most important tourist attractions in the entire world, where everyone put it on their travel bucket list. Egypt is one of the oldest countries in the world and the ancient Egyptians were great artist and innovators. Egypt is a true miracle where ancient Egyptians built a great civilization in the Nile valley, filled with a lot of temples, artifacts and breathtaking ruins discover them now.

Types of Tourism in Egypt – Historical Tourism in Egypt

Egypt  has many monuments which consider the biggest country of monuments, it has Two-thirds monuments in the world. Where is the Great Pyramid that’s is one of the seven wonders of the world, the Great Sphinx, historical places in upper Egypt in Luxor and Aswan where many of the great temples that still stands from 4000 years ago, many of museum that contains a lot of the rare artifacts, ancient treasures and mummified body for ancient Egyptian Kings.

Culture Tourism in Egypt

Culture tourism in Egypt is represented in many places like Salah El-Din Citadel, Mohammed Ali mosque, the Library of Alexandria which is considered to be one of the largest libraries in the world, it contains more than 8 million books.

Recreational Tourism in Egypt

Recreational tourism that’s represented in a wonderful beach on both Mediterranean like:-

Alexandria, North Coast and Marsa Matruh on the Mediterranean Sea where finest climate in summer and nice beaches. In the Red Sea like:-

Hurghada, , Marsa Alam, El Gouna , Safaga, and Sharm El-Sheikh where nice climate all over the year fine in summer, sunny and warm in winter, amazing beaches where white sand, golden sun and blue sea that’s magic all people, carols reef and rare colorful fish undersea that surprise all visitors there. Also, there are adventure tours like snorkeling, diving and water sports, Super Safari by quads and Jeep to discover desert and camping.

Religious Tourism in Egypt

Religious tourism is represented in a combination of Islamic and Christian building and sacred places in Sinai like El-Tor and Mount Catherine. Egypt is the home to ” Al Azhar”  the biggest source of Islamic doctrine in the world, and home to students from all over the world that’s come to learn about Islamic knowledge.

Medical Tourism in Egypt

Medical tourism is represented in Helwan, EL Ain El Sokhna, Oasis, Sinai, Hurghada and Safaga, using black sand and natural spring water it’s used for many medical purposes like recovery form many diseases such as rheumatoid, arthritis, Psoriasis and many other diseases.

If you want to enjoy a fabulous vacation where you will visit all these historical monuments and discover the Ancient Egyptian Civilization; then you can explore our Egypt tour packages or Egypt Nile cruises and choose your own journey.

Where is Aswan Located?

Aswan is the southern gate of Egypt, located in southern Egypt on the east bank of the Nile River, facing the island of Elephantine. It’s one of the driest places in the world and one of the most relaxed places in Egypt where tranquility, beautiful nature, temperate, dry climate, warm sun can be found easily.

The History of Aswan City

Aswan was called “Swenett” or “Souan” in ancient Egypt which means a market, it used to be a trade center with ancient Egypt and Sudan. Aswan name became“Syene” in the ancient Greek, then Aswan for our modern era. It was the frontier garrison around the history, which protected ancient Egyptians from Nubbin attacks and played a major role when Kings of the Middle Kingdom tried to conquer the south lands and to repel the Hexos. It was the home of the first war institute in Egypt built by Mohamed Ali.

The Most Famous Archaeological Sites in Aswan

Aswan is one of the best attraction places in Egypt and considered by many a must-see destination in Egypt. The most famous attractions are:-

Abu Simple Temple which was craved in the mountain by Ramses II, Philae Temple where you can find Temple of Hathor and Kiosk of Trajan, The Unfinished Obelisk which weighs 1.168 tons, 41 meters long and 4 meters wide, The Nubia Museum which contains the monuments of both ancient and modern Nubia history it contains artifacts, black and white photos for the project of saving temples of Philae and Abu Simbel, Kalabsha temple which dates back to the time of the Roman Emperor Augustus was built to the Nubian fertility. Aswan is filled with a lot of tourist attraction like Monastery of St.Simeon, Tombs of the Nobles, Aga Khan Mausoleum, Western Quarry (GebalSimaan), Wadi al-Subua and some modern attractions such as Aswan High Dam which was built in 1970 to protect Egypt from annual Nile flood.

All of these historical attractions are a part of Nile cruise from Luxor to Aswan. If you prefer to enjoy a wonderful trip to Egypt and discover all of these historical monuments then you can visit our Egypt tour packages and choose dream vacation.

Where is Alexandria Located?

Alexandria is a second big city in Egypt after Cairo, it’s one of the largest cities in the Mediterranean world. It was the ancient capital of Egypt in the past, located in the north of Egypt along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea by 32Km. Alexandria one of the most beautiful cities in Egypt, it’s a principle seaport, major industrial center and a popular tourist attraction in Egypt.

How was Alexandria founded?

Alexandria was founded by Alexander The Great in 331 BCE when he comes to Egypt, while his visit to Amun Temple in Siwa, he stopped at magical village called Racotis where he built his new city Alexandria to be the link between Greece and Egypt, it became intellectual and cultural center for the ancient world due to the great library was the first research institute in history, it contained more than 700,000 papyrus scrolls.

What is Alexandria Famous for?

Alexandria famous for its beautiful climate and it’s fantastic beaches on the Mediterranean Sea.

The Famous Landmarks in Alexandria

Lighthouse of Alexandria is considered one of the seven wonders of ancient Egypt.

Qaitbay Citadel is located in the same place of the Alexandria Lighthouse to protect Egypt from Ottoman’s attacks that threatened all of the Arabic areas.

Pompei’s Pillar is considered one of the highest memorial in the world.

Greco-Roman Museum presents many of the monuments that date back to the Ptolemaic and Greek dynasty.

Alexandria catacombs or Kom EL Shoqafashows the fusion between the cultures of ancient Egypt and ancient Greek.

The Roman Amphitheatre is considered a rare artifact as there is only one of its kind located in Egypt.

Many places in Alexandria like Montazah Gardens, the National Museum of Alexandria.

Alexandria Library one of the most important places in Alexandria, which is considered to be one of the largest libraries in the world that contains more than 8 million books. Alexandria is a very beautiful city where a lot of tourists make a must-see destination during their trip to Egypt.

So if you prefer to explore Alexandria and other historical monuments in Egypt, then you can choose one of our best Egypt tour packages and book your trip.

Who is King Akhenaten?

King Akhenaten one of the kings in the 18th dynasty who ruled ancient Egypt from(1353 B.C-1336 B.C), his name meaning “Living spirit of Aten”, he’s also known as Amenophis IV, Akhenaton, Ikhnaton, and Khuenaten. He ruled Egypt after his father Pharaohs Amenophis III death at the end of his 38-year reign, he was the second son of Amenophis III and his wife Queen Tiyee, Akhenaten wasn’t preparing to be a successor king until the death of his older brother Thutmos.

King Akhenaten’s Life

King Akhenaten was known as Heretic king, he unified the old gods in only one god Aton (sun disk), he left his capital Thebes that supports Amun to his new city that’s made it his new capital Horizon of Aton in Modern Armarna and he order to cut the name of Amun from his temples in all of Egypt, he was ruled an empire that dominate Palestine, Phoenicia, and Nubia, he was busy with his new religious, interested in a poetry for his new god and ignored his empire and as a result, he lost some of it in Asia. He was married to Queen Nefertiti who helped him with his new religious they considered themselves to be in-between god and people, and he had many children most famous of them was Smenkhkare, Ankhesenpaaten who were Tutankhamun wife and Tutankhaten.

When Did King Akhenaten Died?

He died in 1336 B.C  in his new city in the tomb of Merya II. After his death, they clear his city and all people left the city of Thebes and return to the ancient again and to Amun. The statue of King Akhenaten located in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.

Egypt has a great civilization and environment suitable for discovery which makes it one of the famous tourism countries around the world. So if you desire to cast your eyes on beauty and greatness in Cairo, Luxor, and Aswan then you can check our best Egypt tour packages or Luxury Nile cruises and book your favorite tour.

The Great Sphinx:-

The Great Sphinx located at Giza Pyramids complex. It’s a huge creature with the head of a human and body of a lion, it’s the first truly colossal royal sculpture in Egypt, It was carved around 2500 BC. It was built by the 4th Dynasty King Chephren (2558-2532 BCE), who also built the second great pyramid, he built it to guard and serve the cult of the dead king and the sun god, Re, consisting of a pyramid, and the valley temple. The great Sphinx is 241 feet long, 20 feet wide, and 66 feet high. The eyes on the face are 6 feet tall, the ears over three feet tall, and the nose would have been nearly 5 feet long before it was knocked off.

Its nose was knocked off by the Turks in the Turkish period, another assumption that the nose was shot off by Napoleon’s men. the body of the Sphinx has been restored several times over the past several thousand years.

The Great Sphinx amazing archaeological sites to visit, so if you prefer to visit it and discover the other historical attractions in Egypt in one trip, you can check our best Egypt tour packages and choose your trip to Egypt.

Saqqara Step Pyramid:-

Saqqara Step Pyramid, The oldest known pyramid in Egypt was built around 2630 B.C by pharaoh Djoser from the Third Dynasty (c. 2670-2613 BCE). Djoser’s chief architect Imhotep tried to build a colossal monument instead of the simple mastaba tomb, It was built as a 60m high step Pyramid, consisting of 6 steps, each one built on top of each other and smaller than the one below, it was the tallest building of its time. The Step Pyramid was surrounded by a complex of courtyards, temples, and shrines, where Djoser would enjoy his afterlife. Saqqara step pyramid started the first spark which began the pyramids era in Egypt.

Saqqara step pyramid is an amazing place to visit so if you want to explore it and spend a marvelous vacation in Egypt, you can check our best Egypt tour packages and book your trip.

Where is Salah El Din Citadel Located?

Salah El Din Citadel one of the oldest monuments in Egypt, is located in the city of old Cairo. it was built on the highest mountain called Mount Mokattam. It’s considered to be one of Cairo’s main attractions, where many tourists from around the world come to explore the history of this majestic place.

When Was The Castle Built?

The Citadel of the Mountain or Salah el din citadel was built by “Saladin El Ayouby” during the end of the 12th century between 1176 and 1183 CE. It was built to be a fortress against the Crusaders, Saladin is recorded as saying, “With a wall, I will make the two [Cities of Cairo and Fustat] into a unique whole”, it was home to Egypt’s rulers for 700 years. The centerpiece of the wall was Built on a promontory beneath the Muqattam Hills to make it impossible to attack. Muhammad Ali Pasha added a lot of new structures such as Muhammad Ali mosque, four palaces, a hall of justice, an arsenal, a mint, a powder house, a huge terrace, numerous bars for the troops, and established new entrance routes.

The Contents of the Castle of Saladin El Ayubi


Al-Muqattam Tower, Al-Saffa Tower, Al-Alwa Tower, Kerkilan Tower, Tower Al Tarfa, Al-Mablat Tower, Al-Maquser Tower, Al-Amam Tower, Al-Qarafa Tower, Al-Ramlah Tower, Haddad Tower, Desert Tower.


Police Museum and Military Museum.


Mosque of Mohammed Ali – Masjid al-NasirQaloun – Mosque of Sulaiman Pasha – Mosque of Ahmed Ktkhda.


Palace of the jewel – Palace of the Haram – Palace Albblq – Saraya justice.


Baba Mokattam – the door of the middle – the new door – the door of the castle.

Salah El Din Citadel one of the most important monuments in Cairo, if you want to explore it and other historical landmarks, then you can check our Egypt private tour packages and choose your trip to Egypt, or if you are already in Cairo, then check our Cairo day tours and visit Cairo landmarks.

Giza Pyramids Complex

The ancient Egyptians built the Giza pyramids complex as tombs for the pharaohs and their queens. They believed that the dead pharaoh would carry out a portion of his soul called “ka“. They mummified their bodies and kept various items that they will need in the afterlife as it was theorized that the deceased pharaoh would perform as king of the dead. It was built during the third and fourth dynasties of the Old Kingdom, more than 4,000 years ago. There are many different shapes and sizes from before the beginning of the Old Kingdom to the end of the Middle Kingdom. It was built during a time when Egypt was one of the richest and most powerful civilizations in the world. There are more than 100 pyramids have been discovered in Egypt.

The Great Pyramid of King Khufu

No pyramids are more celebrated than the Great Pyramid of Giza. It’s largest and most well-known monument in Egypt. The largest one is the Great Pyramid also known as Khufu’s Pyramid, it was built in about 2600 B.C. it is the only surviving structure out of the famed seven wonders of the ancient world. Khufu, like the pharaohs before him, began planning this ‘house of eternity’. After he took the throne, he starts a huge structure built from over two million blocks of stone, The sides of the pyramid’s base is averaged at 755.75 feet (230 meters), and its original height was 481.4 feet (147 meters), which makes it the largest pyramid in the world, it took 20 years to build and required the labor of 100,000 men.

Pyramid of King Chefren

The second great pyramid of Giza is the Pyramid of Khafre also known in history by the Greek as the Pyramid Of Chefren, the third pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty during the Old Kingdom Period of Ancient Egypt around 2540 B.C, he was Khufu’s second son. He built his pyramid only approximately 10 feet shorter than his father’s pyramid. The base of the pyramid is two hundred and fifteen and a half meters it was one hundred and forty-eight and a half meters high.

Pyramids of King Menkaure

The third pyramid is Menkaure the Sixth ruler of the 4th dynasty, he ascended to the throne around 2539 B.C as his successor, he built his own pyramid but it was the last and smallest of the great three pyramids at Giza, with an original height of 218 feet, and a current height of 204 feet, with a base of 108.5 m. Its angle of incline is approximately 51°20′25″.

Egypt civilization is filled with a lot of amazing history, so don’t miss the chance to witness and discover the hidden world of Giza Pyramids Complex, check our Egypt private tour packages and choose your journey to Egypt ” The land of Pharaohs”

Where is Philae Temple?

Philae Temple was named “Apo” in ancient Egypt which means “Ivory”. It was built on a rocky island in the middle of River Nile 12Km south of Aswan. It was dedicated to the goddessIsis”, the wife of “Osiris” and mother of “Horus” who were also mentioned on the walls of the temple with Isis. It’s the last classical Egyptian style temple which was built on the New Kingdom style.

When was Philae Temple Built?

Construction started around 690 B.C during the reign of Ptolemy II, other Ptolemaic kings added more works to the Temple, not only Ptolemaic who added to the temple also rulers from the Pharaonic period up to the Greek, Roman, and Byzantine periods added their own stamp on the temple.

How was the Temple Saved?

Philae temple was lost under water after construction of Aswan High Dam in 1960, Egyptian government with UNESCO rescued the temple and transfer it to the new island called Egilica and reshaped it to be close to Philae island. The temple is considered one of the best locations to visit during Nile cruises.

What is Philae Temple Consists of?

The temple consists of two pylons, the first Pylon that holds the Kiosk of Nectanebo is 18m high with references to PtolemyXII smiting his enemies. In the second pylon, the doorway is 32m in wide and 12m in high, it’s decorated with Euergetes II. In the inner temple, there are eight vestibules, lead to the number of antechambers and the Sanctuary house of Isis.

Philae Temple is one of the most famous Egypt tourist attractions, where a lot of tourists prefer to visit it and discover the great civilization of Egyptians in this historical monument, so if you desire to explore Egypt, then check our Egypt private tour packages and choose your trip.

Overview About Muhammad Ali Mosque

It’s extremely rare when a construction can achieve the perfect combination of majesty and beauty but for Muhammad Ali mosque a.k.a “The Alabaster Mosque“, it was quite an easy task. It is considered to be one of the most beautiful constructions in the city that never sleeps, located in Cairo Citadel and was constructed by the ruler of Egypt Muhammad Ali Pasha between 1830 and 1848 AD at the beginning of the Egyptian Renaissance to be a house of worship and his final resting place. Muhammad Ali Mosque one of top Cairo tourist attractions that you can’t miss during your Egypt tour packages.

The History of Muhammad Ali Mosque

When he took power in Cairo in 1800, he reshaped the citadel’s design to fit his own vision. He ordered an architect by the name Yusuf Bushnaq to construct a mosque similar to sultan Ahmad mosque in Istanbul, it took 18 years to build and was restored by King Fuad in 1931 and again in 1939 by King Farouk with the total cost of 100,000 LE (about $560.00 USD). Muhammad Ali is buried in a tomb made of Carrara marble located in the courtyard of the mosque on the right side of one of the three entrances behind a bronze grill. Muhammad Ali built the mosque with two minarets to defy the Ottoman empire as the law prohibited anyone except the sultan from constructing a mosque with more than two minarets to which indicated his desire to free himself from the Ottoman rule which shows it wasn’t a mere house of worship but a call for freedom which makes it an important historical landmark.

Muhammad Ali Mosque Components

The extensive use of marble on the exterior & interior walls. The mosque was able to reach the peak of elegant architecture as it depended on the Ottoman style of architecture and the interior depended in some French rococo influences with mesmerizing finishes of ornate of red, green and gold. It was built in a square plan measuring 41×41 m and with a breathtaking central dome surrounded by four small semi-circular domes and divided into two sections. The main material used in construction is Limestone but the forecourt is covered with Alabaster and the inner and outer walls are covered with shining marble. It also contains a breathtaking golden-scalloped mihrab and two majestic minarets that reach the height of 82 meters, made of alabaster and decorated in Nouveau style. It also contains a central dome which is 21 meters in diameter and the height of 52 meters,  rises on four arches and around it are four smaller domes decorate in religious medallions. In the courtyard which is about 54 m in length and 53 m in width, surrounded by a single arched Riwaq, and showcases naves raised on pillars and roofed with small domes, is an ornate brass clock given by King Louis Philippe of France to Muhammad Ali in 1845in exchange of the obelisk which is now standing in the Concorde square in Paris and a Turkish ablutions fountain that looks like a giant Easter egg. If you are in Cairo and prefer to visit this amazing archaeological site, then Egypt Tours Portal offer you the chance to book your trip to old Cairo attractions through our Cairo day tours.

Memphis City:-

Memphis City was the capital of ancient Egypt , Memphis is located south of the Nile River delta, on the west bank of the river, near the Giza plateau, it had many names like Inbu-Hedj which means ‘White Wall’, in the old kingdom  it was known as Men-nefer (“the enduring and beautiful”) which was translated by the Greeks into ‘Memphis’.

Memphis is home to the Great Pyramids of Giza, Sphinx, also home to the great necropolis, Saqqara, and other noblemen.  Many temples were built in honor of Ptah, his wifeSekhmetand their son.

When Memphis was founded

Memphis was founded in  2925 B.C by “King Menes“, the first king of united Egypt, He unified Upper and Lower Egypt into one monarchy then intentionally built the city of Memphis in the middle of the two kingdoms called it ‘White Wall’ because it was built of mud brick and then painted white. It was the city of god  Ptah, a creator God in ancient Egyptian religion.

If you are already in Egypt, we recommend adding Memphis city as a part of your Egypt day tours. Or if you are outside of Egypt and want to discover the great civilization of ancient Egypt, then you can check our Egypt private tour packages and book your favorite journey.

History and Some Information About Luxor Temple

Luxor temple is one of the most beautiful and powerful temples in Egypt, it was known as Ipt-Rsyt or the southern shrine. It was built during the period of New Kingdom. It’s dedicated to god Amon, his wife Mut, and their son Khonsu.

Luxor temple was one of the most important religious temples as it was associated to the most important religious festival in ancient Egypt “Opet Festival” where the Amon worship travel from Karnak temple to Luxor temple, they transfer the statues of Amon, Mut, Khonsu from Karnak in a small boat to Luxor. Because of this, the temple located near to complex of Karnak little over a mile.

The construction started by the pharaoh Amenhotep III (1390-52 BC), he built the Colonnade of Amenhotep III, it’s 7 pairs of open –flower papyrus columns each of them 16m in hight. Also, he built the Court of Amenhotep III.

The construction completed by Tutankhamen (1336-27 BC), Pharaoh Horemheb (1323-1295 BC) then added to by Ramses II (1279-13 BC). Ramses II built the pylon of Ramses II it shows two towers 24m in height and 65m in width, it’s decorated with his military expeditions and his victory at the battle of Kadesh. He built the Great Court, it’s seventy-four papyrus column and number of standing colossi of Ramses II, its 57m in length and 51m in width.

Luxor temple one of the most beautiful attractions in Egypt, so if you prefer to visit Egypt and discover temples, tombs, and other Egypt landmarks, then visit our luxury Egypt tours and choose your trip to Egypt, or enjoy Nile river cruise between Luxor and Aswan to live the adventure through the heart of Egypt.

Where is Kom Ombo Temple Located?

Kom Ombo temple or temple of Sobek and Horus means “The Hill of Gold” in ancient Egypt. The temple is located about 48Km north of Aswan and 168Km south of Luxor, at the ancient city of Per Sobek.

Kom Ombo temple is an unusual temple in Egypt because it’s a double temple that belongs to Sobek the crocodile god, and Horus the falcon-headed god. Each temple has its own entrance, hypostyle halls, and two courts.

When was the Temple Built?

The construction of the temple started during the Greco Roman era, in the Ptolemaic period between 332BC and 395AD. The oldest temple dates back to 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom during the period of King Tuthmosis III .the recent temple is in the period of King Ptolemy Vtook many years to build and many Kings added many works in the complex.

What is the Temple Consists of?

There is the main court that consists of two rows of columns, each row is filled with 8 painted columns, The court features a central granite altar where the sacred barque would rest during festival processions.

There are two Hypostyle Hall in the first ten columns on the shape of lotus in 3 rows, columns are decorated to represent the Pharaoh paying his duty to the gods.

In the second Hypostyle Hall or The Hall of Offering, there are five columns incorporated in the front wall decorated to depict the Ptolemy VIII and Ptolemy XII before Nile gods. There are two Sanctuaries, one for God “Sobek” god of crocodile and other for“Horus” the falcon-headed god. There are many mummified crocodiles have been found in cemeteries.

Egypt has a great civilization to discover, so you can explore Egypt and visit the most famous historical landmarks such as Kom Ombo temple on board luxury Nile cruise or book one of our incredible Egypt luxury tours.

Khan El Khalili Bazaar:-

Khan El Khalili represents old Cairo, its skinny lanes are basically a medieval-style mall, it still one of the most colorful and fun places in Cairo. It’s perfect for spending an evening and stocking up on gifts for the family back home. Khan El Khalili was built by the amirJaharkas al-Khalili.

Khan El Khalili was considered as a stock from everything from soap powder to semi-precious stones, Cairo citizens have plied their trades here since it was built in the 14th century, this market is a thriving center of commerce.

Shops at Khan EL Khalili typically sell souvenirs, antiques, and jewelry. There are several coffeehouses serving Arabic coffee and usually offering shisha. Fishawi’s is one of the oldest and most famous as it was established in 1773. It’s located west of Midan El Hussien, the square that stretches between the two great mosques of Hussein and Al-Azhar.

Khan el-Khalili is one of the oldest bazaars in the Middle East, where a lot of tourists dream of visiting it, so if you are already in Cairo and want to visit Khan EL Khalili, then you can check our Cairo private tours. Or if you are not in Egypt you can check also our Egypt private tour packages and choose your journey to Egypt and visit Khan El Khalili.

Where is Karnak Temple Located?

Karnak temple is the largest temple in the world and the largest religious building ever made. It is located at “Thebes” Luxor city. karnak temple known as the temple of Amun, it was called Ipet-isu or “The most select of places” in middle kingdom, also know as Pr-Imn or “House of Amon” and it dates back to 2055 BC to around 100 AD, it built over 2000 years.

What is the Temple consists of

Karnak temple consists of a group of temples, largest space of them and the center of the temple it covers sixty-one acres belong to Amun-Ra, the male god of Thebes, we can see in the south of the central area his wife the goddess Mut. And more other temples like the temple of khonso, the temple of Ptah, the Ipt temple, the temple of Osiris and temple of Month.
Karnak temple wasn’t only for gods but also the Egyptian rulers who wish to be memorized added their own architectural mark to it over the centuries, from the beginning of the Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, New Kingdom and Ptolemaic Dynasty.

First Pylon:-

An avenue of ram-headed Sphinxes leads to the first pylon. Ram head symbolizing to god Amun, there are 20 rams on each side, it was built to protect the temple. The first Pylon is the main entrance to the temple and last building at Karnak.

Great Court:-

Great Court is 100m in length and 80m in wide it contains ten papyrus columns every column is 21m in height. Now only one column still stand is known as a kiosk of Taharqa who was the fourth king of the 25 Dynasty. There is the statue of Ramesses II it shows the king stand to wear the double crown of upper and lower Egypt, at his feet we found his wife princes.

The Great Hypostyle Hall:-

The Great Hypostyle Hall is the most amazing building at Karnak. It 103m in length and 52m in width, it consists of 134 gigantic stone columns, there are largest 12 columns are 24m in height and 3.5m in diameter, other 122 columns are 12m in height. It built by King Seti who ruled from 1290 to 1279 B.C. The outer walls of northern wing describe Seti’s battle. The south wall inscribed with Ramesses II’s peace treaty with the Hittites.

Sacred Lake:-

A 120m by 77m Karnak Temple Secret Lake make it the largest of it’s kind. King Tuthmosis III(1473-1458 B.C)  dug it. It was used by priests for purification and other rituals like navigation, it was the home of sacred geese of Amun. It lined with stone and provided with stairways descending into the water. We can find the storerooms and home of priests surrounded the lake.

Karnak Temple is one of the most important attractions in Egypt, where is a lot of tourists around the world come to visit it, so if you prefer to visit this historical monument and the other archaeological sites in Egypt you can check our luxury Egypt tours and choose your journey to Egypt, or other option you can enjoy it’s Nile cruise tour between Luxor and Aswan which is the most adventurous experience to do in Egypt.

When was the Egyptian Museum Built?

The Egyptian Museum is home to an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities, it was established in 1835 near the Ezbekeyah Garden, moved later to Cairo citadel. Now it is located in Tahrir Square and was opened for public in the 15th of November of the year 1902.

What is the Museum Consists of?

The Egyptian Museum consists of two floors, boasts with 107 halls filled with artifacts dating from the prehistoric through the Roman periods, it covers 5000 years of Egypt’s past. It has about 160,000 pieces of work. The ground floor hosts the heavier displays like coffins, huge statues, and stone carvings. The upper floor includes gadgets, tools, funerary objects, smaller statues, papyrus papers, wooden coffins, jewelry, and most importantly, The Golden treasures of King Tutankhamun. The Egyptian Museum is one of the famous tourist attractions in Cairo.

So if you are already in Cairo and want to visit the Egyptian Museum, then you can visit our Cairo tours, or if you are not in Egypt and want to visit all of the Egyptian monuments, then you can check our Egypt tour guides to choose your trip

Where is Edfu Temple Located?

Edfu temple is one of the most beautiful temples and the second largest temple in Egypt in addition to being one of the most-preserved temples in Egypt, It’s known to be“Temple of Horus”. It’s located on the west bank of the Nile in Edfu city between Luxor and Aswan. It was built on top of the battleground of Horus and Seth as ancient Egyptians believed. It’s dedicated to the god Hours of Behdet, Hathor and their son Hor-Sama-Tawy, which shows the influences of the Greek culture within the traditional Egyptian culture.

When was the Temple Built?

Temple of Horus begun construction in the period of the Ptolemy III on 23 of August 237 B.C and completed in a period of the Ptolemy XII in 57 B.C.

The fusion between the Greek and the Egyptian culture is represented in “Mamisi” or “Birth House” which was used for re-enacting the divine birth of Horus and Pharaoh. The ”Mamisi” is located in the west of the entrance of the temple. It’s 36m in hight with two granite statues of Horus the falcon-headed god in order to protect it. The wall was decorated with Ptolemy XII  smashing skulls of this enemies.

The Hypostyle Hall was built by Ptolemy VII (145-116 BC) it consists of two rows of 12 columns support its roof, there is also a statue of Horus in the shape of a falcon.

The holiest region of the temple is “Sanctuary of Horus”, it contains a black granite shrine, that was decorated by Nectanebo II, the wall shows Ptolemy IV worshipping Horus.

Edfu Temple or “Temple of Horus” is a very beautiful place, meant to be discovered if you want to visit it and other archaeological sites, then check our breathtaking Nile cruises, or Egypt tour packages and choose your favorite trip to Egypt.

Cairo City:-

Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the largest city, the Arab world and the Middle East. Egypt is the 15th-largest country in the world. It has a great history that can be traced back to the Ancient Egyptian Capital “Memphis” which was founded in the early 4thcentury and located south of the present city.

Cairo has many names through history, in 640AD the Arabic commander ‘Amribn al-As’ called it al-Fusta and become first capital of Islamic Egypt, the town grew into a major port city. When the Fatimids were led by General Jawhar al-Siqilli come to Egypt, he founded a new city near al-Fustat, initially naming it al-Mansuriyah this name changed to al-Qahirah or Cairo, it became the capital of the Fatimid dynasty. Cairo is the largest city in Africa, it’s 160 km inland from the  Mediterranean Sea and 135 km from the red sea.

Cairo is filled with amazing tourist attractions, so if you are interested in witness greatness, you can check our Cairo day tours, and if you are not in Egypt and prefer to visit the Land of Pharaohs, you can check our Egypt tour packages and choose your favorite trip.

Where is Abu Simbel Temple Located and When it was Built?

Abu Simbel temple is the most famous temple of ancient Egypt, carved out of solid rock cliff into a mountainside. Located in Southern Egypt on the west bank of the Nile in a land of Nubia south of Aswan between the first and second cataracts of the Nile. It was built by King Ramses II, the construction started around 1244 B.C to around 1224 B.C. He chose this site because it was sacred to Hathor of Absek, goddess of motherhood, joy, and love.

What is the Temple Consists of?

Abu Simbel temple consists of two main temples, the great temple, and the small temple. The complex took twenty years to be finished, the scholars believe that Ramses built the two temple to celebrate his victory over the Hittites at the Battle of Kadesh in 1274 B.C to confirm this victory in the memory of the people and to intimidate the Nubian tribe, who threaten Egypt safety in the past.

The Great Temple

The largest temple or the Great temple or “The Temple of Ramses-Meryamun” which means Ramses beloved by god Amun. It dedicated to the God Re-Hor-Akhty, Amon, Ptah, It’s35m in length and 30m in height, it contains four tremendous statues to Ramses seated at the entrance, depicting Ramses II on his throne each one about 20m in tall, the sun only enter the temple in 2 days during the year on the 22nd of October and the 22nd of February, the first rays of the morning sunshine down the temple and illuminate the inner sanctuary and the statues of four gods.

The Small Temple

Dedicated to the goddess Hathor and his favorite wife Nefertari. It is 12m in height and 28m in length in the entrance, we find two statues for Queen Nefertari and four statues for the Pharaohs Ramses each of them is 10 meter in height, and six small statues for Ramses and Nefertari’s children. Ramses built it to show his love to his wife Nefertari.

Abu Simbel temple is one of the most historical attractions around the world where many tourists dream of exploring, so if you want to visit this magnificent monument and the other archaeological sites, then you can visit our breathtaking Egypt tour packages or Nile cruises and choose your most suitable journey to Egypt.