Tag: Ancient Egypt Civilization

Tag: Ancient Egypt Civilization

Ancient Egypt Civilization

Ancient Egyptian civilization extends to more than 7,000 years which distinguishes it from other civilizations of the world. Learn more information about ancient Egyptian pharaohs, ancient Egyptian culture and the secret of mummification, the best pharoahs ruled Egypt from King Ramses II to Queen Cleopatra and get the knowledge of the best temples and capitals of ancient Egypt.

The Greco Roman Period { Queen Cleopatra }

The Egyptian History is calcified into five sections:
ancient Egyptian period 3400 B.C to 335 B.C
The Greco Roman period 332 B.C to 30 B.C
The Coptic period
The Islamic period
The Modern period

When Was The Greco Roman period began?

The Greco Roman period began with the conquest of Egypt by Alexander the Great in 332 B.C He didn’t stay along in Egypt but he built a new capital in Egypt where the Nile meets the Mediterranean sea and called it Alexandria It’s the 2nd largest city in Egypt and very interesting to visit during your trip to Egypt.

When Alexander the Great died the empire split into many parts, with the most powerful generals each ruling a section. Egypt eventually fell under the reign of Ptolemy. The Ptolemaic dynasty ruled Egypt in 305 B.C until the suicide of Cleopatra, at which time Egypt was annexed by Rome in 30 B.C.

Who is Queen Cleopatra?

Queen Cleopatra VII is one of the most famous female rulers in history. She was the last ruler of the Macedonian dynasty, Queen Cleopatra was born around 69 B.C, and She is the daughter of King Ptolemy XII.

In 51 B.C., Ptolemy XII died, leaving the throne to 18-year-old Cleopatra and her brother, the 10-year-old Ptolemy XIII.
It is likely that the two siblings married, as was customary at the time…
Soon after they assumed power, complications arose between Cleopatra and Ptolemy XIII. Eventually, Cleopatra fled to Syria, where she assembled an army to defeat her rival in order to declare the throne for herself. In 48 B.C, she returned to Egypt with her military might and faced her brother at Pelusium, located on the empire’s eastern edge.

Around this same time, the civil war between Julius Caesar and Pompey was consuming Rome. Pompey eventually sought refuge in Egypt, but on orders by Ptolemy, was killed.
In pursuit of his rival, Julius Caesar followed Pompey into Egypt, where he met and eventually fell in love with Cleopatra. In Caesar, Cleopatra now had access to enough military muscle to dethrone her brother and solidify her grip on Egypt as sole ruler.

When Queen Cleopatra ruled Egypt?

Following Caesar’s defeat of Ptolemy’s forces at the Battle of the Nile, Caesar restored Cleopatra to the throne. Soon after, Ptolemy XIII fled and drowned in the Nile.
In 47 B.C. Cleopatra bore Caesar a son, whom she called Caesarion.
Cleopatra eventually followed Caesar back to Rome, but returned to Egypt in 44 B.C., following his assassination.

In 41 B.C., Marc Antony, part of the Second Triumvirate that ruled Rome following the murder of Caesar, sent for Cleopatra so that she could answer questions about her allegiance to the empire’s fallen, leader.
Cleopatra agreed to his request and made a lavish entrance into the city of Tarsus. Captivated by her beauty and personality, Antony plunged into a love affair with Cleopatra that would eventually produce three children, including twins named Alexander Helios and Cleopatra Selene

In the year 34 B.C., Antony returned with Cleopatra to Alexandria with a triumphant flair. Crowds swarmed to the Gymnasium to catch a glimpse of the couple seated on golden thrones that were elevated on silver platforms. Beside them sat their children.
Antony antagonized his rival by declaring Caesarion as Caesar’s real son and legal heir, rather than Octavian, whom the revered Roman leader had adopted. Octavian, however, fought back, declaring he’d seized Antony’s will, and told the Roman people that Antony had turned over Roman possessions to Cleopatra and that there were plans to make Alexandria the Roman capital.
In the year 31 B.C., Cleopatra, and Antony combined armies to try to defeat Octavian in a raging sea battle at Actium, on Greece’s west coast. The clash, however, proved to be a costly defeat for the Egyptians, forcing Antony and Cleopatra to flee back to Egypt.

When and How Queen Cleopatra Died?

Antony soon returned to the battlefield, where he was falsely informed that Cleopatra had died. Upon hearing the news, the despondent Roman leader committed suicide by stabbing himself. Cleopatra followed her lover’s demise by ending her life as well by being bitten by an Egyptian Cobra. She died on August 12, 30 B.C. The two were buried together, as they had wished, and Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire.

So Egypt annexed to Rome by Caesar Augustus in 30 B.C, and he called Egypt Aegyptus, and he appointed a perfect in each Emperor, They were responsible for administration, protection, and finances of a province.

You can not get any information about Queen Cleopatra without adding an idea about The Greco Roman period to your Egypt travel packages. So you can explore our Egypt tour packages to enjoy marvelous journey include all Egypt interests and activities. Book Now!

Who is King Menes?

Involve your self into The Ancient Egyptian History by recognizing “King Menes“,  the founder of the 1st dynasty of old kingdom in ancient Egyptian time in 3150 B.C.

Egypt During the Era of King Menes:

Before that period Egypt was divided into 2 kingdoms Upper Egypt in the South and Lower Egypt in the north, and there was a crowned king for each part and a series of wars between them, until “king Menes” defeated the king of upper Egypt and crowned himself as a king of two lands upper and lower Egypt. After the unification of both lands, “King Narmer” Changed the capital of Egypt to be in Abydos.

What is Narmer Palettes?

King Menes” commemorating the victory of upper Egypt over lower Egypt in his famous pallet which called Narmer Palette it is made out of shiest and discovered from Hyracnopolice {El Kom El Ahmar } it is about 22 Km East of Cairo.This palette has been transferred to The Egyptian Museum in Cairo so start your trip to Egypt by visiting the museum and watching the palette.

What is King Narmer’s Palette Consists of?

Narmer Palette is consisting of two sides recto and verso on both sides we can see the name of king Narmer had written in a small square as “Ne3Rmer“, the name is protecting from either side by the famous face of the Cow Hathor the deity of love, harmony, and motherhood with tow eh

In the first register we can see King Narmer standing in profile with his left leg in advance it’s a military march or a step towards immortality’s king is one of his  Behind the king is one of his servant bearing the king’s shows and a pot of water and also we can see two rows of enemas showing headless figures and their heads are between their legs.

On the other side, we can see two long-necked animals forming a circle between each other and two of the king’s soldiers are pulling there neck away from each other those animals are representing upper and lower Egypt and the king is trying to prevent the conflict between them.

In the bottom, we can see bull which representing the conquering King Narmer kicking with his horn one of the fortress and one of his enemy is running under that bull. It’s very important to see this palette during your trip to Egypt, it’s the first masterpiece of the Egyptian Museum.

Works of King Menes?

When Egypt was unified, king Narmer instituted religious practices formalized beliefs, his reign was so prosperous he ruled about 26 years. “King Narmer” cared so much about hobbies and develop it like carving, sculpting, and sports. It’s important to mention that Egypt flourished a lot under his reign.

Where is Tomb of King Menes Founded?

His tomb is found at Um Qa’ab nearby Abydos in upper Egypt it is consisting of two joined champers it’s built out of mud break.

If you prefer to explore more information about ancient Egyptian pharaohs by visiting Egypt.  You can visit our Egypt tour packages to choose the tour is suitable for you.

The Great Pyramid of King Khufu

The Great Pyramid is the most famous and discussed structures in history, which has been built by King Khufu { Keops} who ruled Egypt during the 4th dynasty of old kingdom almost 2560 B.C.

This massive monument took about 20 years to complete and it was a part of a royal mortuary complex that also included a temple at its base and a long stone causeway leading to the burial chamber of the king which is very important to see during your Egypt tours to Pyramids, it has the Pharaoh’s Granite Sarcophagus and used to have all the necessary goods for a fruitful journey to the afterlife.

The Great Pyramid has about 2 millions 300,000 blocks of stone, each one is about 2.5 tons, so we got some theories suggested that 20,000 workers over course of 20 years built it and were even paid to do that, so you can know more about the ancient Egyptian ingenuity and strength when you visit Egypt.

The shape of the pyramid was a solar reference, perhaps intended as a solidified version of the rays of the sun and King Khufu believed that his Pyramid can be stairs towards the sky and sure it can lead him to immortality.

The Great Pyramid was faced in the gleaming white limestone, which gave the Pyramid a spectacular appearance in the Egyptian desert. It was 481 feet high before losing its top and now it’s about 456 feet and covers 13.1 acres. King Khufu gave Egypt The Great Pyramid of Giza to be a defining symbol of Egypt and the most important monument can be seen.

Check our Egypt tour packages if you prefer to discover this historical monument and many other ancient Egyptian attractions.

Who is King Chephren?

King Chephren is one of the most important kings that you need to visit his monuments. He is the Son of King Khufu the builder of the Great Pyramid in Giza, He ruled Egypt from 2558 to 2532 during the old kingdom. His name means {the appearing of Ra} He had many wives but his favorite wife was queen Mereceankh. He considers the builder of the 2nd largest Pyramid at Giza Complex which built out of limestone each block is about 2 tons. Another one important building can be adding to your trip to Egypt is that The Valley temple which located also on the north side of Giza Complex.
The blocks of the Valley Temple are made of Red Granite and it’s still in a very good state of preservation right now. Also, there are big statues of King Chephren has been discovered at The Valley Temple and they located now at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo those statues are made out of Diorite which is very hard material to carve and all statues are protecting the main deity during the ancient Egyptian period. The Falcon Headed Hours A deity of protection so when you visit the Egyptian Museum you will be able to see these statues displayed on the 1st floor in the Egyptian Museum. Passing through the Valley Temple we Can Visit another important monument related to king Kefren is that the Great Sphinx, It’s carved into the plateau. The Sphinx is a mythological creature with a body of a lion and a human face and it has been built to guard the area and protect it from tombs robbers. King Chephren sent many trading expedition to Sinai and Nubia and his reign has ended by his death.

If you prefer to visit Egypt “Land of Pharaohs” and see these historical monuments and much more you can check our Egypt tour packages and choose the journey is suitable for you.

The Secret of Egyptian Mummification

Egyptian Mummification, or treating the dead body this process is depending on removing all moisture from the body, leaving only a dried form that would not easily decay.
At the beginning the priests who in charge of the mummification process Inserts a hook through a hole near the nose and pull out part of the brain. Then they make a cut on the left side of the body near the tummy to remove all internal organs and they have to wait until the internal organs dry.
Finally, they put lungs, intestines, Stomach, and liver inside Canopic jars, It’s an Alabaster Jars you can see most of them at the Egyptian Museum.

In Ancient Egypt, the Priests use Four Alabaster Jars For the dead king’s organs the first one had a human head it can carry and protect the liver. And it’s called Imsety.
The 2nd Jar had a falcon’s head it can carry and protected the intestines and called Qebehsenuf While the 3rd Jar had the head of a baboon it’s carried and protected the lungs and It’s called Happy. The last one had the head of a jackal and carried and protected the stomach and it’s called Duamatef.
All Located at The Museum of Cairo and easy to see on the 2nd floor. Some of the Kings Mummies were located in The Mammy Room at The Egyptian Museum while the rest of them still at the Valley of the Kings and all in a good state of preservation.

If you prefer to visit Egypt you can explore our Egypt tour packages, make you able to see those Mummies either at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo or at The Valley of The Kings in Luxor.

Who is Queen Hatshepsut:

Queen Hatshepsut one of the greatest Queens and the first of them who ruled ancient Egypt, she was the fifth pharaohs of the 18th dynasty, Hatshepsut was born in 1508 BC of King Thutmose I and his wife Queen Ahmose, her grandfather was King Ahmose, Hatshepsut name means “Foremost of Noble Women”. She ruled beside her father, she learned much from his father to be the Queen after him, she was the elder daughter of her father Thutmose I, but ancient Egyptian was rejected the women to rule them.

How She Got The Throne of Egypt?

Queen Hatshepsut period started when she married her half-brother Thutmose II and become the King in 1492 BC, he was son of Thutmose I from minor wife lady Mutnofret, he was weak man with poor health, Hatshepsut was ruled Egypt in the name of the King while she was his wife, Hatshepsut had only one daughter from her husband Thutmose II Neferu-Ra, she was elevated to be God’s wife of Amun, the second highest position for women in ancient Egypt after the Queen, Hatshepsut was preparing herself to be the pharaoh after her husband died, after Thutmose II death the Egyptian traditions rejected the idea of the women ruled them as a King, they made Thutmose III the king and Hatshepsut ruled as regent to her step-son, Thutmose III son of Thutmose II from his lesser wife Isis, Hatshepsut had an influential supporters include Senenmut her chief minister, that helped her to be the pharaoh of all Egypt with full authority of pharaoh, she was ruled by male pharaohs, she order to be portrayed with a beard and muscles, and appeared in traditional female regalia.

Egypt Under Rule of Queen Hatshepsut

Queen Hatshepsut era was known as peace and made friendships with neighbors countries with trading, she was interested in built the great ships to use it in trade, she was sent many of the seaborne trading expeditions to punt and to the Atlantic Ocean, it was back with gold, baboons, myrrh, ebony, wild animals and animal skins. She sends many of military campaigns to Syria and Nubia, it’s only disciplinary campaigns, she made her step-son Thutmose III a leader to many of this campaigns, after she learns him martial arts and managing the affairs of the country, she married him to her daughter Neferu-Ra, she protect her and give her title of God’s wife of Amun.

Works of Queen Hatshepsut

Queen Hatshepsut started ambitious building projects like all Egyptian Pharaohs, she ordered to built here memorial temple at Deir El-Bahri, it’s considered of the beautiful temples in the world which was in charged of her chief minister Senenmut, the tourists in Egypt prefer to visit this historical place during their trip to Egypt, this temple decorated with her great works and honor the gods, she added her works in El-Karnak temple where she remodeled hypostyle hall of her father and added two Obelisks.
She resize here father’s tomb to lie together,
She died in 1458 BC while she was in her mid-40s, she was buried with her father in The Valley of the Kings.

If you prefer to visit Egypt and discover these archaeological sites in lower and upper Egypt and know more information about ancient Egyptian civilization you can check our Egyp tour packages and choose the journey is suitable for you.

 

Who is King Khufu? and when He Got the Throne of Egypt?

King Khufu is considered one of the most important kings who ruled Egypt during the ancient Egyptian period. He succeeded his father king Senefu on the throne of Egypt and became the second king of the 4th dynasty, Khufu’s mother was Queen Hetepheres. He ruled Egypt from 2589 BC.to 2566 BC. His full name was Khnum-Khufu, means “Khnum Protects Me.” Khnum was the ancient Egyptian ram-headed deity of procreation, water, and fertility.
The most famous and important monument in Egypt has been built by King Cheops is that The Great Pyramid in Giza It remains today as one of the seven wonders of the world.

Best Works of King Khufu:

The Great Pyramid at Giza took approximately 20 years to build. It stood 480 feet tall, 31 of which have eroded since the time of the pharaoh. It remained the tallest man-made structure in the entire world for nearly 4,000 years.

King Khufu believed the Great Pyramid was his stairway to heaven. The Great Pyramid was the first of its kind in that the sides were smooth, as opposed to having steps. Also, the sides perfectly correspond to the cardinal points of a compass.

One more monument belonging to this great king can be added to your trip to Egypt are that the solar boat of King Khufu. It’s one of the oldest, largest, and best-preserved monument It was thus identified as the world’s oldest intact ship and has been described as “a masterpiece of woodcraft” that could sail today if put into water.

The boat was one of two discovered in 1954 it was built with a flat bottom composed of several planks, and it has been reconstructed from 1,224 pieces. You can visit Khufu’s Boat Museum which is resting alongside the Great Pyramid.

King Khufu {Cheops} has no statues except for a very tiny statue 7.5 c.m. displayed at the Egyptian museum and it is made out of ivory and it was discovered in Abydos city.

If you prefer to visit the Great Pyramid of King Khufu or many archaeological sites in Egypt you can visit our Egypt tour packages and choose your wonderful journey to “Land of Pharaohs“.

 

Who is King Tutankhamun?

King Tutankhamun an Egyptian king from the 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom who ruled from ( 1334-1325 BC), he also known as Tutankhamen that’s mean the living image of god Amun, he considered one of the youngest kings who ruled ancient Egypt he was only 9 years old when he set on Egypt’s thrones after death of his father Akhenaten, he ruled Egypt in a transitory period after his father who try to union  multi gods in one god Aton god of sun, and moved his capital from Thebes to his new city The Horizon of Aten, Amarna now, in Tut period some of revolution like Tell El Amarna to back the oldest gods again, his wife was Ankhesenpaaten that’s mean her life is from Aton, she was his half sister from Akhenaten and Nefertiti, Tut was son of Akhenaten and Lady Kiya (one of Akhenaten wife).

When was the tomb of King Tutankhamun discovered?

King Tutankhamun not has his life as a king like his previous kings he not left any achievements after his death in his early life in 1325 BC in age 19 years old unless his great tomb that’s discovered in 1922 in the Valley of the Kings and they find his mummy in all of its treasures, all of his treasure shown for the first time in 2010 in the Egyptian museum that’s shown his coffins, his golden mask and all other treasures that’s was found in his tombs where is a lot of tourists prefer to visit it as a part of their trip to Egypt.

Death of King Tutankhamen

Death of King Tutankhamun was a mystery until now for unusual of pharaohs kings this early death, that makes researcher and scientists search in this mystery, they found a hole his skull and fracture in his leg, they think he was murder, and there are many stories in this mystery.

Check our Egypt tour packages to explore the treasures of King Tutankhamun and many other Egyptian Pharaohs in the Egyptian Museum or the famous temples along the Nile Valley.

Who is King Ramses II?

King Ramses II one of the greatest pharaohs who ruled Egypt, he Known as Ramesses II or Sese also called Ramesses The Great, he was the third king of the 19th dynasty (1292-1186 BCE), he born in 1303 BC for his father the Pharaoh Sethi I and for his mother Queen Tuya. he participate his father during his military campaigns in Nubia, Libya, and Palestine when he was 14 years old when he was 22years he was leading the campaigns with his sons.

When did Ramses II Get the Throne of Egypt?

After the death of his father, Ramses set on the thrones of Egypt in 1279 BC by the age 25 years old and he was the Pharaohs of Egypt for 66 years until 1213 BC, he was a smart military leader, he protects his empire against many of enemies like Hittites, Libyans, Syrians, and Nubians. He led his army that’s reach in his era to 100,000 men in many campaigns to Nubia and Levant to expand his empire and back the glory of the Egyptian empire, he control on many cities in Levant and make a real threats to Hittites that’s make them fight Ramses II in the city of Kadesh in one of the oldest battle in the history the battle of Kadesh no one won in this battle that’s make both sides to made the first peace treaty in the history. Ramses was a great king the empire was in Stability and progress in this period.

What are the Best Works of King Ramses II?

He built a new city in the Nile River delta called Per Ramessu to be his home while his war with Hittites, Ramses considered second longest king who ruled Egypt he also known as a Great builder, in his period he constructed many temples and rebuild many of  his ancestor temples and added to it like Amenhotep III Temple in Luxor and the hall of columns in El-Karnak Temple and he built his own temples the largest temple was found in the west bank of the river was the Ramesseum temple that shows the victory of the king in his battles and his campaigns to Nubia and the great build, he built Abu Simbel Complex that contains two temples one for Ramses II and decorated with his victory in his battles and other for him and his wife Nefertari. Abydos and Luxor temple. He was one of the famous kings who ruled Egypt his name was mentioned in all site in Egypt we find his name in any temple and many monuments were made in his era.

Note Abu Simbel temple one of the most tourist attractions places in Egypt, where is a lot of tourists prefer to visit it as a part of their Luxor and Aswan Nile cruise.

When did King Ramses II Died?

King Ramses II was a great and powerful king he had about 200 wives most famous of them was Nefertari, and had about 111 sons and 51 daughters. He died in 1213 BC the age of 90 years old, his body was in the Valley of Kings then moved to The Egyptian Museum in Cairo like his great statue that’s move from Ramses Square.

If you prefer to discover more about Ancient Egyptian Civilization you should visit Egypt ” Land Of Pharaohs ” and visit these historical monuments. So you can explore our Egypt tour packages and book the tour is suitable for you.

Who is Queen Nefertiti?

Queen Nefertiti one of the most beautiful and powerful queens in Egypt, her name means a beautiful woman has come, she was one of the queens in the 18th dynasty of ancient Egypt.

When did Queen Nefertiti Get the Throne of Egypt?

Queen Nefertiti was the wife of the Pharaoh Akhenaten before he took the thrones of Egypt after his father’s death when she was only 15 years old, she ruled side by side with her husband, some believe she was from foreign country possibly Syria, other say she was the daughter of a high official Ay.

What did Queen Nefertiti do with Her Husband?

Queen Nefertiti stand beside her husband when he change the worship of Amun to the new only one god Aton and she changed her name to Neferneferuaten that’s mean the beautiful is the beautiful of Aton and she moved with him to his new capital Akhetaton in El-Amarna, she was a great woman, she ruled Egypt with her husband, she shown set on the throne and wearing the crown. She had six daughters from Akhenaten most famous was Ankhesenpaaten that married to his half-brother Tutankhamen.
The statue of Queen Nefertiti displayed at The Egyptian Museum in Cairo, where a lot of people prefer to travel to Egypt to discover ancient Egypt civilization.

The End of Her Life

After death her daughter Meketaten, Queen Nefertiti disappeared from power and her daughter Merritt Aton has got the throne of Egypt and after the twelfth year of Akhenaten’s rule Queen Nefertiti disappeared and there was no mention of her.

There is a big story about ancient Egyptian history if you prefer to discover it you can explore our Egypt tour packages and book your fabulous journey in the land of pharaohs to discover this great civilization.

Who is Queen Nefertari?

Queen Nefertari one of the greatest Egypt Queens, that’s was a member of 19th dynasty in the New Kingdom, she was the Queen of the great Pharaohs Ramses II. She was the favorite Queen of the King and his first wife, he married it before he set in the thorns of Egypt, she was not a king daughter but she was noblewoman, the king married her while she was 13 years old and he was 15 years old, Nefertari is mean the beautiful companion believed of Mut. Ramses has around 200 children but only 6 children from Nefertari 4 sons Amun-her-Khepeshef, Pareherwenemef, Meriatum, and Meryre. And 2 daughters Meritamen and Henuttawy.

The Best Titles of the Queen Nefertari

Queen Nefertari has many titles like Sweet of Love, Bride of God, Lady of the Two Lands, King’s great wife and God’s wife. Ramses II show his love to Nefertari by building her temple in Abu Simbel Temples It was the smallest one and show a great statue for his wife and the children and many monuments for her and poetry that’s was found in her tomb.

When did Queen Nefertari Died?

She died in 1256 BC at age around between 40 and 50 years old. Ramses II built her the most beautiful and largest tomb in The Valley of The Queens, the tomb was decorated in a beautiful color and well-preserved wall paintings.

Egypt has a great civilization and amazing archaeological sites if you prefer to discover it you can explore our Egypt tour packages and book the journey is suitable for you.

Where is Luxor City Located?

Luxor located in upper Egypt called the city of hundred doors, also called Thebes in ancient Egypt, it was the capital of the Middle Kingdom and the New Kingdom. It now the capital of the Luxor Government in Egypt. it locates in the banks of the Nile  River while splitting it to west and east. It's 417 square Km. It called the greatest open-air museum in the world. It contains much monuments and temples in Egypt this back to its great position in ancient Egypt. It was the home of the Kings and Pharaohs for a long time from its construction in the 11th Dynasty by the king Montuhotep II in (2575 B.C) until the (332 B.C),  in this era, the city gains all of this famous due to the many temples and tombs that built there. It is an attraction for tourists since the beginning of tourism during the ancient Greek time and Roman Periods, where a lot of tourists prefer to visit the city as a part of their trip to Egypt, now Luxor is the major attraction for tourists in Egypt due to its monuments and it's weather which warms in winter that makes it tourist attraction all year where tourists can visit Luxor easily in winter without suffering from cold.

What are the Best Attractions in Luxor?

Luxor has a very big number of temples and monuments, it's the home of the largest religious temple of the world, El-Karnak Temple which locates at the center of the city, it was built by Amenhotep III and Ramses II which consists of the number of the small temples. Dier el Bahari the temple of Queen Hatshepsut. The Colossi of Memnon it's back to Amenhotep III in the 18th dynasty. Dendara Temple that backs to the Roman era. The Temple of Luxor the second largest temple after EL-Karnak Temple, it built by Amenhotep II and Ramses II for one of the most festival celebration is the festival of Opet during the 18th dynasty this festival took 11 days. The Valley of the Kings and The Valley of the Queens that belonged to the Kings and Queens from the 18th dynasty to 20th dynasty. The temple of Queen Hatshepsut the Queen's architect Senenmu designed it, it one of the most famous in a temple in the world. Egypt has a wonderful sightseeing if you prefer to visit it you can explore our Egypt tour packages and book the tour is suitable for you. Or if you are in Luxor city and prefer to visit the most famous archaeological sites in Luxor you can visit our Luxor Excursions.

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Where is Egypt Located?

Egypt is an African and Arabic country that’s located in a very special location in the world in two continental North Africa and Sinai Peninsula that locate in the west of Asia. Egypt bordered from the north by the Mediterranean Sea that separates it from Europe, from the east by Palestrina, Red Sea and Gulf of Aqaba which separate Egypt from Jordan and Saudi Arabia, from the south by Sudan and from the west by Libya.

Egypt from Agriculture Side

Egypt is an agricultural country that’s back to the great Nile river which crosses all Egypt from the north to the south and makes a fertile valley on the river banks where is the ancient Egyptian found life.

Egypt from Industry Side

Egypt is an industrial country where many numbers of factories that depends on the martial which come from agriculture and from many numbers of mines.

Egypt from Commerce Side

Egypt is a very big commercial center in the world due to its special location in the world where most of the international commerce cross Egypt from Suez channel that’s considered shortest international commercial way that links the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea. Addition to Egypt has many ports that facilitate global commerce.

Tourism in Egypt

Egypt or “Land of Pharaohs” is one of the most important tourist attraction in all the world, where a lot of tourists prefer to visit. Egypt is the oldest countries in the history and the ancient Egyptians were one of the greatest people in their era. Egypt is a cradle of the civilization where ancient Egyptians built a great civilization in the Nile valley, there are very big number of temples, ancient city and monuments in Egypt and still, discover until now.

Types of Tourism in Egypt

Egypt is famous for historical tourism and there are many numbers of tourism in Egypt, it has many monuments which consider the biggest country of monuments, it has Two-thirds monuments in the world. Where is the Great Pyramid that’s is one of the seven wonders of the world, the Great Sphinx, historical places in upper Egypt in Luxor and Aswan where many of the great temples that still stands from 4000 years ago, many of museum that contains a lot of the rare artifacts, ancient treasures and mummified body for ancient Egyptian Kings.

Culture Tourism in Egypt

Culture tourism in Egypt represent in the many of places like Salah El-Din Citadel, Mohammed Ali mosque, New Library of Alexandria that’s considered one of the largest libraries in the world, it contains more than 8 million books.

Recreational Tourism in Egypt

Recreational tourism that’s represented in a wonderful beach on both Mediterranean like:-
Alexandria, North Coast and Marsa Matrouh on the Mediterranean Sea where finest climate in summer and nice beaches. In the Red Sea like:-
Hurghada, , Marsa Alam, El Gouna , Safaga, and Sharm El-Sheikh where nice climate all over the year fine in summer, sunny and warm in winter, amazing beaches where white sand, golden sun and blue sea that’s magic all people, carols reef and rare colorful fish undersea that surprise all visitors there. Also, there are adventure tours like snorkeling, diving and water sports, Super Safari by quads and Jeep to discover desert and camping.

Religious Tourism in Egypt

Religious tourism that’s represented in the combination of Islamic and Christian building and sacred places in Sinai like El-Tor and Mount Catherine. Egypt is the home of the  Al Azhar the biggest source to spare Islamic doctrine around the world it has a student from all around the world that’s come to learn their religious.

Medical Tourism in Egypt

Medical tourism that’s represented in Helwan, EL Ain El Sokhna, Oasis, Sinai, Hurghada and Safaga that’s specialized with black sand and natural spring water that’s used for many medical purposes for recovery form many diseases like rheumatoid arthritis and Psoriasis and many other diseases.

Egypt is a wonderful country if you prefer to enjoy a fabulous vacation where you will visit all these historical monuments and discover Ancient Egyptian Civilization, you can explore our Egypt tour packages and choose your fantastic journey in “Land of Pharaohs”.

Where is Aswan Located?

Aswan is the southern gate of Egypt, its located in southern Egypt on the east bank of the Nile river, it faces the island of Elephantine. It’s one of the driest places in the world and one of the most relax places in Egypt where quiet, beautiful nature, temperate, dry climate and warm sun.

The History of Aswan City

Aswan is called “Swenett” or “Souan” in ancient Egypt which means a market where it was a trade center with ancient Egypt and Sudan. Aswan name becomes Syene in the ancient Greek, then become Aswan now. It was the frontier garrison around the history, which protect ancient Egypt from Nubbin attacks and play a major role when Kings of the Middle Kingdom try to conquer the south lands and to repel the Hexos. It was the home of the first war school in Egypt built by Mohamed Ali.

The Most Famous Archaeological Sites in Aswan

Aswan is one of the best attraction places in Egypt, where a lot of tourists visit it as a basic destination to be visited during their trip to Egypt. The most famous attractions are:-
Abu Simple Temple which craved in the mountain by Ramses II, Philae Temple which locate on Philae Island where you can find Temple of Hathor and Kiosk of Trajan, Unfinished Obelisk which weighs 1.168 tons, 41 meters long and 4 meters wide, the Nubia Museum which contains the culture of both ancient and modern Nubia history it contains artifacts, black and white photos for the project of saving temples of Philae and Abu Simbel, Kalabsha temple which dates to the time of Roman Emperor Augustus that’s built to the Nubian fertility. More tourist attraction like Monastery of St.Simeon, Tombs of the Nobles, Aga Khan Mausoleum, Western Quarry (Gebal Simaan), Wadi al-Subua and in the modern era Aswan High Dam which built in 1970 which protect Egypt from annual Nile flood.
All of these historical attractions are a part of Nile cruise from Luxor to Aswan, where are many tourists prefer to enjoy it. If you prefer to enjoy a wonderful journey in Egypt and discover all of these historical monuments you can visit our Egypt tour packages and choose the journey is suitable for you.

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Aswan Attractions

Information About Philae Temple | Ancient Egypt | Egypt Tours Portal

Philae Temple

Where is Philae Temple? Philae Temple named "Apo" in ancient Egypt which means "Ivory". It was built on a rocky island in the middle of
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Information About Kom Ombo Temple | Egypt Tours Portal

Kom Ombo Temple

Where is Kom Ombo Temple Located? Kom Ombo temple or temple of Sobek and Horus means "The Hill of Gold" in ancient Egypt. The temple
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Information About Edfu Temple | Egypt Tours Portal

Edfu Temple

Where is Edfu Temple Located? Edfu temple is one of the most beautiful temples and second largest temple in Egypt in addition to being one of the
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Abu Simbel Temple - Egypt Tours Portal.

Abu Simbel Temple

Where is Abu Simbel Temple Located and When it was Built? Abu Simbel temple is the most famous temple in ancient Egypt, carved out of
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Where is Alexandria Located?

Alexandria is a second big city in Egypt after Cairo, it’s one of the largest cities in the Mediterranean world. It was the ancient capital of Egypt in the past, located in the north of Egypt along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea by 32Km. Alexandria one of the most beautiful cities in Egypt, it’s a principle seaport, major industrial center and a popular tourist attraction in Egypt.

How was Alexandria founded?

Alexandria was founded by Alexander The Great in 331 BCE when he come to Egypt while his visiting to Amun Temple in Siwa he stopped at the village called Racotis that was magic him to built his new city Alexandria to be the link between Greece and Egypt, it becomes intellectual and cultural center for ancient world due to, its great library that was the first research institute in history, it contained more than 700,000 papyrus scrolls.

What is Alexandria Famous for?

Alexandria famous for the nice climate which mild in summer and it’s fantastic beaches on the Mediterranean Sea.

The Famous Monuments in Alexandria

Alexandria of Lighthouse that’s considered one of the seven wonders of ancient Egypt.

Qaitbay Citadel that’s located in the old place of the Alexandria Lighthouse to protect Egypt from Ottoman’s attacks that’s threats all Arabic area.

Pompei’s Pillar that’s considered one of the highest memorial in the world.

Greco-Roman Museum that’s present many of the monuments that back to Ptolemaic and Greek dynasty.

Alexandria catacombs or Kom EL Shoqafa that shows the mix between ancient Egypt and Greek.

The Roman Amphitheatre that’s considered the lonely from its type in Egypt.

Many places in Alexandria like Montazah Gardens, the National Museum of Alexandria.

Alexandria Library one of the most important places in Alexandria, that is considered one of the largest libraries in the world that contains more than 8 million books. Alexandria is a very beautiful city where a lot of tourists make it a basic destination to be visited during their trip to Egypt. So if you prefer to visit Alexandria and other historical monuments in Egypt you can visit our Egypt tour packages and book the journey

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Alexandria Attractions

Information About Alexandria Library | Egypt Tours Portal

Alexandria Library

Alexandria Library:- Alexandria Library is one of the largest and most famous libraries in the world, it's the cultural centre located on the shore of the
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Who is King Akhenaten?

King Akhenaten one of the kings in the 18th dynasty who ruled ancient Egypt from(1353-1336 BC), his name meaning “Living spirit of Aten), he known too as Amenophis IV, Akhenaton, Ikhnaton, and Khuenaten. He ruled Egypt after his father Pharaohs Amenophis III death at the end of his 38-year reign, he was the second son of Amenophis III and his wife Queen Tiyee, Akhenaten wasn’t preparing to be a successor king until the death of his older brother Thutmos.

King Akhenaten’s Life

King Akhenaten was known as Heretic king, he unified the old gods in only one god Aton (sun disk), he left his capital Thebes that supports Amun to his new city that’s made it his new capital Horizon of Aton in Modern Armarna and he order to cut name of Amun from his temples in all Egypt, he was ruled a empire that’s dominating Palestine, Phoenicia and Nubia, he was busy with his new religious and ignore his empire he lost some of it in Asia he was interested in a poetry for his new god. He was married from Queen Nefertiti that’s was helped him with his new religious they considered themselves the in-between god and people, and he has many children most famous of them was Smenkhkare, Ankhesenpaaten that’s was Tutankhamun wife and Tutankhaten.

When Did King Akhenaten Died?

He died in 1336 BC in his new city in the tomb of Merya II. After his death they clear all his city and all people left the city of Thebes and return to the ancient again and to Amun. The statue of King Akhenaten located in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.
Egypt has a great civilization to discover which makes it one of the famous tourism countries around the world. So if you prefer to visit Egypt and discover this beautiful civilization by visiting the most famous archaeological sites you can check our Egypt tour packages and book the tour is suitable for you.

The Great Sphinx:-

The Great Sphinx located at Giza Pyramids complex. It’s a huge creature with the head of a human and body of a lion, it’s the first truly colossal royal sculpture in Egypt, It was carved around 2500 BC. It was built by the 4th Dynasty King Chephren (2558-2532 BCE), who also built the second great pyramid, he built it to guard and serve the cult of the dead king and the sun god, Re, consisting of a pyramid, and the valley temple. The great Sphinx is 241 feet long, 20 feet wide, and 66 feet high. The eyes on the face are 6 feet tall, the ears over three feet tall, and the nose would have been nearly 5 feet long before it was knocked off.

Its nose was knocked off by the Turks in the Turkish period, another assumption that the nose was shot off by Napoleon’s men. the body of the Sphinx has been restored several times over the past several thousand years.

The Great Sphinx amazing archaeological sites to visit, so if you prefer to visit it and discover the other historical attractions in Egypt in one journey, you can check our Egypt tour packages and choose your trip to Egypt.

Saqqara Step Pyramid:-

Saqqara Step Pyramid, The oldest known pyramid in Egypt was built around 2630 B.C. pharaoh Djoser from the Third Dynasty (c. 2670-2613 BCE). Decide to built it, Djoser’s chief architect Imhotep try to build a colossal monument instead of the simple mastaba tomb, It built as a step Pyramid, 60m high, and consisting of 6 steps; each one built on top of each other and smaller than the one below, it was the tallest building of its time. The Step Pyramid was surrounded by a complex of courtyards, temples, and shrines, where Djoser would enjoy his afterlife. Saqqara pyramid was the first spark to pyramids era in Egypt. Saqqara the step pyramid amazing place to visit if you prefer to visit it and spend a marvelous vacation in Egypt, you can check our Egypt tour packages and book your trip.

Giza Pyramids Complex:-

The ancient Egyptians built Giza pyramids as tombs for the pharaohs and their queens. They believed that when a pharaoh died he became Osiris, the king of the dead. They believed that for the dead pharaoh to carry out his duties as king of the dead his ka. Then they mummified their bodies and keep things that they will need them in the afterlife. It Known as ‘mr’ or ‘mir’ by the Egyptians. It starts to build During the third and fourth dynasties of the Old Kingdom, more than 4,000 years later. There are many different shapes and sizes from before the beginning of the Old Kingdom to the end of the Middle Kingdom. It Built during a time when Egypt was one of the richest and most powerful civilizations in the world. there are about 100 pyramids have been discovered in Egypt.

The Great Pyramid of King Khufu:-

No pyramids are more celebrated than the Great Pyramids of Giza. It’s largest and most well known in Egypt. The largest one is the Great Pyramid also know as Khufu’s Pyramid, it was built in about 2600 B.C. it is the only surviving structure out of the famed seven wonders of the ancient world. Khufu, like the pharaohs before him, began planning his ‘house of eternity’. After he took the throne, he starts a huge structure built from over two million blocks of stone, The sides of the pyramid’s base average 755.75 feet (230 meters), and its original height was 481.4 feet (147 meters), it makes it the largest pyramid in the world it took 20 years to build and required the labor of 100,000 men.

Pyramid of King Chefren:-

The second great pyramid of Giza and the middle pyramid is Pyramid of Khafre (Pyramid Of Chefren)  also known in history by the Greek name Chephren, the third pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty during the Old Kingdom Period of Ancient Egypt around 2540 BC, he was Khufu’s second son. He built his pyramid only approximately 10 feet shorter than his father’s pyramid. The base of the pyramid is two hundred and fifteen and a half meters, it was one hundred and forty-eight and a half meters high.

Pyramids of King Menkaure:-

The third pyramid is Menkaure pyramid the Sixth ruler of the 4th dynasty he ascended to the throne around 2539 BC like his successor he built his own pyramid but it was the last and smallest of the great pyramids at Giza, with an original height of 218 feet, and a current height of 204 feet, with a base of 108.5 m. Its angle of incline is approximately 51°20′25″.

Egypt civilization history is too big and it’s will be exciting when you visit this historical place, taking some historical pictures, so if you prefer to discover the hidden world in Giza pyramids Complex one of the seven wonders of the world, you can check our Egypt tour packages and choose your journey in “Land of Pharaohs”

Where is Philae Temple?

Philae Temple named “Apo” in ancient Egypt which means “Ivory”. It was built on a rocky island in the middle of River Nile 12Km south of Aswan. It was dedicated to goddess Isis, but they found her husband Osiris and her son Horus was deified there. It’s the last classical Egyptian style temple and it was built on the New Kingdom style.

When was Philae Temple Built?

Construction started around 690 BC during the reign of Ptolemy II, other Ptolemaic kings added more works to the Temple, not only Ptolemaic who added to the temple also ruler from the Pharaonic period up to the Greek, Roman, and Byzantine periods added their own stamp on the temple.

How was the Temple Saved?

Philae temple was lost under water after construction Aswan High Dam in 1960, Egyptian government with UNESCO rescued the temple and transfer it to the new island called Egilica and reshaped to be closely Philae island. The temple is considered one of the best visits during Luxor and Aswan Nile cruises.

What is Philae Temple Consists of?

The temple consists of the first Pylon after walk throw the Kiosk of Nectanebo there are two towers 18m high with reliefs of PtolemyXII smiting his enemies. In the second pylon the doorway 32m in wide and 12m in high, it decorated with Euergetes II. In the inner temple, there are eight vestibules, lead to the number of antechambers and the Sanctuary house of Isis.

Philae Temple one of Egypt tourist attractions, which is a lot of tourists prefer to visit it and discover the great civilization of Egypt in this historical monuments so if you prefer to visit Egypt you check our Egypt tour packages and choose your trip.

Memphis City:-

Memphis City was the capital of  ancient Egypt , Memphis is located south of the Nile River delta, on the west bank of the river, near the Giza plateau, it had many names like Inbu-Hedj which means ‘White Wall’, in the old kingdom  it was known as Men-nefer (“the enduring and beautiful”) which was translated by the Greeks into ‘Memphis’.
Memphis is home to the Great Pyramids of Giza, Sphinx, also home to the great necropolis, Saqqara, and other noblemen.  Many temples were built in honor of Ptha, Sekhmet his wife and their son.

When Memphis was founded

Memphis was founded about 2925 BC by “King Menes“, the first king of united Egypt, He unified Upper and Lower Egypt into one monarchy then intentionally built the city of Memphis in the middle of the two kingdoms called it ‘White Wall’ because it was built of mud brick and then painted white. It was the city of god  Ptah, a creator God in ancient Egyptian religion.

If you are already in Egypt and have a few days vacation, we recommend adding Memphis city as a part of your Egypt day tours. or if you are outside of Egypt and prefer to discover the great civilization of ancient Egypt you can check our Egypt tour packages and book your journey.

Luxor Temple:-

Luxor temple is one of the most beautiful and powerful temples in Egypt, it was known as Ipt-Rsyt or the southern shrine. It was built during the period of New Kingdom. It’s dedicated to god Amon, his wife Mut, and their son Khonsu.

Luxor temple was one of the most important religious temples as it was associated to the most important religious festival in ancient Egypt “Opet Festival” where the Amon worship travel from Karnak temple to Luxor temple, they transfer the statues of Amon, Mut, Khonsu from Karnak in a small boat to Luxor. Because of this, the temple located near to complex of Karnak little over a mile.

The construction started by the pharaoh Amenhotep III (1390-52 BC), he built the Colonnade of Amenhotep III, it’s 7 pairs of open –flower papyrus columns each of them 16m in high. Also, he built the Court of Amenhotep III.

The construction completed by Tutankhamen (1336-27 BC), Pharaoh Horemheb (1323-1295 BC) then added to by Ramses II (1279-13 BC). Ramses II built the pylon of Ramses II it shows two towers 24m in high and 65m in wide, it’s decorated with his military expeditions and his victory at the battle of Kadesh. He built the Great Court, it’s seventy-four papyrus column and number of standing colossi of Ramses II, it 57m in long and 51m in wide.

Luxor temple one of the most beautiful attractions in Egypt, so if you prefer to visit Egypt and discover the treasures of Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs you can visit our Egypt tour packages and choose your journey to Egypt.

Where is Kom Ombo Temple Located?

Kom Ombo temple or temple of Sobek and Horus means “The Hill of Gold” in ancient Egypt. The temple located about 48Km north Aswan and 168Km south Luxor, at the ancient city of Per Sobek.
Kom Ombo temple is an unusual temple in Egypt because of it a double temple belong to Sobek the crocodile god, and Horus the falcon-headed god. Each temple has its own entrance, hypostyle halls, and two courts.

When was the Temple Built?

The construction of temple started during the Greco Roman era, in the period of Ptolemaic between 332Bc and 395AD. The oldest temple returns back to 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom during the period of King Tuthmosis III but little remains. the recent temple is in the period of King Ptolemy V it took many years and many Kings added there works in the complex.

What is the Temple consists of?

There is the main court that consists of two rows of columns one in each side with 8 painted columns, The court features a central granite altar where the sacred barque would rest during festival processions.

There are two Hypostyle Hall in the first ten columns on the shape of lotus in 3 rows, columns are decorated to represent the Pharaoh paying his duty to the gods.

In the second Hypostyle Hall or The Hall of Offering, there are five columns incorporated in the front wall decorated to depict the Ptolemy VIII and Ptolemy XII before Nile gods. There are two Sanctuaries, one for God Sobek god of crocodile and other for Horus the falcon-headed god. There are many mummified crocodiles have been found in cemeteries.

Egypt has a great civilization to discover, so you can explore Egypt and visit the most famous historical monuments in Egypt by checking our Egypt tour packages and book your trip.

Where is Karnak Temple Located?

Karnak temple is the largest temple in the world and the largest religious building ever made. It is located at “Thebes” Luxor city. karnak temple known as the temple of Amun, it was called Ipet-isu or “The most select of places” in middle kingdom, also know as Pr-Imn or “House of Amon” and it dates back to 2055 BC to around 100 AD, it built over 2000 years.

What is the Temple consists of

Karnak temple consists of a group of temples, largest space of them and the centre of the temple it covers sixty-one acres belong to Amun-Ra, the male god of Thebes, we can see in the south of the central area his wife the goddess Mut. And more other temples like the temple of khonso, the temple of Ptah, the Ipt temple, the temple of Osiris and temple of Month.
Karnak temple wasn’t only for gods but also the Egyptian rulers who wish to be memorized added their own architectural mark to it over the centuries, from the beginning of the Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, New Kingdom and Ptolemaic Dynasty.

First Pylon:-

An avenue of ram-headed Sphinxes leads to the first pylon. Ram head symbolizing to god Amun, there are 20 rams on each side, it was built to protect the temple. The first Pylon is the main entrance to the temple and last building at Karnak.

Great Court:-

Great Court is 100m in long and 80m in wide it contains ten papyrus columns every column is 21m in high. Now only one column still stand is known as a kiosk of Taharqa who was the fourth king of the 25 Dynasty. There is the statue of Ramesses II it shows the king stand to wear the double crown of upper and lower Egypt, at his feet we found his wife princes.

The Great Hypostyle Hall:-

The Great Hypostyle Hall is the most amazing building at Karnak. It 103m in length and 52m in width, it consists of 134 gigantic stone columns pygmy the people, there are largest 12 columns are 24m in high and 3.5m in diameter, other 122 columns are 12m in high. It built by King Seti who ruled from 1290 to 1279 B.C. The outer walls of northern wing describe Seti’s battle. The south wall inscribed with Ramesses II’s peace treaty with the Hittites.

Sacred Lake:-

A 120m by 77m Karnak Temple Secret Lake make it the largest of it’s kind. King Tuthmosis III(1473-1458 B.C)  dug it. It was used by priests for purification and other rituals like navigation, it was the home of sacred geese of Amun. It lined with stone and provided with stairways descending into the water. We can find the storerooms and home of priests surrounded the lake.

Karnak Temple is one of the most important attractions in Egypt, where is a lot of tourists around the world come to visit it, so if you prefer to visit this historical monument and the other archaeological sites in Egypt you can check our Egypt tour packages and choose your journey to Egypt.

When was the Egyptian Museum Built?

The Egyptian Museum is home to an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities, it has the most important collections of ancient artefacts in the world’s, it was established in 1835 near the Ezbekeyah Garden, moved later to Cairo citadel. Now it is located in Tahrir Square and was opened for public in the 15th of November of the year 1902.

What is the Museum Consists of?

The Egyptian Museum consists of two floors, boasts 107 halls filled with artefacts dating from the prehistoric through the Roman periods, it covers 5000 years of Egypt's past. it has about 160,000 pieces of work. The ground floor that hosts the heavier displays like coffins, huge statues, and stone carvings. The upper one includes gadgets and tools, funerary objects, smaller statues, papyrus papers, wooden coffins, jewellery, and most importantly, The Golden treasures of King Tutankhamun. The Egyptian Museum is one of the famous tourist attractions in Cairo, So you if you are already in Cairo and want to visit the Egyptian Museum you can visit our Cairo day tours, or if you are not in Egypt and prefer to visit all Egyptian monuments you can check our Egypt tour packages to choose your trip.

Where is Edfu Temple Located?

Edfu temple is one of the most beautiful temples and second largest temple in Egypt in addition to being one of the most-preserved temples in Egypt. It also called “Temple of Horus”. It located on the west bank of the Nile in Edfu city between Luxor and Aswan. It was built on top of the location of the battle of Horus and Seth as ancient Egyptian believes. It’s been dedicated to the god Horus of Behdet, Hathor and their son Hor-Sama-Tawy, it shows the influences of the Greek in traditional Egyptian.

When was the Temple Built?

Temple of Horus was begun to construction in the period of the Ptolemy III on 23 August 237 BC and completed in a period of the Ptolemy XII in 57 BC. Also.
The mix between the Greek and Egyptian represent in “Mamisi” or “Birth House” which was used for re-enacting the divine birth of Horus and Pharaoh. The ” Mamisi” located in the west of the entrance of the temple 36m in high with two granite statues of Horus as a falcon to protect it. The wall was decorated with Ptolemy XII who smash skulls of this enemies.

The Hypostyle Hall was built by Ptolemy VII (145-116 BC) it consists of two rows of 12 columns support its roof, there is a statue of Horus in the shape of a falcon.

The holiest region of the temple is “Sanctuary of Horus”, it contains a black granite shrine, it was decorated by Nectanebo II, the wall was reliefs to show Ptolemy IV worshipping Horus.

Edfu Temple or “Temple of Horus” very beautiful place to discover, if you prefer to visit it you can check our Egypt tour packages and choose your trip to Egypt.

Where is Abu Simbel Temple Located and When it was Built?

Abu Simbel temple is the most famous temple in ancient Egypt, carved out of solid rock cliff into a mountainside. Located in Southern Egypt on the west bank of the Nile in a land of Nubian south of Aswan between the first and second cataracts of the Nile. It was built by King Ramses II, the construction started around 1244 B.C to around 1224 B.C. He chose this site because it was sacred to Hathor of Absek, goddess of motherhood, joy, and love.

What is the Temple Consists of?

Abu Simbel temple consists of two main temples, the great temple, and the small temple. The complex took twenty years to be finished, the scholars believe that Ramses built the two temple to celebrate his victory over the Hittites at the Battle of Kadesh in 1274 BC to firm this victory in the memory of the people and to intimidate the Nubian, Egypt neighbors after the Nubian Campaigns to make an impression about the power of Egypt upon Egypt’s neighbors.

The Great Temple:-

The largest temple or the Great temple or “The Temple of Ramses-Meryamun” which means Ramses beloved by god Amun. It dedicated to the God Re-Hor-Akhty, Amon, Ptah, It 35m in long and 30m in high, it contains four tremendous statues to Ramses seated at the entrance, depicting Ramses II on his throne each one about 20m in tall, the sun only enter the temple in 2 days during the year on the 22nd of October and the 22nd of  February, the first rays of the morning sunshine down the temple and illuminate the inner sanctuary and the statues of four gods.

The Small Temple:-

Dedicated it to goddess Hathor and his favourite wife Nefertari. It is 12m in height and 28m in length in the entrance we find two statues for the Queen Nefertari and four statues for the Pharaohs Ramses each of them is 10 meter in height and six small statues for Ramses and Nefertari’s children. Ramses built it to show his love to his wife Nefertari.

Abu Simbel temple is one of the most historical attractions around the world where is many tourists visit it, so if you prefer to visit this magnificent monument and the other archaeological sites, you can visit our Egypt tour packages and choose your journey to Egypt.


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